New Horizons 2
New Horizons 2 (also New Horizons II, NHII, or NH2) was a proposed mission to the trans-Neptunian objects by NASA. It was conceived as a planetary flyby mission in 2002, based on the New Horizons spacecraft, which was in development at the time. In March 2005, the proposal was not selected for further development because of a shortage of plutonium-238 needed for the radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG). The New Horizons 2 study was funded out of the New Frontiers program, and was delivered to the U.S. Congress in June 2005.
New Horizons 2 was included in the tentative budget for the New Frontiers program missions. In 2004 the United States Senate Appropriations Committee provided additional funding for New Horizons 2, a new Kuiper belt mission. As early as 2004 there was a conference on how to make the most use of New Horizons 2's Uranus flyby.
Candidate targets included 47171 Lempo, a system that, like Pluto–Charon, contains multiple bodies. The mission plan for Lempo also included flybys of Jupiter and Uranus, and perhaps four Kuiper belt objects (KBO). There was a lot of flexibility: even without a gravity assist any KBO within 50 AU and a 20-year flight time was possible. A flyby of Neptune's Triton was also considered, with 66652 Borasisi as a potential follow on. 2002 UX25 was also considered to be visited, having a similar orbit as Lempo.
- Mars 2020 (another US mission designed to use nuclear power from an RTG)
- Innovative Interstellar Explorer (2003 concept study for RTG powered ion-engined probe to 200 AU by 2030)
- List of New Horizons topics
- "New Horizons II (2004-2005) | Wired Science | Wired.com". 2012-05-26. Archived from the original on 2012-05-26. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
- Stern, Alan; Binzel, Rick; et al. "New Horizons 2" (PDF). Lunar and Planetary Institute. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- New Horizons II Final Report - March 2005
- "Presentation: SSE Decadal Survey and New Horizons: A Rough Start" (PDF). June 2005.
- Czysz, Paul A.; Bruno, Claudio (2009-03-20). Future Spacecraft Propulsion Systems: Enabling Technologies for Space Exploration. Springer. p. 378. ISBN 9783540888147.
- Stern, Alan (October 5, 2004). "New Horizons For Planetary Exploration". Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- Afoot-- Cheaper, More Frequent Outer Planets Missions - New Horizons II Workshop
- Stern, Alan; et al. "New Horizons 2" (pdf). NASA (Outer Planets Assessment Group). Retrieved 13 May 2012. parent
- Final Report of the New Horizons II Review Panel