New Buckenham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
New Buckenham
Market Cross Building - geograph.org.uk - 789499.jpg
New Buckenham Market Cross Building
New Buckenham is located in Norfolk
New Buckenham
New Buckenham
New Buckenham shown within Norfolk
Area 1.73 km2 (0.67 sq mi)
Population 460 (2011)[1]
• Density 266/km2 (690/sq mi)
OS grid reference TM087904
Civil parish
  • New Buckenham
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORWICH
Postcode district NR16
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°28′20″N 1°04′20″E / 52.4722°N 1.0722°E / 52.4722; 1.0722Coordinates: 52°28′20″N 1°04′20″E / 52.4722°N 1.0722°E / 52.4722; 1.0722

New Buckenham is a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. It covers an area of 1.73 km2 (0.67 sq mi) and had a population of 468 in 197 households at the 2001 census,[2] falling marginally to a population of 460 in 209 households at the 2011 Census. It is in the local government district of Breckland. The village lies between the towns of Diss and Attleborough, centred on an ancient green with a whipping post. The village is close to Old Buckenham. New Buckenham's calendar includes a traditional August Bank Holiday Fete.

A planned town[edit]

New Buckenham was founded in the 12th century by William D’Albini to service his new castle at Buckenham, with a common to the east and a limited area of arable land (the Haugh field) to the south. The town itself was planned on a grid pattern and surrounded by a substantial wet moat that connected it to the castle. tn some places The moat was up to nine metres wide and three metres deep with an internal bank.[3] It was referred to as the ‘burgh ditch’ in 1493 and the area within it was known as ‘the burgage’.[4] By 1600 the moat was no longer being maintained and was becoming clogged with rubbish. in 1632 Charles Gosling, the owner of the Rookery, was given leave to build a barn across it[5] The foundation was not a failure. New Buckenham remained a market centre and was joined to Norwich by a turnpike road in 1772.[6] However, it never grew into a larger settlement. This has meant not only that it has retained its original layout for which, according to the revised Pevsner for Norfolk, ‘it deserves to be better known’,[7] but also that there has been very little development beyond its medieval boundaries.[8] In Norfolk from the Air I [9] New Buckenham is described as ‘a rare example of a Norman planned town that has not significantly expanded outside or shrunk within its original boundaries’. The plan must have been altered by the foundation of the parish church between 1243 and the end of the thirteenth century. It was further modified by building over the southern part of the market which had occurred by 1529: Its original limit is marked by Booseys Walk [10] There is a wealth of half-timbered housing hiding behind 19th century brick frontages and over sixty dwellings are Grade II listed.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Poet, children's author and hymn writer Emily Taylor (1795–1872) was brought up in the village and ran a school there.[11]
  • Biblical scholar, writer, and minister Joseph Bryant Rotherham (1828–1910) was born there.
  • New Buckenham Silver Band was created in 1887 to celebrate Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee and continues as one of the older brass bands in East Anglia.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001). Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  3. ^ Paul and Tom Rutledge, New Buckenham. A Moated Town, New Buckenham Society, 2002; Niall Donald, ‘New Buckenham, Dicken Cottage, Marsh Lane’, Norfolk Archaeology, vol. xlii, 1997, p. 555
  4. ^ Francis Blomefield, An Essay towards a Topographical History of Norfolk, 1805-10, I p. 395; Paul Rutledge, ‘New Buckenham in 1542’, Norfolk Archaeology, vol. xlv, 2007, pp. 222-31
  5. ^ New Buckenham 'A Moated Town' Paul and Tom Rutledge. Pub. New Buckenham Society. 2002.
  6. ^ David Dymond, ‘Medieval and Later Markets’ and Alan Davison and Richard Joby, ‘Early Roads and Turnpikes’, An Historical Atlas of Norfolk, ed. Trevor Ashwin and Alan Davison, Phillimore, 2005, pp. 76-7, 154-5
  7. ^ The Buildings of England. Norfolk 2: North-west and South, Nicholas Pevsner and Bill Wilson, 1999, p. 559
  8. ^ Brian Ayers, ‘Medieval Planned Towns’, An Historical Atlas of Norfolk, ed. Trevor Ashwin and Alan Davison, Phillimore, 2005, p. 75
  9. ^ ed. Peter Wade-Martins, 2nd ed. Norfolk Museums Service, p. 32
  10. ^ 'New Buckenham' pub. by Archaeological Journal, vol 137 for 1980. Rutledge P. 1980.
  11. ^ ODNB. Information under Alexander Gordon, "Taylor, Edgar (1793–1839)", rev. Eric Metcalfe, ODNB, Oxford University Press, 2004 Retrieved 16 September 2014. Pay-walled.

External links[edit]