New Flyer

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New Flyer Industries Canada ULC
FormerlyWestern Auto and Truck Body Works, Western Flyer Coach, Flyer Industries Limited, New Flyer Industries Limited
IndustryTransportation, manufacturing
Founded1930 (1930) (as Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd)
FounderJohn Coval
Headquarters,
Canada
Area served
North America, Europe
ParentNFI Group
Websitewww.newflyer.com

New Flyer Industries is a Canadian bus manufacturer owned by NFI Group. With various manufacturing facilities in Canada and the United States, the company produces the New Flyer Xcelsior family of buses.

History[edit]

1941 Western Flyer

New Flyer was founded by John Coval in 1930 as the Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd in Manitoba. The company began producing buses in 1937 and in 1941 the Western Flyer bus model was released, prompting the company to change its name to Western Flyer Coach in 1948.[1]

In the 1960s, the company further focused on the urban transit bus market. In 1971, the then-financially struggling Western Flyer was sold to the Manitoba Development Corporation, an agency of the government of Manitoba, and renamed Flyer Industries Limited.[2] In 1974 the opposition Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba had urged the NDP government in power to divest Flyer Industries from government ownership.[3]

On July 15, 1986, Jan den Oudsten, a descendant of the family who formed Dutch bus manufacturer Den Oudsten Bussen BV, purchased Flyer Industries from the Manitoba government, changing its name to New Flyer Industries Limited.[4]

New Flyer designed and tested North America's first low-floor bus in 1988 and delivered the first production model, called the D40LF, to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in 1991.[5] In 1994, New Flyer delivered the first compressed natural gas bus in North America and the world's first hydrogen fuel cell powered bus. In 1995, the company delivered the first low-floor articulated bus in North America to Strathcona County Transit.

In March 2002, New Flyer was acquired by KPS Capital Partners, an investment company that specializes in turning around struggling businesses, for $44 million.[6] Later that year Jan den Oudsten retired as CEO. He was later inducted into the American Public Transportation Association's Hall of Fame for his work at the company.

In 2003, King County Metro in Seattle placed an order for 213 hybrid buses, the world's first large order for hybrid buses.[7]

On December 15, 2003, New Flyer was purchased by private equity firms Harvest Partners and Lightyear Capital. The company's CEO, John Marinucci, called the purchase an indicator that the company's operational and financial turnaround had been accomplished.[8]

On August 19, 2005, New Flyer became a publicly traded company on the Toronto Stock Exchange, renaming the company to New Flyer Industries Canada ULC and creating the publicly traded parent company NFI Group Inc.[9][10] 2005 also saw a restyling of New Flyer's popular low-floor coaches with new front and rear endcaps, to modernize and streamline the exterior appearance of the bus.

In June 2012 New Flyer, in a joint venture with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, the Manitoba Government, Manitoba Hydro and Red River College, unveiled a fully electric battery-powered bus.[11]

In May 2012, New Flyer and Alexander Dennis announced a joint venture to design and manufacture medium-duty low-floor bus (or midi bus) for the North American market. The bus, called the New Flyer MiDi, was based on the design of the Alexander Dennis Enviro200. Alexander Dennis engineered and tested the bus, and it was built and marketed by New Flyer under contract.[12] During the partnership around 200 buses were delivered to 22 operators in Canada and US. In May 2017, New Flyer and Alexander Dennis announced their joint venture would end and production of the bus would transition to Alexander Dennis' new North American factory in Indiana where it is produced alongside the double-deck Enviro500 series bus.[13][14] Alexander Dennis was later purchased by New Flyer in 2019.

Models[edit]

Model Length Width Introduced Discontinued Image
700 / 800 / 900 35 ft (10.7 m)
40 ft (12.2 m)
96 in (2.4 m)
102 in (2.6 m)
1967
1987
Vancouver Flyer D700A and D800 buses in 1984.jpg
High Floor[15] 35 ft 3 in (10.7 m)
40 ft 6+14 in (12.4 m)
60 ft 8 in (18.5 m)
102 in (2.6 m)
1987
2006
King County Metro Transit D60HF 2353.jpg
Low Floor 30 ft 6 in (9.3 m)
35 ft 6 in (10.8 m)
40 ft 10+14 in (12.5 m)
60 ft 8+12 in (18.5 m)
102 in (2.6 m)
1989
2014
Mississauga Transit Bus 0309.jpg
Invero[16] 41 ft 3 in (12.6 m) 102 in (2.6 m)
2002
2007
Community Transit New Flyer D40i Inveros in Downtown Seattle.jpg
Xcelsior[17] 35 ft (10.7 m)
40 ft (12.2 m)
60 ft (18.3 m)
102 in (2.6 m)
2008
in production MUNI 8630.JPG

Model codes[edit]

700, 800, & 900
Motive power Generation Revision
D = diesel
E = electric trolleybus
700 = first
800 = second
900 = third (models 900 / 901 / 902)
(none) = original version
A = first
B = second
High Floor, Low Floor, and Invero
Motive power Length Model
C = compressed natural gas
D = diesel
DE = diesel-electric hybrid
E = electric trolleybus
F or H = hydrogen fuel cell
GE = gasoline-electric hybrid
HE = hydrogen-electric hybrid
L = liquefied natural gas
30 = 30 feet (9.1 m)
35 = 35 feet (11 m)
40 = 40 feet (12 m)
60 = 60 feet (18 m) articulated
HF = High Floor
i = Invero
LF = Low Floor
LFR = Low Floor Restyled
LFA (initially LF-BRT)
 = Low Floor Advanced
Xcelsior
Model Motive power Length
X = Xcelsior D = diesel
DE = diesel-electric hybrid
E = battery-electric
HE = hydrogen fuel cell
N = compressed natural gas
T = electric trolleybus
35 = 35 feet (11 m)
40 = 40 feet (12 m)
60 = 60 feet (18 m) articulated

Note that not all possible combinations have been offered.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coachbult.com - Western Auto & Truck Body Works". www.coachbuilt.com. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  2. ^ Stauss, Ed (1988). The Bus World Encyclopedia of Buses. Woodland Hills, CA (USA): Stauss Publications. ISBN 0-9619830-0-0.
  3. ^ "Sell Bus Company, PCs Urge Gov't". Winnipeg Free Press. October 24, 1974. p. 3.
  4. ^ Barker, John. "Mayor takes a look at New Flyer Industries for city buses". Thompson Citizen. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  5. ^ "New Flyer - History". www.newflyer.com. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  6. ^ https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/n-y-investors-buy-manitoba-bus-maker-1.374149 (Dec 16, 2003). "N.Y investors buy Manitoba bus maker". CBC News. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  7. ^ "New Flyer Receives Order for Up To 715 Buses From King County Metro" (Press release). New Flyer Industries Inc. May 16, 2007. Archived from the original on August 12, 2007. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  8. ^ "Harvest, Lightyear Drive Through New Flyer LBO". Global Capital. 19 March 2004. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  9. ^ "New Flyer Industries Canada ULC was Incorporated in Alberta on Jun 22, 2005. at 4500, 855 - 2ND STREET SW, CALGARY ALBERTA, T2P 4K7". Alberta Corporations. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  10. ^ "MRAS Business Registry Search". beta.canadasbusinessregistries.ca. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  11. ^ Kusch, Larry (June 2, 2012). "New Flyer green leader". Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  12. ^ "Industry News: New Flyer In Bus Joint Venture". Diesel Progress. Waukesha, Wisconsin. May 10, 2012. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012.
  13. ^ "New Flyer and Alexander Dennis Agree to Transition MiDi Bus to North American-Based Alexander Dennis Inc". New Flyer. May 10, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  14. ^ Enviro200 joint venture terminates Buses issue 748 July 2017 page 21
  15. ^ "New Flyer D40 High Floor Bus". New Flyer Industries. Archived from the original on 11 April 1997.
  16. ^ "D40i = Diesel 40' Invero™" (PDF). New Flyer Industries. September 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 13, 2004. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  17. ^ "Xcelsior". New Flyer | North America’s Bus Leader. Retrieved 2021-01-16.

External links[edit]