Neumünster

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Neumünster
City hall
City hall
Flag of Neumünster
Coat of arms of Neumünster
Location of Neumünster
Neumünster is located in Germany
Neumünster
Neumünster
Neumünster is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Neumünster
Neumünster
Coordinates: 54°04′17″N 09°59′24″E / 54.07139°N 9.99000°E / 54.07139; 9.99000Coordinates: 54°04′17″N 09°59′24″E / 54.07139°N 9.99000°E / 54.07139; 9.99000
CountryGermany
StateSchleswig-Holstein
DistrictUrban district
Subdivisions9 Stadtbezirke
Government
 • Lord mayorTobias Bergmann (SPD)
Area
 • Total71.57 km2 (27.63 sq mi)
Elevation
22 m (72 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
 • Total79,905
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
24534 - 24539
Dialling codes04321
Vehicle registrationNMS
WebsiteOfficial website
Vicelinkirche (Vicelin Church)

Neumünster (German pronunciation: [nɔʏˈmʏnstɐ] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in the middle of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. With more than 79,000 registered inhabitants, it is the fourth-largest municipality in Schleswig-Holstein (behind Kiel, Lübeck and Flensburg).

History[edit]

The first historic record of the precursor village "Wippendorf" dates from 1127. The name refers to a new monastery "Novum Monasterium" built by the bishop Vicelinus. Since 1903 Neumünster is a so-called "independent city" (Kreisfreie Stadt) as it is not part of a district (Kreis).[2]

The Schleswig-Holstein NSDAP was founded in 1925 by Hinrich Lohse and received much support. On Kristallnacht in 1938, all Jewish men were arrested and sent to KZ Sachsenhausen.[3]

During World War 2, Neumünster was bombed multiple times by Allied forces in 1945, partly because of its importance as a railway junction and industrial city.[4][5] The British took control of the City in May 1945.[6]

In the fall of 1946, the state of Schleswig-Holstein was founded and post-war Neumünster held its first municipal election.[7]

Current situation[edit]

Neumünster station is a major railway junction with lines running in six (formerly seven) directions, including the important Hamburg-Altona–Kiel and Neumünster–Flensburg lines.

Near Neumünster at Ehndorf, there is a high-power medium wave transmission facility for transmitting the programmes of Deutschlandfunk, the Ehndorf transmitter, which is often named incorrectly as "Neumünster transmitter".

The city posses an airfield[8] and a hospital.[9] The utility company, "Stadtwerke Neumünster" (SWN), also manages local inter-city bus routes. [10]

Geography[edit]

Neumünster is located at river Schwale, near the geographical center of Schleswig-Holstein, 35 kilometres (22 mi) south of Kiel, 65 kilometres (40 mi) north of Hamburg and 72 kilometres (45 mi) west of Lübeck. The Aukrug Nature Park is close to the town.

Mayors and Lord mayors[edit]

In 1870 Neumünster received the town privileges.[11]

  • 1870–1894: Eduard Schlichting
  • 1894–1919: Max Röer
  • 1919–1933: Detlef Schmidt
  • 1933–1945: Max Stahmer (NSDAP)
  • 1945–1946: Gustav Bärwald (Oberstadtdirektor)
  • 1946–1948: Ludolf Behnke (CDU)
  • 1948–1950: Hugo Voß (SPD)
  • 1950–1970: Walther Lehmkuhl (SPD)
  • 1970–1988: Uwe Harder (SPD)
  • 1988–1991: Franz-Josef Pröpper (SPD)
  • 1991–2009: Hartmut Unterlehberg (SPD)
  • 2009–2021: Olaf Tauras (CDU)
  • 2021–present: Tobias Bergmann (SPD)[12]

Population development[edit]

  • 1803: 2,588
  • 1900: 27,335
  • 1939: 54,094
  • 1946: 66,185
  • 1972: 86,745
  • 2005: 78,333
  • 2012: 76,951
  • 2015: 79,197

The 10 largest groups of foreign residents by the end of 2018 are :

 Turkey 1,760
 Syria 1,320
 Poland 995
 Bulgaria 970
 Romania 875
 Afghanistan 690
 Iraq 515
 Russia 295
 Iran 250
 Croatia 205

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Neumünster is twinned with:[13]

Notable people[edit]

Memorial plate Eduard Müller in Neumünster
Christine Haderthauer
Panik in 2008

Sport[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2020 (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).
  2. ^ "Ort". Kollmeier Pflegeheime (in German). Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  3. ^ "Neumünster", Wikipedia (in German), 2021-09-13, retrieved 2021-09-20
  4. ^ "Luftangriffe auf Neumünster", Wikipedia (in German), 2021-02-08, retrieved 2021-09-20
  5. ^ Ziehm, Rolf. "Zweiter Weltkrieg: Am 25. Oktober 1944 fielen die Bomben auf Neumünster | shz.de". shz. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  6. ^ "Befreiung Städte | Das Jahr 1945" (in German). Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  7. ^ Norden, Lebensart im (2016-10-03). "Schwerer Start in die Demokratie". Lebensart im Norden (in German). Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  8. ^ "Flugplatz Neumünster", Wikipedia (in German), 2020-10-16, retrieved 2021-09-20
  9. ^ "Friedrich-Ebert-Krankenhaus Neumünster", Wikipedia (in German), 2021-07-22, retrieved 2021-09-20
  10. ^ "Stadtwerke Neumünster", Wikipedia (in German), 2021-07-01, retrieved 2021-09-20
  11. ^ Bürgermeister auf neumünster.de
  12. ^ Lipovsek, Christian. "Anstoßen um Mitternacht: So sah der erste Arbeitstag von Oberbürgermeister Tobias Bergmann in Neumünster aus | shz.de". shz. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  13. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften und Patenschaften". neumuenster.de (in German). Neumünster. Retrieved 2021-03-01.

External links[edit]