Page semi-protected

List of the verified oldest people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Neva Morris)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

These are lists of the 100 known verified oldest men and women, arranged in descending order of each individual's age in years and days. A year typically refers to a calendar year, the time between two dates of the same name. However, years can be of different lengths due to the presence or absence of a leap day within the year, or to the conversion of dates from one calendar to another.

The oldest person ever whose age has been verified is Jeanne Calment (1875–1997) of France, who died at the age of 122 years, 164 days.[a] The oldest man ever whose age has been verified is Jiroemon Kimura (1897–2013) of Japan, who died at the age of 116 years, 54 days.

As of 17 December 2018, the oldest known living person is Kane Tanaka of Japan, aged 115 years, 349 days. The oldest known living man is Masazō Nonaka of Japan, aged 113 years, 145 days. Due to differences in life expectancy, the 100 oldest women have lived significantly longer than the 100 oldest men.

All the people on this list are supercentenarians, having reached an age of at least 110.

100 verified oldest women

The list including known and validated supercentenarians who died before 2015 was compiled by the Gerontology Research Group (GRG).[1] Later cases are included in more recent GRG data,[2] with administrative reports or press coverage as supplementary sources, as indicated in the table.

  Deceased   Living
^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of today, 17 December 2018

Rank Name Birth date Death date Age[†] Place of death
or residence
01 Jeanne Calment[3] 21 February 1875[a] 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days France
02 Sarah Knauss[5] 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days United States
03 Nabi Tajima[2] 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 117 years, 260 days Japan
04 Lucy Hannah[6] 16 July 1875 21 March 1993 117 years, 248 days United States
05 Marie-Louise Meilleur[7] 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days Canada
06 Violet Brown[2] 10 March 1900 15 September 2017 117 years, 189 days Jamaica
07 Emma Morano[2][8] 29 November 1899 15 April 2017 117 years, 137 days Italy
08 Chiyo Miyako[2][9][10] 2 May 1901 22 July 2018 117 years, 81 days Japan
09 Misao Okawa[2] 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days Japan
10 María Capovilla[11] 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 116 years, 347 days Ecuador
11 Susannah Mushatt Jones[2] 6 July 1899 12 May 2016 116 years, 311 days United States
12 Gertrude Weaver[2] 4 July 1898 6 April 2015 116 years, 276 days United States
13 Tane Ikai[12] 18 January 1879 12 July 1995 116 years, 175 days Japan
14 Elizabeth Bolden[13] 15 August 1890 11 December 2006 116 years, 118 days United States
15 Besse Cooper[1] 26 August 1896 4 December 2012 116 years, 100 days United States
16 Ana María Vela Rubio[2] 29 October 1901 15 December 2017 116 years, 47 days Spain
17 Giuseppina Projetto[2] 30 May 1902 6 July 2018 116 years, 37 days Italy
18 Jeralean Talley[2] 23 May 1899 17 June 2015 116 years, 25 days United States
19 Kane Tanaka[2] 2 January 1903 Living 115 years, 349 days Japan
20 Maggie Barnes[14] 6 March 1882 19 January 1998 115 years, 319 days United States
21 Maria Giuseppa Robucci[2] 20 March 1903 Living 115 years, 272 days Italy
22 Dina Manfredini[1] 4 April 1897 17 December 2012 115 years, 257 days United States[b]
23 Charlotte Hughes[15] 1 August 1877 17 March 1993 115 years, 228 days United Kingdom
24 Edna Parker[16] 20 April 1893 26 November 2008 115 years, 220 days United States
25 Shimoe Akiyama[2] 19 May 1903 Living 115 years, 212 days Japan
26 Mary Ann Rhodes[17] 12 August 1882 3 March 1998 115 years, 203 days Canada
27 Anonymous of Tokyo[2] 15 March 1900 27 September 2015 115 years, 196 days Japan
28 Margaret Skeete[18] 27 October 1878 7 May 1994 115 years, 192 days United States
29 Bernice Madigan[19] 24 July 1899 3 January 2015 115 years, 163 days United States
30 Gertrude Baines[20] 6 April 1894 11 September 2009 115 years, 158 days United States
31 Bettie Wilson[21] 13 September 1890 13 February 2006 115 years, 153 days United States
32 Julie Winnefred Bertrand[22] 16 September 1891 18 January 2007 115 years, 124 days Canada
33 Maria de Jesus[23] 10 September 1893 2 January 2009 115 years, 114 days Portugal
34 Marie Josephine Gaudette[2][24] 25 March 1902 13 July 2017 115 years, 110 days Italy[c]
35 Susie Gibson[25] 31 October 1890 16 February 2006 115 years, 108 days United States
36 Augusta Holtz[26] 3 August 1871 21 October 1986 115 years, 79 days United States[d]
37 Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper[27] 29 June 1890 30 August 2005 115 years, 62 days Netherlands
38 Maude Farris-Luse[28] 21 January 1887 18 March 2002 115 years, 56 days United States
39 Marie Brémont[29] 25 April 1886 6 June 2001 115 years, 42 days France
40 Koto Okubo[30] 24 December 1897 12 January 2013 115 years, 19 days Japan
41 Antonia Gerena Rivera[2] 19 May 1900 2 June 2015 115 years, 14 days United States[e]
42 Chiyono Hasegawa[31] 20 November 1896 2 December 2011 115 years, 12 days Japan
43 Annie Jennings[32] 12 November 1884 20 November 1999 115 years, 8 days United Kingdom
44 Eva Morris[33] 8 November 1885 2 November 2000 114 years, 360 days United Kingdom
45 Kama Chinen[34] 10 May 1895 2 May 2010 114 years, 357 days Japan
46 Maria Gomes Valentim[35] 9 July 1896 21 June 2011 114 years, 347 days Brazil
47 Mary Bidwell[36] 19 May 1881 25 April 1996 114 years, 342 days United States
48 Lucile Randon[2] 11 February 1904 Living 114 years, 309 days France
49 Mary Josephine Ray[37] 17 May 1895 7 March 2010 114 years, 294 days United States[f]
50 Goldie Steinberg[2][38][39] 30 October 1900 16 August 2015 114 years, 290 days United States[g]
51 Kiyoko Ishiguro[2] 4 March 1901 5 December 2015 114 years, 276 days Japan
52 Maria do Couto Maia-Lopes[1] 24 October 1890 25 July 2005 114 years, 274 days Portugal
Eudoxie Baboul[2] 1 October 1901 1 July 2016 114 years, 274 days France (French Guiana)
54 Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan[40] 31 August 1889 29 May 2004 114 years, 272 days Puerto Rico
55 Yukie Hino[2] 17 April 1902 13 January 2017 114 years, 271 days Japan
56 Delphine Gibson[2] 17 August 1903 9 May 2018 114 years, 265 days United States
57 Shin Matsushita[2] 30 March 1904 Living 114 years, 262 days Japan
58 Eugénie Blanchard[41] 16 February 1896 4 November 2010 114 years, 261 days France (Saint Barthélemy)
59 Venere Pizzinato-Papo[42] 23 November 1896 2 August 2011 114 years, 252 days Italy[h]
60 Neva Morris[43] 3 August 1895 6 April 2010 114 years, 246 days United States
61 Hide Ohira[1] 15 September 1880 9 May 1995 114 years, 236 days Japan
62 Blanche Cobb[44][45] 8 September 1900 1 May 2015 114 years, 235 days United States
63 Ethel Lang[2] 27 May 1900 15 January 2015 114 years, 233 days United Kingdom
64 Yone Minagawa[46] 4 January 1893 13 August 2007 114 years, 221 days Japan
65 María Antonia Castro[47] 10 June 1881 16 January 1996 114 years, 220 days Spain
66 Carrie Lazenby[1] 9 February 1882 14 September 1996 114 years, 218 days United States
Ura Koyama[48] 30 August 1890 5 April 2005 114 years, 218 days Japan
68 Myrtle Dorsey[49] 22 November 1885 25 June 2000 114 years, 216 days United States
69 Iso Nakamura[2] 23 April 1903 23 November 2017 114 years, 214 days Japan
70 Anna Eliza Williams[50] 2 June 1873 27 December 1987 114 years, 208 days United Kingdom
71 Eunice Sanborn[51] 20 July 1896 31 January 2011 114 years, 195 days United States
72 Grace Clawson[52] 15 November 1887 28 May 2002 114 years, 194 days United States[i]
73 Mitsue Toyoda[2] 15 February 1902 25 August 2016 114 years, 192 days Japan
74 Tase Matsunaga[53] 11 May 1884 18 November 1998 114 years, 191 days Japan
75 Kame Nakamura[54] 8 March 1898 12 September 2012 114 years, 188 days Japan
76 Lydie Vellard[1] 18 March 1875 17 September 1989 114 years, 183 days France
Wilhelmina Kott[55] 7 March 1880 6 September 1994 114 years, 183 days United States
Adelina Domingues[56] 19 February 1888 21 August 2002 114 years, 183 days United States[j]
79 Mitoyo Kawate[57] 15 May 1889 13 November 2003 114 years, 182 days Japan
Gabrielle Valentine des Robert[2][58] 4 June 1904 3 December 2018 114 years, 182 days France
81 Charlotte Benkner[59] 16 November 1889 14 May 2004 114 years, 180 days United States[k]
Camille Loiseau[60] 13 February 1892 12 August 2006 114 years, 180 days France
83 Anne Primout[61] 5 October 1890 26 March 2005 114 years, 172 days France[l]
84 Ettie Mae Greene[62] 8 September 1877 26 February 1992 114 years, 171 days United States
85 Dominga Velasco[2] 12 May 1901 11 October 2015 114 years, 152 days United States[m]
86 Toshie Yorimitsu[2] 30 September 1901 28 February 2016 114 years, 151 days Japan
87 Irene Frank[1] 1 October 1881 28 February 1996 114 years, 150 days United States
88 Christina Cock[63] 25 December 1887 22 May 2002 114 years, 148 days Australia[n]
89 Olivia Patricia Thomas[64] 29 June 1895 16 November 2009 114 years, 140 days United States
90 Tae Ito[2] 11 July 1903 13 November 2017 114 years, 125 days Japan
91 Anna Henderson[65] 5 March 1900 1 July 2014 114 years, 118 days United States
92 Emma Verona Johnston[66] 6 August 1890 1 December 2004 114 years, 117 days United States
Mamie Rearden[67] 7 September 1898 2 January 2013 114 years, 117 days United States
94 Bettie Chatmon[1] 30 April 1884 16 August 1998 114 years, 108 days United States
95 Odie Matthews[1] 28 December 1878 14 April 1993 114 years, 107 days United States
96 Chiyo Shiraishi[1] 6 August 1895 19 November 2009 114 years, 105 days Japan
97 Asa Takii[68] 28 April 1884 31 July 1998 114 years, 94 days Japan
98 Florence Knapp[69] 10 October 1873 11 January 1988 114 years, 93 days United States
Elena Slough[70] 4 July 1889 5 October 2003 114 years, 93 days United States
100 Lucy Jane Askew[71] 8 September 1883 9 December 1997 114 years, 92 days United Kingdom
Mary Anna Boone[1] 10 February 1887 13 May 2001 114 years, 92 days United States
  1. ^ a b Disputed: a November 2018 study advanced the hypothesis that Calment's daughter Yvonne usurped her identity in 1934. Yvonne was born on 19 January 1898, which would have made her 99 years old upon her death in 1997.[4]
  2. ^ Manfredini was born in Italy.
  3. ^ Gaudette was born in the United States.
  4. ^ Holtz was born in the German Empire; her birthplace is now in Poland.
  5. ^ Gerena was born in Puerto Rico.
  6. ^ Ray was born in Canada.
  7. ^ Steinberg was born in Kishinev, then part of the Russian Empire, now the capital of Moldova.
  8. ^ Pizzinato-Papo was born in Ala, then part of Austria-Hungary, now in Italy.
  9. ^ Clawson was born in the United Kingdom.
  10. ^ Domingues was born in Cape Verde, then a colony of Portugal.
  11. ^ Benkner was born in Germany.
  12. ^ Primout was born in colonial Algeria, and moved to metropolitan France after Algeria obtained independence.
  13. ^ Velasco was born in Mexico.
  14. ^ Cock was born in the British colony of Victoria, now part of Australia.

100 verified oldest men

The list including known and validated supercentenarians who died before 2015 was compiled by the Gerontology Research Group (GRG).[1] Later cases were sourced either from more recent GRG data,[2] from administrative reports or from press coverage, as indicated in the table. Unranked entries have not been validated by the GRG, which only publishes recent cases above 112 years old.

  Deceased   Living
^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of today, 17 December 2018

Rank Name[a] Birth date Death date Age[†] Place of death
or residence
01 Jiroemon Kimura 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days Japan
02 Christian Mortensen 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days United States[b]
03 Emiliano Mercado del Toro 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days Puerto Rico
04 Mathew Beard 9 July 1870 16 February 1985 114 years, 222 days United States
05 Walter Breuning 21 September 1896 14 April 2011 114 years, 205 days United States
06 Yukichi Chuganji 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 114 years, 189 days Japan
07 Joan Riudavets 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 114 years, 81 days Spain
08 Fred Hale 1 December 1890 19 November 2004 113 years, 354 days United States
09 Yisrael Kristal[2] 15 September 1903 11 August 2017 113 years, 330 days Israel[c]
10 Johnson Parks 15 October 1884 17 July 1998 113 years, 275 days United States
11 Tomoji Tanabe 18 September 1895 19 June 2009 113 years, 274 days Japan
12 John Ingram McMorran 19 June 1889 24 February 2003 113 years, 250 days United States
13 Masazō Nonaka[2] 25 July 1905 Living 113 years, 145 days Japan
14 Frederick Frazier 27 January 1880 14 June 1993 113 years, 138 days United States
15 James Sisnett 22 February 1900 23 May 2013 113 years, 90 days Barbados[d]
Gustav Gerneth[72] 15 October 1905 Living 113 years, 63 days Germany[e]
16 Walter Richardson 7 November 1885 25 December 1998 113 years, 48 days United States
17 Francisco Núñez Olivera[2] 13 December 1904 29 January 2018 113 years, 47 days Spain
18 Henry Allingham 6 June 1896 18 July 2009 113 years, 42 days United Kingdom
19 Antonio Todde 22 January 1889 3 January 2002 112 years, 346 days Italy
20 Moses Hardy 6 January 1894 7 December 2006 112 years, 335 days United States
21 Yasutaro Koide[73] 13 March 1903 19 January 2016 112 years, 312 days Japan
22 John Evans 19 August 1877 10 June 1990 112 years, 295 days United Kingdom
23 Richard Arvin Overton[2] 11 May 1906 Living 112 years, 220 days United States
24 George Francis 6 June 1896 27 December 2008 112 years, 204 days United States
25 Denzo Ishizaki 20 October 1886 29 April 1999 112 years, 191 days Japan
26 Josep Armengol 23 July 1881 20 January 1994 112 years, 181 days Spain
27 Giovanni Frau 29 December 1890 19 June 2003 112 years, 172 days Italy
28 John Painter 20 September 1888 1 March 2001 112 years, 162 days United States
29 Masamitsu Yoshida[2] 30 May 1904 29 October 2016 112 years, 152 days Japan
30 Sakari Momoi[2] 5 February 1903 5 July 2015 112 years, 150 days Japan
31 Alphaeus Philemon Cole 12 July 1876 25 November 1988 112 years, 136 days United States
32 Augusto Moreira 6 October 1896 13 February 2009 112 years, 130 days Portugal
33 George Johnson 1 May 1894 30 August 2006 112 years, 121 days United States
34 Salustiano Sanchez 8 June 1901 13 September 2013 112 years, 97 days United States[f]
35 Gengan Tonaki 30 October 1884 24 January 1997 112 years, 86 days Japan
36 Tadanosuke Hashimoto 27 April 1891 31 May 2003 112 years, 34 days Japan
37 Kumekichi Tani 20 April 1891 12 May 2003 112 years, 22 days Japan
38 James Wiggins 15 October 1879 16 October 1991 112 years, 1 day United States
George Feldman[74] 2 December 1906 2 December 2018 112 years, 0 days United States
39 Arturo Licata 2 May 1902 24 April 2014 111 years, 357 days Italy
Tsunahei Ogawa[75] 9 January 1907 Living 111 years, 342 days Japan
40 Walter H. Seward 13 October 1896 14 September 2008 111 years, 337 days United States
41 Maurice Floquet 25 December 1894 10 November 2006 111 years, 320 days France
Valerio Piroddi[76] 13 November 1905 18 September 2017 111 years, 309 days Italy
42 James McCoubrey 13 September 1901 5 July 2013 111 years, 295 days United States[g]
Chitetsu Watanabe[77] 5 March 1907 Living 111 years, 287 days Japan
43 John Mosely Turner 15 June 1856 21 March 1968 111 years, 280 days United Kingdom
44 Hermann Dörnemann 27 May 1893 2 March 2005 111 years, 279 days Germany
45 Antonio Urrea 18 February 1888 15 November 1999 111 years, 270 days Spain
46 Choki Miyagi[2] 15 November 1904 7 August 2016 111 years, 266 days Japan
Shivakumara Swami[78] 1 April 1907[79] Living 111 years, 260 days India[h]
Yoshikazu Yamashita[80] 10 April 1907 Living 111 years, 251 days Japan
47 Arthur Carter 5 October 1889 11 June 2001 111 years, 249 days United States
48 Jan Machiel Reyskens 11 May 1878 7 January 1990 111 years, 241 days Netherlands[i]
49 Joe Thomas 1 May 1875 14 December 1986 111 years, 227 days United States
50 James Zackry 15 August 1881 14 March 1993 111 years, 211 days United States
51 Tanekichi Onishi 15 February 1900 11 September 2011 111 years, 208 days Japan
52 Kiyoshi Igarashi 2 August 1897 23 February 2009 111 years, 205 days Japan
53 Herman Smith-Johannsen 15 June 1875 5 January 1987 111 years, 204 days Norway
54 Ernest Pusey 5 May 1895 19 November 2006 111 years, 198 days United States
55 Thomas Nelson, Sr. 8 July 1895 9 January 2007 111 years, 185 days United States
56 Jokichi Ikarashi 26 January 1902 23 July 2013 111 years, 178 days Japan
57 Earl Brush 17 July 1893 10 January 2005 111 years, 177 days United States
58 Antonio de Castro 6 January 1898 22 June 2009 111 years, 167 days Portugal
59 Sukesaburo Nakanishi 15 March 1896 22 August 2007 111 years, 160 days Japan
60 Luther Goding 1 July 1884 5 December 1995 111 years, 157 days United States
61 Jan Pieter Bos 12 July 1891 15 December 2002 111 years, 156 days Netherlands
62 Emile Fourcade 29 July 1884 29 December 1995 111 years, 153 days France[j]
63 Benjamin Harrison Holcomb 3 July 1889 2 December 2000 111 years, 152 days United States
64 Aarne Arvonen 4 August 1897 1 January 2009 111 years, 150 days Finland[k]
65 George Frederick Ives 17 November 1881 12 April 1993 111 years, 146 days Canada[l]
66 Jan Goossenaerts 30 October 1900 21 March 2012 111 years, 143 days Belgium
67 Garland Adair 30 July 1898 11 December 2009 111 years, 134 days United States
68 Anders Engberg 1 July 1892 6 November 2003 111 years, 128 days Sweden
69 Alexander Imich 4 February 1903 8 June 2014 111 years, 124 days United States[m]
70 Jack Lockett 22 January 1891 25 May 2002 111 years, 123 days Australia[n]
71 Henry Hartmann 14 July 1894 10 November 2005 111 years, 119 days United States
72 Shelby Harris 31 March 1901 25 July 2012 111 years, 116 days United States
C. P. Crawford[81] 25 August 1907 Living 111 years, 114 days United States
73 Daniel Guzmán-García 6 February 1897 21 May 2008 111 years, 105 days Colombia
74 Sadayoshi Tanabe 20 October 1888 18 January 2000 111 years, 90 days Japan
Clarence Matthews[82] 1 May 1906 22 July 2017 111 years, 82 days United States
75 Makaru Nakanishi 15 December 1901 28 February 2013 111 years, 75 days Japan
76 Henry Pfeiffer 22 March 1881 23 May 1992 111 years, 62 days United States
77 Zachariah Blackistone 16 February 1871 18 April 1982 111 years, 61 days United States
78 Antonio Baldo 6 July 1887 28 August 1998 111 years, 53 days Italy
79 Edward Bernard 22 June 1889 11 August 2000 111 years, 50 days United States
80 Francisco Fernández 24 July 1901 7 September 2012 111 years, 45 days Spain
81 Norio Kawada 25 April 1892 6 June 2003 111 years, 42 days Japan
82 Kama Nakasone 23 November 1891 1 January 2003 111 years, 39 days Japan
83 Harry Patch 17 June 1898 25 July 2009 111 years, 38 days United Kingdom
84 Peter Solum 3 May 1882 5 June 1993 111 years, 33 days United States
85 Masao Kaga 1 June 1902 26 June 2013 111 years, 25 days Japan
86 Giovanni Ligato 18 February 1901 2 March 2012 111 years, 13 days Italy
87 Domenico Minervino 10 May 1880 21 May 1991 111 years, 11 days Italy
88 Nijiro Tokuda 10 June 1895 12 June 2006 111 years, 2 days Japan
Zhou Youguang[83] 13 January 1906 14 January 2017 111 years, 1 day China
89 Valentino Stella 2 January 1886 1 January 1997 110 years, 365 days Italy
90 Giichi Okumura 18 October 1896 13 October 2007 110 years, 360 days Japan
91 Charles Shebanek 9 September 1883 27 August 1994 110 years, 352 days United States
92 Antonio Pierro 22 February 1896 8 February 2007 110 years, 351 days United States[o]
93 Carl Berner 27 January 1902 7 January 2013 110 years, 346 days United States[p]
94 Gregory Pandazes 15 January 1873 22 December 1983 110 years, 341 days United States[q]
Eiju Tsuru 4 February 1879 11 January 1990 110 years, 341 days Japan
Conrad Johnson[84][85] 19 January 1904 23 December 2014 110 years, 338 days United States[r]
96 Charlie Nelson 21 September 1867 20 August 1978 110 years, 333 days United States
Yoshio Nakagawa 19 December 1901 16 November 2012 110 years, 333 days Japan
98 Masatake Kinoshita 20 August 1897 17 July 2008 110 years, 332 days Japan
99 Linus Reinhart 28 July 1892 14 June 2003 110 years, 321 days United States
100 Lloyd Myers 20 March 1892 1 February 2003 110 years, 318 days United States
  1. ^ All entries are sourced to GRG "table B" as of 1 January 2015, unless otherwise noted.[1]
  2. ^ Mortensen was born in Denmark.
  3. ^ Kristal was born in Maleniec, then part of the Russian Empire, now in Poland.
  4. ^ Sisnett was born in Barbados, then a British colony, now an independent country.
  5. ^ Gerneth was born in Stettin, then part of the German Empire, now in Poland and renamed Szczecin.
  6. ^ Sanchez was born in Spain.
  7. ^ McCoubrey was born in Newfoundland, then a separate British colony, now part of Canada.
  8. ^ Swami was born in Magadi, Kingdom of Mysore, then part of British India, now a state of India.
  9. ^ Reyskens was born in Belgium and never obtained Dutch citizenship.
  10. ^ Fourcade was born in colonial Algeria, and moved to metropolitan France after Algeria obtained independence.
  11. ^ Arvonen was born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, then part of the Russian Empire.
  12. ^ Ives was born in the United Kingdom.
  13. ^ Imich was born in Częstochowa, then part of the Russian Empire, now in Poland.
  14. ^ Lockett was born in the British colony of Victoria, now part of Australia.
  15. ^ Pierro was born in Italy.
  16. ^ Berner was born in Germany.
  17. ^ Pandazes was born in Greece.
  18. ^ Johnson was born in Sweden.

Biographies

Aarne Arvonen

Aarne Arvonen (1897–2009), from Finland, was one of the oldest documented men ever, living for 111 years and 150 days.

Aarne Armas "Arska" Arvonen (4 August 1897 – 1 January 2009[86]) was a Finnish supercentenarian who lived for 111 years and 150 days. He became the last known living Finn to have been born in the 1800s, a time when Finland was still an autonomous part of the Russian Empire.[86]

Born in Helsinki, Arvonen served for the Red Guard in the Finnish Civil War of 1918, and later became its last surviving veteran. After the war he spent a year at the Tammisaari prison camp.[87] He married Sylvi Emilia Salonen and had two daughters, Irma and Paula. They lived in the Kallio district of Helsinki. At this time Arvonen was a smoker. When his wife died in 1938, he moved to Järvenpää. In the summer of 2005, Arvonen was still living in a house he had built himself.[citation needed] Eventually he moved into the Vanhankylänniemi rest home.[88] Soon afterwards,[when?] he was hospitalized due to nephritis, from which he recovered. By 2008 he was still in good health, but he had lost his sight and needed a hearing aid.[citation needed]

Arvonen had been interested in astronomy since his childhood. In 1921 he became a founding member of the Finnish amateur astronomy association Ursa, and his membership lasted nearly 87 years. He visited London when he turned 100 in 1997. He celebrated his 111th birthday in 2008 with his family, but skipped his yearly trip to the local McArthur pub.[89]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Quesada, Miguel; Muir, Mark; Law, Chris; Wikkerink, Marco (1 January 2015). "Table B - Verified Supercentenarians (Ranked By Age)". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Adams, Johnny; Muir, Mark (7 December 2018). "GRG World Supercentenarian Rankings List". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  3. ^ Whitney, Craig R. (1997-08-05). "Jeanne Calment, World's Elder, Dies at 122". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
  4. ^ Milova, Elena (4 November 2018). "Valery Novoselov: Investigating Jeanne Calment's Longevity Record". Life Extension Advocacy Foundation. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  5. ^ "World's oldest person misses millennium". BBC. 31 December 1999. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  6. ^ Maier, H.; Gampe, J.; Jeune, B.; Vaupel, J.W.; Robine, J.-M. (2010). Demographic research monographs – Supercentenarians. Springer Publishing. p. 249. ISBN 978-3-642-11520-2.
  7. ^ "Marie-Louise Meilleur, 117; Listed as Oldest Person in World". Los Angeles Times. 18 April 1998. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Emma Morano compie oggi 115 anni". La Stampa. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  9. ^ Masakazu Senda (July 26, 2018). "Oldest person title officially achieved by 117-year-old Chiyo Miyako before her death". Guinness World Records. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  10. ^ Kyodo. "Japan's oldest person Chiyo Miyako dies at 117". The Japan Times. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  11. ^ "World's oldest woman dies at 116". BBC. 28 August 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  12. ^ "Japan's oldest person dies at 116". New Straits Times. 13 July 1995. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  13. ^ "Memphis mourns Lizzie Bolden, daughter of slaves, born the year Sitting Bull died". The Guardian. 16 December 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  14. ^ Maier, H.; Gampe, J.; Jeune, B.; Vaupel, J.W.; Robine, J.-M. (2010). Demographic research monographs – Supercentenarians. Springer Publishing. pp. 256–259. ISBN 978-3-642-11520-2.
  15. ^ "Charlotte Hughes, 115, Was World's 2nd-oldest Person". Orlando Sentinel. 18 March 1993. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Edna Parker dies at 115; former teacher was world's oldest person". Los Angeles Times. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  17. ^ "She doesn't look a day over 80". Kingston Whig-Standard. 11 August 1995.
  18. ^ "Margaret Skeete, 115; Oldest American". Los Angeles Times. 11 May 1994. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  19. ^ "Bernice Madigan, fifth-oldest person in the world, dies at 115". The Berkshire Eagle. 4 January 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  20. ^ "Gertrude Baines, Oldest Woman in World, Dies at 115". The New York Times. 11 September 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  21. ^ "Bettie Wilson, 115; One of Three Oldest Americans". Los Angeles Times. 16 February 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  22. ^ "World's oldest woman dies in Montreal at age 115". CBC News. 19 January 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  23. ^ "Maria de Jesus, world's oldest person, dies at 115". Los Angeles Times. 3 January 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  24. ^ "Nun from Manchester, who was world's 5th oldest person, dies at 115 years old". Newhampshire. 15 July 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  25. ^ "Susie Potts Gibson, 115; One of Oldest U.S. Women Attributed Longevity to Vinegar and Pickles". Los Angeles Times. 18 February 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  26. ^ "Oldest woman dies". Southeast Missourian. 22 October 1986. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  27. ^ "Hendrikje Van Andel-Schipper, 115; Held Title of the World's Oldest Person for 15 Months". Los Angeles Times. 31 August 2005. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  28. ^ "Maud Farris-Luse; Oldest Person at 115". Los Angeles Times. 20 March 2002. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  29. ^ "World's oldest woman dies at 115". BBC. 6 June 2001. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  30. ^ "115-year old Japanese woman dies less than a month after becoming world's oldest female". The Washington Post. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  31. ^ "Japan's oldest person dies at age 115". ’’The Oklahoman’’. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  32. ^ Karasek, Michal (2006). Aging and Age-Related Diseases – The Basics. Nova Science Publishers. p. 469. ISBN 9781594544262.
  33. ^ "World's Oldest Woman Dies at 114". ABC News. 2 November 2000. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  34. ^ "World's oldest person dies at 114". BBC. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  35. ^ "World's oldest person dies in Brazil at 114". CNN. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  36. ^ "114-year-old's Life Comes To An End". Hartford Courant. 26 April 1996. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  37. ^ "Mary Ray, 114: Oldest citizen of both Canada and U.S." Toronto Star. 9 March 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  38. ^ "New York's Second-Oldest Resident, Goldie Steinberg, Celebrated Her 114th Birthday at Grandell Rehabilitation and Nursing Center". MarketWatch. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  39. ^ Dovid Margolin (17 August 2015). "Goldie Steinberg, World's Oldest Jewish Person, Passes Away at 114". chabad.org. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  40. ^ "Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan, 114; Oldest Person in the World". Los Angeles Times. 31 May 2004. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  41. ^ "Oldest person Eugenie Blanchard dies at age of 114". BBC. 4 November 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  42. ^ "Venere Pizzinato morta a 114 anni: era la più vecchia in Italiae in Europa". Il Gazzettino. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  43. ^ "Second oldest person in world dies aged 114". The Telegraph. 6 April 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  44. ^ "Jacksonville woman turns 114 Monday". First Coast News. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2015.[permanent dead link]
  45. ^ "BLANCHE COBB". 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  46. ^ "Yone Minagawa, 114; world's oldest living person". Los Angeles Times. 14 August 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  47. ^ International Database on Longevity: Spaniard cases
  48. ^ "Japan's oldest woman, 114, dies". The Sydney Morning Herald. 6 April 2005. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  49. ^ "Secret to long life? Start with bowling". Toledo Blade. 27 June 2000. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  50. ^ "Britain's Anna Eliza Williams, World's Oldest Person, Dies". The News-Journal. 30 December 1987. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  51. ^ "World's oldest woman Eunice Sanborn dies in US at 114". BBC. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  52. ^ "Grace Clawson, 114". Chicago Tribune. 1 June 2002. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  53. ^ "Tase Matsunaga". Orlando Sentinel. 20 November 1998. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  54. ^ "114歳仲村カメさん死去 県内最高齢". Ryūkyū Shimpō. 14 September 2012. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  55. ^ Maier, H.; Gampe, J.; Jeune, B.; Vaupel, J.W.; Robine, J.-M. (2010). Demographic research monographs – Supercentenarians. Springer Publishing. pp. 276–280. ISBN 978-3-642-11520-2.
  56. ^ "Oldest Woman, 114, Dies In San Diego". CBS News. 23 August 2002. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  57. ^ "World's oldest person dies at 114". BBC. 13 November 2003. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  58. ^ "Obsèques – Mademoiselle Valentine Des Robert" [Funerals – Miss Valentine Des Robert]. Ouest France (in French). 5 December 2018. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  59. ^ "Charlotte Benkner, 114; 2nd-Oldest Person in World Lived 'Steadily'". Los Angeles Times. 18 May 2004. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  60. ^ "Camille Loiseau, doyenne des Français". Le Parisien. 30 August 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  61. ^ "La Française la plus âgée est décédée". Le Nouvel Observateur. 31 March 2005. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  62. ^ "Oldest Living American Dies At 114 From Virus". The Morning Call. 29 February 1992. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  63. ^ "God finally remembers Christina". The Age. 24 May 2002. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  64. ^ "Oldest native-born American, 114, dies in New York town". The Plain Dealer. 18 November 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  65. ^ "Anna Lois Henderson, 114, oldest Philadelphian". Philadelphia Daily News. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  66. ^ "Oldest American dies at 114 at home". The Argus-Press. 4 December 2004. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  67. ^ "Oldest American Mamie Rearden dies at 114". United Press International. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  68. ^ "Japan's oldest person dies at 114". Deseret News. July 31, 1998. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  69. ^ "Florence Knapp, world's oldest person, dies at 114". Lakeland Ledger. January 13, 1988. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  70. ^ "Elena Slough, 114; Oldest". Los Angeles Times. October 6, 2003. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  71. ^ "Britain's oldest woman dies at 114". BBC. December 10, 1997. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  72. ^ "Deutschlands wohl ältester Mann 113 Jahre alt geworden" [Germany's oldest man turned 113]. Die Welt (in German). 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  73. ^ 世界最高齢男性の小出保太郎さん死去…112歳 [World's oldest man, Yasutaro Koide, dies at 112]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 2016-01-19. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
  74. ^ https://www.dignitymemorial.com/obituaries/forest-hills-ny/george-feldman-8075743
  75. ^ "平成30年度 長崎県の長寿者の状況について" [2018 status report on longevity in Nagasaki prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). 1 September 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  76. ^ "Addio a Valerio Piroddi, l'uomo più vecchio d'Italia" [Farewell to Valerio Piroddi, the oldest man in Italy]. La Nuova Sardegna (in Italian). 19 September 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  77. ^ http://www.pref.niigata.lg.jp/kourei/1356908147839.html
  78. ^ Hirehalli, Devaraj B. (16 August 2018). "Siddaganga seer Shivakumara Swami sticks to his routine". The Indian Express. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  79. ^ "Bengaluru: Walking God celebrates 111th birthday with one lakh devotees". Deccan Chronicle. 2 April 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  80. ^ "平成 30 年度百歳以上高齢者の状況等について" [About centenarians in Hiroshima Prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Hiroshima Prefecture. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  81. ^ Jongsma, Melanie (24 August 2018). "Lansing's oldest resident celebrates 111th birthday". The Lansing Journal. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  82. ^ Di Felice, Martín (July 23, 2017). "Valley Resident and Oldest Man in America Dies at 111". NBC Palm Springs. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  83. ^ Margalit Fox (14 January 2017). "Zhou Youguang, Who Made Writing Chinese as Simple as ABC, Dies at 111". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 20, 2017.
  84. ^ Coleman, Vernal (26 December 2014). "Conrad Johnson, oldest man in the U.S., remembered by North Brunswick nephew". NJ.com. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  85. ^ "Conrad Johnson – Obituary". Rockford Register Star. 27 December 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  86. ^ a b "Suomen viimeinen 1800-luvulla syntynyt kuoli - HS.fi - Kotimaa". 28 April 2014. Archived from the original on 28 April 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  87. ^ "At age 105, Aarne Arvonen still knows how to enjoy life" Helsingin Sanomat International Edition, 6 August 2002. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  88. ^ "Suomi - Uutiset - Ilta-Sanomat". 27 September 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  89. ^ "Finland's oldest person turns 111 years old". 12 February 2012. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2017.