New Force (Italy)

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New Force
Forza Nuova
National SecretaryRoberto Fiore
Founded29 September 1997; 24 years ago (1997-09-29)
HeadquartersVia Giovanni Paisiello, 40 - 00198 Rome
NewspaperOrdine Futuro
Youth wingLotta Studentesca
Paramilitary wingCamicie Bianche[1]
(Whiteshirts)
IdeologyNeo-fascism[2][3][4]
Clerical fascism[5]
Ultranationalism[6]
Social conservatism[7][8][9]
Religious nationalism
Revolutionary nationalism
Third Position
Hard Euroscepticism
Political positionFar-right[10][11]
European affiliationAlliance for Peace and Freedom
Colors  Black
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Regional Councils
0 / 897
Party flag
Flag of New Force.svg
Website
forzanuova.eu

New Force (Italian: Forza Nuova, FN) is an Italian neo-fascist political party.[12] It was founded by Roberto Fiore and Massimo Morsello. The party is a member of the Alliance for Peace and Freedom and was a part of the Social Alternative from 2003 to 2006. The party has often been strongly criticized for its radical positions and for acts of violence involving some militants. It was also the protagonist of political campaigns opposed to same-sex marriage and immigration to Italy.

History[edit]

New Force was formed within the Tricolour Flame (Fiamma Tricolore) and then began the process that led it to become a party. Its founders and financiers were two well-known names from the years of militancy in the lead for the movements of the Roman radical right, and for their neo-fascist political beliefs. The split occurred when Tricolour Flame of Pino Rauti began to oppose the distribution among its members of the bulletin of Roberto Fiore and Massimo Morsello.[13]

In 1980, Fiore and Morsello escaped to London as fugitives after arrest warrants aimed at shedding light on the facts of the massacre at the Bologna railway station. The two were considered unrelated to the massacre, although they belonged, according to the judiciary, to the Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari.[14] They both stayed in England during the first government led by Margaret Thatcher with the status of political refugees for 20 years.[15][16]

New Force was founded on 29 September 1997 at a meeting in Cave, in the province of Lazio, organized by Francesco Pallottino, leader of a Nazi rock group. It was not a random date because it is the one dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel, a symbol among other things of the Romanian Iron Guard, to which Forza Nuova historically refers. The founders Fiore and Morsello were still fugitives in London and did not return until 1999. Fiore was sentenced by a court to 66 months in prison. Morsello was sentenced to 98 months, although he did not serve them as he was dying from cancer (he died in March 2001).

The national launch of the group was in Latina with a conference in April 1998. Forza Nuova was placed on the political scene with the goal at the local level, to broaden their contacts on concrete campaigns against immigration, abortion, crime, and to hold together the conservative right-wing traditionalist with the social channel blocker.

On 25 March 1999, Massimo Morsello returned to Italy,[17][18] and so did Roberto Fiore on 21 April of the following year.[19] They were welcomed at the airport by deputies of the National Alliance and Forza Italia such as Francesco Storace, Enzo Fragalà, Alberto Simeone, Carlo Taormina, Ernesto Caccavale and Teodoro Buontempo.[20] In early 2001, the movement could count on 2500 members and forty sections scattered across Italy.[21]

In 2001 general election, New Force gained 13,622 votes at the Chamber of Deputies. In 2008 general election, the party won 0.30% in the Chamber[22] and 0.26% in the Senate.[23] It has not been elected a parliamentary presented himself in the lists of the party. Following the resignation of mandatory Alessandra Mussolini, elected to the Chamber of Deputies, Roberto Fiore became MEP.[24]

In 2013 general election, New Force got 89,812 votes (0.26%) in the Chamber of Deputies and 81,521 votes in the Senate,[25] failing to elect any candidate but becoming the largest far-right party in Italy.

In 2016, New Force was featured in an episode of Huang's World on the television channel Viceland. In the episode, the members went out to eat with Eddie Huang, the host, and an apparent local Sicilian walked by and happened to recognize the politicians and yelled at them for their far-right views. It ends with the host and camera crew going to jail because, they claimed, the New Force members had them arrested by the police.[26]

For the 2018 general election New Force joined with Tricolour Flame to form the Italy for the Italians coalition.

In May 2020 an internal party split takes place, dozens of offices throughout Italy leave the party giving life to a new entity called National Movement – The Network of the Patriots in controversy with the management of Fiore and Castellino considered not very transparent and too close to Matteo Salvini as well as aiming exclusively at obtaining media hype.[27][28][29][30] The new political entity is officially founded on 10 October 2020. [31]

On 9 October 2021 New Force militants attacked the headquarters of the CGIL labour union during a protest march against vaccine passports. Party founder and national secretary Roberto Fiore, the chief of the Roman chapter of the party Giuliano Castellino, the former NAR terrorist Luigi Aronica and other party members were arrested in the aftermath of the attack.[32][33][34]

On 11 October the Public Prosecutor's Office at the Court of Rome imposed a block on the party's site.[35]

Presence outside Italy[edit]

Forza Nuova has longstanding ties to other European far-right organization, including the British National Party.[36] Forza Nuova leader Roberto Fiore was once closely allied with the Ukrainian far-right Svoboda party, but following the beginning of the War in Donbass, Forza Nuova and Fiore "made a considerable shift to the pro-Russian camp."[36] According to the Political Capital Institute, a Hungarian think tank, Forza Nuova is one of a number of Russian-backed radical right political parties in Europe.[37]

In 2016, a Forza Nuova affiliate continued attempts to recruit members in the United States.[38] The group established Forza Nuova—USA chapters in New Jersey (Forza Nuova—USA's headquarters) and Phoenix, Arizona.[39]

In 2018, Forza Nuova joined forces with Polish ultra-right organization National Radical Camp to "patrol" the beaches of Italian Romagna Riviera.[40]

Political platform[edit]

Forza Nuova demonstration in Verona.

The political movement claims to aim for "national reconstruction" by achieving eleven objectives:

  • The repeal of abortion law.
  • A social policy that encourages population growth and the traditional family.
  • Opposition to immigration and the humane repatriation of recent immigrants to Italy.
  • The fight against the Mafia, the banning of Freemasonry and all secret societies, together with exit from NATO and removal from the U.S. sphere of influence.
  • The fight against usury and writing off of public debt, as well as the abolition of capitalism.
  • The restoration of the 1929 agreement between the State and the Church and the defence of national identity.
  • The repeal of the Mancino and Scelba laws, which the Forza Nuova believes destroy freedom.
  • The formation of guilds for the protection of workers.
  • Laws to eliminate seigniorage banking income and for the state to issue currency; complementary currencies for local trade, and the nationalization of the following sectors: health, the central bank, commercial banks and strategic industries
  • The "recovery of Christian religiosity" and of "faith in the Catholic Church".[citation needed]

New Force is also characterized by Euroscepticism; Roberto Fiore, FN leader, stated that he wanted to oppose "with all possible legal means" the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty.

Election results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2001 into Southern Action League
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
2006 into Social Alternative
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
2008 108,837 0.30
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
2013 89,811 0.26 (#16)
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
2018 into Italy for the Italians
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2001 into Southern Action League
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore
2006 into Social Alternative
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore
2008 85,630 0.26
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore
2013 81,521 0.26 (#16)
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore
2018 into Italy for the Italians
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1999 into Southern Action League
0 / 87
Roberto Fiore
2004 into Social Alternative
0 / 78
Roberto Fiore
2009 146,619 0.47
0 / 72
Roberto Fiore
2019 41,077 0.15
0 / 73
Roberto Fiore

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "FORZA NUOVA SHOCK, MOBILITA 5000 CAMICIE BIANCHE IN TUTTA ITALIA". agenziaitaliapress.blogspot.it.
  2. ^ "Archivio Corriere della Sera". archiviostorico.corriere.it.
  3. ^ "Assalto alla sede di Forza Nuova domani i neofascisti in piazza - la Repubblica.it".
  4. ^ "Italy's parliament votes to outlaw fascist symbols, Roman salute". Deutsche Welle. 13 September 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  5. ^ "La forza nuova dalla fede antica".
  6. ^ "Reggio Emilia - Contro ogni nazionalismo, per un'Europa di diritti e dignità - Global Project".
  7. ^ "No aborto". Forza Nuova. 29 September 2008. Archived from the original on 22 September 2008.
  8. ^ "Aborto: Forza Nuova lancia palloncini 'Aborto=omicidio'". A tutta Destra. 21 May 2011. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  9. ^ "Palermo, Forza nuova contro l'aborto, bambole insanguinate ai giornali". la Repubblica. 19 November 2008.
  10. ^ Extreme Right Parties in Italy Archived 2012-10-30 at the Wayback Machine, Gianfranco Baldini, 2001
  11. ^ Polish and Italian far-right groups join forces for ‘first European security operation’. Euronews. Author - Lillo Montalto Monella. Published 13 July 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  12. ^ Greven, Thomas; Grumke, Thomas (2006). Globalisierter Rechtsextremismus? Die extremistische Rechte in der Ära der Globalisierung [Globalized Right-wing Extremism. The Extreme Right in the Era of Globalization]. VS Verlag. p. 136. ISBN 978-3-531-14514-3.
  13. ^ "Forza Nuova e i suoi ragazzi - la Repubblica.it".
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "- la Repubblica.it".
  16. ^ "- la Repubblica.it".
  17. ^ (in Italian) "Morsello (ex Nar) torna in Italia," Corriere della Sera (21 January 1999). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  18. ^ (in Italian) Martirano Dino, "Morto a Londra Morsello fondatore di Forza Nuova," Corriere della Sera (11 March 2001). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  19. ^ (in Italian) Gallo Giuliano, "Roma, naziskin a giudizio," Corriere della Sera (23 April 1999). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  20. ^ . 14 February 2009 https://web.archive.org/web/20090214112044/http://www.anpipianoro.it/i+nuovi+fascismi/La+Forza+nuova+della+fede+antica.html. Archived from the original on 14 February 2009. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  21. ^ (in Italian) "Forza nuova, 2.500 iscritti e 40 sezioni," Corriere della Sera (26 April 2001). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  22. ^ "::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Camera del 13 Aprile 2008". elezionistorico.interno.it.
  23. ^ "::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Senato del 13 Aprile 2008". elezionistorico.interno.it.
  24. ^ (in Italian) "In Europa sbarca il «nero» Fiore, leader di Forza Nuova," Corriere della Sera (19 April 2008). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  25. ^ "::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni". elezioni.interno.it.
  26. ^ "Sicily - Huang's World - VICELAND".
  27. ^ "Forza Nuova, scissione all'ombra del virus. Parlano i militanti delusi". affaritaliani.it. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  28. ^ "I fuoriusciti di Forza Nuova lanciano 'La Rete'". La Rampa. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  29. ^ "Nasce il Movimento Nazionale - La Rete dei Patrioti". La Rampa. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Forza Nuova PrideDietro l'adunata neofascista al Circo Massimo c'è un'espulsione per «indegnità» gay". Linkiesta. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
  31. ^ "I fuoriusciti di Forza nuova fondano la Rete dei patrioti". Fascinazione.info. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  32. ^ "Forza Nuova, polemiche sul manifesto per il corteo in centro: "Assalto alla Cgil, arrestati i leader di Forza Nuova Castellino e Fiore. "". Rome: il Fatto Quotidiano. 10 October 2021. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  33. ^ Attaccata la sede della Cgil a Roma, Landini: 'Squadrismo fascista', ANSA
  34. ^ Cgil, assalto alla sede di Roma, Landini: «Atto di squadrismo fascista», Corriere della Sera
  35. ^ "Oscurato il sito di Forza Nuova. "Incita alla violenza"". Il Giornale. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  36. ^ a b Giovanni Savino, "From Evola to Dugin: The Neo-Eurasianist Connection in Italy" in Eurasianism and the European Far Right: Reshaping the Europe–Russia Relationship (ed. Marlene Laruelle: Lexington Books, 2015), p. 115.
  37. ^ Giovanna Faggionato, Forza nuova, Roberto Fiore e i rapporti con Putin, Lettera43 (December 14, 2014).
  38. ^ Forza Nuova Continues Attempt at Recruitment in USA, SITE Intelligence Group (February 10, 2016).
  39. ^ Sarah Begley, Read the List of the 917 Hate Groups Identified by the Southern Poverty Law Center, Time (February 15, 2017).
  40. ^ Monella, Lillo Montalto (12 July 2018). "Polish and Italian far-right groups join forces for 'first European security operation'". euronews. Retrieved 19 November 2019.

External links[edit]