New Croton Reservoir

Coordinates: 41°13′58.65″N 73°50′23.27″W / 41.2329583°N 73.8397972°W / 41.2329583; -73.8397972
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New Croton Reservoir
New Croton Reservoir.jpg
New Croton Reservoir is located in New York
New Croton Reservoir
New Croton Reservoir
LocationWestchester County, New York
Coordinates41°13′58.65″N 73°50′23.27″W / 41.2329583°N 73.8397972°W / 41.2329583; -73.8397972
Primary inflowsCroton River
Primary outflowsCroton River
Catchment area57 sq mi (150 km2)
Basin countriesUnited States

The New Croton Reservoir is a reservoir in Westchester County, New York, part of the New York City water supply system lying approximately 22 miles (35 km) north of New York City. It is the collecting point for water from all reservoirs in the Croton Watershed.[1]


In 1842 the Croton River, a tributary of the Hudson River, was impounded by the Old Croton Dam to create Croton Lake.[citation needed] New York City's first source of water beyond its city limits, its waters traveled by aqueduct to the Croton Distributing Reservoir in midtown Manhattan.

Construction on a New Croton Dam began in 1892. In 1900, the workers (primarily Italian immigrants, Irish immigrants and African-Americans) constructing the dam went on strike to protest unfair wages. The New York State National Guard was called in to protect replacement workers and violence ensued.[2]

In 1906 the New Croton Dam was completed, expanding the existing impoundment into the New Croton Reservoir, then the largest in the Croton Watershed, and thus one of the largest in the New York City water supply system to that point. It has a 57 square mile (148 km2) drainage basin,[3] is approximately 9 miles (14 km) long, and can hold 19 billion US gallons (72,000,000 m3) of water at full capacity.

Its waters flow into the New Croton Aqueduct, then into the Jerome Park Reservoir in the Bronx. Water from the Jerome Park Reservoir is normally distributed to parts of Manhattan, the Bronx, and western Queens.[4]


Panoramic view of New Croton Reservoir and New Croton Dam

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "New Croton Reservoir". NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  2. ^ "The New Croton Reservoir – Public Water". Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  3. ^ Staff (September 24, 1904). "Completing the Great Masonry Dam of, the New Croton Reservoir". Scientific America. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2016. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Staff. "Croton Water Supply System". American Society of Civil Engineers. Retrieved 13 November 2016.