New Afrikan Black Panther Party

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New Afrikan Black Panther Party
ChairmanShaka Zulu
FoundedApril 2005; 16 years ago (2005-04)
IdeologyAfrican-American leftism
Political positionFar-left
National affiliationUnited Panther Movement
Colors  Black

The New Afrikan Black Panther Party (NABPP) is a Black Power and Maoist[1] organization in the United States, largely based in prison[2] and referred to as the New Afrikan Black Panther Party – Prison Chapter (NABPP-PC). The party is built as a modern-day continuation of the Black Panther Party prison chapter developed by George Jackson and W. L. Nolen.[3]


The party largely developed out of a correspondence program with prisoners that supported Amerindian spirituality.[citation needed] Over time, Tom Watts, the program's leader, developed it into a revolutionary group that branched out to create another group focused on African American culture. Eventually, many factions developed in the group and a Maoist splinter group emerged as the New Afrikan Black Panther Party. The party helped organize the other splinter groups and create two subgroups in itself to organize prisoners of all races, the White Panther Organization and the Brown Panther Organization. The party ran a newsletter and often corresponded to prisoners, all run by a single party member. The party still[when?] distributes literature in prisons, although it may be censored at times.[1] Co-founder of the party Kevin Rashid Johnson has filed several lawsuits achieving prison reforms while in the party and published several political novels and artworks.[4][5] Rashid has been the victim of violence by prison guards while in prison.[6]

In December 2020, Johnson and five others declared they were splitting from the New Afrikan Black Panther Party, alleging that the leadership outside the prison system had "purged all critics" including most non-incarcerated members. Johnson said he would be forming a new "Revolutionary Intercommunal" Black Panther Party which would pursue Huey P. Newton's ideology of Intercommunalism.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "The New Afrikan Black Panther Party – Prison Chapter : Our Origin, Where We've Been, Where We Aim to Go". Kevin Rashid Johnson. 11 August 2014. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  2. ^ "Interview with John 'Mac' Gaskins, New Afrikan Black Panther Party". Steve da Silva. BASICS Community News Service. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
  3. ^ "New Afrikan Black Panther Party-Prison Chapter's 10th Anniversary". Kelvin Khaysi Canada. San Francisco Bay View. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
  4. ^ "Kevin "Rashid" Johnson & the New Afrikan Black Panther Party-Prison Chapter".
  6. ^ "From bad to worse". San Francisco Bay View. 29 January 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
  7. ^ Johnson, Kevin "Rashid". "Let's Get This Party Started: On the Split in the New Afrikan Black Party and Founding of the Revolutionary Intercommunal Black Panther Party". Kevin "Rashid" Johnson. Retrieved 7 August 2021.

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