New Haven, Illinois

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New Haven, Illinois
New Haven post office
New Haven post office
Location of New Haven in Gallatin County, Illinois.
Location of New Haven in Gallatin County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°54′26″N 88°7′37″W / 37.90722°N 88.12694°W / 37.90722; -88.12694Coordinates: 37°54′26″N 88°7′37″W / 37.90722°N 88.12694°W / 37.90722; -88.12694
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyGallatin
Area
 • Total1.26 sq mi (3.25 km2)
 • Land1.23 sq mi (3.18 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total433
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
399
 • Density324.92/sq mi (125.48/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62867
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-52506
Wikimedia CommonsNew Haven, Illinois

New Haven is a village in Gallatin County, Illinois, United States, along the Little Wabash River near its mouth at the Wabash River. The population was 433 at the 2010 United States Census,[3] down from 477 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Before the New Haven vicinity was settled, it was inhabited by multiple indigenous cultures. Some countryside southeast of the village near the Wabash was formerly the location of a village of a Late Woodland people known as the "Duffy Complex"; the location is now an archaeological site known as the Duffy Site.[4]

Geography[edit]

New Haven is located in the northeast corner of Gallatin County at 37°54′26″N 88°7′37″W / 37.90722°N 88.12694°W / 37.90722; -88.12694 (37.907113, -88.126954).[5] It is bordered to the north by White County, and the Little Wabash River forms part of the northern border. Illinois Route 141 passes through the northern part of the village, leading east 5 miles (8 km) to the Indiana border at the Wabash River and 13 miles (21 km) to Mount Vernon, Indiana, and west 12 miles (19 km) to U.S. Route 45 northwest of Omaha, Illinois. Shawneetown, the Gallatin County seat, is 17 miles (27 km) to the south.

According to the 2010 census, New Haven has a total area of 1.258 square miles (3.26 km2), of which 1.23 square miles (3.19 km2) (or 97.77%) is land and 0.028 square miles (0.07 km2) (or 2.23%) is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860200
187035678.0%
1890336
190042927.7%
191051419.8%
192057010.9%
1930422−26.0%
194069564.7%
195081917.8%
1960642−21.6%
1970606−5.6%
1980559−7.8%
1990459−17.9%
20004773.9%
2010433−9.2%
Est. 2016399[2]−7.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

At the 2000 census,[7] there were 477 people, 203 households and 138 families residing in the village. The population density was 395.7 per square mile (152.2/km²). There were 240 housing units at an average density of 199.1 per square mile (76.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.58% White, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population.

There were 203 households of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.90.

23.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median household income was $27,083 and the median family income was $29,875. Males had a median income of $25,000 and females $19,500. The per capita income was $12,367. About 20.3% of families and 22.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.8% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
  4. ^ Winters, Howard D. An Archaeological Survey of the Wabash Valley in Illinois. Springfield: Illinois State Museum Society, 1963, 82.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.

External links[edit]