Nevesinje

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Nevesinje
Невесиње
Coat of arms of Nevesinje
Coat of arms
Location of Nevesinje within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Nevesinje within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 43°26′N 18°11′E / 43.433°N 18.183°E / 43.433; 18.183
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Region East Herzegovina
Government
 • Mayor Branislav Miković (SDS) [1]
Area
 • Total 877,08 km2 (33,864 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 13,758
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 59
Website http://opstinanevesinje.rs.ba/cir/

Nevesinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in eastern Herzegovina, between Mostar and Gacko. It is administratively part of the Republika Srpska entity.

Geography and climate[edit]

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Nevesinje is located in southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This mountaneus municipality covers 1,040 km2 (402 sq mi) and average elevation is 860 m above the sea level. A large Karst plain dominates the municipality.

History[edit]

The annals of the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć mentioned Nevesinje in 1219, which is the earliest appearance of Nevesinje in preserved historical sources. The župa (county) of Nevesinje was held by Serbian prince Stefan Konstantin between 1303–06.[1][2]

The Nevesinje region was under the rule of different medieval lords until the end of the 15th century. The most significant ruler of Nevesinje from this period was Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, known as Herceg Stefan. The whole land Hercegovina was named after him. His lands were under the constant threat from advancing Turkish forces in the 15th century. Hercegovina, and thus Nevesinje were gradually incorporated into the Turkish Empire by the first quarter of the 15th century (1422).

During the period of Turkish rule Nevesinje was mostly part of Bosnian Pashaluk and was a seat of a qadi. It was at Nevesinje that the Great Eastern Crisis was ignited, with the outbreak of the Herzegovinian rebellion of 1875-78 when Serbs of the region rebelled against Turkish tax collectors. The rebellion soon spread to the rest of Herzegovina and to Bosnia and other parts of the Ottoman Empire.

Neighbouring states, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria got involved in the conflict which in turn pulled in great powers of the time. The conflict ended with Congress of Berlin in 1878 and the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina was placed under the administration of Austria-Hungary. At the same time Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro were declared independent principalities.

year of census total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs others
~1991~ 14,448 10,711 (74.13%) 3,313 (22.93%) 210 (1.45%) 123 (0.85%) 91 (0.62%)
~1981~ 16,326 11,587 (70.97%) 3,853 (23.60%) 276 (1.69%) 521 (3.19%) 89 (0.54%)
~1971~ 19,333 14,479 (74.89%) 4,370 (22.60%) 384 (1.98%) 28 (0.14%) 72 (0.37%)

The town of Nevesinje[edit]

year of census total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs others
~1991~ 4,068 3,247 (79.81%) 634 (15.58%) 39 (0.95%) 104 (2.55%) 44 (1.08%)

Settlements in Nevesinje municipality, 1991[edit]

There are 56 settlements in the Nevesinje municipality: Batkovići, Bežđeđe, Biograd, Bojišta, Borovčići, Bratač, Budisavlje, Donja Bijenja, Donji Drežanj, Donji Lukavac, Dramiševo, Gaj, Gornja Bijenja, Gornji Drežanj, Gornji Lukavac, Grabovica, Hrušta, Humčani, Jasena, Jugovići, Kifino Selo, Kljen, Kljuna, Kovačići, Krekovi, Kruševljani, Lakat, Luka, Miljevac, Nevesinje, Odžak, Plužine, Podgrađe, Postoljani, Presjeka, Pridvorci, Prkovići, Rabina, Rast, Rilja, Rogače, Seljani, Slato, Sopilja, Studenci, Šehovina, Šipačno, Trtine, Trusina, Udrežnje, Zaborani, Zalom, Zalužje, Zovi Do, Žiljevo, Žuberin and Žulja.

Transport[edit]

Nevesinje has a bus station and daily buses head from Nevesinje to Podgorica, Montenegro via the towns Gacko, Bileća and Trebinje within Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Nikšić and Danilovgrad within Montenegro. Local buses link the town with Mostar. The town also has direct buses to Dubrovnik and Belgrade.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ljubo Mihić (1975). Ljubinje sa okolinom. Dragan Srnic. p. 117. 
  2. ^ Obrad Mićov Samardžić; Mirjana Samardžić; Saša Samardžić; Aleksandra Samardžić (2006). Svadbe i pogrebni običaji pravoslavnih u Nevesinju. Čigoja štampa. p. 11. први познати господар жупе Невесиње спомиње се Константин Немањић (1303-1306) 

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 43°16′N 18°07′E / 43.267°N 18.117°E / 43.267; 18.117