Neutron research facility
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|Science with neutrons|
A neutron research facility is most commonly a big laboratory operating a large-scale neutron source that provides thermal neutrons to a suite of research instruments. The neutron source usually a research reactor or a spallation source. In some cases, a smaller facility will provide high energy neutrons (e.g. 2.5 MeV or 14 MeV fusion neutrons) using existing neutron generator technologies.
List of neutron facilities
The following list is intended to be exhaustive and to cover active facilities as well as those that are shut down.
- NRC Canadian Neutron Beam Centre at Chalk River Laboratories
- RE-Labs Inc. – Single Event Effects Testing Services
- CNPG - Light ion (D,T), China Institute of Atomic Energy
- HI-13 - Light ion (D,T), China Institute of Atomic Energy
- Czech Republic
- Neutron Physics Laboratory (within CANAM infrastructure), http://canam.ujf.cas.cz/npl
- Risø (reactors 1958–2000)
- FRM I – Technical University, Garching (1957–2000)
- FRM II – Technical University, Garching (2004–)
- FRJ-2 at Forschungszentrum Jülich (1962–2006)
- Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (2005–), a virtual facility that operates instruments at other facilities (FRM II, ILL, SNS)
- FRG-1 – GKSS, Geesthacht near Hamburg (1958–2010)
- Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, formerly HMI – Hahn-Meitner-Institut
- KFKI Research Institutes, Budapest
- JAERI – Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
- KENS – High Energy Accelerator Organisation, KEK
- KURRI – Research Reactor Institute (Kyoto)
- JSNS – (part of the Japan proton accelerator research complex (J-PARC)
- IRI – Interfaculty Reactor Institute, Delft University of Technology
- Maria reactor – POLATOM Institute of Nuclear Energy, Świerk-Otwock
- Ewa reactor – POLATOM Institute of Nuclear Energy, Świerk-Otwock (1958–1995)
- South Africa
- NECSA SAFARI-1
- South Korea
- High-Flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor (HANARO) - Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI)
- SINQ@PSI – Paul Scherrer Institute https://www.psi.ch/sinq
- UCN@PSI - Paul Scherrer Institute - Ultra Cold Neutron Source - https://www.psi.ch/num
- n_TOF - CERN
- United States
- HFBR – High Flux Beam Reactor, Brookhaven (1965–1996)
- IPNS – Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory (1981–2008)
- LANSCE – Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (Los Alamos)
- LENS – Low Energy Neutron Source, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.
- NIST – Center for Neutron Research, Gaithersburg near Washington D.C.
- NSL - Neutron Science Laboratory, University of Michigan College of Engineering.
- ORNL – High Flux Isotope Reactor, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
- SNS – Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge (Tennessee)
- MURR - University of Missouri Research Reactor, Columbia, MO.
- MNRC - MacClellan Nuclear Research Center, Sacramento, CA.