New Castle, Indiana

Coordinates: 39°54′50″N 85°23′04″W / 39.91389°N 85.38444°W / 39.91389; -85.38444
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of New Castle
New Castle from the air, looking east.
New Castle from the air, looking east.
Location of New Castle in Henry County, Indiana.
Location of New Castle in Henry County, Indiana.
Coordinates: 39°54′50″N 85°23′04″W / 39.91389°N 85.38444°W / 39.91389; -85.38444
CountryUnited States
StateIndiana
CountyHenry
Settled1822
Government
 • MayorGreg York (D)[citation needed]
Area
 • Total7.34 sq mi (19.02 km2)
 • Land7.32 sq mi (18.97 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)  0.27%
Elevation1,063 ft (324 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total17,396
 • Density2,375.20/sq mi (917.03/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
47362
Area code765
FIPS code18-52740[3]
GNIS feature ID2395191[2]
Websitewww.cityofnewcastle.net/

New Castle is a city in Henry County, Indiana, 44 miles (71 km) east-northeast of Indianapolis, on the Big Blue River. The city is the county seat of Henry County.[4] New Castle is home to New Castle Fieldhouse, the largest high school gymnasium in the world. The city is surrounded by agricultural land. In the past, it was a manufacturing center for the production of sheet iron and steel, automobiles, caskets, clothing, scales, bridges, pianos, furniture, handles, shovels, lathes, bricks, and flour.[5] Starting in the early 20th century, it was known as the Rose City, at one point having 100 florists and numerous growers.[6]

According to the 2010 census, the population was 17,396.

New Castle Correctional Facility, with a capacity of over 3,500 inmates, is located just north of the city.

History[edit]

New Castle was platted in 1823, and named after New Castle, Kentucky.[7] A post office was established at New Castle in 1823.[8] The Maxwell automobile factory, later owned and operated by Chrysler Motor Corp. was, at the time of construction (1907), the largest automotive manufacturing plant in the nation.[9]

The Chrysler Enclosure, Gen. William Grose House, Henry County Courthouse, and New Castle Commercial Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, New Castle has a total area of 7.311 square miles (18.94 km2), of which 7.29 square miles (18.88 km2) (or 99.71%) is land and 0.021 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 0.29%) is water.[11]

Climate[edit]

Climate is designated as Humid continental, and this region typically has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa". (Hot Summer Continental Climate).[12]

Climate data for New Castle, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 38
(3)
41
(5)
47
(8)
62
(17)
73
(23)
82
(28)
87
(31)
85
(29)
79
(26)
68
(20)
50
(10)
38
(3)
63
(17)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 20
(−7)
23
(−5)
27
(−3)
39
(4)
49
(9)
59
(15)
62
(17)
59
(15)
50
(10)
40
(4)
28
(−2)
20
(−7)
40
(4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.3
(84)
2.8
(71)
3.0
(76)
4.3
(110)
4.3
(110)
4.9
(120)
3.6
(91)
2.9
(74)
2.6
(66)
2.3
(58)
2.9
(74)
2.5
(64)
39.4
(1,000)
Average precipitation days 6.6 5.9 6.1 6.9 6.9 7.7 6.3 5.5 4.4 4.0 4.9 5.5 70.7
Source: Weatherbase [13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1850666
1860417−37.4%
18701,556273.1%
18802,29947.8%
18902,69717.3%
19003,40626.3%
19109,446177.3%
192014,45853.1%
193014,027−3.0%
194016,62018.5%
195018,2719.9%
196020,34911.4%
197021,2154.3%
198020,056−5.5%
199017,753−11.5%
200017,7800.2%
201018,1141.9%
202017,396−4.0%
Source: US Census Bureau

2020 Census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2020, there were 17,396 people, 6,951 households, and 2,701 families living in the town. The population density was 2,375.20 inhabitants per square mile (917.1/km2). There were 8,606 housing units at an average density of 1,164.55 per square mile (449.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.1% White, 1.8% African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.03% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.2% Native American or Alaska Native, 0.1% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.

There were 6,951 households, 40.5% were married couples living together, 31.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 8.4% were non-families. 51.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.09.

30.5% of the population had never been married. 43.1% of residents were married and not separated, 7.2% were widowed, 17.7% were divorced, and 1.6% were separated.

The median age in the city was 39.2. 5.8% of residents were under the age of 5; 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 76.1% were age 18 or older; and 17.9% were age 65 or older. 9.4% of the population were veterans.

The most common language spoken at home was English with 98.8% speaking it at home, 0.6% spoke Spanish at home, 0.5% spoke other Indo-European languages, 0.1% spoke other languages. 0.3% of the population were foreign born.

The median household income in Henry County was $42,803, 23% less than the median average for the state of Indiana. 20.7% of the population were in poverty, including 26.8% of residents under the age of 18. The poverty rate for the town was 7.8% higher than that of the state. 23.3% of the population were disabled and 8.5% had no healthcare coverage. 47.6% of the population had attained a high school or equivalent degree, 19.9% had attended college but received no degree, 7.5% had attained an Associate's degree or higher, 8.8% had attained a Bachelor's degree or higher, and 5.4% had a graduate or professional degree. 10.8% had no degree. 51.6% of New Castle residents were employed, working a mean of 40.4 hours per week. The median gross rent in New Castle was $690 and the homeownership rate was 63.2%. 1,056 housing units were vacant at a density of 143.87 per square mile (55.5/km2).

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2010, there were 18,114 people, 7,769 households, and 4,660 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,481.4 inhabitants per square mile (958.1/km2). There were 9,002 housing units at an average density of 1,233.2 per square mile (476.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 7,769 households, of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 39.5 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 17,780 people, 7,462 households, and 4,805 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,987.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,153.5/km2). There were 8,042 housing units at an average density of 1,351.3 per square mile (521.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.37% White, 1.85% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 7,462 households, out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. Some 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,688, and the median income for a family was $37,463. Males had a median income of $32,624 versus $20,554 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,587. About 10.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

New Castle is a third class city and has a seven-member city council chaired by the mayor. One council member is elected from each of the city's five districts and two are elected at-large. The clerk-treasurer and city judge are also elected offices. City elections are held every four years in the year preceding presidential elections.

The mayor is elected by popular vote and appoints the police chief, fire chief, city attorney, and department heads of the various municipal agencies.

Education[edit]

The city has a public library, the New Castle-Henry County Public Library.[16]

Other attractions[edit]

Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame building.

International relations[edit]

The town attended a World Summit of towns called Newcastle held in Newcastle-under-Lyme in England for six days from 17 June 2006

Germany Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Switzerland Neuchâtel, Switzerland
France Neufchâteau, Vosges, France
United States New Castle, Delaware, USA
United States New Castle, Indiana, USA
United States New Castle, Pennsylvania, USA
England Newcastle-under-Lyme, England
England Newcastle upon Tyne, England
South Africa Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Japan Shinshiro, Japan

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: New Castle, Indiana
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ For an overview of New Castle manufacturing in various historical periods (including the industries listed here), see Herbert L. Heller, Historic Henry County, 3 vols. (New Castle, Ind.: Courier-Times, 1982).
  6. ^ Herbert L. Heller, Historic Henry County, vol. 3: 1880-early 1940s), pp. 329-331.
  7. ^ Hazzard, George (1906). Hazzard's History of Henry County, Indiana, 1822-1906. G. Hazzard, author and publisher. pp. 949–950.
  8. ^ "Henry County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  9. ^ Herbert L. Heller, 'Historic Henry County, vol. 3: 1800-early 1940s (New Castle, Ind.: Courier-Times, 1982), p. 528.
  10. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  11. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  12. ^ "New Castle, Indiana Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  13. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on June 15, 2013.
  14. ^ "New Castle city, Indiana - Census Bureau Profile". The United States Census Bureau. p. 1.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
  16. ^ "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
  17. ^ News article, paragraph three, from USA Today, February 25, 2004.
  18. ^ "Pre-Historic Indian Burial Mound Discovered in City," (New Castle) Courier-Times (April 26, 1967), p. 1
  19. ^ Beth McCord, "1999 Excavations at Mounds State Park (12-M-2) and the New Castle Site (12-Hn-1) (Reports of Investigation, No. 73) (Muncie, Ind.: Applied Anthropology Publications, 2008) and Beth McCord, "The New Castle Site Revisited" (Reports of Investigation, No. 54) (Muncie, Ind.: 1999)--reports available at https://www.bsu.edu/academics/centersandinstitutes/applied-anthropology-laboratories/publications (accessed 2/12/2020).
  20. ^ "Indianapolis Star". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  21. ^ Thomas St. Myer, Muncie Star-Press (March 5, 2013). "New Castle baseball star Trey Ball trades aluminum for wood at the plate". USA Today. Archived from the original on June 14, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  22. ^ "From Broke To Billionaire: How Fred Luddy Built The World's Most Innovative Company". Forbes. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  23. ^ "Peter Malnati". Pgatour.com. PGA. Retrieved January 24, 2016.

External links[edit]

News and media[edit]