Nevill Coghill (VC)

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Nevill Josiah Aylmer Coghill
VCNevillJosiahAylmerCoghill.jpg
Born (1852-01-25)25 January 1852
Drumcondra, County Dublin
Died 22 January 1879(1879-01-22) (aged 26)
Buffalo River, South Africa
Buried at Natal, South Africa
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Rank Lieutenant
Unit 1st Battalion, 24th Regiment of Foot
Battles/wars

Anglo-Zulu War

Awards Victoria Cross

Nevill Josiah Aylmer Coghill VC (25 January 1852 – 22 January 1879) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Family and early life[edit]

Born in Drumcondra, Dublin, Coghill was the eldest son of Sir John Joscelyn Coghill (1826–1905), 4th Baronet, JP, DL, of Drumcondra, Co. Dublin (see Coghill baronets), and his wife, the Hon. Katherine Frances Plunket, daughter of John Plunket, 3rd Baron Plunket. He was a nephew of David Plunket, 1st Baron Rathmore and William Plunket, 4th Baron Plunket. The painter Sir Egerton Coghill, 5th Baronet (who had a son also called Nevill named in his honour) was his younger brother.

Coghill was educated at Haileybury College from 1865-69[1] In 1876 he set sail with the 24th Regiment of Foot to Cape.

Battle of Isandlwana[edit]

Memorial to Coghill and Melvill

Coghill was twenty-five years old and a lieutenant in the 1st Battalion, 24th Regiment of Foot (later the South Wales Borderers), British Army, during the Zulu War, when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. He was an orderly officer to Colonel Glyn, who regarded him as his favourite officer and the son he never had.

On 22 January 1879, after the disaster of the Battle of Isandhlwana, South Africa, Lieutenant Coghill joined another officer (Teignmouth Melvill)[2] who was trying to save the Queen's Colour of the Regiment. They were pursued by Zulu warriors, and while crossing the swollen River Buffalo, Lieutenant Coghill (despite his injured knee) went to the rescue of his brother officer, who had lost his horse and was in great danger. Although Cogill's horse was shot by a Zulu warrior, the valiant soldier swam on to rescue Mevill. After some time, the Colours were swept from their grasp and floated down the bank. After reaching the bank, the two men were eventually overtaken by the enemy and, following a short but gallant struggle, both were killed.[3][4] Lieutenant Walter Higginson, who was persuaded to escape, heard and witnessed their final heroic actions when they fought to the last.

Legacy and Award of Victoria Cross[edit]

Two weeks after the battle, Coghill and Melvill's bodies were found by a search party[5] and both buried at Fugitive's Drift.[6] Coghill's father donated his son's trophies including a Zulu shield to the Museum of Science and Art, which is currently the National Museum of Ireland.[7] Coghill and Melvill were amongst the first soldiers to receive the VC posthumously in 1907. Initially the London Gazette mentioned that had they survived they would have been awarded the VC.[8]

A few months after the Battle of Isandlwana, a French battle artist, Alphonse de Neuville painted Coghill and Mevill's actions when they were pursued by Zulu warriors.[9]

Major-General Dillon informed Coghill's father in a letter, that had it not been for the valour of his son, the Colours would have fallen to Zulu hands.

Coghill was portrayed by Christopher Cazenove in the 1979 film Zulu Dawn as a polite and humorous officer.[10][11][12] In the film, he is friends with Melvill; their heroic actions when they crossed the Buffalo River in a desperate attempt to return the Queen's Colours back to Natal was depicted in the film.

Coghill's great-great-great grand-niece, Jane Mann studied History at Oxford University. In 2014, 135 years after the Battle of Isandlwana, Mann passed the painting (of her ancestor and Melvill pursued by Zulus) by military artist Jason Askew to the Victoria Cross Museum.[13]

In the end the Colours, which Coghill and Mevill tried to save were recovered and are currently on display at Brecon Cathedral in remembrance of their valour as well as other soldiers killed during the battle. Coghill's Victoria Cross is permanently displayed at the South Wales Borderers Museum in Brecon, Powys, Wales.[6] He is now commemorated by a leadership programme named in his honour at Haileybury College for pupils in Removes.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haileybury Website - Details of military medals
  2. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/24705/pages/2676
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27986. p. 325. 15 January 1907.
  4. ^ http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol016db.html
  5. ^ "The Gazette hall of fame: Melvill and Coghill". thegazette.co.uk. The Gazette. Retrieved 4 April 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "Nevill Coghill VC". haileybury.com. Explore Haileybury. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "A father's tribute? The war trophies of Lieutenant Nevill Coghill VC". historyireland.com. History Ireland. 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24717. p. 3178. 2 May 1879.
  9. ^ Saul David (2005). Zulu: The Heroism and Tragedy of the Zulu War of 1879. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  10. ^ Anthony Hayward (8 April 2010). "Christopher Cazenove obituary". theguardian.com. The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July 2015. He was....the Zulu War hero Lieutenant Coghill in Zulu Dawn (1979) 
  11. ^ "Zulu Dawn (1979)". bfs.org.uk. BFI. Retrieved 8 April 2016. 
  12. ^ Ian Nathan (3 August 2006). "Zulu Dawn Review". empireonline.com. Empire. Retrieved 8 April 2016. 
  13. ^ David Ross. "Historians uncover colourful truth about officer's last stand". heraldscotland.com. Herald Scotland. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 

External links[edit]