New England, North Dakota

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New England, North Dakota
Location of New England, North Dakota
Location of New England, North Dakota
Coordinates: 46°32′24″N 102°51′56″W / 46.54000°N 102.86556°W / 46.54000; -102.86556Coordinates: 46°32′24″N 102°51′56″W / 46.54000°N 102.86556°W / 46.54000; -102.86556
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Dakota
CountyHettinger
Area
 • Total0.49 sq mi (1.28 km2)
 • Land0.49 sq mi (1.28 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,595 ft (791 m)
Population
 • Total600
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
600
 • Density1,217.04/sq mi (470.24/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
58647
Area code(s)701
FIPS code38-56180
GNIS feature ID1030383[4]
WebsiteCity website

New England is a city in Hettinger County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 600 at the 2010 census.[5]

New England was founded in 1887, predating all other settlements in Hettinger County by many years. The name recognizes that many early settlers were from the New England states of Vermont and Massachusetts.[6] Until the tracks were abandoned in 1983,[7] the city was located at the terminus of a Milwaukee Road branch line that split from the railroad's Pacific Extension in McLaughlin, South Dakota.[8]

The silhouette of the two Rainy Buttes near New England is a distinguishing symbol of the town.

Geography

New England is located at 46°32′24″N 102°51′56″W / 46.54000°N 102.86556°W / 46.54000; -102.86556 (46.539925, -102.865597).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.49 square miles (1.27 km2), all land.[10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920613
193091148.6%
1940895−1.8%
19501,11724.8%
19601,095−2.0%
1970906−17.3%
1980825−8.9%
1990663−19.6%
2000555−16.3%
20106008.1%
2019 (est.)600[3]0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2018 Estimate[12]

2010 census

At the 2010 census[2] there were 600 people, 258 households, and 132 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,224.5 per square mile (472.8/km2). There were 319 housing units at an average density of 651.0 per square mile (251.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.8% White, 1.0% African American, 6.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 258 households, of which 17.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.8% were non-families. 45.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 26% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.88 and the average family size was 2.58.

The median age was 46.6 years. 11.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 23.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup was 37.8% male and 62.2% female.

2000 census

At the 2000 census, there were 555 people, 266 households and 155 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,106.1 per square mile (428.6/km2). There were 320 housing units at an average density of 637.8 per square mile (247.1/km2). The racial makeup was 98.20% White, 0.54% Native American, 0.36% Asian, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.36% of the population.

There were 266 households, of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.77.

20.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 30.5% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

The median household income was $30,764 and the median family income was $39,063. Males had a median income of $30,357 and females $16,667. The per capita income was $17,489. About 7.0% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The Southwest Multi-County Correctional Center, on behalf of the North Dakota Department of Corrections, operates the Dakota Women's Correctional and Rehabilitation Center in New England.[13]

Education

  • New England High School

High School Football

The now-defunct New England High School football program won four North Dakota High School Activities Association 9-man state championships from 1988 to 1997 before the team dissolved in 2006 due to low participation numbers.[14]

The cooperative team of New England-Regent-New England St. Mary's won the 1988 state championship over Hope-Page-Clifford-Galesburg by a score of 36-33.[15] The game, nicknamed the "Hyphen Bowl" in North Dakota, was featured in the 1989 Christian Science Monitor story, "`Hyphen Bowl' a Barometer of Rural Decline".[16]

New England-Regent then won the first of three consecutive championships in 1995. The Tigers defeated Thompson 21-14 for the 1995 championship, followed that up with a 23-6 win over Hillsboro in 1996, and then defeated Rolette-Wolford 16-14 for the 1997 title.[15] Those teams compiled a 47-game win streak was the longest 9-man football winning streak in the United States until Stephen-Argyle (Minnesota) surpassed it in 2007. The Tigers' winning streak began with a 42-14 victory over Harding County, S.D., on August 25, 1995, and didn't end until Divide County defeated an injury-riddled New England-Regent team 16-6 on its home field in the 9-man state semifinals on November 6, 1998. Divide County would go on to win the state championship. The 1996 team was named "Male Team of the Year" by the North Dakota Associated Press Sportscasters and Sportswriters Association.[17] New England-Regent football teams never lost a game in the Fargodome. Between 1992 and 1999, New England-Regent teams combined to win 57 consecutive regular-season games. That steak, ironically, began after a loss to Elgin in September 11, 1992, and ended September 3, 1999, with a loss to Elgin-New Leipzig.[18]

Regent exited the cooperative agreement in 2000 to form a new cooperative agreement, and eventually a new high school, with neighboring Mott.[19]

Mike Schatz, the coach of all four championship teams, erected a sign on his land outside of New England in 2016 to celebrate the city's football success.[20] Schatz was inducted into the North Dakota High School Coaches Association Hall of Fame in 2010. In his career, he compiled 203 wins and was named 9-man coach of the year three times. He also coached New England to a state runner-up finish in 1985.[21]

New England formed a football cooperative agreement in 2006[22] with neighboring Dickinson Trinity, but exited that agreement in 2016 to form a new cooperative with Mott-Regent in 2017.[23] They now play as part of the Mott-Regent-New England Wildfire.[24] In 2014, the New England Booster Club began efforts to revive football in the community by starting a youth program. They play teams from communities across the southwest North Dakota region.[25]

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, New England has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[26]

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2011.[dead link]
  6. ^ Wick, Douglas A. "New England (Hettinger County)". North Dakota Place Names. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
  7. ^ Brovald, Ken C. (September 1984). "Route of the Charging Buffalo". Trains. 44 (11): 32–34.
  8. ^ "New England Branch, Valuation Sections North Dakota 3 and SD 4" (PDF). Miluwakee Road Archives. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved March 23, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  13. ^ "Dakota Women's Correctional and Rehabilitation Center." Southwest Multi-County Correctional Center. Retrieved on May 21, 2010.
  14. ^ https://bismarcktribune.com/news/local/roar-of-the-tigers-quiet-come-autumn/article_492426a9-3791-5696-9c87-38866364f776.html
  15. ^ a b https://ndhsaanow.com/champions/football
  16. ^ https://www.csmonitor.com/1989/1101/afoot.html
  17. ^ https://ndapssa.com/index.cfm?page=high-school-male-team
  18. ^ http://northdakotahsfootball.altervista.org/f/newengland.htm
  19. ^ https://www.mott.k12.nd.us/Page/2794
  20. ^ https://www.newenglandextra.com/2016/10/21/keeping-the-memories-alive/
  21. ^ https://bismarcktribune.com/sports/high-school/opp-schatz-among-hall-of-fame-inductees/article_7b5ac066-09a4-11e0-a648-001cc4c002e0.html
  22. ^ https://bismarcktribune.com/sports/going-from-tigers-to-titans/article_a58a3d34-8433-5afc-bd61-563a6e168171.html
  23. ^ https://www.newenglandextra.com/2017/07/28/mott-regent-new-england-co-op-ready-hit-field/
  24. ^ https://www.mott.k12.nd.us/Page/3806
  25. ^ https://www.newenglandextra.com/2014/09/05/reviving-football-new-england/
  26. ^ Climate Summary for New England, North Dakota