Neutral fat

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Triglyceride (Neutral fat)
Glycerol (polyol)
Caproic acid (fatty acid)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Neutral fats aka True Fats are simple lipids that are produced by the dehydration synthesis of one or more fatty acids with an alcohol like glycerol. Many types of neutral fats are possible both because of the number and variety of fatty acids that could form part of it and because of the different bonding locations for the fatty acids. An example is a monoglyceride that has one fatty acid combined with glycerol, a diglyceride which has two fatty acids combined with glycerol or a triglyceride which has three fatty acids combined with glycerol. Neutral fats are usually found in the thigh and torso area of the body as padding and insulation to keep warm.


Triglycerides are formed from the esterification of 3 molecules of fatty acids with one molecule of trihydric alcohol, glycerol (glycerine or trihydroxy propane). In the process, 3 molecules of water are eliminated.The word Triglyceride refers to the 3 number of fatty acids esterfied to one molecule of glycerol.

in triglycerides, the three fatty acids are rarely similar and are thus called as pure fats. for example, tripalmitin, tristearin etc.


  • Biology 12: a student resource, R. Prior.