Nevesinje

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Nevesinje
Невесиње
Town and municipality
Coat of arms of Nevesinje
Coat of arms
Location of Nevesinje within Republika Srpska
Location of Nevesinje within Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 43°26′N 18°11′E / 43.433°N 18.183°E / 43.433; 18.183Coordinates: 43°26′N 18°11′E / 43.433°N 18.183°E / 43.433; 18.183
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Geographical region East Herzegovina
Boroughs 56 (1991.)
Government
 • Mayor Milenko Avdalović (SNSD)
 • Municipality 877.08 km2 (338.64 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Town 5,464
 • Municipality 12,961
 • Municipality density 15/km2 (38/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 59
Website opstinanevesinje.rs.ba/cir/

Nevesinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,464 inhabitants, while the municipality has 12,961 inhabitants.

Geography and climate[edit]

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Nevesinje is located in southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This mountaneus municipality covers 1,040 km2 (402 sq mi) and average elevation is 860 m above the sea level. A large Karst plain dominates the municipality.

History[edit]

The annals of the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć mentioned Nevesinje in 1219, which is the earliest appearance of Nevesinje in preserved historical sources. The župa (county) of Nevesinje was held by Serbian prince Stefan Konstantin between 1303–06.[1][2]

The region was under the rule of different medieval lords until the end of the 15th century. The most significant ruler of Nevesinje from this period was Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, known as Herceg Stefan. The whole land Hercegovina was named after him. His lands were under the constant threat from advancing Turkish forces in the 15th century. Hercegovina, and thus Nevesinje were gradually incorporated into the Turkish Empire by the first quarter of the 15th century (1422).

Under the Ottoman Empire, Nevesinje was mostly part of Bosnian Pashaluk and was a seat of a qadi. The Great Eastern Crisis was ignited at Nevesinje, with the outbreak of the Herzegovinian rebellion of 1875-78 when Serbs of the region rebelled against Turkish tax collectors. The rebellion soon spread to the rest of Herzegovina and to Bosnia and other parts of the Ottoman Empire.

Neighbouring states, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria got involved in the conflict which in turn pulled in great powers of the time. The conflict ended with Congress of Berlin in 1878 and the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina was placed under the administration of Austria-Hungary. At the same time Romania, Serbia and Montenegro were declared independent principalities.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Nevesinje, there are 55 other settlements that comprise the municipality:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194823,820—    
195320,474−2.98%
197119,333−0.32%
198116,326−1.68%
199114,448−1.21%
201312,961−0.49%

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

year of census total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs others
~2013~ 12 961 12 353 (95,31%) 533 (4,112%) 28 (0,216%) - 47 (0,363%)
~1991~ 14,448 10,711 (74.13%) 3,313 (22.93%) 210 (1.45%) 123 (0.85%) 91 (0.62%)
~1981~ 16,326 11,587 (70.97%) 3,853 (23.60%) 276 (1.69%) 521 (3.19%) 89 (0.54%)
~1971~ 19,333 14,479 (74.89%) 4,370 (22.60%) 384 (1.98%) 28 (0.14%) 72 (0.37%)

The ethnic composition of the town of Nevesinje:

year of census total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs others
~1991~ 4,068 3,247 (79.81%) 634 (15.58%) 39 (0.95%) 104 (2.55%) 44 (1.08%)

Transport[edit]

Nevesinje has a bus station and daily buses head from Nevesinje to Podgorica, Montenegro via the towns Gacko, Bileća and Trebinje within Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Nikšić and Danilovgrad within Montenegro. Local buses link the town with Mostar. The town also has direct buses to Dubrovnik and Belgrade.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ljubo Mihić (1975). Ljubinje sa okolinom. Dragan Srnic. p. 117. 
  2. ^ Obrad Mićov Samardžić; Mirjana Samardžić; Saša Samardžić; Aleksandra Samardžić (2006). Svadbe i pogrebni običaji pravoslavnih u Nevesinju. Čigoja štampa. p. 11. први познати господар жупе Невесиње спомиње се Константин Немањић (1303-1306) 

Sources[edit]