New City, New York
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008)|
Rockland County Court House in New City
Location in Rockland County and the state of New York.
|• Total||16.4 sq mi (42.4 km2)|
|• Land||15.6 sq mi (40.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)|
|Elevation||157 ft (48 m)|
|• Density||2,154/sq mi (831.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0958400|
New City is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of Clarkstown, Rockland County, New York, United States, part of the New York Metropolitan Area. An affluent suburb of New York City, the hamlet is located 18 miles (29 km) north of the city at its closest point, Riverdale, Bronx. Within Rockland County, New City is located north of Bardonia, northeast of Nanuet, east of New Square and New Hempstead, south of Garnerville and Haverstraw village, and west, straight across Lake Deforest, of Congers. New City's population was 33,559 at the 2010 census, making it the 14th most populous CDP/hamlet in the state of New York.
New City is the county seat, and most populous community of Rockland County and the location of the Clarkstown Police Department, Sheriff's office and corrections facility. The downtown area is one of the main business districts in the county. The ZIP code of New City is 10956.
New City is located at (41.145495, −73.994901).
Before the Revolutionary War, the land that would later become known as New City was settled mostly by Lenni Lenape Native Americans. The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in the area. Orange County was established in 1683 as one of the first 12 counties in Province of New York, which included present day Rockland County. In 1780, Major Andre and Josh Hett Smith stopped at Coe's Tavern, located on what is now the corner of New Hempstead Road and Route 45, on their way to meeting Benedict Arnold.
New City was formed in 1798, when Rockland County was incorporated as a separate county from the south-easternmost portion of Orange County. With the formation of a new county, there were needs for a new county seat. The central location of New City was a convenient location for a county seat, since travel in 1798 was difficult, and the existing main towns in the county were not centrally located. At the time, the Squadron Cavalry of New York City had a summer encampment of what is now the busy streets of Squadron Boulevard and Cavalry Drive, hence how these streets were named. The community got its name because the founding fathers envisioned a "new" city when forming the new county seat.
The downtown area in its early days, other than county and town government, consisted mainly of small retail shops in what was mainly an agricultural area. There was also a county fairgrounds and racetrack located on the Route 304 and Congers Road intersection.
In 1918, Paramount Pictures founder Adolf Zukor moved to New City where he bought 300 acres of land from Lawrence Abraham which already had a large house, a swimming pool, and a 9-hole golf course on the property. Two years later, in 1920, Zukor bought 500 more acres off Abraham and built multiple additions including a night house, guest house, greenhouses, garages, and more. He also hired A.W. Tillinghast to build an 18-hole championship golf course on the property. The land is now currently known as Paramount Country Club. Zukor Park, located just south of the country club, is also named after Adolf. Zukor's property also attracted a large amount of artistic people to the area; including Maxwell Anderson, Henry Varnum Poor, Norman Lloyd, Kurt Weill, Martha MacGuffie, Lotte Lenya, John Houseman and more who all lived on South Mountain Road and formed an artist colony there.
Dutch Gardens, the oldest remaining park in the county, was built in 1934 by Italian artisans, known for its unique patterned brickwork. It was designed by West Nyack native Mary Mowbray-Clark. It was honored as the 1934 Garden of the Year by Better Homes and Gardens Magazine. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. Located just south of the courthouse in the downtown area, it is still one of the most commonly visited parks in Rockland County today.
New City remained rural in character until the 1950s, when the idea of post-World War II suburbia, as well as the opening of the Tappan Zee Bridge and Palisades Interstate Parkway, made traveling between New York City and Rockland County faster, and easier; and many former New York City residents migrated to Rockland, which transformed New City from a quiet rural community to a busy populated suburb of New York City. Along with residential development, business development increased rapidly as well. The downtown area became home to many banks, retail, and real-estate companies; as well as restaurants, shops, a movie theater, bars, and many other forms of entertainment. Although certain parts of the town such as South Mountain Road and Lake Lucille have been preserved, and remain quiet, wooded, historic old-wealth neighborhoods.
New City has experienced rapid development, increasing by over 35 times in population between 1950 and 1980, yielding a wealthy stable tax base. The downtown area is the county seat, and one of the main business districts in the county, and attracts a large daytime population of workers, residents, and visitors. The neighborhoods towards the center of town are mostly middle class. Located within walking distance from most of New City's main attractions, these neighborhoods are more densely populated than the outskirts of town.
Despite booming development, many upper-middle and upper class residential areas towards the outskirts of town, particularly on the northern side, have remained tranquil and comprise wooded acres, winding roads, stone walls, trees, lakes, and streams. While undeveloped land for development is scarce, a few small farms still dot the landscape.
- Braemar, a middle-class neighborhood just south of the downtown area.
- Brownsell Corner, a community towards the northern side of town by Zukor Park, north of the New City Condominiums.
- Camelot, a wealthy neighborhood towards the eastern side of town that was established in the early 21st century. It is known for its castle-like mansion homes.
- Centenary, a community on the north-easternmost side of town, just south of Haverstraw.
- Dellwood Park, an upper-middle-class neighborhood towards the north side of town, south of Lake Lucille.
- Downtown New City, the downtown business district towards the center of town. While mostly commercial, it does feature a small amount of residential structures including houses, apartment buildings, and townhouses.
- Fieldstone, a wealthy neighborhood on the south-eastern side of town.
- The Hamlets of Rockland, commonly known as just The Hamlets a neighborhood of which one-third is within the New City border, the other two-thirds are in Nanuet.
- Lake Lucille, an upper-middle-class neighborhood on the north side of town, adjacent to the lake of the same name.
- Mount Vernon Manor, a middle-class neighborhood towards the center of town, north of Omni Court.
- New City Condominiums or Heritage Drive, a lower-middle-class neighborhood 0.8 miles north of the downtown area.
- New City Gardens, a working-class neighborhood towards the center of town, just east of Omni Court.
- New City Park, a community southwest of the downtown area, known for its man-made lake, small town atmosphere, a small business district, and Cropsey Farm.
- Oakbrook, a community on the south-westernmost side of town by the Nanuet border.
- Omni Court, a middle-class neighborhood towards the center of town.
- The Promenade, an upper-middle-class neighborhood towards the north side of town.
- Sky Drive, a wealthy, private neighborhood north of Lake Lucille.
- South Mountain Road, a two-lane, winding, historic road and former artist's colony on the northern border.
- Squadron Gardens, a senior community towards the center of town.
- Tarry Hill, an upper-middle-class neighborhood towards the north side of town.
|Historical populations |
|* Source document from Rockland County, not Census Bureau. Document .|
As of the 2000 census, there were 34,038 people, 11,030 households, and 9,496 families residing in the CDP. New City is 15.6 mi² in area. The population density was 842.4/km² (2,181.6/mi²). There were 11,161 housing units at an average density of 715.3/sq mi (276.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.09% White, 4.67% African American, 0.08% Native American, 6.99% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.87% of the population. There were 11,030 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.9% were non-families. 11.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 30.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
As of a 2007 estimate, the racial makeup for the town was now 78.4% Non-Hispanic White, 4.7% African American or Black, <1% Native American, 9.1% Asian, <1% Pacific Islander, 1.4% other races, and 0.5% multi-racial. Hispanic or Latino of any race was now 7.4% of the population. The median income for a household in the CDP was $117,734 and the median income for a family was $128,200. Males had a median income of $62,234 versus $43,028 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $37,519. About 2.2% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line in 2007.
Most likely due to the building of the Tappan Zee Bridge, New City has been one of the fastest growing suburbs of New York City, and is still growing today.
- Collyer Farm Pond & New City Park – Collyer Avenue and Lake Drive
- H. R. Stevens House – 234 Congers Road
- The Jacob Blauvelt House, 20 Zukor Road
- Rockland County Court House, 1 South Main Street
- Martinus Hogenkamp Cemetery, South Little Tor Road
- One Germonds, 1 Germonds Road
Landmarks and places of interest
- Coe's Tavern – Formerly at northeast corner of Route 45 & New Hempstead Road – On two occasions Continental Army troops encamped here. Major Tallmadge and his dragoons halted here when taking Joshua Hett Smith and Major John André from West Point to Tappan in 1780.
- Cropsey Farm, 230 Little Tor Road – This is one of the five remaining vegetable and fruit farms in Rockland County. The farmhouse and its twin, China Echo farmhouse, were built of native red sandstone around 1769 by the Blauvelt brothers and is one of the oldest existing barns in the county.
- Dellwood Country Club (now Paramount Country Club) hosts The Kennedy Funding Invitational, an unofficial tennis tournament that raises money for breast cancer research. Notable players who have participated include Pete Sampras, John McEnroe, Dudi Sela, Sam Querrey, Michael Russell, Justin Gimelstob, Amer Delic, Bobby Reynolds, Kevin Kim, and Noam Okun. Dellwood was once the home to Paramount Pictures founder Adolph Zukor.
- Dutch Garden – Designed by Mary Horgan Mowbray-Clarke, a West Nyack native, in 1933–34 as memorial to the county's early settlers, it won "Garden of the Year" from Better Home and Gardens magazine in 1935. Master craftsman Biaglo Gugliuzzo of Garnerville created walks and latticed walls of Haverstraw brick. Still standing is the Tea House, with carvings of mountains, windmills and other serene symbols representing aspects of Dutch-American history, others of motifs popular in the 1930s – Popeye, the Baker Cocoa and Old Dutch Cleanser maids. Over the years, it served as a site for weddings and for concerts. Folk singer Burl Ives once performed there and Eleanor Roosevelt visited the garden. Markers on site. It is now a county park with a beautiful display of flowering bulbs in spring. (NRHP)
- English Church and Schoolhouse (New Hempstead Presbyterian Church), 484 New Hempstead Road. The first English-speaking church established in the county, organized by English settlers from Hempstead on Long Island in 1734 who wish to have services in English rather than Dutch as in the Reformed Church. Celebrated its 275th anniversary in 2009. (NRHP)
- H. R. Stevens House – 234 Congers Road (NRHP)
- Historical Society of Rockland County, 20 Zukor Road
- Jacob Blauvelt Farmhouse, 20 Zukor Road – A farmhouse of Dutch colonial style built 1882. Contains an open fireplace for cooking demonstrations. The 4-acre (16,000 m2) site also has a museum, herb garden and nature trail. (NRHP)
- Law Enforcement Museum – The walls of the county Sheriff's Department are lined with photos and interesting memorabilia about enforcement in Rockland County, New York City and around the nation.
- New City Library – 220 North Main Street
- Peter DePew House – 101 Old Route 304 (NRHP)
- Pojn Hill – A nickname based on a local legend for Trout Court
- Saint Paul Evangelical Lutheran Church – celebrated 100 years in November 2007
- South Mountain Road – A winding, two-lane historic road.
- Van Houten Gardens – 241 S. Little Tor Road – Formerly part of the Cropsey Farm. Across the road is a Dutch sandstone house, built around 1769 and owned by the Cropsey family since 1893.
- Skylar Astin, actor in Pitch Perfect
- Chris Day, 2014 candidate for New York's 17th Congressional District resided in New City from 1984-2014
- John Masters, author of Bhowani Junction
- Thomas Morahan (October 11, 1931 – July 12, 2010), represented all of Rockland County and parts of Orange County in the New York State Senate for the 38th district. He was a member of the New York State Assembly from the 96th district from January 1981 to December 1982.
- Hayden Panettiere, actress; in her early life she lived in the New City Condominiums
- Henry Varnum Poor (1888–1970), architect, painter, sculptor, muralist, and potter. Self-taught as an architect, Poor designed the "Crow House" on South Mountain Road for himself, and designed houses or home renovations for Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya, John Houseman, Burgess Meredith, and Maxwell Anderson.
- Sam Rosen, sportscaster
- Jordan Rudess, keyboard player for Dream Theater
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): New City CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- "Age Groups and Sex: 2010 - State -- Place (GCT-P2): New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- http://www.lakelucille.com/times/archive.htm. Missing or empty
- "A Brief History of New City". The Rockford Group, Inc. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
- Trager, James (1979). The people's chronology: a year-by-year record of human events from prehistory to the present. Austin, Texas, United States: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. p. 823.
- New City Fire Engine Company No. 1
- New City Volunteer Ambulance Corps
- "10 New Reasons to Love New City," by Robert Zeliger, Rockland Magazine, September 13, 2006