New Democratic Party leadership election, 2017

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New Democratic Party leadership election, 2017

← 2012 October 1, 2017
Turnout 52.8%[1]

  MPP Jagmeet Singh at his annual community BBQ in 2014 (cropped 2).jpg Charlie Angus in 2014.jpg
Candidate Jagmeet Singh Charlie Angus
Votes 35,266 12,705
Percentage 53.8% 19.4%

  Niki Ashton 2012-02-12 cropped.jpg Guy-Caron-Crop-March-27-2017.jpg
Candidate Niki Ashton Guy Caron
Votes 11,374 6,164
Percentage 17.4% 9.4%

Leader before election

Tom Mulcair

Elected Leader

Jagmeet Singh

New Democratic Party leadership election, 2017
NDP-NPD Canada.svg
Date October 1, 2017
Convention Metropolitan Ball Room,
Westin Harbour Castle, Toronto
Resigning leader Tom Mulcair
Won by Jagmeet Singh
Ballots 1
Candidates 4
Entrance Fee $30,000[2]
Spending limit $1.5 million[2]

New Democratic Party leadership elections

1961 · 1971 · 1975 · 1989 · 1995 · 2003 · 2012 · 2017

The 2017 New Democratic Party leadership election was won by Jagmeet Singh with a landslide victory. The election was triggered by Tom Mulcair having lost a vote on leadership review at the party's federal convention held in Edmonton, Alberta on April 10, 2016, which resulted in a majority of delegates voting in favor of holding a new leadership election.[2] Mulcair declined to partake in the subsequent leadership election and stated that he would remain leader until the party chose a replacement.[3]

Four candidates successfully made it onto the leadership ballot: Charlie Angus, Niki Ashton, Guy Caron, and Jagmeet Singh. The voting process occurred on Sunday, October 1, 2017. Every party member was entitled to cast a secret vote using a preferential, ranked choice ballot for the selection of the Leader,[4] and had no candidate received a majority during the first round of voting, subsequent rounds, occurring once a week, would have taken place until October 15, 2017, or until a candidate received a majority of votes.[5][6][7]

Support for Singh, the only non-MP in the race, increased when he formally announced his candidate for the leadership on May 15, 2017. Singh received the support of 11 MPs, the most of any candidate, including former leadership candidates Nathan Cullen[8] and Peter Julian,[9] in addition to the support of major labour unions such as the United Food and Commercial Workers. Media attention surrounding his campaign noted the fact that, if elected, Singh would be the first visible minority person to lead a major federal party, as well as the first of the Sikh faith.[10][11]

Singh was elected in a landslide in the first round, with 53.8% of the votes, thus rendering the need for subsequent rounds of voting unnecessary. Following his election as Leader, Singh appointed former leadership rival Guy Caron to serve as the New Democratic Party's Parliamentary Leader.[12]

Background[edit]

The result at the 2016 convention was the first time a leader of any Canadian federal political party has failed to receive at least 50% in a leadership review vote.[13] In the months since the 2015 federal election, Mulcair's leadership had been a point of conflict within the party because of the election campaign, in which the NDP fell to third place from the Official Opposition status it gained in the 2011 election. The New Democrats had led public opinion polls since May 2015 and appeared to be poised to win their first federal election in history. However, they fell back behind the Liberals and Conservatives in the last month. The election thus resulted in a Liberal majority government.

The party lost more than half of its seats and fell to third place. Mulcair's leadership faced criticism following the election, particularly due to his moderate platform that the party was running on. In contrast, Liberal leader Justin Trudeau had promised to run a budget deficit to fund stimulus programs and higher social spending, a position which was perceived as allowing the Liberals to outflank the NDP.[14][15]

Election rules[edit]

Under rules set out in the party's constitution, every member is entitled to cast a secret ballot for the selection of the Leader.[4] The new leader was chosen on October 1, 2017, on the first round of voting through a preferential, ranked choice ballot that would have takien place once a week until a candidate hit the 50 per cent plus one mark to be declared leader had a leader not been chosen in the first round(with eligible voters choosing to vote with an internet ballot being allowed to change their vote at any time before the closure of the polls, including between each round of balloting).[5][6][7]

Candidates were required to pay an entry fee of $30,000 and spend no more than $1.5 million. 25% of all donations to candidates were paid to the party.[2] To be nominated, candidates required at least 500 signatures from party members, at least half of which must be from female-identified members and at least 100 from "other equity-seeking groups" including indigenous people, LGBT people, persons with disabilities and visible minorities. At least 50 signatures were required from each of five regions: "Atlantic", "Quebec", "Ontario", "the Prairies" and "B.C. and the North".

Timeline[edit]

Date Event
October 19, 2015 In the 2015 general election, the NDP under Tom Mulcair wins 44 seats and falls to third place in the House of Commons, down from the 95 seats and Official Opposition status held prior to the election.
April 10, 2016 At the NDP convention in Edmonton, a leadership review resolution passes with the support of 52% of delegates, requiring a new leadership election to be held. Mulcair announces that he will not be a candidate, but will remain as leader until his successor is chosen. Delegates pass an emergency motion extending the deadline for a leadership election to two years from one year.[13]
May 15, 2016 NDP Federal Council meets to discuss a schedule and logistics for the leadership election.[16][17] The federal council decides to hold the election between September 17, 2017 and October 31, 2017, with a precise date to be set later.
June 7, 2016 Cheri DiNovo launches her campaign as an "unofficial candidate", in protest of the party's $30,000 entry fee.
June 13, 2016 Cheri DiNovo announces that her campaign will become official.
June 14, 2016 Party executive convenes to propose finalized election details, including the dates of the election and the nomination period closing.[6][7][18]
July 2, 2016 Nomination period opens.[19]
August 2, 2016 Cheri DiNovo withdraws her candidacy.
February 12, 2017 Peter Julian launches his campaign.
February 26, 2017 Charlie Angus launches his campaign.
February 27, 2017 Guy Caron launches his campaign.
March 7, 2017 Niki Ashton launches her campaign.
March 12, 2017 Leadership debate held in Ottawa in English and French.[20][21]
March 26, 2017 Leadership debate held in Montreal in English and French.[20][21]
April 20, 2017 Pat Stogran launches his campaign.[22]
May 15, 2017 Jagmeet Singh launches his campaign.[23]
May 28, 2017 Leadership debate held in Sudbury in English and French.[21][24]
June 3, 2017 Pat Stogran withdraws his candidacy.[25]
June 11, 2017 Leadership debate held in St. John's.[26]
June 22, 2017 Leadership debate on labour issues hosted by the United Steelworkers held in Toronto.[27]
July 3, 2017 Nomination period closes.[6][7]
July 6, 2017 Peter Julian withdraws his candidacy.[28]
July 11, 2017 Leadership debate held in Saskatoon.[21]
August 2, 2017 Leadership debate held in Victoria.
August 17, 2017 Deadline to become an NDP member and be eligible to vote.[6][7]
August 27, 2017 Leadership debate held in Montreal in French.[21]
September 10, 2017 Leadership debate held in Vancouver.[21]
September 17, 2017 All-candidate "showcase" held in Hamilton featuring final speeches.[29]
September 18, 2017 Voting for first ballot begins by mail and online.[6][7]
September 27, 2017 Huffington Post Canada debate held online.[30]
October 1, 2017 Voting for first ballot ended at 2 pm. Results were announced in Toronto, shortly after 3 pm, in the Metropolitan Ball Room of the Westin Harbour Castle. Jagmeet Singh won a majority of the votes cast in the first ballot.

Debates[edit]

Debates among candidates for the 2017 New Democratic Party of Canada leadership election
No. Date Time Place Host Participants
 P  Participant.  I  Invitee.
 N  Non-invitee.  A  Absent invitee.  O  Out of race (exploring or withdrawn).
Angus Ashton Caron Julian Singh Stogran
Debates
1 March 12, 2017 2 p.m. EDT Delta Ottawa City Centre Hotel
Ottawa, ON
New Democratic Party P P P P O O
2 March 26, 2017 2 p.m. EDT Palais des congrès de Montréal
Montreal, QC
New Democratic Party P P P P O O
3 May 28, 2017 2 p.m. EDT Cambrian College
Sudbury, ON
New Democratic Party P P P P P P
4 June 11, 2017 3 p.m. NDT St. John's Convention Centre
St. John’s, NL
New Democratic Party P P P P P O
5 June 22, 2017 7 p.m. EDT Isabel Bader Theatre
Toronto, ON
United Steelworkers P P P P P O
6 July 11, 2017 6 p.m. CST TCU Place
Saskatoon, SK
New Democratic Party P P P O P O
7 August 2, 2017 6 p.m. PDT Victoria Conference Centre
Victoria, BC
New Democratic Party A P P O P O
8 August 27, 2017 2 p.m. EDT Club Soda
Montreal, QC
New Democratic Party P P P O P O
9 September 10, 2017 11:30 a.m. PDT York Theatre
Vancouver, BC
New Democratic Party P P P O P O
10 September 27, 2017 7 p.m. EDT (English),
8 p.m. EDT (French)

online

Huffington Post Canada P P P O P O
Showcase
- September 17, 2017 1:30 p.m. EDT Hamilton Convention Centre
Hamilton, ON
New Democratic Party P P P O P O

Official candidates[edit]

Charlie Angus[edit]

Charlie Angus

Background Charlie Angus, 55, has been the MP for Timmins—James Bay since 2004 and was elected NDP Caucus Chair in January 2016. He is the author of seven books and worked as a journalist, a roofer and a dishwasher earlier in life. Before entering politics, Angus was a member of the Toronto punk band L'Étranger with Andrew Cash and Peter Duffin, from 1980 to circa 1984, and subsequently formed the country band Grievous Angels in 1986. From 1985 to 1990, Angus and his partner Brit Griffin lived in Angelus House, a Catholic Worker house they founded, where they invited the homeless to live with them.[31] They also established a separate homeless shelter in 1986. In 1990, they moved to northern Ontario, where Angus owned and ran a magazine and eventually entered politics. Angus stepped down as Caucus Chair and Indigenous Affairs Critic on November 23, 2016, to consider a leadership bid.[32] He formally registered his campaign with Elections Canada on February 20, 2017 and publicly launched it on February 26.[33][34][16][35]

Date candidacy registered: February 20, 2017[33][36]
Date campaign launched: February 26, 2017[35]
Campaign website: charlieangusndp.ca

Endorsements

Other information: Has emphasized job security, the high cost of post-secondary education and Indigenous issues.[60] Angus is not as fluent in French as some of the other candidates but is said to have a good basis in the language.[61]

Niki Ashton[edit]

Niki Ashton

Background Niki Ashton, 35, is the MP for Churchill—Keewatinook Aski (2015–present) and was previously the MP for Churchill (2008–2015). She served as NDP Critic for Jobs, Employment & Workforce Development Critic (2015–2017), Shadow Minister for Status of Women (2012–2015) and Aboriginal Affairs (2015). She placed seventh in the 2012 leadership race.[62][63][64][65] She is the daughter of former Manitoba NDP MLA Steve Ashton, who served as a minister in the cabinets of Gary Doer and Greg Selinger.

Date candidacy registered: March 2, 2017[66]
Date campaign launched: March 7, 2017[67][66]
Campaign website: nikiashton2017.ca

- Endorsements

Other information:

  • Focus is on plans to create and maintain good-paying jobs for young people and working Canadians, and tackle the threat of climate change.
  • Is committed to providing tuition-free post-secondary education.[90]
  • Advocates combatting the unequal distribution of wealth, the loss of value-added jobs, the "foreign ownership and trade deals that are selling us out".[91]

Guy Caron[edit]

Guy Caron
Background

Guy Caron, 50, has been the MP for Rimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques since 2011, NDP Finance Critic (2015–2017), Quebec caucus chair (2011–2017), Shadow Minister for Natural Resources, and Shadow Minister for Industry (2011–2012). Caron resigned as NDP Finance Critic and Quebec caucus chair on February 12, 2017, to prepare to enter the leadership contest.[92] He announced his candidacy on February 27, 2017.[93]

Date candidacy registered: February 27, 2017[36]
Date campaign launched: February 27, 2017
Campaign website: en.guycaron.ca

Endorsements

Other information:

Jagmeet Singh[edit]

Jagmeet Singh

Background Jagmeet Singh, 38, is the Ontario MPP for Bramalea—Gore—Malton (2011–present) and was Deputy Leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party from 2015 until entering the federal leadership contest on May 15, 2017. He was previously the federal NDP candidate in Bramalea—Gore—Malton in 2011.[64][65][120]

Date candidacy registered: May 18, 2017[36]
Date campaign launched: May 15, 2017[23]
Campaign website: jagmeetsingh.ca

Endorsements

Other information
  • If elected, Singh would be the first visible minority person to lead a major federal party, as well as the first of the Sikh faith.
  • The four core focuses of Singh's campaign are inequality, climate change, reconciliation with indigenous peoples, and electoral reform.[147]
  • Singh has stated his preference for ending the War on Drugs by pursuing the Portuguese model of decriminalising personal possession of all narcotics and instead promoting harm reduction for users.[148]

Withdrawn candidates[edit]

Cheri DiNovo[edit]

Cheri DiNovo

Background Cheri DiNovo, 65, is the Ontario MPP for Parkdale—High Park (2006–present) and since 2014 has served as the Ontario NDP critic for Urban Transportation, Greater Toronto Area Issues, and LGBTQ Issues.

Date candidacy announced: June 7, 2016 ("unofficial");[149][150] June 13, 2016 (official).[151]
Date withdrawn: August 2, 2016[152]
Subsequently endorsed: Niki Ashton[38]

Other information: DiNovo originally was running as an "unofficial candidate" in protest of the party's $30,000 entry fee, but on June 13, 2016, she announced that her candidacy would be moving from unofficial status to official status, stating that her campaign will begin fundraising when the leadership election rules are finalized in July 2016.[151] She was running to support democratic socialist principles and "to fight for principles rather than for a position".[153] Four main policy planks were: An "aggressive and realistic response to the climate crisis" including the banning of nuclear power and opposition to pipelines; "social justice and human rights" including a ban on conversion therapy and a plan to increase unionization rates; "an end to systemic racism" around indigenous issues, support for Black Lives Matter; "truly universal and free" post-secondary education, dental care and pharmacare and "livable" social assistance rates.[150]
DiNovo announced on August 2, 2016, that she would no longer be a candidate due to health reasons, having recently suffered two small strokes.[152]

Peter Julian[edit]

Peter Julian

Background

Peter Julian, 56, is the MP for New Westminster—Burnaby (2015–present) and was previously the MP for Burnaby—New Westminster (2004–2015). From 2014 to 2016, Julian was the NDP's house leader.[154] He is the NDP's former Shadow Minister for Natural Resources and Energy (2012–2014), Finance (2011–2012) and Industry (2011) and has also served as NDP Caucus Chair (2011–2014). Before entering politics he was the Executive Director of the Council of Canadians.[63][64][154] He resigned as NDP House Leader on October 19, 2016, to consider his candidacy.[154] He officially registered his candidacy on December 21, 2016 and formally launched his campaign on February 12, 2017.[155]

Date candidacy registered: December 21, 2016[36][156]
Date campaign launched: February 12, 2017[155]
Date withdrawn: July 6, 2017[28][157]
Subsequently endorsed: Jagmeet Singh[9]
Campaign website: peterjulian.ca

Endorsements

Other information
  • Opposes growing inequality and favours affordable housing, would eliminate overseas tax havens and tax breaks for "the one percent". Advocates free tuition for post-secondary education and action on climate change and indigenous issues, has opposed pipeline development.[155][162][28]
  • Withdrew due to poor fundraising results.[28]

Pat Stogran[edit]

Background

Pat Stogran, 60, is the former Veteran's Ombudsman (2007–2010) and a retired Colonel of the Canadian Forces (Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry).[163] Stogran studied engineering at Royal Roads Military College in Colwood, British Columbia, and holds a master's degree in strategic studies from the United States Army War College. He served with the military in both Bosnia and Afghanistan.[164]

Date candidacy registered: April 17, 2017[165]
Date campaign launched: April 20, 2017[164]
Date withdrawn: June 3, 2017[25]
Subsequently endorsed: Charlie Angus[56]
Campaign website: patstogran.ca [broken link]

Endorsements

Other information: Withdrew after complaining the party had put "major obstacles" in place making it difficult for candidates to grow the party's base.[25]

Failed to qualify[edit]

Candidates who declared their candidacies but were unable to complete the process of submitting their nomination forms and deposits to the party by the deadline of July 3, 2017:

David Berlin[edit]

Background

David Berlin, 66, is the former editor and owner of the Literary Review of Canada and was the co-founder of the general interest magazine, The Walrus, as well as its editor from 2003 to 2004. He was the federal NDP's candidate in Toronto Centre in the 2000 federal election and was founder and leader of The Bridge Party of Canada, running as its candidate in University—Rosedale in the 2015 federal election.[167] Declared candidacy and passed vetting by party but failed to submit deposit and/or sufficient nomination signatures by deadline.

Date candidacy registered:
Date campaign launched: June 19, 2017

Ibrahim Bruno El-Khoury[edit]

Background

El-Khoury was born in Beirut, Lebanon but moved to Kingston, Ontario in 1991.[168] He is a former Montreal municipal candidate (2013) who is the founder of a consulting firm in Montreal.[130] He ran for the NDP nomination in Papineau in the 2015 election, losing to Anne Lagacé Dowson, and was a city council candidate for centrist municipal party Vrai changement pour Montréal in 2013.[169] Registered with Elections Canada but failed to submit deposit and/or sufficient nomination signatures by deadline.

Date candidacy registered: March 27, 2017

Brian Graff[edit]

Graff is a 58-year-old former Toronto municipal candidate (2014), community activist,[165] and semi-retired financial analyst. Graff's application to run has been rejected twice by NDP officials. He claimed it was because of his policy to cut immigration, while the party said it was on the grounds that he does not support party policy, as well as due to a 1993 charge for watching and besetting, which resulted in a conditional discharge. Graff took the NDP to court in March through a "judicial review" on the grounds that the party had violated natural justice, and this resulted in a settlement allowing him to apply a second time. After the party's second rejection, Graff returned to court with a second judicial review in an attempt to require the NDP to permit him to run. The party argued it was not subject to judicial review. On June 9, 2017, the court ruled that the NDP and other political parties are subject to judicial review, but that the party's actions were not unreasonable in rejecting Graff's application to stand for leader.[170][171][172][173]

Declined[edit]

Opinion polling[edit]

Some earlier polls include candidates who ultimately did not enter the race.

New Democratic Party members[edit]

Date(s)
administered
Polling firm/Link Sample
size
Margin of
error
Charlie
Angus
Niki
Ashton
Guy
Caron
Peter
Julian
Jagmeet
Singh
Other/
Undecided
September 27, 2017 Mainstreet 1,601 ± 2% 29.4% 17.9% 14.4% 38.2% [note 3]
26.1% 15.5% 13.8% 33.1% Undecided 12.8%
September 8–11, 2017 Campaign Research 54 N/A 26.0% 16.0% 13.0% 18.0% Undecided 27.0%
September 7–9, 2017 Mainstreet 2,009 ± 2% 25.0% 13.0% 9.8% 27.3% Undecided 25.0%
August 3 – 6, 2017 Mainstreet 1,804 ± 1.8% 41.7% 27.9% 16.7% 13.6% [note 3]
28.2% 17.2% 10.7% 8.6% Undecided 35.3%
July 5, 2017 Mainstreet 1,445 ± 2.56% 24.4% 21.7% 7.97% 6.63% Undecided 38.7%
22.6% 20.4% 7.4% 7.4% 6.1% Undecided 35.9%
June 9 – 12, 2017 Campaign Research 86 ± 2% 19% 9% 10% 10% 16% Undecided 21%
Someone else 16%

New Democratic Party voters / supporters[edit]

Date(s)
administered
Polling firm/Link Sample
size
Margin of
error
Charlie
Angus
Niki
Ashton
Guy
Caron
Peter
Julian
Jagmeet
Singh
Other/
Undecided
September 8–11, 2017 Campaign Research na ± 2.3% 8.0% 7.0% 8.0% 17.0% Undecided/Someone else 59.0%
June 9–12, 2017 Campaign Research 489 ± 2% 8% 5% 4% 6% 6% Undecided 58%
Someone else 14%
April 25 – May 17, 2017 Probit Inc. 891 ± 3.3% 31% 24% 11% 14% 11% Pat Stogran 3%
Alexandre Boulerice (write-in) 1%
Nathan Cullen (write-in) 1%
Tom Mulcair (write-in) 1%
Sid Ryan (write-in after April 27) 1%
Someone else 1%
June 3–9, 2016 Probit Inc. 908 ± 3.25% 9% 6% 4% 2% Olivia Chow 29%
Alexandre Boulerice 18%
Paul Dewar 9%
Peggy Nash 9%
Ruth Ellen Brosseau 5%
Romeo Saganash 3%
Nathan Cullen (write-in) 2%
Megan Leslie (write-in) 2%
Tom Mulcair (write-in) 1%
Someone else 2%
April 14–15, 2016 Mainstreet Research 598 ± 4.01% 4% 10% 11% Nathan Cullen 17%
Avi Lewis 11%
Alexandre Boulerice 4%
Undecided 26%
Someone else 17%

All Canadians[edit]

Date(s)
administered
Polling firm/Link Sample
size
Margin of
error
Charlie
Angus
Niki
Ashton
Guy
Caron
Peter
Julian
Jagmeet
Singh
Other/
Undecided
September 8–11, 2017 Campaign Research 1770 ± 2.3% 6.0% 5.0% 6.0% 11.0% Undecided 58%
Someone else 15%
June 9–12, 2017 Campaign Research 2767 ± 2% 5% 3% 3% 4% 7% Undecided 68%
Someone else 12%

Results[edit]

Voting support by ballot
Candidate Ballot 1
Jagmeet Singh crop.jpg Jagmeet Singh 35,266 53.8%
Charlie Angus in 2014.jpg Charlie Angus 12,705 19.4%
Niki Ashton 2012-02-12 cropped.jpg Niki Ashton 11,374 17.4%
Guy-Caron-Crop-March-27-2017.jpg Guy Caron 6,164 9.4%
Total 65,782 100%
  • Rejected ballots: 101
  • Abstentions: 172
  • Turnout: 52.8% (Increase1.9pp)[195]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Previously supported Peter Julian.
  2. ^ Mark is not affiliated with the New Democratic Party. He most recently sat in Parliament as a Conservative and ran in the 2015 election as an independent.
  3. ^ a b Undecideds distributed to candidates they are "leaning" towards

References[edit]

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  74. ^ Jason Blackman-Wulff [@SquamishJason] (August 28, 2017). "Cool! @nikiashton is first on my ballot, but @GuyCaronNPD policies have me strongly leading toward him as my second choice #ndpldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  75. ^ Niki Ashton [@nikiashton] (July 28, 2017). ".@SuePowellNDP is a powerful advocate for those who government has ignored. Thank you for your #ndpldr support, Sue! www.nikiashton2017.ca/endorsements/" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  76. ^ Niki Ashton [@nikiashton] (August 16, 2017). "Thrilled to have you standing with us, @CraigSauve! We are #buildingamovement for bold economic, environmental and social change #ndpldr" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  77. ^ @allthecdnpoli (July 31, 2017). "Former Quebec NDP MP @paulinaayalaNPD has endorsed @nikiashton for NDP leader. #buildingamovement #NDP #polqc #cdnpoli #NDPldr" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  78. ^ Niki Ashton [@nikiashton] (August 9, 2017). "Thank you @joecomartin for your kind words and your support #ndpldr buff.ly/2wuyVdS" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  79. ^ Karl Bélanger [@KarlBelanger] (July 21, 2017). "L'ex-député de Beauport-Limoilou Raymond Côté se range dans le camp de Niki Ashton. #npdldr" [The ex-MP for Beauport-Limoilou, Raymond Côté, places himself in Niki Ashton's camp.] (Tweet) (in French) – via Twitter. 
  80. ^ John Parry [@johnparry99] (August 17, 2017). "LAST DAY to become a member & vote for Niki Ashton ! fb.me/CU7SYNpy" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
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  83. ^ @AshtonForChange (August 9, 2017). "There's still a week to join the NDP and vote for Niki Ashton. If a few thousand of us join, we can take back the party and win real change" (Tweet). Retweeted by Steve Ashton – via Twitter. 
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  106. ^ Guy Caron (September 20, 2017). ""Très fier d'avoir l'appui de Judy Wasylycia-Leis. Merci @Judy_WL ! #iLikeThatGuy #ndpldr Pour voter: https://t.co/JMnYGe7Pqf https://t.co/A0kISu4JcP"". Twitter.com. Retrieved October 4, 2017.  External link in |title= (help)
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  109. ^ Guy Caron [@GuyCaronNPD] (September 1, 2017). "Very proud to announce the support of former Manitoba Health Minister, @TheresaOswaldMB. Thank you Theresa! #ndpldr" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  110. ^ Guy Caron [@GuyCaronNPD] (September 1, 2017). "Very proud to announce the support of former Manitoba Health Minister, @erinselby. Thank you Erin! #ndpldr" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  111. ^ Guy Caron [@GuyCaronNPD] (September 1, 2017). "Very proud to announce the support of former Manitoba Finance Minister, Stan Struthers. Thank you Stan! #ndpldr" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  112. ^ Guy Caron (September 21, 2017). ""Très fier d'avoir l'appui de Pat Atkinson. Merci @patnutana ! #iLikeThatGuy #ndpldr Pour voter: https://t.co/7fgWqEEtvz https://t.co/MBi8CBneAx"". Twitter.com. Retrieved October 4, 2017.  External link in |title= (help)
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  114. ^ Victor Lau [@votelau] (August 1, 2017). "I signed as volunteer for Guy Caron for NDP Leader. Join me! en.guycaron.ca/volunteer?recruiter_id=14631 … #skpoli #cdnpoli @scottsantens" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  115. ^ Guy Caron [@GuyCaronNPD] (August 21, 2017). "Very proud to announce the support @OntarioNDP VP, @janetsolberg. She is a relentless advocate for progressive issues. Thank you! #NDPLdr" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
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  138. ^ Neethan Shan [@NeethanShan] (May 15, 2017). "#TeamNeethan from #ScarbTO in #Brampton to support my good friend @theJagmeetSingh's campaign to become the leader of Canada's #NDP #cdnpoli" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  139. ^ Tanmanjeet Dhesi [@TanDhesi] (July 19, 2017). "Many thanks @theJagmeetSingh for your kind message. You're very right - well said. Hopefully, you'll break another ceiling very soon" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  140. ^ Fateh [@FatehDOE] (August 17, 2017). "SUPPORT @theJagmeetSingh W/ your help, he could be the next NDP federal leader! It takes 2 minutes: (12 hrs left)" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  141. ^ Rupi Kaur [@rupikaur_] (August 14, 2017). "as a canadian- it has been deeply empowering to see @theJagmeetSingh run for federal leader" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  142. ^ Justin Ling [@Justin_Ling] (May 15, 2017). "Brad Lavigne has informed me that he was NOT holding a clipboard. It was a book. He is just a supporter. I regret the clipboard error" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
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