New Afrikan Black Panther Party
The New Afrikan Black Panther Party (NABPP) is a communist organization in the United States. The group is largely based in prison and commonly referred to as the New Afrikan Black Panther Party – Prison Chapter (NABPP-PC). The party is built as a modern-day continuation of the Black Panther Party prison chapter developed by George Jackson and W. L. Nolen.
The party largely developed out of a correspondence program with prisoners that supported Amerindian spirituality. Over time, Tom Watts, the program's leader, developed it into a revolutionary group that branched out to create another group focused on African American culture. Eventually, many factions developed in the group and one came out to be the Marxist splinter group the New Afrikan Black Panther Party. The party helped organize the other splinter groups and create two subgroups in itself to organize prisoners of all races, the White Panther Organization and the Brown Panther Organization. The party ran a newsletter and often corresponded to prisoners, all run by a single party member. The party still distributes literature in prisons, although it may be censored at times. Co-founder of the party Kevin Rashid Johnson has filed several lawsuits achieving prison reforms while in the party and published several political novels and artworks. Rashid has been the victim of violence by prison guards while in prison.
- "Interview with John 'Mac' Gaskins, New Afrikan Black Panther Party". Steve da Silva. BASICS Community News Service. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "New Afrikan Black Panther Party-Prison Chapter's 10th Anniversary". Kelvin Khaysi Canada. San Francisco Bay View. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- "The New Afrikan Black Panther Party – Prison Chapter : Our Origin, Where We've Been, Where We Aim to Go". Kevin Rashid Johnson. rashidmod.com. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- "Kevin "Rashid" Johnson & the New Afrikan Black Panther Party-Prison Chapter". kersplebedeb.com.
- "KEVIN 'RASHID' JOHNSON". cargocollective.com.
- "From bad to worse". San Francisco Bay View. Retrieved January 29, 2012.