2014 New Caledonian legislative election

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New Caledonia

Legislative elections were held in New Caledonia on 11 May 2014.[1] The result was a victory for the three anti-independence parties (Caledonia Together, Front for Unity and Union for Caledonia in France), which together won 29 of the 54 seats (48.85% of the votes, 53.7% of the seats) in the Congress of New Caledonia.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

Voters elected 87 members to the assemblies of the three provinces of New Caledonia. In turn, 54 also become members of the Congress. Voting was restricted to people on the Special Roll, which excluded people who moved to New Caledonia after 1988.[3]

A total of 17 parties registered to contest the elections.[4]

Campaign[edit]

The main issue at stake in the elections was independence from France. The elected Congress would be responsible for taking decisions on moving towards independence, as agreed in the Nouméa Accord, and an independence referendum will be held during the term of this Congress if there is a three-fifths majority in favour of holding one.[3] However, in the lead up to the elections, the pro-independence Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front claimed that around 6,700 people on the Special Roll had moved to New Caledonia after 1988, and that 2,000 people who should have been on the Special Roll and were eligible to vote in the Territorial elections were not, the two figures equating to around 7% of registered voters.[3] In response, anti-independence groups claimed that 4,000 Kanaks should be removed from the electoral roll,[5] and that taking the issue to court would threaten a return to violence.[6]

A television debate was planned to discuss the electoral roll issue, but was cancelled at the last minute.[6] The United Nations sent a delegation to the territory in March 2014 to look into the controversy around the electoral lists, and to ensure that the Accords were upheld.[7] Although the French government approved the UN delegation, the anti-independence Union for New Caledonia within France and Caledonia Together opposed their presence.[7]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Caledonia Together 24,863 23.31 13 +8
The Rally–UMP (Front for Unity) 13,649 12.79 7 −6
Caledonian UnionFLNKS 13,602 12.75 9
Union for Caledonia in France 12,539 11.75 6 New
Build Our Rainbow Nation 12,289 11.52 6 New
National Union for Independence 8,876 8.32 6
Labour Party 3,678 3.45 1 −2
National Front 2,706 2.54 0 0
One Province for All[a] 2,561 2.40 2 New
North Province Agreement[b] 2,191 2.05 1 New
Convergence Country 2,190 2.05 0 New
Party of Kanak Liberation 2,053 1.92 1
Aboriginal Dynamic 1,566 1.47 1 New
Union for Building the Loyalty Islands 1,564 1.47 1 New
The Other Voice 939 0.88 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 1,410
Total 106,650 100 54 0
Registered voters/turnout 152,457 69.95
Source: New Caledonia Government

a In coalition with Caledonia Together

b In coalition with the Front for Unity

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-06. Retrieved 2014-05-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ New Caledonia elections: French loyalists win, independence supporters gain ground ABC, 12 May 2014
  3. ^ a b c French magistrates to resolve New Caledonia electoral issues Radio New Zealand International, 28 February 2014
  4. ^ 17 party lists to contest New Caledonia provincial elections Radio New Zealand International, 23 April 2014
  5. ^ New Caledonia Congress President Roch Wamytam raises electoral roll concerns ahead of independence moves ABC, 28 February 2014
  6. ^ a b Televised New Caledonia election debate cancelled Radio New Zealand International, 11 April 2014
  7. ^ a b UN sends mission to New Caledonia Archived 2014-05-04 at the Wayback Machine Islands Business, April 2014