New Communist Party of the Netherlands

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New Communist Party of the Netherlands

Nieuwe Communistische Partij Nederland
Founded1992 (1992)
Merger ofFormer Communist Party of the Netherlands and League of Communists in the Netherlands members.
NewspaperManifest
Youth wingCommunist Youth Movement
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism–Leninism
Political positionFar-left
International affiliationInternational Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
International Communist Seminar
ColoursRed
Website
www.ncpn.nl

The New Communist Party of the Netherlands (Dutch: Nieuwe Communistische Partij Nederland, NCPN) is a communist party in the Netherlands. The NCPN was founded in 1992 by the former members of the Communist Party of the Netherlands to oppose CPN's merger into the centre-left GroenLinks. These members have been known as "the Horizontals". Through the Stichting HOC (Foundation HOC), the NCPN releases the monthly newspaper Manifest.

The NCPN supports the socialist government of Cuba, the socialist developments in Venezuela under Hugo Chavez and Bolivia under Evo Morales. The party opposed the United States invasion of Iraq and opposes neoliberalism. The party was critical of the trial of Slobodan Milošević.

In 2003, the Communist Youth Movement (CJB) was founded as the NCPN's political youth organization.

NCPN at a demonstration, 1 May 2014 in Amsterdam.

History[edit]

In 1982 a group of members of the Communist Party of the Netherlands founded the newspaper Manifest, out of discontent with the CPN leadership. In 1984 this group founded the League of Communists in the Netherlands (VCN). The CPN dissolved in 1992 in order to make place for a new political party, GreenLeft, an alliance in which the CPN had participated since the 1980s. Subsequently, the VCN, together with many former members of the CPN, founded the NCPN.

In 1999 the local branch of the NCPN in the municipality of Scheemda split from the party and continued as the United Communist Party (VCP), which has since won city council seats in Oldambt and Pekela.

Elections[edit]

National elections[edit]

Results NCPN House of Representatives elections
Year Party leader Votes Percentage Seats
1994 Rinze Visser 11.630 0,13 0
1998 Rinze Visser 5.620 0,07 0
2003 Alejandro de Mello 4.860 0,05 0

Local elections[edit]

City Council[1] 1994[2] 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
perc. seats votes perc. seats votes perc. seats votes perc. seats votes perc. seats votes perc. seats votes perc. seats votes
Amersfoort 1,36% 0 679[2] 0,41% 0 242 0,22% 0 137
Amsterdam 0,98% 0 3.017 0,37% 0 968[2] 0,30% 0 819[2] 0,17% 0 511
Bergen op Zoom (in progressive front list "the Spark") 1,94% 0 501
Breda 0,32% 0 183
Enschede 0,87% 0 589 0,52% 0 316 0,86% 0 482 0,46% 0 291 0,51% 0 282
Groningen 0,59% 0 501[2] 1,04% 0 866[2] 0,63% 0 539
Heiloo 1,20% 0 143 4,59% 0 534 9,16% 1 1.025[3] 7,41% 1 811 10,43% 2 1.164[4] 7,4% 1 882
Hoorn 1.50% 0 417 0,90% 0 210[2]
Lemsterland 14,92% 2 900 12,71% 2 738 15,09% 2 907 16,27% 3 1.038 15.80% 2 947 Municipality did not exist
De Fryske Marren Municipality did not exist 5,68% 1 1.174[5] 6,3% 2 1.462
Middelburg 0,79% 0 135[6]
Opsterland 2,12% 0 311
Reiderland 50,20% 7 2.052 35,67% 5 1.303[2] 34.06% 5 1.150[2] 18,29% 2 621 Municipalities did not exist
Scheemda 8,93% 1 695 12,87% 2 1.002[2] 1,53% 0 110[2]
Winschoten 4,03% 0 390
Oldambt Municipality did not exist 2,31% 0 310[7]
The Hague 0,12% 0 203[2]
All of the Netherlands 0,06% 6 4.267 0,03% 3 2.177 3 2.338 3 2.344

International activity[edit]

The NCPN has participated in the annual International Communist Seminar and the annual International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties. The NCPN also often cooperates with the Workers' Party of Belgium, the German Communist Party and the Communist Party of Luxembourg in the Four-Countries Conference.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source, unless specified otherwise: http://www.verkiezingsuitslagen.nl/Na1918/Verkiezingsuitslagen.aspx?VerkiezingsTypeId=3
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l nlverkiezingen.com
  3. ^ The NCPN received sufficient votes for a second seat, but could not fill it since its leader Willem Gomes had been the only person on its election list: https://www.trouw.nl/home/de-eenzame-communist-van-heiloo~a82179bf/
  4. ^ The second councillor elected for the NCPN, Cor de Boer, switched to local party Heiloo2000 in 2015: https://www.trouw.nl/home/de-eenzame-communist-van-heiloo~a82179bf/
  5. ^ Redivision elections in 2013, when Gaasterlân-Sleat, Lemsterland, Skarsterlân and parts of Boarnsterhim were about to merge into this new municipality.
  6. ^ Redivision elections in 1996, when Arnemuiden merged into the municipality of Middelburg
  7. ^ Redivision elections in 2009, when Reiderland, Scheemda, and Winschoten were about to merge into this new municipality.
  8. ^ http://www.rtvnoord.nl/artikel/artikel.asp?p=145597

External links[edit]