Nevado Tres Cruces National Park

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Nevado Tres Cruces National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Laguna Santa Rosa.jpg
Laguna Santa Rosa
LocationAtacama Region, Chile
Nearest cityCopiapó
Area591 km2
Governing bodyCorporación Nacional Forestal
Official nameComplejo Lacustre Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa
Designated2 December 1996
Reference no.877[1]

Nevado Tres Cruces National Park (Spanish pronunciation: [neˈβaðo tɾes ˈkɾuses]) Located in the Atacama Region of Chile at 93.2 miles from Copiapó. It includes Laguna Santa Rosa, Laguna del Negro Francisco, and a part of the Salar de Maricunga. The park is divided into two zones, the northern zone encompassing the southern portion of Salar de Maricunga and Laguna Santa Rosa, and the southern area the Laguna del Negro Francisco. The park is named after Nevado Tres Cruces, which dominates the landscape of the area. The Nevado Tres Cruces National Park is managed by CONAF, which offers two refuges in the area: one at the south of Negro Francisco Lagoon and other at the west of Santa Rosa Lagoon.[2] The administration charges a fee to enter the park which is $2.000 CLP and $500 CLP for children.The park is open from October to April from 8 in the morning to 6 in the afternoon.[2]

Vicuña in the Park

Environment[edit]

The park lies in the northern end of the Southern Andean steppe.[3]

Salar de Maricunga[edit]

This salt flat spans 8,300 hectares at an altitude of 3,700 meters (12,139 ft). The world's highest volcano, and the highest peak in Chile, Ojos del Salado, (6,893meters/22,615 ft.) is located in its vicinity. The salar is 180 km northeast of the city of Copiapó in the Andes mountains.

Laguna Santa Rosa[edit]

Laguna Santa Rosa
Laguna Santa Rosa, Nevado Tres Cruces National Park.jpg
LocationNevado Tres Cruces National Park
Basin countriesChile

Located just south of the Salar de Maricunga, the lagoon is known for its Andean flamingos, which reside on the lagoon year-round. Laguna Santa Rosa, along with Laguna del Negro Francisco, is a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention.

Laguna del Negro Francisco[edit]

Located 210 km northeast of Copiapó at 4,126 meters (13,537 ft.) above sea level, the lagoon is encircled by the foothills of the Andes. It offers a beautiful view toward Copiapó volcano. As a nationally protected area, there is an abundance of fauna, such as flamingoes and vicuñas.

See also[edit]

Nevado Tres Cruces

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Complejo Lacustre Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa Rosa". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Nevado Tres Cruces National Park article in Letsgochile.com
  3. ^ Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience. 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. Archived from the original on 2011-10-14.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

Coordinates: 27°08′05″S 69°04′58″W / 27.1347°S 69.0827°W / -27.1347; -69.0827