Volkswagen New Beetle

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Volkswagen New Beetle
2002 Volkswagen New Beetle (9C MY02.5) 2.0 coupe (2010-10-01) 01.jpg
Also calledVolkswagen Beetle (Mexico)
Volkswagen Bjalla (Iceland)
ProductionOctober 1997–July 2011
Model years1998-2011
Assembly1997–1999: Wolfsburg, Germany
1999–2011: Puebla, Mexico
2011–present: Hai Phong, Vietnam (CKD by World Auto)
DesignerJ Mays (1993, 1995),
Freeman Thomas (1993, 1995),
Peter Schreyer (1993)
Body and chassis
ClassCompact car (C)
Body style2-door coupé
2-door convertible
Layoutfront engine, front-wheel drive, 4motion all-wheel drive (RSi)
PlatformVolkswagen Group A4 (PQ34) platform
RelatedAudi A3 Mk1
Audi TT Mk1
SEAT León Mk1
SEAT Toledo Mk2
Škoda Octavia Mk1
Volkswagen Golf Mk4
Volkswagen Jetta/Bora
Enginepetrol engines:
1.4 L I4 16 valve
1.6 L I4
1.8 L I4 Turbocharged
2.0 L I4
2.3 L VR5 20 valve
2.5 L I5 20 valve
3.2 L VR6 24 valve (RSI)
diesel engine:
1.9 L I4 TDI
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
6-speed automatic tiptronic DSG
6-speed DSG tiptronic
Wheelbase2,515 mm (99 in)
Length4,129 mm (163 in)
Width1,721 mm (68 in)
Height59.5 in (1,511 mm) (1998–2000),
1,498 mm (59 in) (hatch 2003–present),
59.1 in (1,501 mm) (convertible)
PredecessorVolkswagen Beetle
SuccessorVolkswagen Beetle (A5)

The Volkswagen New Beetle is a compact car, introduced by Volkswagen in 1997, drawing heavy inspiration from the exterior design of the original Beetle. Unlike the original Beetle, the New Beetle has its engine in the front, driving the front wheels, with luggage storage in the rear. Many special editions have been released, such as the Malibu Barbie New Beetle.[1]

In 2011 for the 2012 model year, a new Beetle model, the Beetle (A5), replaced the New Beetle. It is often referred to as the New Beetle as well.


Coupe (pre-facelift)
Cabriolet (pre-facelift)

At the 1994 North American International Auto Show, Volkswagen unveiled the Concept One, a "retro"-themed concept car with a resemblance to the original Volkswagen Beetle. Designed by J Mays and Freeman Thomas at the company's California design studio,[2] the concept car was based on the platform of the Volkswagen Polo. A red cabriolet concept was featured at the Geneva Motor Show, also in 1994.

Production design approval was reached in mid-1995, with a design freeze resulting 22 months of development time for production.[3] In October 1995, the Volkswagen Concept Two was shown at the Tokyo Motor Show, essentially an early preview of the production model due in early 1998.[citation needed]

Strong public reaction to the Concept One convinced the company that it should develop a production version which was launched as the New Beetle in 1997 for the 1998 model-year, based on the Golf IV's larger PQ34 platform.[4] The New Beetle is related to the original only in name and appearance (including the absence of a car emblem script with the exception of the VW logo). For the 1998 model year, only the TDI compression-ignition engine was turbocharged; the spark-ignition engines were only naturally aspirated. In June 1999, Volkswagen introduced the 1.8T, which was the first turbocharged spark-ignition engine offered for the New Beetle. Volkswagen created a web site dedicated specifically to the 1.8T.[5] A convertible was added for the 2003 model-year to replace the Volkswagen Cabrio. However, the New Beetle Convertible was never offered with a compression-ignition engine in North America.

The New Beetle carries many design similarities with the original VW Beetle: separate fenders, vestigial running boards, sloping headlamps and large round tail lights, as well as a high rounded roofline. It was assembled in VW's Puebla factory in Mexico.

Coupe (facelift)
Cabriolet (facelift)


  • Dimension:
    • Length: 4,129 mm (162.6 in)
    • Width: 1,721 mm (67.8 in)
    • Height: 1,498 mm (59.0 in)
    • Wheelbase: 2,515 mm (99.0 in)
    • Curb weight: 1,230 kg (2,712 lb)
    • Luggage volume: 12 cu ft (339.8 L)
    • Luggage volume with rear seat folded: 27.1 cu ft (767.4 L)
  • Max speed: 177–210 km/h (110-131 mph)
  • Acceleration (0–97 km/h | 0-60 mph): 6.5-13.2 sec

Body styles[edit]

Chassis code Typ 1C Typ 9C Typ 1Y
Body type Coupé Coupé Convertible
Region(s) North America Europe and others World
Years 1998– 1997– 2001–

Engine choices[edit]

TDI diesel engine in 2006 New Beetle
Model engine code(s) engine type max power@rpm max torque@rpm years
Petrol engines
1.4 BCA 1,390 cc (1.39 L; 85 cu in) I4 DOHC 16V 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) @5000 126 N⋅m (93 lb⋅ft) @3800 2001–
1.6 AWH 1,595 cc (1.595 L; 97.3 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) @5600 145 N⋅m (107 lb⋅ft) @3800 1999–2000
1.6 AYD / BFS 1,595 cc (1.595 L; 97.3 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5600 148 N⋅m (109 lb⋅ft) @3800 2006–


1.8 T AGU 1,781 cc (1.781 L; 108.7 cu in) I4 DOHC 20V turbo 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5700 210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft) @1750-4600 1998–2000
1.8 T APH /AVC /AWC /AWU /AWV /BKF 1,781 cc (1.781 L; 108.7 cu in) I4 DOHC 20V turbo 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5800 220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) @2000-4200 1999–2002
1.8 T AUQ 1,781 cc (1.781 L; 108.7 cu in) I4 DOHC 20V turbo 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 235 N⋅m (173 lb⋅ft) 2001–2002
1.8 T AWP 1,781 cc (1.781 L; 108.7 cu in) I4 DOHC 20V turbo 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) @5500 235 N⋅m (173 lb⋅ft) @1950-5000 2002–2004
2.0 AEG 1,984 cc (1.984 L; 121.1 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V 116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp) @5400 165 N⋅m (122 lb⋅ft) @2800 1998–2001
2.0 APK / AQY 1,984 cc (1.984 L; 121.1 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V 116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp) @5200 170 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) @2400 1998–2001
2.0 AZJ /BDC /BEJ /BER /BEV /BGD /BHP 1,984 cc (1.984 L; 121.1 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V 116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp) @5200 172 N⋅m (127 lb⋅ft) @3200 2001–2003
2.3 V5 AQN 2,324 cc (2.324 L; 141.8 cu in) VR5 DOHC 20V 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @6200 220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) @3300 2000–2005
2.5 BGP 2,480 cc (2.48 L; 151 cu in) I5 DOHC 20V 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 209 N⋅m (154 lb⋅ft) 2006–
2.5 BPR /BPS 2,480 cc (2.48 L; 151 cu in) I5 DOHC 20V 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5000 228 N⋅m (168 lb⋅ft) @3750 2006–
3.2 RSI AXJ 3,189 cc (3.189 L; 194.6 cu in) VR6 DOHC 24V 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp) 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) 2000–2003
Diesel engines
1.9 TDI AGR / ALH 1,896 cc (1.896 L; 115.7 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V turbo (Injection pump) 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4000 210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft) @1900 1998–2004
1.9 TDI ATD /AXR /BEW 1,896 cc (1.896 L; 115.7 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V turbo (Pumpe-Düse) 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) @4000 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) @1800-2400 2000–2005
1.9 TDI BJB / BKC / BXE / BLS 1,896 cc (1.896 L; 115.7 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V turbo 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @4000 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) @1800 2003–
1.9 TDI BSW 1,896 cc (1.896 L; 115.7 cu in) I4 SOHC 8V turbo (Pumpe-Düse) 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @4000 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) @1800-2200 2005–2006


The New Beetle achieved five stars in the 2011 Euro NCAP tests compared to four stars in the 2000 Euro NCAP tests scoring 25 points (33 to reach five stars).

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) gave the New Beetle a Good overall score in their frontal crash test. 2004 models come standard with side airbags; however, the IIHS rated the Beetle Poor in their side impact test.[6]

United States models[edit]

Engine choices include the 115 hp (86 kW) 2.0 L inline-four for the base model, the 100 hp (75 kW) 1.9 L TDI turbodiesel inline-four (discontinued after the 2006 model year due to more stringent emissions requirements), and the 150 hp (112 kW) 1.8 L turbo inline-four for the Turbo and Sport models .

The Turbo S model (sold 2002–2004) included the 1.8 L turbo but with 180 hp (134 kW). It also included a sport suspension, six-speed manual transmission, aluminum interior trim, revised front/rear fascias and bigger wheels and tires. A close relative of the Turbo S was the 2002–2004 Color Concept. This limited edition variant was available in limited exterior colors, with interior door panel inserts, seat inserts, floor mat piping and wheel opening inserts color-matched to the exterior paint. Wheel color inserts, diameter, and style varied with model year. It came standard with the 150 hp (112 kW) 1.8 turbo gasoline engine, 5 speed manual gear box, speed-activated rear spoiler, power windows/sunroof/door locks, heated leather seats, and fog lamps.

All 1.8L Turbo and Turbo S inline-four models were equipped with a retractable rear spoiler which was not available on the 1.9 L TDI inline-4, 2.0 L inline-four and 2.5 L inline-five models.

For the 2006 model, the exterior was slightly redesigned with more angular bumpers and wheel wells, and these models were fitted with the 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine with 150 hp (112 kW) which was also fitted on the Rabbit and Jetta, later becoming the sole engine option. The New Beetle would not be given the upgraded 2.5 L engine (engine code CBTA/CBUA) that 2008 and later Jettas and Rabbits received.

Special editions[edit]

Beetle RSi (2001–2003)[edit]

VW New Beetle RSi

The RSi is a limited 250 unit version of the New Beetle. It included a 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp) 3.2 litre VR6 engine,[7] a 6-speed gearbox, and Volkswagen's four-wheel drive system 4motion, Remus twin-pipe exhaust. It was rumoured Porsche tuned the suspension but this was carried out in-house at VW Individual. The suspension was greatly altered at the rear, with geometry more geared to the race track and a rear cross brace behind the rear seats, 80 mm (3.1 in) wider fenders, unique front and rear bumpers, a rear diffuser, large rear wing, and 18x9 OZ Superturismo wheels with 235/40ZR-18 tyres. Inside, it was trimmed in carbon fiber, billet aluminium, and bright orange leather. The front seats were Recaro racing buckets. Notable disadvantages found were loud cabin noise and brief rear tire life.

Ragster concept[edit]

The VW New Beetle Ragster Concept at the 2005 Chicago Auto Show

At the 2005 North American International Auto Show, the Volkswagen New Beetle Ragster concept car was introduced. It was supposed to be a preview of the future design of the New Beetle.[citation needed] The base of the Ragster (the name denoting a cross between a "ragtop" and a speedster) was a New Beetle Convertible modified with a new roof, giving it a much lower roofline, and a unique paint job with silver double stripes. The interior differs from the original New Beetle, being a 2+2, and having distinctive control dials. The Ragster's rear-view mirror is mounted on its dashboard,[8] a retro feature, reminiscent of the first Type 1s.[citation needed]

Wolfsburg Edition[edit]

The Wolfsburg edition was first released in 2000 with a limited supply being distributed to a select few countries, including USA, England, Australia and Japan. These came in a limited colour choice of white, black and silver, all sporting a black roof and older styled alloy mag wheels styled off the original beetle steel wheels. They all came in the 2.0L 5 speed manual only, no automatic option was available. They also had the VW emblem in chrome on black which is similar to what was already being used in USA, although other countries had chrome and blue VW emblems. They were priced at the higher price point then the standard (approx $3000 more depending on country) which did not buy a lot of value other than a more stylish look. This model was soon dropped and later replaced with an unlimited IQ model in white and black.

Blush (2009)[edit]

New Beetle Blush Convertible, with its unique exterior paint and interior color combination

The Blush is a limited New Beetle convertible with a special "white gold" exterior paint and "Bordeaux red" convertible top, with burgundy leather seats matching the convertible top color. Neither the white gold exterior or interior colors were available on other 2009 New Beetle convertibles. 1500 New Beetle Blush convertibles were produced.[9]

Final edition (2010)[edit]

Announced at the 2009 Los Angeles Auto Show, the 2010 Final Edition New Beetle features Aquarius Blue paintwork, with the hardtop receiving a black painted roof and the convertible sporting Campanella White painted side panels. In addition to unique 17-inch wheels, both models will be powered by a 2.5 litre engine mated to an automatic "Tiptronic" transmission. Other additions include sports suspension and "Final Edition" badging inside and out. Both models arrive with integrated fog lights and Electronic Stability Programme (ESP) as standard.

The "Final Edition" marked the end of production of the New Beetle.[10] It was succeeded in 2011 by the Beetle (A5).

BlackOrange Edition (2010)[edit]

In 2010, Volkswagen Australia offered a final limited edition variant named as BlackOrange Edition. Two colour combinations are available: Black gloss exterior with silver mirrors, silver alloy wheels and silver decals for the lower flanks of the body, or Red Rock metallic exterior with black roof/mirrors, black alloy wheels and black decals for the lower flanks. All these BlackOrange Edition came with 17-inch alloy wheels, sports suspension, leatherette seat upholstery, cruise control, front fog lights, tinted rear side/rear windows, aluminium pedals and leather-bound steering wheel/gear knob.[11]


The Volkswagen New Beetle was Motor Trend's "Import Car of the Year"[12] for 1999.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "VW creates life-size pink Beetle convertible for Barbie's 50th birthday". National Post. 10 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
  2. ^ Patton, Phil (May 2001). "Would you buy a Concept Car from this man?". Metropolis Magazine. Bellerophon Publications. Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  3. ^ "Volkswagen : New Beetle".
  4. ^ "The VW Experimental Vehicles - the 1980s to present pt 2". Wheelspin. London & Thames Valley VW Club. February 2003. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  5. ^ "Volkswagen Launches Turbonium Web Site". URLwire. June 1999. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
  6. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Volkswagen New Beetle". 2008-09-25. Retrieved 2009-08-07.
  7. ^ "VW New Beetle RSI". Retrieved 2010-12-31.
  8. ^ " | motoring | motor shows | New look for old favourite?". Retrieved 2012-09-26.
  9. ^ "2009 New Beetle Blush - All the VW Beetle Special Editions: SE Beetles". Retrieved 2016-04-15.
  10. ^ Harley, Michael (2009-12-02). "LA 2009: Volkswagen shows off "Final Edition" New Beetle models". Retrieved 2010-12-31.
  11. ^ "Volkswagen Beetle BlackOrange Limited Edition". Retrieved 2017-06-01.
  12. ^ "Motor Trend Import Car of the Year Complete Winners List". 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2010-12-31.

External links[edit]