Nevşehir Province

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Nevşehir Province
Nevşehir ili
Cappadocia Landscape
Cappadocia Landscape
Location of Nevşehir Province in Turkey
Location of Nevşehir Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionCentral Anatolia
SubregionKırıkkale
Government
 • Electoral districtNevşehir
 • Governorİnci Sezer Becel
Area
 • Total5,467 km2 (2,111 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total298,339
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Area code0384
Vehicle registration50

Nevşehir Province (Turkish: Nevşehir ili, from the Persian compound نو شهر Now-shahr meaning "new city") is a province in central Turkey with its capital in Nevşehir. Its adjacent provinces are Kırşehir to the northwest, Aksaray to the southwest, Niğde to the south, Kayseri to the southeast, and Yozgat to the northeast. Nevşehir includes the area called Cappadocia - a tourist attraction in Turkey. The town of Göreme is also located in Nevşehir.

Cappadocia once included the area now covered by this province. This province is notable for the fairy chimneys of Göreme, the Ortahisar (middle fortress), a number of old churches from the Byzantine period.

History[edit]

Archaeology[edit]

An approximately 5,000-year-old three-story underground town which referred as “Gir-Gör” (Enter and See) by locals was revealed in Avanos in 2019. The five-kilometer-long city consisted of three floors, homes, tunnels, places of worship and a small human figurine. According to the locals, site was considered a source of "healing water” and “Caesar’s bath.”[2][3]

Sports[edit]

A multiday track running ultramarathon of desert concept, called Runfire Cappadocia Ultramarathon, is held since 2012 annually in July. The race tours 244 km (152 mi) in six days through several historic places across Cappadocia reaching out to Lake Tuz.[4]

Districts[edit]

Nevşehir province is divided into 8 districts (capital district in bold):

Climate[edit]

Nevşehir has a continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsa, Trewartha climate classification: Dc), with cold, snowy winters and warm, dry summers. Precipitation occurs throughout the year, with a slight peak in spring.

Climate data for Nevşehir (1991–2020, extremes 1959–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.6
(67.3)
28.0
(82.4)
31.6
(88.9)
32.6
(90.7)
35.0
(95.0)
39.5
(103.1)
38.2
(100.8)
37.4
(99.3)
32.0
(89.6)
27.6
(81.7)
23.0
(73.4)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
6.0
(42.8)
10.9
(51.6)
16.3
(61.3)
21.2
(70.2)
25.6
(78.1)
29.3
(84.7)
29.4
(84.9)
25.3
(77.5)
19.1
(66.4)
11.6
(52.9)
6.2
(43.2)
17.1
(62.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
1.3
(34.3)
5.5
(41.9)
10.4
(50.7)
15.0
(59.0)
18.9
(66.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.1
(71.8)
18.1
(64.6)
12.8
(55.0)
6.3
(43.3)
2.0
(35.6)
11.2
(52.2)
Average low °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.0
(33.8)
5.2
(41.4)
9.3
(48.7)
12.3
(54.1)
14.6
(58.3)
14.5
(58.1)
11.3
(52.3)
7.4
(45.3)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) −21.2
(−6.2)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.3
(34.3)
3.8
(38.8)
3.1
(37.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
−14.0
(6.8)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−23.6
(−10.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.7
(1.72)
41.8
(1.65)
47.5
(1.87)
45.7
(1.80)
57.4
(2.26)
37.5
(1.48)
9.9
(0.39)
9.6
(0.38)
13.7
(0.54)
29.4
(1.16)
33.4
(1.31)
48.4
(1.91)
418.0
(16.46)
Average precipitation days 8.80 7.83 10.27 11.33 13.40 8.40 2.40 2.37 3.83 6.93 7.10 9.30 92.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 96.1 118.7 164.3 204.0 257.3 309.0 365.8 347.2 276.0 195.3 138.0 86.8 2,558.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 3.1 4.2 5.3 6.8 8.3 10.3 11.8 11.2 9.2 6.3 4.6 2.8 7.0
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[5]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Agencies, Daily Sabah with (2019-06-08). "Mysterious flooding leads to discovery of 5,000-year-old underground city in Turkey's Cappadocia". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  3. ^ "Mysterious flooding leads to the discovery of 5,000-year-old underground city in Turkey's Cappadocia | ARCHAEOLOGY WORLD". Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  4. ^ "Elite Athletes to run at The Runfire Cappadocia". Istanbul Convention & Visitors Bureau. July 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-08-05. Retrieved 2013-11-28.
  5. ^ "Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Mevism Normalleri (1991–2020)" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 6 July 2021.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°46′54″N 34°41′17″E / 38.78167°N 34.68806°E / 38.78167; 34.68806