Neurohistory is an interdisciplinary approach to history that leverages advances in neuroscience to tell new kinds of stories about the past, but especially of deep history. It was first proposed by Harvard professor Daniel Lord Smail. Other supporters include Lynn Hunt. A methodological discussion and reflection on the co-operation between history and neuroscience are offered by Dieter Langewiesche/Niels Birbaumer. Subsequent commentaries have shown that the idea relies on evolutionary assumptions (notably a blend of exaptation and the Baldwin Effect) and can be extended by drawing on ideas from neurophilosophy. The result has been suggested as providing the means for a new kind of historical method: history from within, which is conceived as an augmentation of history from below.
- Smail, D. L. (2008) On Deep History and the Brain. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press
- Burman, J. T. (2012). History from within? Contextualizing the new neurohistory and seeking its methods. History of Psychology, 15(1), 84-99.  doi:10.1037/a0023500
- Langewiesche, D.; Birbaumer (2017). Neurohistorie: Ein neuer Wissenschaftszweig?. Berlin: Vergangenheitsverlag. ISBN 978-3-86408-217-7.
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