New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh)

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New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh)
Erykah Badu New Amerykah Part Two.jpg
Studio album by Erykah Badu
Released March 30, 2010 (2010-03-30)
Studio Electric Lady Studios in New York
Genre
Length 50:36
Label Universal Motown
Producer Erykah Badu (exec.), Mike "Chav" Chavarria (exec.), J Dilla, Questlove, James Poyser, RC Williams, Jahborn, Madlib, 9th Wonder, Sa-Ra, Georgia Anne Muldrow, Karriem Riggins, Ta'Raach
Erykah Badu chronology
New Amerykah Part One (4th World War)
(2008)
New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh)
(2010)
But You Caint Use My Phone
(2015)
Singles from New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh)
  1. "Window Seat"
    Released: February 5, 2010
  2. "Turn Me Away (Get MuNNY)"
    Released: March 24, 2010
  3. "Gone Baby, Don't Be Long"
    Released: February 2011

New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) is the fifth studio album by American recording artist Erykah Badu, first released on March 30, 2010, through Universal Motown. It follows her 2003 album Worldwide Underground and a hiatus from recording music. Communicating with several hip hop producers over the Internet, Badu conceived seventy five songs set to be split over three albums with New Amerykah Part One (4th World War) (2008) being the first. The writing of the songs, led to the album's primary recording sessions at Electric Lady Studios in New York City.

Contrasting its socially themed and complex predecessor, New Amerykah Part One (4th World War) (2008), New Amerykah Part Two contains a prominently groove-based, analog sound. The album incorporates sampling and live instrumentation, while its more personal lyrics focus on themes of romance and relationships. Written mainly by Badu, the production for the album was handled by several of Badu's previous collaborators, including J Dilla, Questlove, James Poyser, Madlib, 9th Wonder, Sa-Ra, Georgia Anne Muldrow, and Karriem Riggins.

New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) received rave reviews from critics, who commended its soulful sound and loose structure, and viewed it as more accessible than that of its predecessor. The album was ranked as one of the best album of 2010 and the decade by several publications. The album achieved moderate success, debuting at number four on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 110,000 copies in its first week and produced three singles, "Window Seat", "Turn Me Away (Get MuNNY)", and "Gone Baby, Don't Be Long".

Writing and recording[edit]

In 2004, Badu received her first computer as a Christmas gift from drummer and producer Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson, and began communicating with and receiving music from him and other producers such as Q-Tip and J Dilla.[1] Beginning in 2005,[2] Badu worked from her home in Dallas and used the software application GarageBand as a digital audio workstation,[3] which she was introduced to by her son,[1] Seven. He taught her how to use her laptop as a mini recording studio,[4] and she used it to construct various backing tracks for songs.[5] Using GarageBand, she recorded demos of her vocals by singing into the computer's microphone.[3][6]

A portion of the album was recorded at the Electric Lady Studios.

She composed more than 75 songs within the year and intended on splitting them among her planned series of New Amerykah albums.[1] She said of her productivity with her laptop, "I could be here, in my own space, with headphones on, and the kids could be doing what they doing, and I’m cooking dinner still, I’m making juices still, and it’s so easy just to sing. You got an idea — boom! Idea, boom!"[1] Badu's iChat contacts,[2] including hip hop producers Questlove,[7] Madlib, 9th Wonder, and J Dilla, instant messaged her to get back into the studio and sent her tracks.[4] Such exchanges inspired a creative spark for Badu, which she explained in an interview for the Dallas Observer, "I started to accept that maybe it's OK for me to put out music, and it doesn't have to be something dynamic or world-changing. But just as I was accepting that, here comes this burst of light and energy and creativity. And that's the process, I guess, of life—the detachment and the release of something gives you even more room to grow or be creative."[7]

A portion of the album was recorded at New York City's Electric Lady Studios.[8] She told Rolling Stone that she recorded her vocals for the song "Window Seat" in her shower, stating "I wanted to sound like I was in a tunnel. I got my laptop and closed the door."[9] In an interview for Billboard, Badu explained that "we used a lot of analog instruments—harps, strings, drums, piano, and even a Theremin—to give the album that sonic feel. There's a strong undercurrent of bottom, a rumbling to these songs that feels good to me. It feels like a hug."[10]

Music and lyrics[edit]

In contrast to its predecessor New Amerykah Part One (4th World War) (2008), which was digitally produced and political in tone, New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) incorporates sampling and live instrumentation, while its more personal lyrics focus on themes of romance and relationships.[10][11] "Return of the Ankh" was seen as a departure from the experimental work of New Amerykah Part One (4th World War) and a return to the musical style of Badu's earlier catalogue, particularly the jazz elements of Badu's debut, Baduizm (1997).[12] The album's style and production is characterized as being down-tempo, built around soul and jazz.[12] Badu has described its sound as "very analog".[13] According to Exclaim! critic Ryan B. Patrick, New Amerykah Part Two featured a "progressive fusion of 'Neo Soul' Badu with 'Seasoned and Savvy' Badu together at last".[14] " "Window Seat" was compared to the Badu's early work particularly "On & On" and "Otherside of the Game" from her debut album, "Window Seat" contains stomp-and-clap breakdowns built under halting lyrics.[11]

According to Badu, the album's closing track, "Out My Mind, Just in Time", is a three-movement song: "The first movement is called 'Recovering Undercover Over-lover.' It actually sums up the whole album, because I'm talking about love and emotion – 'I need you to do this,' 'I want you to do this,' 'You make me feel like this,' 'Why don't you feel like this?' It's typical of how you feel in relationships. The second movement is called ... 'Easier Said Than Done,' and it's about how hard it is to change after you've been in a relationship for so long. And then the third movement is called 'But Not This Time,' because even though I've done things a certain way for so long, I won't do that this time".[15] Andy Kellman of AllMusic described the song as being innocently as a piano ballad, before changing into a "psychedelic, slow-motion soul-jazz" song that sees Badu becoming "increasingly fragmentary and tripped-out" before being "renewed."[11]

Singles[edit]

The internet-only promotional single "Jump Up in the Air (Stay There)", featuring Lil Wayne and Bilal, was released on Badu's official website in January 2010. RC Williams, Badu's musical director, said that a music video for the track was shot in Dallas.[16] A censored "clean" version of the video was released on February 12, 2010 on Badu's official website.[17] It has been made available as a free, legal download by Giant Step, the marketing and promotion company for the album.[18]

The album's first official single, "Window Seat", was released by Badu through a downloadable link on her Twitter page.[19] The song peaked at number 16 on Billboard R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.[20] The video for "Window Seat" was directed by Coodie Rock and premiered on Erykah's official site on March 27, 2010 at 3:33 AM EDT. In the video, Badu is seen walking the streets of Dallas near Dealey Plaza, slowly stripping to the nude, before being shot by an unseen assassin.[21]

The album's second single, "Turn Me Away (Get MuNNY)", was released March 24, 2010 by Badu as a free download online.[22][23] It spent three weeks on the R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, peaking at number 87.[20] On Wednesday, February 9, 2011, vimeo.com released a new video for "Gone Baby, Don't Be Long" directed by Flying Lotus. The video was tweeted by Badu herself and friend and associated music act Questlove.[24]

Release and promotion[edit]

Erykah Badu performing at the Umbria Jazz Festival in 2012

The album was released March 30, 2010 on Universal Motown in the United States,[25] and two weeks later in Japan on April 14, 2010.[26] New Amerykah Part Two's cover art, titled "Out My Mind Just in Time",[27] shares the name of the album's closing track and was designed by visual artist Emek, who had also designed the artwork for New Amerykah Part One.[28] He explained on his website that he used song lyrics from the album as inspiration.[28] In an interview with Billboard, she explained the album's title, stating:

I called it 'Part II: The Return of the Ankh' because this album is the sister of the left side of my brain – it is the right side.' Part I was the left side of my thoughts – it was more socially political and my thought process was more analytical. This time there wasn't anything to be concerned with – the album is more emotional and flowy and talks about feelings. It reminds of the days of 'Baduizm' – this is just about beats and rhymes in a cipher.[10]

— Erykah Badu

In promotion of the album, Erykah Badu hosted a series of listening sessions for press and VIPs at Chung King Studios in New York City on December 9 and December 10, 2009.[29] During March 2010, Badu promoted the album through television performances on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, The Wendy Williams Show, Chelsea Lately, Jimmy Kimmel Live!, and Good Day New York.[30] She also appeared on the April issue cover of EQ magazine and was featured in the April issues of Nylon and Playboy, while she is also scheduled to appear in upcoming issues of several publications, including Rolling Stone, Entertainment Weekly, Time Out New York, Spin, Vibe, Paste, and People, among many other publications.[30] Badu performed at a surprise midnight show on March 31, 2010 at the El Rey Theatre in Los Angeles.[21]

The album's international supporting tour, "Out My Mind, Just in Time Tour", began its North American-leg on May 28, 2010, starting at the DAR Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C. and ended June 24, 2010 at the Pearl Concert Theater in Las Vegas, Nevada.[31] Its European-leg began July 9, 2010 at Sweden's Hultsfred Festival and ended July 24 at Brixton Academy in London, England.[32] Badu was supported on the tour by N.E.R.D., Bilal, Janelle Monáe and The Roots-drummer Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson.[33] She also performed at the Lollapalooza festival and Lilith Fair during the 2010 summer, along with special guest appearances at Maxwell's concerts at Philips Arena in Atlanta, Georgia on June 11 and at Madison Square Garden in New York City on June 26, 2010.[33]

Commercial performance[edit]

The album debuted at number four on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 110,000 copies in its first week.[34] It also entered at number two on Billboard's R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.[34] In its second week, the album fell to number nine on the Billboard 200, selling an additional 30,000 copies.[35] The album fell to number 20 and sold 19,000 copies in its third week.[36] In the United Kingdom, New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) debuted at number 56 on the UK Albums Chart and at number nine on the R&B Albums Chart.[37][38] In Canada, the album debuted at number 36 on the Top 100 and at number five on the R&B Top 50 chart.[39][40] New Amerykah Part Two achieved moderate chart success in international markets, peaking within the top-50 in several countries, including Norway, Poland, Switzerland, Sweden, and Denmark.[37]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4/5 stars[11]
The A.V. Club A–[13]
Entertainment Weekly A–[41]
The Guardian 4/5 stars[42]
The Independent 4/5 stars[43]
NME 8/10[44]
Rolling Stone 3/5 stars[45]
Spin 8/10[46]
The Times 4/5 stars[47]
USA Today 3.5/4 stars[48]

New Amerykah Part Two received widespread acclaim from critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 83, based on 25 reviews.[49] Most critics found its loose, soulful music inventive and more accessible than its predecessor.[50] AllMusic editor Andy Kellman said "the album is so rich with sample-reliant songs that it sometimes resembles a glorified mixtape".[11] The A.V. Club's Michaelangelo Matos found the record "smoother than anything since her 1997 debut, Baduizm".[13] Eric Henderson from Slant Magazine praised the record's "freeform" style and compared Badu's songwriting approach to that of Marvin Gaye, who "would usually feel out his melodies first and then come up with lyrics to fit into those lines. The result for both Gaye and Badu is R&B impressionism".[51] Pitchfork Media's Mike Powell called the album "a coherent expression of a big, scattered personality" and praised Badu's expressive performance, writing that "her ability to toe the line between sounding effortless and sounding tossed-off is remarkable".[52] In The Guardian, Alexis Petridis argued that repeated listens revealed a number of gratifying eccentric musical and lyrical details.[42]

Some critics, however, found Badu's songwriting overly vague and deemed New Amerykah Part Two less adventurous than its predecessor.[50] Kellman said it was "more personal than planetary, less challenging sonically and lyrically".[11] In The New York Times, Jon Pareles felt the music's "atmosphere easily upstages the words",[53] while Rolling Stone magazine's Jody Rosen found its "hazy texture" and songwriting sketchy.[45] Kitty Empire from The Observer wrote that it "turns its skewed sights on love in both soppy and calculating fashion".[54] Robert Christgau gave it an "honorable mention" in his consumer guide for MSN Music, citing "Turn Me Away (Get Munny)" and "Gone Baby, Don't Be Long" as highlights and writing "love may be a groove, but that doesn't make a groove a love song".[55]

At the end of 2010, New Amerykah Part Two was named one of the year's best albums in a number of critics' lists, including Pitchfork Media, who ranked it 18th,[56] and later named it one of "The 100 Best Albums of the Decade So Far" in August 2014.[57] In the annual Pazz & Jop critics poll, it was voted 23th best.[56]

Track listing[edit]

No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "20 Feet Tall"   Erykah Badu, Patrick Douthit, Douglas Wimbish Erykah Badu, 9th Wonder, James Poyser 3:25
2. "Window Seat"   Badu, James Poyser Badu, Poyser 4:50
3. "Agitation"   Badu, Shafiq Husayn, David Sancious Badu, Husayn 1:33
4. "Turn Me Away (Get MuNNY)"   Badu, Roy Ayers, Sylvia Striplin, James Bedford, Jr. Badu 5:26
5. "Gone Baby, Don't Be Long"   Badu, Husayn, Terrell "Ta'Raach" McMathis, Paul McCartney Ta'Raach, Badu 4:39
6. "Umm Hmm"   Badu, Otis Jackson, Jr., Leon "Ndugu" Chancler Madlib, Badu 3:45
7. "Love"   Badu, Ira Raibon, James Yancey J Dilla, Badu, Mike Chav 6:02
8. "You Loving Me (Session)"   Badu, Waldo Benzworth, Jonathan Cantero, R.C. Williams Badu 1:04
9. "Fall in Love (Your Funeral)"   Badu, Karriem Riggins, Garry Glenn, Eddie Kendricks Karriem Riggins 6:06
10. "Incense" (featuring Kirsten Agresta) Badu, Jackson, Jr. Madlib 3:27
11. "Out My Mind, Just in Time"   Badu, Poyser, Georgia Anne Muldrow Badu, Georgia Anne Muldrow 10:21

Personnel[edit]

Unless otherwise indicated, Credits for New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) are adapted from liner notes.[58]

# Title Notes
New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh)

Recording engineers: Mike "Chav" Chavaria (tracks 3–6, 9–11), Chris Bell (2, 5, 8), Tom Soares (2), Shafiq Husayn (3), Brian Vibberts/Buck Snow (band on 4), Erykah Badu (7)
Mixing: Tom Soares, exc. track 7 mixed by Chris Bell
Executive production: Erykah Badu, Mike Chavaria
Design concept: Erykah Badu
Art direction/design: Erykah Badu, Kyledidthis
Illustrations: EMEK Studios (Emek & Gan)
Typography inspiration: Alfredo Gray
Project management and marketing: Paul Levatino (for Badu World), Xavier Jernigan (for Universal Motown)
A&R: Edward Richardson (Universal Motown)

1 "20 Feet Tall"

Produced by Erykah Badu, 9th Wonder (original track), James Poyser ("acoustic interpolation")
Erykah Badu (vocals sung by), James Poyser (keyboards), Mike Chavaria (synthesizer)
Additional voices provided by a Group of Unidentified Children[59]
Embodies portions of "My Darling Baby" performed by Wood Brass & Steel with Craig Derry[60]

2 "Window Seat"

Produced by Erykah Badu and James Poyser
Song arrangement by Erykah Badu
Erykah Badu (vocals, handclaps, stomps), James Poyser (Rhodes and all pianos), Mike Chavaria (synthesizer, cajón, handclaps, stomps), Alfredo Gray (handclaps, stomps), Kirsten Agresta (harp), Stephen "Thundercat" Bruner (bass), Questlove (drums)

3 "Agitation"

Produced by Erykah Badu and Shafiq Husayn of Sa-Ra Creative Partners
Erykah Badu (all vocals), Mike Chavaria (additional music programming)
Contains a sample of "Just as I Thought" performed by David Sancious

4 "Turn Me Away (Get MuNNY)"

Produced by Erykah Badu
Erykah Badu (handclaps), Questlove (handclaps), Karriem Riggins (drums, handclaps), Stephen "Thundercat" Bruner (bass, handclaps), James Poyser (keyboards, handclaps), Tommy Trajlio (guitar, handclaps), Mike Chavaria (synthesizer, additional music programming)
Semi-remake and Contains an interpolation of "You Can't Turn Me Away" performed by Sylvia Striplin[61]
Contains re-sung lyrics from "Get Money" performed by Junior M.A.F.I.A. and The Notorious B.I.G.[62]

5 "Gone Baby, Don't Be Long"

Produced by Ta'Raach and Erykah Badu
Erykah Badu (lead and additional backing vocals),[63] Jeff Lee Johnson (guitar), Ta'Raach and Mike Chavaria (music programming)
Contains a sample of "Arrow Through Me" performed by Paul McCartney and Wings

6 "Umm Hmm"

Produced by Madlib and Erykah Badu
Erykah Badu (lead vocals, additional backing vocals, cabasa, additional percussion),[64] Madlib (music programming), James Poyser (additional keyboards, additional music programming), Stephen "Thundercat" Bruner (additional bass)
Contains a sample of "Take Some Time" performed by Ndugu & The Chocolate Jam Co.

7 "Love"

Produced by J Dilla, Erykah Badu and Mike Chavaria
Arranged by Erykah Badu and Mike Chavaria
Intro created by Mike Chavaria
Erykah Badu (vocals sung by), Mike Chavaria (synthesizer), Pilar Cote (intro voices)
Contains a portion of "Take Me" performed by Fabulous Souls
Uses Animal Noises sampled from the Big Daddy Kane and Biz Markie song "Just Rhymin' With Biz"[65]

8 "You Loving Me (Session)"

Produced by Erykah Badu
Erykah Badu (vocals), RC Williams (keyboards), Jah Born (MP2000 programming)

9 "Fall in Love (Your Funeral)"

Produced by Karriem Riggins
Erykah Badu (all vocals, all percussion), Karriem Riggins (music programming), Mike Chavaria (synthesizer, additional music programming)
Contains a sample of "Intimate Friends" performed by Eddie Kendricks
Contains re-sung lyrics from "Warning" performed by The Notorious B.I.G.[66]

10 "Incense"

Produced by Madlib
Arranged by Erykah Badu and Mike Chavaria
Erykah Badu (vocals sung by), Kirsten Agresta (harp), Mike Chavaria (synthesizer, additional music programming)
Contains multiple elements from "Vibes" performed by Frank Ricotti[67]

11 "Out My Mind, Just in Time"

Part 1: Produced by Erykah Badu
Erykah Badu (all vocals), James Poyser (grand piano), Mike Chavaria (editing)
Part 2 & 3: Produced by Erykah Badu and Georgia Anne Muldrow[68]
Erykah Badu (additional music programming on Part 2 only, vocals), Georgia Anne Muldrow (keyboards, bass, drums)

* "Jump Up in the Air (Stay There)"

Produced by Erykah Badu, RC Williams and Jahborn
Lil Wayne (rap), Bilal (vocals)
Contains an interpolation of "Hydraulic Pump" by The P-Funk All-Stars
Contains a vocal sample from "Atomic Dog" performed by George Clinton[69]

Charts[edit]

Weekly charts[edit]

Chart (2010) Peak
position
Austrian Albums Chart[37] 36
Canadian Albums Chart[39] 36
Dutch Albums Chart[37] 66
Danish Albums Chart[37] 35
European Albums Chart[70] 61
French Albums Chart[37] 77
Japanese Albums Chart[71] 38
Norwegian Albums Chart[37] 14
Polish Albums Chart[37] 15
Swedish Albums Chart[37] 21
Swiss Albums Chart[37] 18
UK Albums Chart[37] 56
UK R&B Chart[38] 9
US Billboard 200[34] 4
US Billboard R&B/Hip-Hop Albums[34] 2

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (2010) Position
US Billboard 200 119[72]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  52. ^ Powell, Mike. Review: New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh). Pitchfork Media. Retrieved on 2010-04-06.
  53. ^ Pareles, Jon. Review: New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh). The New York Times. Retrieved on 2010-03-28.
  54. ^ Empire, Kitty. Review: New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh). The Observer. Retrieved on 2010-03-29.
  55. ^ Christgau, Robert (July 2010). "Consumer Guide". MSN Music. Retrieved September 26, 2015. 
  56. ^ a b "New Amerykah, Pt. 2 (Return of the Ankh)". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved September 26, 2015. 
  57. ^ http://pitchfork.com/features/staff-lists/9465-the-top-100-albums-of-2010-2014/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  58. ^ Track listing and credits as per liner notes for New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) album
  59. ^ "Steady Listening...". Don't Sleep Blog. 5 April 2010. http://upstartsociety.blogspot.com/search?updated-min=2010-01-01T00:00:00-08:00&updated-max=2011-01-01T00:00:00-08:00&max-results=50&m=0
  60. ^ "20 Feet Tall" Sample of "My Darling Baby". WhoSampled.com. http://www.whosampled.com/sample/71479/Erykah-Badu-20-Feet-Tall-Wood,-Brass-%26-Steel-Craig-Derry-My-Darling-Baby/
  61. ^ Erykah Badu's "Turn Me Away (Get Munny)" Cover of Sylvia Striplin's "You Can't Turn Me Away". WhoSampled.com. http://www.whosampled.com/cover/27033/Erykah-Badu-Turn-Me-Away-(Get-Munny)-Sylvia-Striplin-You-Can%27t-Turn-Me-Away/
  62. ^ Erykah Badu's "Turn Me Away (Get Munny)" Sample of Junior Mafia and The Notorious B.I.G.'s "Get Money". WhoSampled.com. http://www.whosampled.com/sample/172214/Erykah-Badu-Turn-Me-Away-(Get-Munny)-Junior-M.A.F.I.A.-The-Notorious-B.I.G.-Get-Money/
  63. ^ dunderbeck1980. "Anatomy of The Groove: 'Gone Baby, Don't Be Long' by Erykah Badu". Andresmusictalk. 26 February 2016. https://www.google.com/amp/s/andresmusictalk.wordpress.com/2016/02/26/anatomy-of-the-groove-gone-babydont-be-long-by-erykah-badu/amp/?client=safari
  64. ^ "Random Samples". Sign of The Times Blog. 4 August 2012. https://signothetimesblog.wordpress.com/tag/ndugu-the-chocolate-jam-co/
  65. ^ "Love" Sample of "Just Rhymin' With Biz". WhoSampled.com. http://www.whosampled.com/sample/87181/Erykah-Badu-Love-Big-Daddy-Kane-Biz-Markie-Just-Rhymin%27-With-Biz/
  66. ^ "Fall in Love (Your Funeral)" Sample of "Warning". WhoSampled.com. http://www.whosampled.com/sample/42005/Erykah-Badu-Fall-in-Love-(Your-Funeral)-The-Notorious-B.I.G.-Warning/
  67. ^ "Incense" Sample of "Vibes". WhoSampled.com. http://www.whosampled.com/sample/92699/Erykah-Badu-Kirsten-Agnesta-Incense-Frank-Ricotti-Vibes/
  68. ^ Keith Murphy (December 10, 2009). "Sneak Peek: Erykah Badu's New Amerykah, Part II (Return of the Ankh)". Vibe. Retrieved December 17, 2009. 
  69. ^ "Jump Up in the Air..." Sample of "Atomic Dog". WhoSampled.com. http://www.whosampled.com/sample/27945/Erykah-Badu-Lil-Wayne-Bilal-Jump-Up-in-the-Air-and-Stay-There-George-Clinton-Atomic-Dog/
  70. ^ Chart History: Erykah Badu - European Albums Chart. Billboard. Retrieved on 2010-04-25.
  71. ^ ニュー・アメリカ パート・ツー(リターン・オブ・ザ・アンク) エリカ・バドゥのプロフィールならオリコン芸能人事典-ORICON STYLE
  72. ^ "Best of 2010 - Billboard Top 200". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 

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