New Azerbaijan Party

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New Azerbaijan Party

Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası
LeaderIlham Aliyev
(since 31 October 2003)
FounderHeydar Aliyev
Founded18 December 1992 (1992-12-18)
HeadquartersBülbül prospekti 13,
Baku, Azerbaijan
IdeologyAzerbaijani nationalism[1]
Political positionBig tent[3]
ColoursBlue, yellow, white
Seats in the National Assembly
69 / 125

The New Azerbaijan Party (Azerbaijani: Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası, YAP) is the ruling political party in Azerbaijan. It was formed on 18 December 1992 by the former President of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev, who led it until his death in 2003.[4] It is now led by his son, Ilham Aliyev, who succeeded his father as the party leader and as President of Azerbaijan since 2003.


The party's stated ideologies are lawfulness, secularism, and Azerbaijani nationalism. It wants to build a "social-oriented" economy, and lists civil solidarity and social justice as the basis of its ideology.[1] The founder of the party, Heydar Aliyev, was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union until July 1991.[5]

The New Azerbaijan Party has been described as a post-Soviet party of power.[6] Some political scientists have stated that the party is loosely based on nationalism and a personality cult centered on Heydar Aliyev, and lacks a true political ideology.[3]

The New Azerbaijan Party's program highlighted the main tasks aimed at strengthening the state independency, building the democratic, legal and secular state and ensuring the peaceful and prosperous life of the citizens. The principles of independent state, lawfulness, creative progress, azerbaijanism, civil solidarity and social justice have been declared as the basis of the Party's ideology.[7]


The members of party are ensured with following rights:

  • to elect and to be elected to authorities of the party;
  • to take part freely in the determination of the party's policy and in the discussion of issues related to its activities;
  • to participate in the events organized by the party
  • to make suggestions for realizing the goals and tasks of the party;
  • to use the party's support;
  • to discuss and criticize freely all issues related to the party's policy as well as all activities of its bodies;
  • to stop being membership in the party or to leave the party.[8]

Party's Organizational Structure[edit]

  • NAP implements its activity all over the territory of Azerbaijan.
  • The initial party organization is based on the territorial principle.
  • The decision to establish the initial party organization is adopted by foundation meeting with participation at least three members of the NAP and approved by the Executive Board of the district-city organizations. A party member can be registered only in the one party organization.
  • The guiding body of the initial party organization is a general assembly. The general assembly is held at least once every three months. The assembly is available by participation of more than half of the members registered in the initial party organization. Decisions are approved by simple majority of votes.[8]


  • The 1st Congress of the party was held on 20-21 December 1999, with the participation of more than 2,000 members of the party from different regions of the country, as well as more than 30 foreign representatives.[9]
  • The 2nd Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held in Baku on 21 November 2001. Some amendments were made to the Charter. Ilham Aliyev was elected as a Deputy Chairman of the party. Heydar Aliyev delivered a speech at the congress. 1952 representatives participated at the II Congress.[10]
  • The 3rd Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on March 26, 2005 in Baku with participations of more than 1800 members.[11]
  • The 4th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on August 2, 2008, in the Heydar Aliyev sports and concert complex with the participation of more than 600 members in Baku. The Congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on October 15, 2008.[12]
  • The 5th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held at the Buta Palace in Baku on June 7, 2013. The congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on October 9, 2013. [13][14]
  • The 6th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on February 8, 2018 at the Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku. The congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on April 11. Representatives of more than 700,000 members of the New Azerbaijan Party attended at the Congress.[15]

Electoral history[edit]

At the elections (5 November 2000 and 7 January 2001), the party won 62.3% of the popular vote and 75 out of 125 seats. Its candidate Ilham Aliyev was reported by the government to have won 80% of the popular vote in the 2003 presidential elections, which faced criticism of vote-rigging from groups such as Human Rights Watch. At the 2005 parliamentary elections, it won 62 out of 125 seats. At the 2010 parliamentary elections, it won 72 out of 125 seats. Presently, New Azerbaijan Party has 518,000 members.[16] In the 1 November 2015 Parliament election, the New Azerbaijan Party won 70 out of 125 seats, thus losing 2 seats in the National Assembly since the last election.

New Azerbaijan Party's head office in Baku.

Electoral History[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election date Party candidate Number of Votes Percentage of votes Result
1993 Heydar Aliyev 3,919,923 98.8% Elected
1998 Heydar Aliyev 2,556,059 77.6% Elected
2003 Ilham Aliyev 1,860,346 75.38% Elected
2008 Ilham Aliyev 3,232,259 87.34% Elected
2013 Ilham Aliyev 3,126,113 84.54% Elected
2018 Ilham Aliyev 3,394,898 86.02% Elected

National Assembly elections[edit]

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1995–1996 2,228,435 62.7
59 / 125
Steady Steady 1st In Government
2000–2001 1,809,801 62.3
75 / 125
Increase 16 Steady 1st Majority gov't
61 / 125
Decrease 14 Steady 1st Majority gov't
2010 1,104,528 45.8
72 / 125
Increase 11 Steady 1st Majority gov't
70 / 125
Decrease 2 Steady 1st Majority gov't


  1. ^ a b c d "History". New Azerbaijan Party.
  2. ^ Hunter, Shireen (2017). The New Geopolitics of the South Caucasus. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 41–43.
  3. ^ a b Guliyev, Farid; Pearce, Katy E. The Challenges of Electoral Competition in an Oil Rich State: Azerbaijani Pre-Election Report Washington Post. 6 October 2013. Accessed 2 July 2014
  4. ^ Ruling Party Sees Victory in Azeri Vote
  5. ^ "Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev". New Azerbaijan Party. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06.
  6. ^ Herron, Erik. "Elections and Democracy After Communism?" Palgrave Macmillan, 26 May 2009. (p. 86-87)
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b "THE CHARTER OF THE NEW AZERBAIJAN PARTY". /. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
  14. ^ "Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic - NEWS » Speeches". Retrieved 2018-04-30.
  15. ^ "6th Congress of New Azerbaijan Party held in Baku VIDEO". Retrieved 2018-04-30.
  16. ^ Ruling New Azerbaijan Party will mark membership of 500,000th person

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]