Neville Bulwer-Lytton, 3rd Earl of Lytton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Earl of Lytton

Personal details
Born
Neville Stephen Bulwer-Lytton

(1879-02-06)6 February 1879
India
Died9 February 1951(1951-02-09) (aged 72)
Paris, France
Spouse(s)
Judith Blunt, Baroness Wentworth
(m. 1899; div. 1923)

Rosa Alexandra Fortel
(m. 1924; his death 1951)
Children4
ParentsRobert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton
Edith Villiers
EducationEton College
Alma materÉcole des Beaux-Arts
Olympic medal record
Men's Jeu de paume
Bronze medal – third place 1908 London Individual

Neville Stephen Bulwer-Lytton, 3rd Earl of Lytton, OBE (6 February 1879 – 9 February 1951) was a British military officer, Olympian and artist.

Early life[edit]

Neville Lytton was born in India on 6 February 1879 while his father served as viceroy. He was a son of Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton and Edith Villiers. He was the grandson of the famous novelists, Edward Bulwer-Lytton and Rosina Doyle Wheeler. His siblings included the suffragette Constance Lytton, Betty Balfour, Countess of Balfour (and sister in law of the Prime Minister), and Emily Lutyens, wife of the architect Edwin Lutyens.

He was educated at Eton College and at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and won the bronze medal in the real tennis competition.

Career[edit]

During World War I, Neville Lytton served as an officer on the Western Front and saw active duty at both the Somme and Amiens. According to the accounts of a contemporary [1], he was seen as "a gentleman of the old school" and served "with gallantry and distinction". For his service the French Government decorated him with the Chevalier of the Legion of Honour.

Shortly after the end of the war both Britain's Imperial War Museum, and France's Musée de Guerre acquired examples of his art, some of which had apparently travelled with him on his postings[citation needed]. It is possible to see Lytton's frescos reflecting his experiences in the war on display in Balcombe village's Victory Hall[1].

From approximately 1900 to 1940 Lytton exhibited his art at such major venues as Alpine Club Gallery, Beaux Arts Gallery, the Dowdeswell Galleries, the Walker Art Gallery (Liverpool), the New English Art Club, the Royal Society of Portrait Painters and at the Royal Academy, London. Neville Lytton was also elected an Associate of the Société Nationale des Beaux Arts, Paris, and exhibited his art there.[2] In 1911, 1912 and 1913 he was international amateur tennis champion.[3]

Following his elder brother's death in 1947, without surviving male issue, Neville Lytton succeeded his brother as the 3rd Earl of Lytton.[4]

Personal life[edit]

He married Judith Blunt, later Baroness Wentworth in her own right, in Cairo in 1899. Judith was the only daughter poet Wilfrid Scawen Blunt and his wife Lady Anne Blunt (daughter of the Hon. Ada Lovelace, and granddaughter of Lord Byron). The couple moved to the Blunts' Crabbet Park Stud in England in 1904. Before their divorce in 1923, they were the parents of three children:[4]

  • Noel Anthony Scawen Bulwer-Lytton, who became the 4th Earl of Lytton and 17th Baron Wentworth. In 1946 he married Clarissa Mary Palmer, eldest daughter of Brig. Gen. Cyril Eustace Palmer.[4]
  • Lady Anne Bulwer-Lytton (1901–1979), who adopted the surname of Lytton-Milbanke in 1925.[4]
  • Lady Winifred Bulwer-Lytton (b. 1904), who married Claude Tryon, eldest surviving son of John Tryon of Grove Mill House, in 1921.[4]

On 1 May 1924, the Earl remarried to Rosa Alexandra Fortel of St Rambert-en-Burgey in Ain. They family resided in France and with his second wife, he was the father to a fourth child:[4]

Lord Lytton died in Paris on 9 February 1951.[5] He was succeeded by his only son from his first marriage. His widow died in 1980.[4]

Legacy[edit]

A profile sketch of the Earl may be viewed at the National Portrait Gallery, London.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 February 2008. Retrieved 10 November 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Neville Lytton - Sisina". www.artoftheprint.com.
  3. ^ "The Androom Archives". www.xs4all.nl.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Lytton, Earl of (UK, 1880)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  5. ^ "admin – Schule für Trading und mehr – Internationalbyronsociety" (PDF). www.internationalbyronsociety.org.
  6. ^ "profile sketch of the Earl".
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Victor Bulwer-Lytton
Earl of Lytton
1947–1951
Succeeded by
Noel Lytton