Neustadt International Prize for Literature

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Neustadt International Prize
for Literature
The Neustadt Prize Feather.jpg
The Neustadt Prize Feather
CountryUnited States
Presented byUniversity of Oklahoma, World Literature Today
First awarded1970

The Neustadt International Prize for Literature is a biennial award for literature sponsored by the University of Oklahoma and its international literary publication, World Literature Today.[1] It is considered one of the more prestigious international literary prizes, often compared with the Nobel Prize in Literature. The New York Times called the prize “The Oklahoma Nobel” in 1982[2] and the prize is sometimes referred to as the “American Nobel”.[3][4] Since it was founded in 1970, some 30 of its laureates, candidates, or jurors have also been awarded Nobel Prizes.[5][6][7][8] Like the Nobel, it is awarded to individuals for their entire body of work, not for a single one.


The Neustadt International Prize for Literature was established as the Books Abroad International Prize for Literature in 1969 by Ivar Ivask, editor of Books Abroad. It was subsequently renamed the Books Abroad/Neustadt Prize, and the award assumed its present name in 1976. It is the first international literary award of this scope to originate in the United States and is one of the very few international prizes for which poets, novelists, and playwrights are equally eligible.[7]


The Prize is a silver eagle feather, a certificate, and $50,000 USD. The award was endowed by Walter and Doris Neustadt[9] of Ardmore, Oklahoma to ensure the award in perpetuity.[10]

The charter of the Neustadt Prize stipulates that the award be given in recognition of outstanding achievement in poetry, fiction, or drama and that it be conferred solely on the basis of literary merit. Any living author writing in any language is eligible, provided only that at least a representative portion of his or her work is available in English, the language used during the jury deliberations. The prize may serve to crown a lifetime's achievement or to direct attention to an important body of work that is still developing. The prize is not open to application.[11]


Candidates are selected by a jury of at least seven members. Selection is not limited by geographic area, language or genre.

The Neustadt International Prize for Literature is the only international literary award of this scope developed in the United States. It is one of few international prizes for which poets, novelists and playwrights alike are equally eligible.

Neustadt Laureates[edit]


Year Picture Name Country Language(s) Genre(s) Ref(s)
1970 Giuseppe Ungaretti (basco).jpg Giuseppe Ungaretti
 Italy Italian poetry, literary criticism, essay
1972 Gabriel Garcia Marquez2 (2009).jpg Gabriel García Márquez
 Colombia Spanish novel, short story, autobiography, screenplay
1974 Francis Ponge
 France French poetry, essay
1976 Elizabeth Bishop, 1964.jpg Elizabeth Bishop
 United States English poetry, short story
1978 Czeslaw Milosz 3 ap.tif Czesław Miłosz
 Poland Polish poetry, essay
1980 Josef skvorecky.jpg Josef Škvorecký
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia/ Canada Czech novel, short story, essay
1982 Octavio Paz - 1988 Malmö.jpg Octavio Paz
 Mexico Spanish poetry, essay
1984 Paavo Juhani Haavikko.jpg Paavo Haavikko
 Finland Finnish poetry, drama, essay
1986 ETH-BIB-Max Frisch-Com C20-015-023-001.jpg Max Frisch
  Switzerland German novel, drama, philosophy
1988 Raja Rao
 India/ United States English novel, short story, essay
1990 Transtroemer.jpg Tomas Tranströmer
 Sweden Swedish poetry, translation
1992 João Cabral de Melo Neto
 Brazil Portuguese poetry, autobioraphy
1994 Kamau Brathwaite drawing by Fay Helfer LIVITICUS cover HouseOfNehesiPublishers 2017.jpeg Edward Kamau Brathwaite
 Barbados English poetry, essay
1996 Assia Djebar.jpg Assia Djebar
 Algeria/ France French novel, essay, translation [13]
1998 3Nuruddin Farah.jpg Nuruddin Farah
 Somalia English novel, short story, drama, essay, autobiography
2000 David Malouf.JPG David Malouf
(b. 1934)
 Australia English novel, short story, poetry, drama, memoirs
2002 Álvaro Mutis - A Pobra do Caramiñal.jpg Álvaro Mutis
 Colombia Spanish novel, poetry, essay [14]
2004 Adam Zagajewski 2014 in Stockholm.jpg Adam Zagajewski
(b. 1945)
 Poland Polish novel, poetry, essay, translation [15][16]
2006 Claribel Alegria.jpg Claribel Alegría
 Nicaragua/El Salvador El Salvador Spanish novel, poetry, essay [17][18][19]
2008 Silver - replace this image female.svg Patricia Grace
(b. 1937)
 New Zealand English novel, short story [20][21][22]
2010 Silver - replace this image male.svg Duo Duo
(b. 1951)
 China Chinese poetry [23][24]
2012 Silver - replace this image male.svg Rohinton Mistry
(b. 1952)
 India/ Canada English novel, short story [5][6]
2014 Mia Couto cropped.jpg Mia Couto
(b. 1955)
 Mozambique Portuguese novel, short story, poetry [25][26]
2016 Dubravka Ugresic 2011 NBCC Awards 2012 Shankbone.JPG Dubravka Ugrešić
(b. 1949)
 Croatia/ Netherlands Croatian novel, short story [27]
2018 Edwidge Danticat (48794720061) (cropped).jpg Edwidge Danticat
(b. 1969)
 United States (Haitian American) English novel, short story, biography [28]
2020 Ismail Kadare.jpg Ismail Kadare
(b. 1936)
 Albania Albanian novel, short story, poetry, essay, drama, screenplay [29]

NSK Neustadt Prize for Children’s Literature[edit]


Year Name Country Language(s) Ref(s)
2003 Mildred D. Taylor  United States English
2005 Brian Doyle  Canada English
2007 Katherine Paterson  United States English
2009 Vera B. Williams  United States English
2011 Virginia Euwer Wolff  United States English
2013 Naomi Shihab Nye  United States English
2015 Meshack Asare  Dominion of Ghana English
2017 Marilyn Nelson  United States English
2019 Margarita Engle  United States (Cuban) English

List of Neustadt Laureates, Finalists and Jurors[edit]

Year Finalist Country Nominating Juror
1970 Giuseppe Ungaretti Italy

No information provided about the individual nominations from the jurors.

Conrad Aitken US
John Berryman US
Jorge Luis Borges Argentina
Edward Brathwaite Barbados
Hans Magnus Enzensberger West Germany
Graham Greene UK
Jorge Guillén Spain
Zbigniew Herbert Poland
Pierre-Jean Jouve France
Pablo Neruda Chile
Francis Ponge France
Alexander Solzhenitsyn USSR
1972 Gabriel García Márquez Colombia Thor Vilhjálmsson (Iceland)
Zbigniew Herbert Poland François Bondy (Switzerland)
Vasko Popa Yugoslavia T. Carmi (Israel)
Claude Simon France Odysseus Elytis (Greece)
Harold Pinter UK Jovan Hristic (Yugoslavia)
Paavo Haavikko Finland Kai Laitinen (Finland)
Birago Diop Senegal Camara Laye (Guinea)
Nathalie Sarraute France Vera Linhartová (Czechoslovakia)
Czesław Miłosz Poland Kenneth Rexroth (US)
Octavio Paz Mexico Fernand Verhesen (Belgium)
1974 Francis Ponge France Michel Butor (France)
Wole Soyinka Nigeria Chinua Achebe (Nigeria)
Georges Schéhadé Lebanon/France Adonis (Lebanon)
Ian Hamilton Finlay UK Ernst Jandl (Austria)
Gyula Illyés Hungary Ferenc Karinthy (Hungary)
Eyvind Johnson Sweden Olof Lagercrantz (Sweden)
Zaharia Stancu Romania George Dem. Loghin (Romania)
Allen Tate US Mario Luzi (Italy)
Doris Lessing Rhodesia Joyce Carol Oates (US)
Henri Michaux Belgium Andri Peer (Switzerland)
Anna Seghers East Germany John Willett (UK)
1976 Elizabeth Bishop US John Ashbery (USA) and Marie-Claire Blais (Canada)
Yannis Ritsos Greece Melih Cevdet Anday (Turkey)
Anaïs Nin US Agustí Bartra (Spain)
Bert Schierbeek The Netherlands H. C. ten Berge (The Netherlands)
Andrei Voznesensky USSR Paal Brekke (Norway)
Wole Soyinka Nigeria Dennis Brutus (South Africa)
Tawfiq al-Hakim Egypt Mohammed Dib (Algeria)
Czesław Miłosz Poland Zbigniew Herbert (Poland)
Robert Lowell US Thomas Kinsella (Ireland)
Tadeusz Rózewicz Poland Günter Kunert (East Germany)
1978 Czesław Miłosz Poland Joseph Brodsky (US/USSR)
Anthony Powell UK Tuomas Anhava (Finland)
Nadezhda Mandelstam USSR Thorkild Bjørnvig (Denmark)
Carlos Drummond de Andrade Brazil Antônio Candido (Brazil)
Zbigniew Herbert Poland Walter Helmut Fritz (West Germany)
János Pilinszky Hungary Ágnes Gergely (Hungary)
Elias Canetti Austria/Bulgaria Wolfgang Kraus (Austria)
Graham Greene UK R. K. Narayan (India)
Eudora Welty US William Jay Smith (US)
V. S. Naipaul Trinidad and Tobago/UK Derek Walcott (Saint Lucia)
Georges Schéhadé Lebanon/France Andrée Chedid (Egypt/France)
1980 Josef Škvorecký Czechoslovakia/Canada Arnost Lustig (Czechoslovakia/US)
Alberto de Lacerda Portugal Luis Amorim de Sousa (Portugal)
Breyten Breytenbach South Africa André Brink (South Africa)
Yves Bonnefoy France Claude Esteban (France)
Günter Grass West Germany Thomas Keneally (Australia)
Kim Chi-ha South Korea Yotaro Konaka (Japan) and Muriel Rukeyser (US)
Mulk Raj Anand India Shiv K. Kumar (India)
Miroslav Krleza Yugoslavia Vasa D. Mihailovich (Yugoslavia/US)
Yannis Ritsos Greece George Savidis (Greece)
Norman Maccaig UK Alexander Scott (UK)
1982 Octavio Paz Mexico Manuel Durán (Spain/US)
Ted Hughes UK Yehuda Amichai (Israel)
Laura Riding US Poul Borum (Denmark)
Robert Penn Warren US John L. Brown (US)
Vladimir Voinovich USSR/ West Germany Efim Etkind (USSR/France)
Max Frisch Switzerland Francine du Plessix Gray (US)
Guillevic France Mimmo Morina (Italy/Luxembourg)
Ba Jin China Hualing Nieh (China/US)
Artur Lundkvist Sweden Östen Sjöstrand (Sweden)
Leonardo Sciascia Italy Giancarlo Vigorelli (Italy)
1984 Paavo Haavikko Finland Bo Carpelan (Finland)
Zbigniew Herbert Poland Stanislaw Baranczak (Poland/US)
Jorge Amado Brazil Mouloud Mammeri (Algeria)
Howard Brenton UK Kamala Markandaya (India/UK)
Christopher Logue UK N. Scott Momaday (US)
Sándor Weöres Hungary Ottó Orbán (Hungary)
Ernesto Sábato Argentina Edouard Roditi (US/France)
Mohammed Dib Algeria/France Eric Sellin (US)
Donald Davie UK Charles Tomlinson (UK)
Jorge Luis Borges Argentina Luisa Valenzuela (Argentina)
Manès Sperber Austria/France Elie Wiesel (US/Israel/France)
1986 Max Frisch Switzerland Adolf Muschg (Switzerland)
Wole Soyinka Nigeria Maya Angelou (US)
Francisco Ayala Spain José Luis Cano (Spain)
Primo Levi Italy Margherita Guidacci (Italy)
Kenzaburo Oe Japan Shuichi Kato (Japan)
Jorge Luis Borges Argentina Sigurur Magnússon (Iceland)
Günter Grass West Germany Gregory Rabassa (US)
Yves Bonnefoy France Anthony Rudolf (UK)
Eugène Ionesco Romania/France Iordan Chimet (Romania)
Mavis Gallant Canada/France Mordecai Richler (Canada)
1988 Raja Rao India Edwin Thumboo (Singapore)
Ghérasim Luca Romania/France Andrei Codrescu (Romania/US)
Stanislaw Lem Poland Lars Gustafsson (Sweden)
René Char France Raymond Jean (France)
Milan Kundera Czechoslovakia/France Algirdas Landsbergis (Lithuania/US)
Léopold Sédar Senghor Senegal Jean-Luc Moreau (France)
João Cabral de Melo Neto Brazil Nélida Piñon (Brazil)
Peter Handke Austria Jutta Schutting (Austria)
Roy Fisher England Jon Silkin (England)
Nadine Gordimer South Africa Susan Sontag (US)
Paule Marshall Barbados/US George Lamming (Barbados)
1990 Tomas Tranströmer Sweden Jaan Kaplinski (Estonia)
Östen Sjöstrand Sweden Homero Aridjis (Mexico)
Mohammed Dib Algeria Assia Djebar (Algeria)
Rolf Jacobsen Norway Knut Faldbakken (Norway)
Mavis Gallant Canada/France Robert Pinget (France)
Yordan Radichkov Bulgaria Vera Gancheva (Bulgaria)
György Konrád Hungary George Gömöri Piñon (Hungary/UK)
Michel Leiris France Richard Howard (US)
V. S. Naipaul Trinidad and Tobago/UK Sam Selvon (Trinidad and Tobago)
Vasko Popa Yugoslavia Lasse Söderberg (Sweden)
Dai Houying China Xiao Qian (China)
1992 João Cabral de Melo Neto Brazil Silviano Santiago (Brazil)
Habib Tengour Algeria Etel Adnan (Lebanon/US)
Bella Akhmadulina Russia Vassily Aksyonov (Russia/US)
Christopher Middleton UK Zulfikar Ghose (Pakistan/US)
Orhan Pamuk Turkey Güneli Gün (Turkey/US)
Henri Meschonnic France V. Y. Mudimbé (Zaire)
Kenzaburo Oe Japan Makoto Ooka (Japan)
Andrea Zanzotto Italy Sergio Perosa (Italy)
Eduardo Galeano Uruguay Elena Poniatowska (Mexico)
John Berger UK Alastair Reid (UK)
A. B. Yehoshua Israel Anton Shammas (Palestine)
1994 Kamau Brathwaite Barbados Kofi Awoonor (Ghana)
Svetlana Alexievich Belarus Zoya Boguslavskaya (Russia)
Norman Mailer US Alan Cheuse (US)
Zbigniew Herbert Poland J. M. Coetzee (South Africa)
Toni Morrison US Nuruddin Farah (Somalia)
Chinua Achebe Nigera Wlad Godzich (Switzerland)
Miguel Delibes Spain Ángel González (Spain)
Mahasveta Devi India Githa Hariharan (India)
Costas Montis Cyprus Elli Peonidou (Cyprus)
Mohamed Choukri Morocco Nawal El Saadawi (Egypt)
Seamus Heaney Ireland Chris Wallace-Crabbe (Australia)
1996 Assia Djebar Algeria Barbara Frischmuth (Austria)
Vassilis Vassilikos Greece Yiorgos Chouliaras (Greece/US)
Vizma Belsevica Latvia Desmond Egan (Ireland)
Nirmal Verma India Alfrún Gunnlaugsdóttir (Iceland)
Randolph Stow Australia/UK Alamgir Hashmi (Pakistan)
Rafael Alberti Spain Carlos Rojas (Spain)
Werner Lambersy Belgium Albert Russo (Belgium)
Tahar Ben Jelloun Morocco Hanan al-Shaykh (Lebanon)
Carlos Fuentes Mexico Mario Valdés (Canada)
Bei Dao China Eliot Weinberger (US)
1998 Nuruddin Farah Somalia Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o (Kenya)
Adrienne Rich US Meena Alexander (India)
R. S. Thomas Wales Richard Exner (Germany/US)
Mo Yan China Howard Goldblatt (US)
Les Murray Australia Janette Turner Hospital (Australia)
Doris Lessing UK/Rhodesia Shirley Geok-lin Lim (Malaysia)
Philip Roth US Norman Manea (Romania/US)
Frankétienne Haiti Raphaël Confiant (Martinique)
Ernesto Cardenal Nicaragua Roberto Fernández Retamar (Cuba)
John Ashbery US Carolyn Forché (US)
2000 David Malouf Australia Ihab Hassan (Egypt/US)
Wilson Harris Guyana/England Cyril Dabydeen (Guyana/Canada)
V. S. Naipaul Trinidad and Tobago/UK Ha Jin (China/US) and Mervyn Morris (Jamaica)
N. Scott Momaday US Linda Hogan (US)
Juan Goytisolo Spain Helen R. Lane (US)
Augusto Monterroso Guatemala Carlos Monsiváis (Mexico)
Femi Osofisan Nigeria Tanure Ojaide (Nigeria)
Mirkka Rekola Finland Kirsti Simonsuuri (Finland)
György Konrád Hungary Dubravka Ugresic (Croatia)
2002 Alvaro Mutis Colombia Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda (Colombia)
Andrée Chedid Egypt/France Evelyne Accad (Lebanon/US)
Antonio Lobo Antunes Portugal Kwame Anthony Appiah (UK/Ghana)
Wilson Harris Guyana Lorna Goodison (Jamaica)
Eduardo Galeano Uruguay Thomas King (Canada)
Janet Frame New Zealand Bill Manhire (New Zealand)
Homero Aridjis Mexico Rainer Schulte (Germany/US)
Luis Fernando Verissimo Brazil Moacyr Scliar (Brazil)
Peter Matthiessen US Barry Unsworth (UK)
Mavis Gallant Canada/France Jane Urquhart (Canada)
2004 Adam Zagajewski Poland Bogdana Carpenter (Poland/US)
Duong Thu Huong Vietnam Esther Allen (US)
Gary Snyder US Bei Dao (China) in absentia
J. M. Coetzee South Africa Kristjana Gunnars (Iceland) and Abdulrazak Gurnah (Tanzania)
Chinua Achebe Nigeria Gabriel Okara (Nigeria)
Mario Vargas Llosa Peru Edmundo Paz-Soldán (Bolivia)
José Saramago Portugal Leon Rooke (Canada)
Marjorie Agosín Chile Bapsi Sidhwa (Pakistan)
2006 Claribel Alegría Nicaragua/El Salvador Daisy Zamora (Nicaragua)
Orhan Pamuk Turkey Aron Aij (Turkey)
Alice Munro Canada Clark Blaise (US) and Linda Spalding Linda Spalding (Canada)
Linton Kwesi Johnson Jamaica/UK Kwame Dawes (Ghana/US)
Gerald Stern US Li-Young Lee (Indonesia/US)
André Brink South Africa Zakes Mda (South Africa)
Per Olov Enquist Sweden Tina Nunnally (US)
Philip Roth US Nico Orengo (Italy)
N. Scott Momaday US Carter Revard (US)
Hélène Cixous Algeria/France Susan Rubin Suleiman (US)
2008 Patricia Grace New Zealand Joy Harjo (US)
Ngugi wa Thiong’o Kenya Chris Abani (Nigeria/US)
Saadi Youssef Iraq Sinan Antoon (Iraq)
Michael Ondaatje Sri Lanka/Canada Rilla Askew (US)
Jacques Roubaud France Marcel Bénabou (Morocco/France)
Katerina Anghelaki-Rooke Greece Peter Constantine (UK/US)
Tsering Woeser Tibet/China Huang Xiang (China)
Haruki Murakami Japan Christine Montalbetti (France)
E. L. Doctorow US Bharati Mukherjee (India/US)
Yoel Hoffmann Israel Yoko Tawada (Japan/Germany)
2010 Duo Duo China Mai Mang (China/USA)
Ha Jin China/US Sefi Atta (Nigeria/US)
Ricardo Piglia Argentina Horacio Castellanos Moya (El Salvador)
Michael Ondaatje Sri Lanka/Canada Aleksandar Hemon (Bosnia/US)
Haruki Murakami Japan Etgar Keret (Israel)
Margaret Atwood Canada Joanne Leedom-Ackerman (US)
A. B. Yehoshua Israel Claire Messud (US)
Athol Fugard South Africa Pireeni Sundaralingam (France)
E. L. Doctorow US Bharati Mukherjee (Sri Lanka/US)
Shahriar Mandanipour Iran Niloufar Talebi (Iran/UK)
2012 Rohinton Mistry India/Canada Samrat Upadhyay (Nepal/US)
Aleksandar Hemon Bosnia/US Rabih Alameddine (Lebanon/US)
Zoë Wicomb South Africa Gabeba Baderoon (South Africa/US)
Elena Poniatowska Mexico Norma Cantú (Mexico/US)
Bob Dylan US Andrea De Carlo (Italy)
Diamela Eltit Chile Nathalie Handal (France/US)
Vénus Khoury-Ghata Lebanon Ilya Kaminsky (Ukraine/US)
John Banville Ireland Yahia Lababidi (Egypt/Lebanon)
Tahar Ben Jelloun Morocco Miguel Syjuco (Philippines)
2014 Mia Couto Mozambique Gabriella Ghermandi (Germany/Italy)
César Aira Argentina Cristina Rivera-Garza (Mexico)
Duong Thu Huong Vietnam Andrew Lam (Vietnam/US)
Edward P. Jones US Laleh Khadivi (US/US)
Ilya Kaminsky Ukraine/US Lauren Camp (US)
Chang-rae Lee South Korea/US Krys Lee (South Korea/US)
Edouard Maunick Mauritius Ananda Devi (Mauritius)
Haruki Murakami Japan Deji Olukotun (Nigeria/US)
Cecile Pineda US Lorna Dee Cervantes (Mexico/US)
Ghassan Zaqtan Palestine Fady Joudah (Palestine/US)
2016 Dubravka Ugresic Croatia Alison Anderson (US/Switzerland)
Can Xue China Porochista Khakpour (Iran/US)
Caryl Churchill UK Jordan Tannahill (Canada)
Carolyn Forché US Valzhyna Mort (Belarus/US)
Aminatta Forna Sierra Leone/UK Mukoma Wa Ngugi (Kenya/US)
Ann-Marie MacDonald Canada Padma Viswanathan (Canada)
Guadalupe Nettel Mexico Valeria Luiselli (Mexico)
Don Paterson UK Amit Majmudar (US)
Ghassan Zaqtan Palestine Wang Ping (China/US)
2018 Edwidge Danticat Haiti/US Achy Obejas (Cuba/US)
Emmanuel Carrère France Zia Haider Rahman (Bangladesh/UK)
Amitav Ghosh India Dipika Mukherjee (India)
Aracelis Girmay US Mahtem Shiferraw (Ethiopia/Eritrea)
Mohsin Hamid Pakistan Adnan Mahmutović (Bosnia/Sweden)
Jamaica Kincaid Antigua/US Ladan Osman (Somalia/US)
Yusef Komunyakaa US Major Jackson (US)
Patricia Smith US Sasha Pimentel (Philippines/US)
Ludmila Ulitskaya Russia Alisa Ganieva (Russia)
2020 Ismail Kadare Albania Kapka Kassabova (Bulgaria)
Emmanuel Carrère France Felipe Restrepo Pombo (Colombia)
Jorie Graham US Dunya Mikhail (Iraq/US)
Jessica Hagedorn US Joseph O. Legaspi (US)
Eduardo Halfon Guatemala Anna Badkhen (Russia)
Sahar Khalifeh Palestine Philip Metres (US)
Abdellatif Laâbi Morocco André Naffis-Sahely (US/UAE)
Lee Maracle Canada Katherena Vermette (Canada)
Hoa Nguyen US Vi Khi Nao (US)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Daniel Kalder (August 12, 2013). "America's Nobel: The Neustadt International Prize for Literature". Publishing Perspectives. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  2. ^ Edwin McDowell (February 26, 1982). "PUBLISHING: THE OKLAHOMA 'NOBEL'". New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  3. ^ Annalisa Quinn (November 5, 2013). "Book News: Mozambican Writer Wins Neustadt Prize, 'America's Nobel'". NPR. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  4. ^ Chad Post (November 10, 2016). "The American Nobel: At Norman, Oklahoma's Neustadt Prize Festival". Literary Hub. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Rohinton Mistry wins Neustadt Prize 2012 – "Parsi Khabar"
  6. ^ a b Critically acclaimed Indian-Canadian writer Rohinton Mistry wins 2012 Neustadt International Prize for Literature – "World Literature Today"
  7. ^ a b "Neustadt International Prize for Literature". World Literature Today. October 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  8. ^ "Neustadt-Nobel Prize Convergences". The Neustadt Prizes. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  9. ^ Walter Neustadt Jr. Obituary, biographical information about Walter Neustadt
  10. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "World Literature Today".
  12. ^ "Neustadt Laureates: Past Laureates". World Literature Today. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  13. ^ "1996 Neustadt Prize Laureate – Assia Djebar". World Literature Today. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
  14. ^ "Colombian given literary award". The Oklahoma Daily. October 18, 2002. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  15. ^ "2004 Neustadt Prize Laureate – Adam Zagajewski". World Literature Today. 2005. Archived from the original on March 3, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  16. ^ "Polish poet awarded 2004 Neustadt prize". The Oklahoma Daily. October 27, 2003. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  17. ^ Bunmi Ishola (September 30, 2006). "Claribel Alegría wins Neustadt Prize". The Norman Transcript. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  18. ^ Staff writer (May 1, 2007). "Claribel Alegria: 2006 Neustadt International Prize Laureate.(special section)(Biography)". World Literature Today. Archived from the original on November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  19. ^ "Neustadt Prize". The Missouri Review. November 16, 2006. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  20. ^ "2008 Neustadt Prize Laureate – Patricia Grace". World Literature Today. May 2009. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  21. ^ "NEW: Banquet to honor winner of the Neustadt Prize". The Norman Transcript. September 18, 2008. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  22. ^ Staff writer (October 8, 2007). "Patricia Grace wins prestigious literary prize". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  23. ^ Staff writer (October 29, 2009). "Chinese poet awarded Neustadt Prize at OU". Norman Transcript. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  24. ^ "2010 Neustadt Laureate Duo Duo". World Literature Today. March 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  25. ^ Hector Tobar (November 1, 2013). "Who will win 'America's Nobel,' the Neustadt Prize?". LA Times. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  26. ^ "Noted Mozambican Author Mia Couto Wins 2014 Neustadt International Prize for Literature". The Neustadt Prize. November 1, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  27. ^ "Dubravka Ugrešić Announced as 2016 Winner of Prestigious Neustadt International Prize for Literature". The Neustadt Prize. October 23, 2015. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  28. ^ "Edwidge Danticat is 2018 Winner of Prestigious Neustadt International Prize for Literature". The Neustadt Prize. November 9, 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  29. ^ "Albanian author Ismail Kadare has won the 2020 Neustadt International Prize for Literature". Literary Hub. 2019-10-17. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
  30. ^ "NSK Laureates". World Literature Today. Retrieved May 6, 2019.

External links[edit]