Neva Abelson

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Neva Martin Abelson (November 19, 1910 – September 26, 2000) was a distinguished research physician who co-discovered the life-saving blood test for the Rh blood factor (with Louis K. Diamond).

The Philip and Neva Abelson Hall at Washington State University was named in her honor.[1]

Early career[edit]

Abelson graduated from Washington State University with a B.S. degree in chemistry. After medical school she became a pediatrician. Her research at the University of Pennsylvania, where she was a professor of clinical pathology, involved blood groups, blood diseases of infants, and the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. She published a book, Topics in Blood Banking, in 1974. She received the Emily Cooley Memorial Award from the American Association of Blood Banks.

Personal life[edit]

Abelson married Philip Abelson (1913–2004), a physicist, science writer and longtime editor of Science magazine.[2] Their daughter, Ellen Abelson Cherniavsky who is now retired, worked as an aviation researcher at The MITRE Corporation in Virginia.


  1. ^ "Science Hall renamed for Philip, Neva Abelson". WSU NEWS. August 23, 2002. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  2. ^ Pepling, Rachel (August 9, 2004). "Philip Abelson Dies At 91". Chemical & Engineering News. Retrieved 26 October 2017.