New Board

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New Board
Type Curb-stone stock exchange
Location New York City, United States
Closed 1848

The New Board was an organization of curb-stone brokers established in 1836 in New York City to compete with the New York Stock and Exchange Board. It folded in 1848.[1]

History[edit]

The first local rival of the NYSE, the New Board emerged in 1835[1] among the rough and tumble conditions of the very speculative curb-side trading during the down-turn in the market in general.[2] Bloomberg writes that it formed "in response to an economic boom and the formation of the first railroad corporations."[1] The "curb" or "outside" trading the exchange used a system in which "brokers and dealers traded directly with each other in the street near the exchange."[1] To compete, the NYSE quickly began offering a second daily opportunity to buy or sell securities.[1]

This board grew out of a failed attempt of these brokers to work with the Wall Street board. At first, the new organization was very successful, growing, while Wall Street was in a general decline.[3] After its immediate success and strong rivalry, it declined, with most members going bankrupt within three years of its founding. Nevertheless, it remained larger than the older board until 1845.[3] According to Sobel (p. 51), the New Board was the first of a number of alternative set-ups that occurred in New York trading during periods of high volume, succeeding at first, setting up rival organizations and then succumbing during ensuing less bullish times.[3] The New Board’s brokers were "crushed" by the Panic of 1837 and the recession that followed. The exchange then faded before folding in 1848.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f E. Wright, Robert (January 8, 2013). "The NYSE's Long History of Mergers and Rivalries". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 10, 2017. 
  2. ^ Sloane, Leonard 1980 The Anatomy of the Floor, Doubleday: Garden City, New York, p. 22.
  3. ^ a b c Sobel, Robert (2000-05-01). The Big Board: A History of the New York Stock Market. Beard Books. pp. 49, 51. ISBN 9781893122666. 

External links[edit]