Neurotypical

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For the 2013 film, see Neurotypical (film).

Neurotypical or NT, an abbreviation of neurologically typical, is a neologism widely used in the autistic community as a label for people who are not on the autism spectrum.[1] However, the term eventually became narrowed to refer to those with strictly typical neurology. In other words, this refers to anyone who does not have any developmental disabilities such as some forms of autism, dyslexia, developmental coordination disorder, or ADHD. The term was later adopted by both the neurodiversity movement and the scientific community.[2][3][4]

Neurotypical has been replaced by some with "allistic", or "nypical"[5] which has the same meaning that "neurotypical" had originally.[6] These terms refer to those who are not autistic, even if they are neurologically atypical in some other way, such as having dyslexia.

The National Autistic Society of the United Kingdom recommends the use of the term "neurotypical" in its advice to journalists.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinclair, Jim (1998). "A note about language and abbreviations". Archived from the original on June 6, 2006. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  2. ^ Hare, D. J.; Jones, S.; Evershed, K. (November 2006). "A comparative study of circadian rhythm functioning and sleep in people with Asperger syndrome". Autism (journal). 10 (6): 565–575. doi:10.1177/1362361306068509. PMID 17088273. 
  3. ^ O'Connor, K.; Hamm, J. P.; Kirk, I. J. (October 2005). "The neurophysiological correlates of face processing in adults and children with Asperger's syndrome" (PDF). Brain and Cognition. 59 (1): 82–95. doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2005.05.004. PMID 16009478. 
  4. ^ Myles, Brenda Smith; Huggins, Abigail; Rome-Lake, Maleia; Hagiwara, Taku; Barnhill, Gena P.; Griswold, Deborah E. (December 2003). "Written language profile of children and youth with Asperger syndrome: From research to practice" (PDF). Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities. 38 (4): 362–369. 
  5. ^ Robison, John Elder (2011). Be Different: My Adventures with Asperger's and My Advice for Fellow Aspergians, Misfits, Families, and Teachers (1st ed.). New York: Broadway Paperbacks. ISBN 9780307884824. OCLC 783043987. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  6. ^ Cashin, A.; Sci, D. A. (2006). "Two terms—one meaning: the conundrum of contemporary nomenclature in autism". Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing. 19 (3): 137–144. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6171.2006.00061.x. PMID 16913963. 
  7. ^ "How to talk about autism". National Autistic Society. Archived from the original on July 13, 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016.