Nevins Street (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)

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Nevins Street
"2" train "3" train "4" train "5" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Nevins St vc.jpg
Platform level
Station statistics
Address Nevins Street & Flatbush Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11217
Borough Brooklyn
Locale Downtown Brooklyn
Coordinates 40°41′19″N 73°58′51″W / 40.688709°N 73.980904°W / 40.688709; -73.980904Coordinates: 40°41′19″N 73°58′51″W / 40.688709°N 73.980904°W / 40.688709; -73.980904
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Eastern Parkway Line
Services       2 weekdays and weekday late nights (weekdays and weekday late nights)
      3 weekdays only (weekdays only)
      4 all times (all times)
      5 all times except weekday late nights (all times except weekday late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: B25, B26, B38, B41, B47, B52, B67
Bus transport MTA Bus: B103
Structure Underground
Levels 2 (lower level abandoned)
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened May 1, 1908; 109 years ago (May 1, 1908)
Station code 338[1]
Accessibility Cross-platform wheelchair transfer available
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 3,220,745[3]Decrease 2.7%
Rank 160 out of 422
Station succession
Next north Borough Hall (express): 4 all times 5 all times except weekday late nights
Hoyt Street (local): 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only
Next south Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center: 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only 4 all times 5 all times except weekday late nights

Nevins Street is an express station on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Nevins Street, Flatbush Avenue, and Fulton Street in Downtown Brooklyn, it is served by the 2 trains on weekdays, 3 trains all times except weekends and late nights, the 4 train at all times, and the 5 train all times except evenings and late nights on weekdays.[4]

History[edit]

Station entrance

The IRT Brooklyn/Eastern Parkway Line was contracted in 1904 as a two-track line under Fulton Street expanding to three tracks under Flatbush Avenue, to end at the Long Island Rail Road terminal under Atlantic Avenue. The Board of Rapid Transit Railroad Commissioners halted work in April 1905 for redesign. By that date, the tunnels had been dug out and steelwork had been installed. Work resumed in October 1905 with two additional tracks added, making four under Fulton Street and five under Flatbush Avenue. The additional trackways were added outside the trackways already set in place.

Under the 1905 redesign, numerous provisions were made for connections to future routes. In the area around the Nevins Street station, which was partially constructed as a local station on a three track subway, a new lower level was added underpinning the structure that had been built. The lower level had one trackway and platform in the station, with two connections on each side, all built at great cost under existing work, but none of it was ever used.

In 1981, the MTA listed the station among the 69 most deteriorated stations in the subway system.[5]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
B2 Northbound local "2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street (Hoyt Street)
"3" train toward Harlem–148th Street (Hoyt Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Northbound express "4" train toward Woodlawn (Borough Hall)
"5" train toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue weekdays till 8:45 p.m. or Nereid Avenue p.m. rush hour (Borough Hall)
Curtain wall
Southbound express "4" train toward Crown Heights–Utica Avenue (New Lots Avenue rush hours and late nights) (Atlantic
Avenue–Barclays Center
)

"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College weekdays till 8:45 p.m. (Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound local "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College (Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center)
"3" train toward New Lots Avenue (Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center)
B3 Side platform, not in service, used as crossunder between platforms
Trackbed No service
Mosaic

The station has two island platforms, situated between the express and local tracks in each direction. A fifth track once existed between the two express tracks. The fifth track was removed in 1956. Original plans called for this to be a local station on a three-track line, but before it opened the two outer local tracks were added. Fare control is in an upper mezzanine, with a crossunder via part of an unused lower level platform. Next to this platform is a single unused trackway under the southbound local track.

The underpass between the main platforms is the only portion of the lower level that has ever been used. Because the station was designed as a local station with side platforms, it is too close to street level for a mezzanine over the tracks. The stairs up lead to two separate fare control mezzanines located over the platforms only, with stairs up to the street. The only way between platforms inside the station is the underpass.

In the station is a "Nevins St." mosaic. The mezzanine walls feature a mosaic frieze by Anton von Dalen, installed in 1997 and entitled Work & Nature. The mosaic is 14 inches by 83 feet along both walls of the mezzanine. The work is in the tones of soft blue, green, and ochre, like the original platform mosaics. It features stenciled silhouettes in black of a woman operating a sewing machine, a mother taking care of a child, a man planting a tree, an architect reading a blueprint, a female executive addressing a meeting, and famous musician Furry Lewis. All of these characters symbolize, according to the artist, "pride, dignity, and beauty surrounding all work".

Exits[edit]

The station has two exits to each side of Flatbush Avenue east of Nevins Street. The northeastern side's entrances lead to the northbound platform while the southwestern side's entrances lead to the southbound platform.[6]

Provisions for other lines[edit]

Track layout
to Boro Hall
to Hoyt St
Unbuilt spur
Unused trackway
on upper level
Unused track from lower level
Unbuilt spur to Lafayette Av
Unbuilt spur from lower level
Unbuilt spur to 4 Av
Unbuilt spur from
LIRR's Atlantic Branch
to Atlantic Av
Track in service
Trackway not in service
Trackway not in service
on lower level
Crossunder tunnel

This unused trackway was part of several plans for connecting the line to other proposed lines. At its north end, this trackway splits from the southbound local track just south of Hoyt Street, and starts heading downgrade.[7] The track was never laid. At the curve in the subway from Fulton Street to Flatbush Avenue, the trackway curves under the southbound local track, and is joined by another unused trackway heading north along Flatbush Avenue for a proposed Manhattan Bridge connection (which was later built for the BMT, though this connection may have still been planned when that line was built, as the DeKalb Avenue station was designed to allow for it).[8] After the lower Nevins Street platform, a trackway splits to the east for a subway under Lafayette Avenue; this was later built as part of the IND Fulton Street and Crosstown Lines. Just beyond this split, at Lafayette Avenue, the trackway was cut by the IND when the IND was built from 1929 to 1937. On the other side, it rises again to merge with the southbound local track in the midst of the complicated switch layout just north of Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center. Between this merge and Atlantic Avenue is another unused trackway, splitting from the local track towards a subway under Fourth Avenue (later built as the BMT Fourth Avenue Line). This trackway and another trackway (both built for the same proposed subway) end at the same level, under Fourth Avenue, just west of the Pacific Street station on the current BMT Fourth Avenue Line and a few feet higher.

On the northbound side, the connection provided by the lower level trackway would have been along the northbound local track (which was not in the original plans). The trackway on this side begins by curving from Fourth Avenue under the line. The place it used to rise is covered, as the trackway beyond that point is now used for the northbound local track. The ramp was covered in July 1963, and was made into a level trackway. This ramp was supposed to be northbound trackway of the proposed IRT Fourth Avenue Subway (before the BRT/BMT was built). The northbound local and express tracks were rearranged by November 1963.

Before Nevins Street, there is a bellmouth for the proposed Lafayette Avenue subway that merges into the northbound local track. After Nevins Street, at the curve, there is a short section of wall with no columns, that could be opened up. This was also a proposed connection to the Manhattan Bridge.

Just north of Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center is another unused trackway, merging into the northbound local track from the LIRR's Atlantic Terminal. A trackway from the southbound tracks existed until 1911, when the platforms at Atlantic Avenue were lengthened.

For a time in the early 1960s, a false wall was installed to seal the ramp to the Nevins Street lower level. The false wall was taken down at a later date for unknown reasons. The Nevins Street lower level platform had, over the years, become a storage area for various work projects, and until Nevins Street was renovated, the rest of the lower platform was visible from the crossunder. A permanent tile wall now blocks off the lower platform, access to which is via a cellar-type door at the north end of each platform, as well as doors from the crossunder.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Clark St Tunnel Reconstruction Weekend Service Changes". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 8, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  5. ^ Gargan, Edward A. (June 11, 1981). "AGENCY LISTS ITS 69 MOST DETERIORATED SUBWAY STATIONS". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Downtown Brooklyn and Borough Hall" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.columbia.edu/~brennan/abandoned/Nevins.approach.jpg
  8. ^ http://ltvsquad.com/Locations/urbanexploration.php?ID=259

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]