New Fairfield, Connecticut

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New Fairfield, Connecticut
Town of New Fairfield
New Fairfield Town Hall
New Fairfield Town Hall
Official seal of New Fairfield, Connecticut
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
Coordinates: 41°29′N 73°29′W / 41.483°N 73.483°W / 41.483; -73.483Coordinates: 41°29′N 73°29′W / 41.483°N 73.483°W / 41.483; -73.483
CountryUnited States
U.S. state Connecticut
CountyFairfield
Metropolitan areaBridgeport-Stamford
Incorporated1740
Government
 • TypeSelectman-town meeting
 • First selectmanPatricia Del Monaco (D)
 • SelectmanKhris Hall (D)
 • SelectmanKim D. Hanson (R)
Area
 • Total25.1 sq mi (65.0 km2)
 • Land20.5 sq mi (53.0 km2)
 • Water4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
Elevation
755 ft (230 m)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total13,881
 • Density553.0/sq mi (213.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06812
Area code(s)203/475
FIPS code09-50860
GNIS feature ID0213469
WebsiteNew Fairfield

New Fairfield is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 13,881 at the 2010 census.[1] New Fairfield is one of five towns that surround Candlewood Lake, the largest lake in Connecticut.

History[edit]

In pre-colonial times, the indigenous people of New Fairfield were part of an alliance of tribes that extended from the source of the Housatonic to the sea.[2]

In 1724, colonial settlers from Fairfield, Connecticut, received approval from the General Assembly of the Colony of Connecticut to establish a new township. According to one account, they negotiated with Chief Squantz of the Schaghticoke tribe of Algonquian lineage. Alternatively, it is told that they did not negotiate with Chief Squantz because he moved to the north end of Squantz Pond land area and refused to "sell" the township of New Fairfield. They returned in the Spring of 1725, but found that Chief Squantz had died during the winter. His four sons and heirs refused to sign the deeds. It was not until four years later that the white men called "The Proprietors" finally got the drawn marks of several other native people who may not have had authority to sell the land.[3] They "purchased" a 31,000-acre (13,000 ha) tract of land that is now New Fairfield and Sherman, for the equivalent of about 300 dollars, and on April 24, 1729, the deed was recorded on May 9, 1729, and is now deposited in the archives of the state capital in Hartford, Connecticut.

Settlers originally spelled the town as "Newfairfield". It started as a very small farming community, and was not incorporated as a town until 1740. The town of Sherman separated from New Fairfield in 1862, as the size of the combined towns made it difficult to travel to church.[4]

In 1926, Connecticut Light and Power (CL&P) began construction on Candlewood Lake, considered by many to be an engineering wonder. CL&P flooded the valley to control the water flow from the Housatonic and Rocky Rivers and produce hydroelectric power for the region. Candlewood Lake was named for the Native American practice of using stripped wood from pine trees as kindling for fire. The lake shares its shores with the towns of New Fairfield, Sherman, New Milford, Brookfield, and Danbury.[5]

New Fairfield was home to the Candlewood Playhouse, a 650-seat summer stock theater run by the Gateway Playhouse, currently operating in Bellport, New York. The land once occupied by it is now a Stop and Shop supermarket.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.1 square miles (65 km2), of which 20.5 square miles (53 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2), or 18.32%, is water. New Fairfield borders Danbury to the south, Brookfield to the southeast, New Milford to the northeast, Sherman to the north, and Patterson, New York to the west.

There are four lakes in New Fairfield: Candlewood Lake, Squantz Pond, Ball Pond, and Margerie Reservoir. Candlewood Lake dominates the eastern side of the town and extends both north and south beyond the town borders. Once a summer resort destination, the lake shore within New Fairfield is now mostly populated with many year-round homes.

Principal communities[edit]

Other minor named locales in the town are Bigelow Corners, Bogus Hill, Candlewood Corner, Charcoal Ridge, Hollywyle Park, Inglenook, Joyce Hill, Kellogg Point, Locust Glen, Possum Ridge, Sail Harbor, and Taylor Corners.

The newer communities with larger houses can be found in Sail Harbor. Many communities have large houses with direct waterfront access to Candlewood Lake, such as Sail Harbor, Candlewood Isle, and Bogus Hill. There have been many new subdivisions such as communities off Warwick Road, Route 39/37, Pine Hill, Beaver Bog, Dick Finn, and Shortwoods Road.

ZIP code[edit]

When ZIP codes were introduced in 1963, the original Danbury code, 06810, also covered the whole of New Fairfield. When Danbury received additional ZIP codes in 1984, a new code, 06812, was introduced for New Fairfield.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,573
18001,6655.8%
1810772−53.6%
18207882.1%
183093919.2%
18409561.8%
1850927−3.0%
1860915−1.3%
1870870−4.9%
1880791−9.1%
1890670−15.3%
1900584−12.8%
1910551−5.7%
1920468−15.1%
1930434−7.3%
194060840.1%
19501,236103.3%
19603,355171.4%
19706,991108.4%
198011,26061.1%
199012,91114.7%
200013,9538.1%
201013,881−0.5%
2014 (est.)14,149[6]1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 13,953 people, 4,638 households, and 3,905 families residing in the town. The population density was 681.9 people per square mile (263.3/km2). There were 5,148 housing units at an average density of 251.6 per square mile (97.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.83% White, 0.39% African American, 0.04% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.82% of the population.

The 2000 census reported that New Fairfield was the most heavily Irish-American community in Connecticut, with about 32% of the residents claiming Irish ancestry.[9]

There were 4,638 households, out of which 44.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.3% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.8% were non-families. 12.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 30.0% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $106,145, and the median income for a family was $132,271. Males had a median income of $65,978 versus $40,284 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,928. About 1.0% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Government[edit]

Historically, New Fairfield has been a Republican stronghold in Fairfield County. Lyndon B. Johnson is the only Democrat who has managed to win the town in his landslide victory in 1964.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 27, 2020[10]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Republican 3,197 297 3,494 30.36%
Democratic 2,453 261 2,714 23.59%
Unaffiliated 4,615 437 5,052 43.90%
Minor parties 235 12 247 2.15%
Total 10,500 1,007 11,507 100%
Presidential elections results
New Fairfield town vote by party in presidential elections[11]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016 40.00% 3,071 56.04% 4,302 3.96% 304
2012 43.16% 3,323 55.70% 4,288 1.14% 88
2008 44.89% 3,377 54.03% 4,064 1.08% 81
2004 39.68% 2,964 58.92% 4,401 1.39% 104
2000 42.27% 2,866 53.11% 3,601 4.62% 313
1996 39.10% 2,500 48.59% 3,107 12.31% 787
1992 28.40% 2,047 47.52% 3,426 24.08% 1,736
1988 28.53% 1,823 70.07% 4,477 1.39% 89
1984 22.70% 1,362 76.77% 4,606 0.53% 32
1980 26.66% 1,386 61.97% 3,222 11.37% 591
1976 35.60% 1,584 63.43% 2,822 0.97% 43
1972 24.81% 891 74.10% 2,661 1.09% 39
1968 31.52% 858 61.65% 1,678 6.83% 186
1964 55.62% 1,044 44.38% 833 0.00% 0
1960 33.46% 613 66.54% 1,219 0.00% 0
1956 19.22% 240 80.78% 1,009 0.00% 0

Education[edit]

New Fairfield High School

New Fairfield has one high school for grades 9–12, New Fairfield High School. Connected directly to the high school is a middle school for grades 6–8, New Fairfield Middle School. The town has one elementary school for grades 3–5, Meeting House Hill School, as well as a primary school for Kindergarten through grade 2, Consolidated School. There are also two preschool/day care centers, Bright Beginnings and First Step Preschool.[12][13][14]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), New Fairfield town, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
  2. ^ Silverberg, J. (June 1979). The History of Squantz Pond State Park, New Fairfield, CT. New Fairfield, Connecticut: manuscript from New Fairfield Free Public Library.
  3. ^ Simon, Irving B. (1975). Our Town: The History of New Fairfield. New Fairfield, Connecticut: New Fairfield Bicentennial Commission. p. 5.
  4. ^ "Historic New Fairfield". The News-Times. Danbury, Conn. 2004-09-09. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  5. ^ Preserve New Fairfield, Inc. Images of America: New Fairfield. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2008. Print. p. 7–8
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ http://www.courant.com/hc-irish-flash,0,6238126.flash?coll=hc-utility-home
  10. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 27, 2020" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  11. ^ https://authoring.ct.gov//SOTS/Election-Services/Statement-Of-Vote-PDFs/General-Elections-Statement-of-Vote-1922
  12. ^ Baker, Kendra (2020-08-11). "New Fairfield opts for 'flexible' in-person school plan". NewsTimes. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  13. ^ "Bright Beginnings". Better Business Bureau. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  14. ^ "First Step Pre-School Inc". Better Business Bureau. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  15. ^ "Margot Austin; Children's Author, 81". The New York Times. 26 June 1990. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  16. ^ Allen, Eric (August 30, 2016). "Jets Reach 75, Waived/Injured 3 Players". New York Jets.
  17. ^ "Transcript: Frank Figliuzzi: The FBI Way". The Oath with Chuck Rosenberg. MSNBC. 13 January 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  18. ^ https://www.newstimes.com/local/amp/For-now-dashed-dreams-for-New-Fairfield-s-3751434.php
  19. ^ Doyle, Paul (6 December 2019). "Home again: Rizzotti, England, Alston return to Connecticut". CT Post Insider. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  20. ^ Lambeck, Linda Conner (16 October 2015). "New Fairfield's Bernie Williams and guitar wows students". NewsTimes. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  21. ^ https://www.ctpost.com/sports/amp/Bisaccia-takes-passion-from-New-Fairfield-to-5831983.php

External links[edit]