Nevada gaming area
|This article is outdated. (December 2013)|
Since 1971, the Nevada Gaming Control Board (NGCB) publishes an annual Abstract summarizing gaming and non-gaming revenue for the entire state. The document is roughly 250 pages long. Detailed data is provided for different groups of casinos, organized by geography, size (according to gaming revenue), and public corporations vs. privately owned. Nevada State Gaming law NRS 463.120. requires that financial information for individual casinos be kept in confidence.
The names of the resorts in any category is often speculated on but a definitive list is not revealed by the NGCB in accordance with state law. A category known as casinos with gaming revenue above $72 million per year has been in use for over 20 years. However, independent analysis conducted by Frank Martin has revealed the names of the resorts for Fiscal Year 2008.
Gaming Revenue Depression
Monthly revenue from October 2007 represent the highest yearly moving average (i.e. 12 months ending October 2007). The 12 month moving average ending October 2009 is the same as the 12 months ending October 2004 (so gaming is now down to what it was five years ago). The pit revenue for the state is shown in the graph. Slot revenue also dropped a billion and a half dollars since October 2007. Blackjack gaming revenue is down to the 1997 levels.
|Baccarat is the only table game that has completely recovered from the depression.|
Large Revenue Casino Resorts
One statewide category is Statewide Casinos with Room Facilities with Gaming Revenue of over $72 million a year. The document indicates that there are 45 locations that qualify for this category in fiscal year 2009 (1 July 2008 - 30 June 2009). Five of the locations are Not Publicly Owned which means they also have no public debt. There are 23 properties located on the strip, 13 more in urban Las Vegas, 3 in Laughlin, and the final 6 in Lake Tahoe and Reno area.
The aggregate of the 45 casinos earned about 71% of the gaming revenue for the state, and over 70% of the non-gaming revenue. These properties averaged $190 million in gaming revenue and $227 million in non-gaming revenue.
Top 6 Revenue Casino Resorts
The NGCB abstract gives the total revenue (gaming and non-gaming) for the strip resort ranked #6, but it does not give the names of the top casinos. It can be presumed that they are the following resorts in the table below
|LOC #||LICENSEE||Table Games||Rooms|
|01888-07||WYNN /ENCORE LAS VEGAS||263||4,750|
|01957-05||VENETIAN CASINO RESORT||247||8,108|
|02982-07||MGM GRAND HOTEL/CASINO||172||6,852|
|00022-03||MANDALAY BAY RESORT & CASINO||127||3,309|
Number of Properties in Other Revenue Groups
The names of the individual properties in lower revenue groups is more of interest to a potential investor as a top level analysis of the property revenue.
|Room Facilities||Gaming Revenue||Ave. Gaming Revenue||Num. of Locations||% of State Gaming Revenue|
|yes||Over $72 million,
|yes||Over $72 million,
Rest of State
|yes||$36 –$72 million||$48.5||34||13.7%|
|yes||$12 –$36 million||$21.6||29||5.2%|
|yes||$1 –$12 million||$4.7||36||1.4%|
|no||Over $1 million||$5.7||120||5.7%|
Smaller Publicly Owned Casinos
This table is restricted to casinos that earn more than $12 million in gaming revenue in FY08. The previous table for gaming revenue greater than $72 million lists 47 casinos (42 of which are publicly owned). The additional list is 36 casinos (for a total of 78 publicly owned casinos in the state). Properties may or may not have rooms. Status is as of June 30, 2008.
The highest profile resort on the strip area that did not exceed $72 million is the Hard Rock Casino. It should be noted that the company only secured their loan for expansion in June 2008 and began construction shortly thereafter. The trio of classic casinos on the strip from the 1950s, The Tropicana,The Riviera, and The Sahara earned less than $72 million in FY08. Since the list is re-evaluated from year to year, these casinos may have made it in the past. Local Casinos in the Las Vegas area like the Silverton Casino, the Fiesta Henderson, Fiesta Rancho did not surpass $72 million.
|16017-03||Clark||American Cas. EP||ARIZONA CHARLIE'S BOULDER|
|03403-05||Clark||Archon||PIONEER HOTEL AND GAMBLING HALL|
|02912-01||Clark||Boyd||CALIFORNIA HOTEL AND CASINO|
|00694-03||Clark||Boyd||FREMONT HOTEL AND CASINO|
|03461-04||Clark||Boyd||MAIN STREET STATION HOTEL, CASINO AND BR|
|17586-04||Clark||Hard Rock||HARD ROCK HOTEL & CASINO|
|03005-04||Clark||Harrah's Inc||BILL'S GAMBLIN' HALL & SALOON|
|04157-05||Clark||Herbst||TERRIBLE'S HOTEL AND CASINO|
|17378-01||Clark||Herbst||BUFFALO BILL'S RESORT & CASINO|
|13810-01||Clark||Herbst||PRIMM VALLEY RESORT & CASINO|
|03373-02||Clark||Herbst||WHISKEY PETE'S HOTEL & CASINO|
|10547-01||Clark||MGM/Mirage||GOLD STRIKE HOTEL AND GAMBLING HALL|
|00004-04||Clark||MGM/Mirage||RAILROAD PASS CASINO|
|00370-02||Clark||MTR (since sold)||BINION'S GAMBLING HALL & HOTEL|
|00015-04||Clark||Riviera Holdings||RIVIERA HOTEL & CASINO|
|16639-01||Clark||STATION||BARLEY'S CASINO & BREWING COMPANY|
|16666-02||Clark||STATION||FIESTA CASINO HOTEL|
|19166-03||Clark||STATION||FIESTA HENDERSON CASINO HOTEL|
|04737-04||Clark||Tropicana||RIVER PALMS RESORT CASINO|
|09430-01||Clark||Tropicana||TROPICANA EXPRESS HOTEL & CASINO|
|00360-04||Clark||Tropicana||TROPICANA RESORT AND CASINO|
|01620-05||Clark||Virgin||OASIS RESORT CASINO GOLF & SPA|
|13379-02||Clark||Virgin||VIRGIN RIVER HOTEL & CASINO|
|01190-03||Douglas||Tropicana||LAKE TAHOE HORIZON CASINO RESORT|
|00166-01||Elko||Ameristar||CACTUS PETE'S RESORT CASINO|
|03112-02||Washoe||Herbst||TERRIBLE'S RAIL CITY CASINO|
|01635-03||Washoe||Herbst||SANDS REGENCY, THE|
|02926-03||Washoe||Jacobs||GOLD DUST WEST|
|03431-01||Washoe||MGM/Mirage||CIRCUS CIRCUS HOTEL/CASINO - RENO|
Herbst Gaming owns a chain of 8 properties branded as Terribles. None of these properties are in the over $72 million category, but three are in the above list of $12 to $72 million properties. By elimination there are five TERRIBLE'S properties that are in the $1 to $12 million category. In addition there are 4 other company owned properties in the $12 to $72 million category that do not have the TERRIBLE'S brand name.
|04157-05||Clark||TERRIBLE'S HOTEL AND CASINO flagship||($36 to $72 million)|
|19629-01||Nye||TERRIBLE'S TOWN PAHRUMP||($12 to $36 million)|
|03112-02||Washoe||TERRIBLE'S RAIL CITY CASINO||($12 to $36 million)|
|00724-07||Clark||TERRIBLE'S TOWN CASINO - HENDERSON|
|03520-03||Clark||TERRIBLE'S TOWN CASINO - SEARCHLIGHT|
|16575-03||Lyon||TERRIBLE'S CASINO - DAYTON|
|02058-04||Washoe||TERRIBLE'S GOLD RANCH CASINO AND RV RESORT|
|17274-04||Nye||TERRIBLE'S LAKESIDE CASINO|
The Herbst corporation reports in their annual report that the combined NV casino operations generated $337 million,but does not segment the number by property, gaming, room charge, RV charges, food and beverage, or other.
Gaming Revenue Graph
Monthly revenue from October 2007 represent the monthly peak. It also is the highest yearly moving average (i.e. 12 months ending October 2007). The 12 month moving average ending October 2009 is the same as the 12 months ending October 2004 (so gaming is now down to what it was five years ago).
|Months of Oct 2009 and Oct 2007 highlighted in yellow to show maximum and minimum|
All casinos in state with Gaming Revenue Over $1m
Total casino count by county and county population on 1 July 2008 is in the table below. The NGCB is prohibited by state law from revealing financial information on individual casinos, so it reports detailed financial data on groups of casinos.
The NGCB divides the 8 casinos in Douglas County as 5 in the South Lake Tahoe region, while the remaining 3 casinos are grouped along with the 11 casinos in Carson City in a region called Carson Valley. Douglas County has a major mountain ridge passing through the county that can be traversed via route 207, passing higher than 8500'.
The 42 casinos in largely rural counties are grouped together for statistical purposes by the NGCB as the balance of counties.
A full list of all the licenses that earned more than $1m in fiscal year 2009 is available by reference.
Clark county contains Las Vegas, Washoe county contains Reno/Sparks area, Elko county is the main gateway to Utah, South Lake Tahoe is a principal tourist area, and Carson Valley contains the state capital.
|Casinos||County||Road||1-Jul-08||FY07 $millions||FY08 $millions||FY09 $millions|
|5||South Lake Tahoe||Route 50||45,180||$283||$307||$264|
|14||Carson Valley||Route 395||54,867||$120||$114||$102|
|42||Balance of counties||176,860||$170||$167||$148|
|9||Nye County||Route 160||44,375|
|3||White Pine County||9,199|
The number of properties with revenue over $72 million has increased over the years (particularly outside of the strip). However, most of the large gains have been a result of mega resorts being built on the strip. The NGCB has not created a new category for the very large resorts (example: over $144 million). This hypothetical new category would probably contain at least ten resorts on the strip.
In 1990 the population of Clark County was 3/4 million (vs. 2 million today). The only locals casino likely to have broken $72 million in 1990 was Sam's Town (Palace Station is considered to be a strip casino by the NGCB). There are currently 8 casinos in northern Nevada and Laughlin that are currently over $72 million. In 1990 seven of them existed. The financial information controlled by the NGCB is confidential forever, and is not released even after 7 years.
The table shows Gaming Licenses that earned over $72m per year for Las Vegas Strip and for State of Nevada. Also the number of licenses which earned gaming revenue of over $1m per annum for the entire state are shown.
Properties connected by hallways are permitted to operate under one license at the discretion of the owner. For most of FY2008 Ballys and Paris operated under one license; Venetian/Palazzo, Wynn/Encore, and Mandalay Bay/THE Hotel operate under one gaming license.
|Fiscal||Gaming Revenue||%||Strip > $72M||State > $72M||State > $1M|
- "CHAPTER 463 - LICENSING AND CONTROL OF GAMING".
- "Downtown may lose a casino or two, analyst says".
- "Nevada Gaming Abstract for Fiscal Year 2008" (PDF).
- "2008 Annual report".
- Frank Martin (Dec 16, 2009). "A complete list of all gaming licenses with more than $1 million in gaming revenue" (PDF). Wikimedia Commons.