Born in Diego Martin, Trinidad, Tiger was originally a boxer who won the Trinidad flyweight championship in 1929. He was active in calypso from his teens and began singing professionally in 1934. He was a member of the old brigade of calypso singers, which included Lord Beginner, Attila The Hun, the Roaring Lion, and Lord Pretender. In 1935, he went to New York with Attila and Lord Beginner to record for the Decca label, recording 46 songs in total. In 1939, he won the first Calypso King competition with "Trade Union".
More so than his contemporaries Tiger sang about social and political issues. His best known songs are "Money is King", about economic inequality, and "The Gold in Africa", about the Italian invasion of Ethiopia. Recording together with Atilla and Beginner as the Keskidee Trio, he recorded some lighter tunes, including "Don't Let Me Mother Know".
"The Gold in Africa" was sampled by Producer Jfameous in 2018.
- Growling Tiger biography, AllMusic.
- Thompson, Dave (2002), Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, pp. 5, 59.
- Ronald C. Emrit. "Growling Tiger". bestoftrinidad.com. Retrieved 6 May 2019.[unreliable source?]
- "Growling Tiger - Money is King", YouTube.
- Jason Ankeny, "Young Tiger" Answers.com.
- "Jfameous's 'The Gold in Africa (Freestyle)' - Discover the Sample Source". WhoSampled. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- Growling Tiger, bestoftrinidad.com
- Historical Museum of Southern Florida, Neville Marcano at the Wayback Machine (archived 22 February 2007)
- Growling Tiger mentioned in iupress.indiana.edu/journals, at the Wayback Machine (archived 23 January 2004)
- Growling Tiger song mentioned in trinibase.com at the Wayback Machine (archived 7 July 2007)