New Brighton, Merseyside
The Marine Lake at New Brighton
New Brighton shown within Merseyside
|OS grid reference|
|– London||181 mi (291 km) SE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|ISO 3166 code||GB-WRL|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
New Brighton is a seaside resort forming part of the town of Wallasey, in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in the metropolitan county of Merseyside, England. It is located at the northeastern tip of the Wirral Peninsula, within the historic county boundaries of Cheshire, and has sandy beaches which line the Irish Sea. New Brighton is home to the UK's longest promenade at 3.5 kilometres.
Up to the 19th century, the area had a reputation for smuggling and wrecking, and secret underground cellars and tunnels are still rumoured to exist. It also had a strategic position at the entrance to the Mersey Estuary.
The Perch Rock battery was completed in 1829. It mounted 18 guns, mostly 32 pounders, with 3 6-inch guns installed in 1899. Originally cut off at high tide, coastal reclamation has since made it fully accessible.
In 1830, a Liverpool merchant, James Atherton, purchased much of the land at Rock Point, which enjoyed views out to sea and across the Mersey and had a good beach. His aim was to develop it as a desirable residential and watering place for the gentry, in a similar way to Brighton, one of the most elegant seaside resorts of that Regency period – hence "New Brighton". Substantial development began soon afterwards, and housing began to spread up the hillside overlooking the estuary – a former gunpowder magazine being closed down in 1851.
During the latter half of the 19th century, New Brighton developed as a very popular seaside resort serving Liverpool and the Lancashire industrial towns, and many of the large houses were converted to inexpensive hotels. A pier was opened in the 1860s, and the promenade from Seacombe to New Brighton was built in the 1890s. This served both as a recreational amenity in its own right, and to link up the developments along the estuary, and was later extended westwards towards Leasowe, making it the longest in the UK.
The river Mersey and the resort were described by the diarist Francis Kilvert in 1872 as: "crowded with vessels of all sorts moving up and down the river, ships, barques, brigs, brigantines, schooners, cutters, colliers, tugs, steamboats, lighters, "flats", everything from the huge emigrant liner steamship with four masts to the tiny sailing and rowing boat … At New Brighton there are beautiful sands stretching for miles along the coast and the woods wave green down to the salt water's edge. The sands were covered with middle class Liverpool folks and children out for a holiday."
Built in 1935, St Peter and St Paul's Church in Atherton Street is still a landmark. In World War II, sailors used to recognise they were close to Merseyside when they could see the green dome of the church from the Mersey.
After World War II, the popularity of New Brighton as a seaside resort declined dramatically. However, the Tower Ballroom continued as a major venue, hosting numerous concerts in the 1950s and 1960s by local Liverpool groups such as The Beatles as well as other international stars. The Tower Ballroom continued in use until it was destroyed by a fire in 1969.
New Brighton is part of the Wallasey parliamentary constituency and represented by Angela Eagle MP, of the Labour Party who retained her seat in the 2015 general election. New Brighton is an electoral ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, which is itself a district of the metropolitan county of Merseyside.
|This section requires expansion with: prose. (July 2012)|
||Liverpool Bay||Liverpool Bay||Liverpool Bay|
|Wallasey Village||Mersey Estuary|
|Areas of Wallasey|
Fort Perch Rock is a coastal defence battery built between 1825 and 1829, with the foundation stone being laid in 1826. It was built to protect the Port of Liverpool and proposed as a fortified lighthouse to replace the old Perch Rock Light, however a separate lighthouse was built. The fort was built on an area known as Black Rock, and was cut off at high tide. However, coastal reclamation has made it fully accessible. It is currently open as a museum.
New Brighton Lighthouse was originally known as Perch Rock Lighthouse. Construction of the present structure began in 1827 though a light had been maintained on the rock since 1683. It was designed on the lines of Eddystone by Mr. Foster and built of marble rock from Anglesey by Tomkinson & Company. 
New Brighton has two recognisable churches dominating the skyline and viewable from the River Mersey. On Victoria Road, the Anglican St James Church by Sir George Gilbert Scott notable for its thin broach spire and a polygonal apse. It now incorporates the New Brighton Visitors Centre. The St Peter and Paul's Roman Catholic Church is at the top of Atherton Street, completed in 1935, it is a prominent Grade II listed building in the Roman Gesu style, featuring a large dome on a drum. Nicknamed the "Dome from Home" by returning sailors, the church was closed in 2008, and subsequently reopened in 2011.
The Black Pearl Pirate Ship is a community art installation situated on the beach near Tower Grounds . A replica of a three masted pirate man-of-war, it is almost entirely constructed from salvaged materials and driftwood found on the beach. Unusually for an artwork it is the focus for many other activities, mainly as a children's play structure, but also as a mock up vessel for RNLI exercises, wedding ceremonies and as a popular subject for photography. Originally constructed in 2013 by local artists Major Mace and Frank Lund, it has been damaged by both arson and storms and has subsequently been reconstructed with the help of numerous volunteers in 2014.The 'ship' has now become a semi permanent landmark on the seafront attracting thousands of visitors a year and national media attention.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
New Brighton has a wide range of visitor attractions and facilities. These focus on the £60m Marine Point Leisure and Retail development completed in 2011. This includes The Light 8 Screen digital multiplex cinema, a Travelodge hotel, a range of cafe bars and restaurants, a Morrisons supermarket and a sailing school using the refurbished Marine Lake. Other attractions include the Riverside Bowl bowling alley, the Lazer (sic) Quest centre, the Art-Deco New Palace Amusement Arcade (which includes a small fairground) and the Floral Pavilion Theatre which was rebuilt in 2008 as a first phase of the Town's regeneration and accommodates a Conference Centre. Significant investment has also been made in the public realm with particular highlights being a model boating lake and the Promenade.
|This section does not cite any sources. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Musically, New Brighton first came to national prominence when Granville Bantock, later to be knighted as one of Britain's most prolific composers, took over leadership of the New Brighton Tower concert band. Instead of continuing with the usual populist programme of dances and marches, Bantock set about transforming it into a professional orchestra. Unusually for the time, the orchestra performed modern classical music and would champion contemporary composers, even daringly devoting entire programmes to an individual composer's music. In return, many leading lights of contemporary British music, including Stanford, Parry, Corder, Mackenzie and Elgar, came to New Brighton to conduct and perform, and the New Brighton orchestra became nationally respected for the remaining period of Bantock's tenure.
The pop concert New Brighton Rock was held over two days: 21 and 22 May 1984 at the town's open-air swimming pool and transmitted by Granada Television on 23 June 1984 on ITV. It featured many musical artists of the day including Frankie Goes to Hollywood, Gloria Gaynor, Madness, Nik Kershaw and Spandau Ballet. A strain was placed on local police resources due to an on-going commitment to the 1984–85 miners' strike. Nevertheless, the event was covered by Merseyside Police's Wirral Division.
A song about New Brighton called "New Brighton" was included on the 1992 album Song by Liverpool-based group It's Immaterial. In 1996, Wallasey Brit-pop band The Boo Radleys released the C'mon Kids album. Track 9 on the album was an atmospheric and nostalgic song called "New Brighton Promenade". New Brighton is briefly mentioned in the song "Radio America" by The Libertines and there is also a song "New Brighton" by Pete Doherty. Also the band Jegsy Dodd and the sons of Harry Cross had a track on their 1986 'Winebars and Werewolves' album called "Who Killed New Brighton".
The Bandstand situated in Vale Park is a popular outdoor music venue, hosting a variety of acts, typically an orchestra or choir every Sunday. In more recent times, the bandstand has hosted music to a much younger generation and popular throughout the summer. It has been an ideal platform for local bands wanting to gain recognition.
|This section does not cite any sources. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Like Liverpool, Chelsea and Thames, New Brighton Tower were formed to play at an already-built stadium, the Tower Athletic Grounds, with a massive capacity of 80,000. The owners of the New Brighton Tower, a seaside attraction built to rival the Blackpool Tower, decided there was a need to provide winter entertainment, and had built a stadium adjacent to the tower. The football club was formed in 1896 to provide the entertainment, and joined the Lancashire League at the start of the 1897-98 season. After finishing as champions in their first season, the club were elected to the Second Division of the Football League when the League was expanded by four clubs. The team were very poorly supported, often averaging gates of 1,000.
The club signed a number of new players, including some who had played international football, and was reasonably successful, finishing 5th (out of 18) in its first season, and 4th in their third season. However, the cost of maintaining a professional football club became too high for the Tower's owners, and the club was disbanded in the summer of 1901, and replaced in the League by Doncaster Rovers.
In 1921, a new club was formed, New Brighton A.F.C., who would also play in the Football League from 1923 until 1951. New Brighton is one of the smallest settlements ever to have a Football League club, although it was in close proximity to the much larger Liverpool.
New Brighton Football Club (R.U.) are a rugby union team now based in Moreton. They currently play in North One West in the English league system. The Club was formed in New Brighton in 1875 and has been based at several grounds over the years.
The New Brighton railway station is located on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network. Support is growing for Merseytravel, the regional transport authority to re-instate the ferry to Liverpool.
- Granville Bantock, composer and conductor, in 1900 lived at 19 Holland Road.
- List of places in Merseyside
- Listed buildings in New Brighton, Merseyside
- New Brighton Lifeboat William and Kate Johnstone
- New Brighton Primary School
- "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- 2001 Census: New Brighton, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 30 June 2007
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- McKie, David. McKie's Gazetteer - A Local History of Britain. Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1-84354-654-2. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- "Wallasey Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- "Election Result for New Brighton ward on 22 May 2014". Wirral Council. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- "Ward Place Profile" (PDF). GrantThornton. NHS UK. October 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- "Fort Perch Rock" (PDF). victorianforts.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- "The New Brighton Fort". merseyside.net. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- "Fort Perch Rock". visitwirral.com. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- "New Brighton Lighthouse". Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Retrieved 17 August 2007.
- "New Brighton Lighthouse". Merseyside.net. Retrieved 30 June 2007.
- Cureton, Stephanie (24 February 2011). "Wallasey's landmark church will re-open". Wirral Globe. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Bradbury, Sean (12 January 2014). "In pictures: The Black Pearl at New Brighton one year on". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- "Flooding in New Brighton leaves cars and shops under water". BBC. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- "The Wirral Show". Retrieved 24 January 2008.
- "The Wirral Show Scrapped". The Wirral Globe. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
- "Film & TV Database: New Brighton Rock". British Film Institute. Retrieved 17 August 2007.
- Boumphrey, Ian (1986). Yesterday's Wirral: Wallasey and New Brighton Including Leasowe No. 4. Ian & Marilyn Boumphrey. ISBN 9780950725536.
- Boumphrey, Ian (1988). Yesterday's Wirral: Wallasey, New Brighton and Moreton No. 5. Ian & Marilyn Boumphrey. ISBN 9780950725543. OCLC 655904123.
- Franks-Buckley, Tony (2012). New Brighton - A Victorian Seaside Resort. Createspace. ISBN 9781481054003.
- Lloyd-Jones, Trevor (1972). 101 Views of Edwardian Liverpool and New Brighton. The Gallery Press. ISBN 9780900389122. OCLC 578365.
- Miller, Anthony (1996). The Inviting Shore: 1830-1939 Pt. 1: Social History of New Brighton. Birkenhead: Countyvise. ISBN 978-0907768937. OCLC 60149646.
- Rimmer, Ralph (1996). Around Wallasey and New Brighton. The History Press. ISBN 9780752401560. OCLC 36760307.
- Wilkinson, Colin (1993). Looking Back: Liverpool and New Brighton. The Bluecoat Press. ISBN 9781872568041. OCLC 30916462.
- Trinity Mirror Media (2011). New Brighton: Our Days Out Remembered. Trinity Mirror North West and North Wales. ISBN 9781906802882.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to New Brighton, Merseyside.|
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- History of Wallasey
- Discover the heritage at the Dome of Home, open 8am until 8pm every day.
- Read a detiled historic record about Perch Rock Battery
- New Palace and Adventureland, New Brighton
- Fort Perch Rock
- Webcam of Floral Pavilion reconstruction
- Metropolitan Borough of Wirral: North Wirral Coast Park
- New Brighton History
- Photos of New Brighton
- Archive of New Brighton postcards
- Photographs of New Brighton tunnels
- Images of the long lost fairground at New Brighton.
- Marine Point Leisure and Retail Development
- Light 8 Screen Digital Cinema New Brighton
- Riverside Bowl Bowling Alley and Lazer Quest
- Floral Pavilion Theatre and Conference Centre
- Brooklyn's Restaurant New Brighton