Description and history
Neural therapy has been described as a form of holistic medicine for treating illness and chronic pain. According to Quackwatch, neural therapy is "a bizarre approach claimed to treat pain and disease by injecting local anesthetics into nerves, scars, glands, trigger points, and other tissues".
The idea underlying the therapy is that "interference fields" (Störfelder) at certain sites of the body are responsible for a type of electric energy that causes illness. The fields can be disrupted by injection, allowing the body to heal.
The practice originated in 1925 when Ferdinand Huneke, a German surgeon, used a newly launched pain drug that contained procaine (a local anaesthetic) on his sister who had severe intractable migraines. Instead of using it intramuscularly as recommended he injected it intravenously and the migraine attack stopped immediately. He and his brother Walter subsequently used Novocaine in a similar way to treat a variety of ailments.
In 1940 Ferdinand Huneke injected the painful shoulder of a woman who also had an osteomyelitis in her leg which at that time (before antibiotics) threatened her with amputation. The shoulder pain improved somewhat but the leg wound became itchy. On injecting the leg wound the shoulder pain vanished immediately – a reaction he called the "phenomenon of seconds" (Sekundenphänomen). In segment therapy, a local anaesthetic in the form of skin quads is injected in the area of the corresponding dermatome (called Head zones) of the internal organs or on vegetative ganglia. The reflective effect is to be conveyed via the vegetative nervous system in the affected segment.
Reception, effectiveness and safety
Quackwatch includes neural therapy on its list of "questionable treatments".
According to the American Cancer Society, "available scientific evidence does not support claims that neural therapy is effective in treating cancer or any other disease". Overall the risks of the treatment, such as of needle damage to organs, outweigh any benefit it may have.
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- "Neural therapy". American Cancer Society. 1 November 2008. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012.
- Ernst, E, ed. (2007). Neural Therapy. Complementary Therapies for Pain Management: An Evidence-based Approach. Elsevier. p. 149. ISBN 0-7234-3400-X.
- Barrett, S (28 December 2012). "Stay Away from "Holistic" and "Biological" Dentists". Quackwatch. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Mantle, F; Tiran, D (2009). Neural Therapy. A-Z of Complementary and Alternative Medicine: A guide for health professionals. Churchill Livingstone. p. 167. ISBN 0-7020-4999-9.
- Joos S, Musselmann B, Szecsenyi J (2011). "Integration of Complementary and Alternative Medicine into Family Practices in Germany: Results of a National Survey". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2011: 1. doi:10.1093/ecam/nep019. PMC 3140199. PMID 19293252.
- "Index of Questionable Treatments". Quackwatch. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Schmittinger CA, Schär R, Fung C, z'Graggen WJ, Nauer C, Dünser MW, Jung S (2011). "Brainstem hemorrhage after neural therapy for decreased libido in a 31-year-old woman". Journal of Neurology. 258 (7): 1354–5. doi:10.1007/s00415-011-5921-4. PMID 21286741.
- Spiegel W, Ortner W. Neural Therapy: Diagnosis and Treatment of Regulatory Disorders. In: Bisconcin M, Maso G, Mathers N (eds). European Textbook of Family Medicine, Milano:Passoni, 2006, pp 240–244.
- Atlas of Neural Therapy with Local Anaesthitics, 2nd Edition. Mathias P. Dosch. Thiemen Verlagsgruppe, 2002 ejo.oxfordjournals.org (book review)