New Brunswick station

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New Brunswick
New Brunswick Station, street view.jpg
The 1904 station building as seen from Albany Street
LocationFrench Street and Albany Streets
New Brunswick, New Jersey
United States
Owned byNJ Transit
Line(s)Northeast Corridor
Platforms2 side platforms
ConnectionsNJT Bus NJT Bus: 810, 811, 813, 815, 818
Rutgers Campus Buses[1]
Brunsquick Shuttles[2]
DASH 1 & 2[3]
Suburban Trails: Line 100
OurBus Prime
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeNBK (Amtrak)
Fare zone14 (NJT)[4]
OpenedJanuary 1, 1838[5]
RebuiltOctober 1903[6]–September 28, 1904[7]
ElectrifiedDecember 8, 1932[8]
20124,976 (average weekday) [9] (NJT)
FY 20167,857[10]Decrease 6.1% (Amtrak)
Preceding station BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak Following station
Princeton Junction
toward Harrisburg
Keystone Service
Limited service
toward New York
Princeton Junction Northeast Regional Metropark
Princeton Junction
toward Savannah
Palmetto Metropark
One-way operation
Princeton Junction Crescent Metropark
toward New York
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Jersey Avenue
toward Trenton
Northeast Corridor Line
Princeton Junction
toward Trenton
Northeast Corridor Line
Former services
Preceding station Pennsylvania Railroad Following station
toward Chicago
Main Line Edison
Terminus New Brunswick Line
Voorhees Millstone Branch Terminus
New Brunswick Station
New Brunswick station, May 1985.jpg
New Brunswick station in May 1985
Coordinates40°29′47″N 74°26′47″W / 40.49639°N 74.44639°W / 40.49639; -74.44639Coordinates: 40°29′47″N 74°26′47″W / 40.49639°N 74.44639°W / 40.49639; -74.44639
Area0.5 acres (0.20 ha)
Built1903 (1903)
ArchitectWilliam H. Brown, chief engineer of the Pennsylvania Railroad[12]
Architectural styleColonial Revival, Georgian Revival
MPSOperating Passenger Railroad Stations TR
NRHP reference No.84002732[11]
NJRHP No.1875 [13]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJune 22, 1984
Designated NJRHPMarch 17, 1984

New Brunswick station is a railroad station in New Brunswick, New Jersey. It serves Amtrak and NJ Transit trains on the Northeast Corridor. The station is located at the intersection of Easton Avenue and French and Albany Streets, near the College Avenue Campus of Rutgers University.

The station has two high-level side platforms serving the outer tracks of the four-track Northeast Corridor. Most of Amtrak's Northeast Corridor services bypass the station via the inner tracks, except for select Keystone Service and Northeast Regional trains and the weekday westbound Palmetto.[14]


New Brunswick station in 1910
Northeast Corridor at New Brunswick looking Northeast

Train service to New Brunswick was begun by the New Jersey Railroad, northbound in 1838 and southbound in 1839. Its successor, Pennsylvania Railroad, built the current station in 1903 when the tracks were raised above street level.[15] Service was eventually taken over by Penn Central and then Amtrak and New Jersey Transit. In 2005, the Clocker trains, a popular commuter service serving the station, were transferred to NJT. In October 2015 the southbound Palmetto began stopping here.

The depot was designed in the Colonial Revival style and includes walls of light brown brick, hipped roof with gabled dormers and a deep cornice with dentil molding at its base. Brick quoins at the corners of the building convey an impression of strength and solidity. Windows display a popular Georgian Revival pattern of 9-over-1. Sills are incorporated into a stone belt course that wraps around the building, while lintels are embellished with prominent keystones.[16] The design is similar to that of the Chester Transportation Center in Pennsylvania.

The station building was listed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and National Register of Historic Places since 1984, and is part of the Operating Passenger Railroad Stations Thematic Resource.[17][18]

Urban transit hub[edit]

In 2005 the station was designated the core of the New Brunswick transit village, a smart growth initiative to promote transit-oriented development which can include government incentives to encourage compact, higher density, mixed-use development within walking distance of the station.[19][20]

In addition to New Jersey Transit bus operations and Rutgers Campus buses, the station is served by local shuttles known as Brunsquick and DASH. Studies are underway to develop the New Brunswick Bus Rapid Transit system, of which the station would be the hub. NJ 18 and NJ 27, which intersect at the station, would function as the two major corridors for a bus network that would connect downtown, residential neighborhoods, the five campuses of Rutgers in the city and Piscataway, and proximate communities.[21][22]

New Brunswick is one of nine cities in New Jersey designated as eligible for Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits by the state's Economic Development Authority. Developers who invest a minimum of $50 million within 0.5 miles (0.80 km) of a train station are eligible for pro-rated tax credit.[23][24] The Gateway is one such project located just to the north of station[25] and connected by a new pedestrian bridge, creating a direct link to the Rutgers campus.[26][27][28] It is the tallest building in the city[29] and one of several new projects in the vicinity of the station that has led to a revitalization of the city's downtown surrounding it.[27][28] Another planned building, a 16-story residential tower at Somerset Street[30][31] located one block north of the station, is the second UTHTC-approved project in the city.[32]

High-speed rail corridor[edit]

In August 2011 the United States Department of Transportation obligated $450 million to a six-year project to improve 24 miles (39 km) of the Northeast Corridor between New Brunswick and Trenton. The Next Generation High-Speed project is to upgrade electrical power, signals, and overhead catenary wires to improve reliability and increase speed to 160 mph (260 km/h), and with new trains to 186 mph (299 km/h).[33]

See also[edit]


  • Wall, John Patrick (1921). History of Middlesex County, New Jersey, 1664-1920, Volume 1. Lewis Historical Publishing Company.


  1. ^ "Campus Buses". Rutgers University. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  2. ^ "Middlesex County Area Transit (MCAT) Shuttle Routes". Middlesex County. 2012. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  3. ^ "Dash 1 and Dash 2". Ridewise. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  4. ^ "Northeast Corridor Timetables" (PDF). Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. November 7, 2010. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  5. ^ Wall 1921, p. 295.
  6. ^ "Contract Out for P.R.R. Station". The Daily Home News. September 15, 1803. p. 1. Retrieved June 3, 2018 – via open access
  7. ^ "Pennsylvania R.R. Station Thrown Open To-Day". The Daily Home News. September 28, 1904. p. 1. Retrieved May 21, 2018 – via open access
  8. ^ "Electric Train Service Started by P.R.R. Today". The Daily Home News. New Brunswick, New Jersey. December 8, 1932. pp. 1, 11. Retrieved January 31, 2021 – via open access
  9. ^ "QUARTERLY RIDERSHIP TRENDS ANALYSIS" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. December 27, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 19, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
  10. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2016, State of New Jersey" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  12. ^ Kafka–Holzschlag, Morris J.; Gehlert, Suzanne L. (2012). "New Brunswick and Transportation". Journal of the Rutgers University Libraries. Rutgers University.
  13. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Middlesex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. November 22, 2013. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 7, 2014.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 6, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "New Brunswick, NJ (NBK)". Great American Train Stations. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  16. ^ "New Brunswick Station". Amtrak's Great American Stations. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  17. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  18. ^ New Brunswick New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  19. ^ "West Windsor gains Transit Village designation Township becomes 24th Transit Village in New Jersey". NJDOT. January 5, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  20. ^ "Vanguard of New Brunswick's Transit-Oriented Revitalization". New Jersey Future.
  21. ^ "Greater New Brunswick Are Bus Rapid Transit" (PDF). NJTPA. May 2008. Retrieved April 4, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "A New Face of TOD: Bus Rapid Transit". Voorhees Transportation Institute. January 2008. Archived from the original on May 2, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  23. ^ "Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits". Financing Programs. New Jersey Economic Development Authority. Archived from the original on April 14, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  24. ^ "Middlesex County: New Brunswick" (PDF). Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits. New Jersey Economic Development Authority. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  25. ^ "Mixed Use The Gateway". Devco. Archived from the original on April 20, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  26. ^ Whitley, Brian (October 22, 2009). "Project to bridge New Brunswick train station to Rutgers University clears legal hurdle". The Star-Leger. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  27. ^ a b Miller, Paige (May 7, 2012). "In New Brunswick, one development tackles multiple community needs". Smart Growth America. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  28. ^ a b Cahill, Jim (March 2012). "New Development Brings Wellness, Fitness, & Happiness" (PDF). New Jersey Municipalities. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 7, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  29. ^ "New Brunswick", Emporis, retrieved May 15, 2012
  30. ^ "135 Somerset". New Brunswick buildings. Emporis. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  31. ^ "Somerset". Boraie LLC. Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  32. ^ Haydon, Tom (March 25, 2012). "16 story building to rise in New Brunswick". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  33. ^ Schned, Dan (August 24, 2011). "U.S. DOT Obligates $745 Million to Northeast Corridor Rail Projects". America 2050. Retrieved November 24, 2011.

External links[edit]