New Alipurduar railway station
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|Indian Railway Station|
New Alipurduar Railway Station
|Location||New Alipurduar, West Bengal|
|Elevation||46 metres (150ft)|
|Owned by||Indian Railway|
|Operated by||North East Frontier Railway|
|Platforms||3 (more under construction)|
|Tracks||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|
|Structure type||At ground|
|Zone(s)||North East Frontier Railway|
|Division(s)||Alipurduar railway division|
|Electrified||No (Electrification in progress)|
|Previous names||Assam Bengal Railway|
New Alipurduar is one of the four railway stations that serve Alipurduar city in Alipurduar district in north Bengal in the Indian state of West Bengal. Its station code is NOQ. The other three adjacent railway stations are Alipurduar (station code APD), Alipurduar Court (station code APDC) and Alipurduar Junction (station code APDJ).
During British rule, all links from the northern part of Bengal and Assam to the rest of India were through the eastern part of Bengal. The most important connection was the Calcutta–Parbatipur–Haldibari–Siliguri link first established in 1878 and then developed in stages (for details see Howrah-New Jalpaiguri Line). During the nineteenth century, Lalmonirhat was linked to the Dooars. In pre-independence days, a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge railway track running via Radhikapur, Biral, Parbatipur, Tista, Gitaldaha and Golokganj connected Fakiragram in Assam with Katihar in Bihar.
With the partition of India in 1947, all these links were lost. Indian Railways took up the Assam Link Project in 1948 to build a rail link between Fakiragram and Kishanganj. Fakiragram was connected to the Indian railway system in 1950 through the Indian portion of north Bengal with a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge track. The New Jalpaiguri–New Bongaigaon section was partly new construction, partly old line converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in 1966. The 265 km long 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge Siliguri-Jogihopa railway line was constructed between 1963 and 1965.
Importance over other adjacent stations
Most of the long distance trains from other parts of India pass through and stop at New Alipurdur railway junction as it is connected with double track to Assam and the rest of Bengal. The older Alipurduar station was on metre gauge track that was converted to broad gauge much later and fewer trains pass through Alipurduar Jn station. This station is the biggest rail way station in Alipurduar