New Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

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New Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
Building at the intersection of Broad Street (PA Route 28) and Wood Street (PA Route 66) looking east in downtown New Bethlehem[1]
Building at the intersection of Broad Street (PA Route 28) and Wood Street (PA Route 66) looking east in downtown New Bethlehem[1]
Location of New Bethlehem in Clarion County, Pennsylvania.
Location of New Bethlehem in Clarion County, Pennsylvania.
Map showing Clarion County in Pennsylvania
Map showing Clarion County in Pennsylvania
New Bethlehem is located in Pennsylvania
New Bethlehem
New Bethlehem
Location of New Bethlehem in Clarion County, Pennsylvania.
Coordinates: 41°00′12″N 79°19′51″W / 41.00333°N 79.33083°W / 41.00333; -79.33083Coordinates: 41°00′12″N 79°19′51″W / 41.00333°N 79.33083°W / 41.00333; -79.33083
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyClarion
Settled1840
Incorporated1853
Government
 • TypeBorough Council[2]
 • MayorEric Johnston
Area
 • Total0.52 sq mi (1.34 km2)
 • Land0.47 sq mi (1.21 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation
1,070 ft (330 m)
Population
 • Total989
 • Estimate 
(2016)[4]
931
 • Density1,997.85/sq mi (770.99/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
16242
FIPS code42-53248
Websitewww.newbethlehemboro.com
Sign welcoming visitors to New Bethlehem before crossing over the Redbank Creek from Armstrong County.

New Bethlehem is a borough in Clarion County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 989 at the 2010 census.[5]

Geography[edit]

New Bethlehem is located along the southern border of Clarion County at 41°0′12″N 79°19′51″W / 41.00333°N 79.33083°W / 41.00333; -79.33083 (41.003302, -79.330935).[6] It is in the valley of Redbank Creek, which separates the borough from South Bethlehem, Armstrong County to the south.

Pennsylvania Route 28 passes through the borough, crossing Redbank Creek into South Bethlehem, then leading southwest 20 miles (32 km) to Kittanning on the Allegheny River. To the northeast, PA 28 leads 20 miles (32 km) to Brookville and Interstate 80. Pennsylvania Route 66 intersects PA 28 in the center of New Bethlehem and leads north 13 miles (21 km) to I-80 and 16 miles (26 km) to Clarion, the county seat. PA 66 travels with PA 28 southwest to Kittanning. Pennsylvania Route 861 leads west from New Bethlehem 12 miles (19 km) to Rimersburg.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough of New Bethlehem has a total area of 0.50 square miles (1.3 km2), of which 0.46 square miles (1.2 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 9.92%, is water.[5]

History[edit]

Main Street, New Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, by J. C. Barnes, c. 1870s

One of the prominent early settlers of the borough was Henry "Gum" Nolf (alternative spellings include Nulph), who built the first store, grist-, and saw-mill.[7] The town was first referred to as "Gumtown" in honor of Nolf, but subsequently was named "Bethlehem", and later "New Bethlehem" to distinguish it from Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the eastern part of the state.

Demographics[edit]

St. Charles Roman Catholic Church (201 Washington Street) built in 1872 and the third church to be built in the town[8]
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860380
1870348−8.4%
1880773122.1%
18901,02632.7%
19001,26923.7%
19101,62528.1%
19201,6622.3%
19301,590−4.3%
19401,6222.0%
19501,604−1.1%
19601,599−0.3%
19701,406−12.1%
19801,4412.5%
19901,151−20.1%
20001,057−8.2%
2010989−6.4%
Est. 2016931[4]−5.9%
Sources:[9][10][11]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,057 people, 489 households, and 274 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,217.9 people per square mile (850.2/km²). There were 575 housing units at an average density of 1,206.5 per square mile (462.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.49% White, 0.76% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 489 households, out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.8% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 19.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 26.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 81.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.4 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $25,069, and the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $30,750 versus $20,469 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,796. About 13.9% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

Peanut Butter Festival[edit]

The city is home to an annual Peanut Butter Festival, celebrating its 23rd year in 2018. Though the town is home to the Smucker's peanut butter factory, the company does not sponsor the festival. However, the company does provide peanut butter for sale by the case or jar in a variety of flavors including Honey and Peanut Butter and Chocolate and Peanut Butter. J.M. Smucker also provided a $2,000 and $1,000 savings bond to the winner and first runner-up, respectively, of the Peanut Butter Festival Queen competition in 2018. The Peanut Butter Festival is a Redbank Valley Chamber of Commerce-sponsored event and is mainly set in the Gumtown Park.[12][13][14]

Flood of 1996[edit]

On July 19, 1996, a flood hit New Bethlehem as well as other parts of Pennsylvania.[15] Reports state that the Redbank Creek was over seven feet above flood stage, and much of the downtown area was underwater. Redbank Valley High School was shut down. It took a few months to clean and fix the damage until students were allowed to attend again. On a garage east of the Redbank Valley High School there is a line that shows how high the water level was at its highest point.

Redbank Valley Trail[edit]

Redbank Trail at Bostonia Spur between mile markers 19 and 20 just outside New Bethlehem.

New Bethlehem is one of the towns through which the Redbank Valley Trail passes. The trail extends 41 miles from the Allegheny River winding along the Redbank Creek to Brookville, Pennsylvania. The trail was chosen as Trail of the Year in 2014 by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.[16] The trail is built on a former rail corridor with the final train traveling through New Bethlehem on November 5, 2007, removing the tracks as it moved toward Brookville.[17]

Education[edit]

New Bethlehem is home to the Redbank Valley School District and two of the districts school buildings, its baseball fields and football and soccer fields.

  • Redbank Valley High School (formerly Redbank Valley Junior/Senior High School)
  • Redbank Valley Primary School (formerly New Bethlehem Elementary)

The district's third school building, Redbank Valley Intermediate School, is located in Hawthorn, PA.[18]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://goo.gl/maps/Ddleu
  2. ^ http://newbethlehemboro.com/about-us/borough-council
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): New Bethlehem borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ History of Clarion County. Davis, A.J., ed. "Chapter LXI: History of New Bethlehem Borough," L. L. Himes. Available online at https://archive.org/stream/historyofclarion00davi#page/550/mode/2up
  8. ^ Davis (editor), A.J. (1887), History of Clarion County, Syracuse, NY: D. Mason & Company, p. 558
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  10. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  12. ^ Batz, Bob (September 14, 2006). "Tale of Peanut Butter Festival is spread thin". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. PG Publishing Co., Inc. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
  13. ^ "Nine Girls Vie for Peanut Butter Crown". New Bethlehem Peanut Butter Festival. New Bethlehem, PA: The Leader-Vindicator & Jeffersonian Democrat. September 12–13, 2018. p. C4. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  14. ^ "23 Facts and Tips for the 23rd Peanut Butter Festival". New Bethlehem Peanut Butter Festival. New Bethlehem, PA: The Leader-Vindicator & Jeffersonian Democrat. September 12–13, 2018. p. C3. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  15. ^ Shuster, Patrick (March 21, 2011). "v". TribLIVE. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  16. ^ http://www.kittanningpaper.com/2014/01/30/redbank-valley-trail-chosen-as-2014-trail-of-the-year/43252
  17. ^ "2017 will be a milestone year for Redbank Trail corridor". Leader-Vindicator. 2017-01-04. Retrieved 2018-05-19.
  18. ^ "Redbank Valley School District". Retrieved September 18, 2018.

External links[edit]