New Haven, Missouri
|New Haven, Missouri|
|Nickname(s): sun drop country|
Location of New Haven, Missouri
|• Total||3.45 sq mi (8.94 km2)|
|• Land||3.29 sq mi (8.52 km2)|
|• Water||0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2)|
|Elevation||676 ft (206 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,096|
|• Density||635.0/sq mi (245.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0731625|
New Haven is a city in Franklin County, Missouri, United States. The population was 2,008 at the 2010 census. The city was founded in 1856. It was originally called Miller's Landing after Philip Miller, an early settler.
New Haven was founded in 1836 as a riverboat stop on the Missouri River first called "Miller's Landing." Founder Phillip Miller operated a wood yard on the river to fuel the steamboat trade.
In the 1850s the arrival of the Union Pacific railroad brought increased commerce and economic activity to the area. In 1856, town fathers changed the name from Miller's Landing to "New Haven", reflecting the growth of the town from its origins as a steamboat stop.
German immigrants helped settle the area through the 19th century, many of them coming from the Borgholzhausen, Germany area in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Today, New Haven maintains an active Sister-City partnership with Borgholzhausen.
New Haven continued to grow through the 20th century. The town has several churches built in the 19th century and early 20th century. Much of the original downtown district, dating from the late 19th century, remains. Both the downtown area, as well as a residential neighborhood near downtown, are listed on the [National Register of Historic Places]. An Arts District has been established in the downtown and features a variety of Artisans. New Haven's history is promoted and preserved by two museums: the John Colter Museum downtown and the Springgate Museum in the Old New Haven Elementary School, hosted by the New Haven Preservation Society.
Nearby Röbller Vineyard and Winery is included in the Hermann AVA and is on the Hermann Wine Trail. Together with other vineyards on the north side of the Missouri River, this area is part of the Missouri Rhineland.
New Haven is located at (38.604989, -91.218137).
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,089 people, 818 households, and 533 families residing in the city. The population density was 635.0 inhabitants per square mile (245.2/km2). There were 905 housing units at an average density of 275.1 per square mile (106.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 0.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.7% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 818 households of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.8% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.08.
The median age in the city was 36.5 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.9% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,867 people, 707 households, and 485 families residing in the city. The 2010 population has risen to 2,008. The population density was 654.2 people per square mile (252.9/km²). There were 778 housing units at an average density of 272.6 per square mile (105.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.02% White, 0.64% African American, 0.27% Native American, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.
There were 707 households, out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 86.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,681, and the median income for a family was $45,260. Males had a median income of $35,161 versus $21,108 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,503. About 2.6% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- New Haven History & Heritage, New Haven Area Chamber of Commerce.
- New Haven Community Profile, City of New Haven, Missouri.
- Official New Haven City Government Website
- New Haven Chamber of Commerce Website
- New Haven Leader (newspaper)
- Historic maps of New Haven in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri