New Iberia, Louisiana

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New Iberia, Louisiana
City of New Iberia
Downtown
Downtown
New Iberia is located in Louisiana
New Iberia
New Iberia
Location in Louisiana
New Iberia is located in the United States
New Iberia
New Iberia
New Iberia (the United States)
Coordinates: 30°0′13″N 91°49′6″W / 30.00361°N 91.81833°W / 30.00361; -91.81833Coordinates: 30°0′13″N 91°49′6″W / 30.00361°N 91.81833°W / 30.00361; -91.81833
CountryUnited States
StatesLouisiana
ParishIberia
Settled1779
Incorporated (city)1839
Area
 • Total11.25 sq mi (29.14 km2)
 • Land11.14 sq mi (28.85 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total30,617
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
28,454
 • Density2,554.45/sq mi (986.25/km2)
FIPS code22-54035
Websitewww.cityofnewiberia.com/site.php

New Iberia (French: La Nouvelle-Ibérie; Spanish: Nueva Iberia) is the largest city and parish seat of, Iberia Parish in the U.S. state of Louisiana.[3] The city of New Iberia is located approximately 21 miles (34 kilometers) southeast of Lafayette, and forms part of the Lafayette metropolitan statistical area in the region of Acadiana.

History[edit]

New Iberia dates its founding to the spring of 1779, when a group of some 500 colonists (Malagueños) from Spain, led by Lt. Col. Francisco Bouligny, came up Bayou Teche and settled around what became known as Spanish Lake (because they were the first Europeans to settle here).

Flooding in New Iberia due to Hurricane Ike, September 2008

The Spanish settlers called the town "Nueva Iberia" in honor of the Iberian Peninsula; French-speakers referred to the town as "Nouvelle Ibérie" while the English settlers arriving after the Louisiana Purchase called it "New Town." In 1814, the U.S. government opened a post office in the town, officially recognizing the name as New Iberia, but postmarks from 1802 show the town being called “Nova Iberia” (Latin for "new").[4] The town was incorporated as the "Town of Iberia" in 1839, but the state legislature amended the town's charter in 1847, recognizing New Iberia as the town's name.[5]

During the American Civil War, New Iberia was occupied by Union forces under General Nathaniel P. Banks. The soldiers spent the winter of 1862–1863 at New Iberia and, according to historian John D. Winters of Louisiana Tech University in his The Civil War in Louisiana, "found the weather each day more and more severe. The dreary days dragged by, and the men grumbled as they plowed through the freezing rain and deep mud in performing the regular routines of camp life."[6] Banks' men from New Iberia foraged for supplies in the swamps near the city.[7]

In 1868, Iberia Parish was established, and New Iberia became the seat of parish government. At first, only rented space served for the courthouse, but by 1884 a new courthouse was completed on a landscaped lot in downtown New Iberia, at the present-day site of Bouligny Plaza. That courthouse served Iberia Parish until 1940. That year the current courthouse was built along Iberia Street, two blocks from the New Iberia downtown commercial district.

In September 2008, New Iberia was struck by Hurricane Ike. The lakes overflowed and filled the city, flooding it under several feet of dirty, brown water.[8]

Geography[edit]

New Iberia is located in southern Louisiana, in the Acadiana region. The city of New Iberia is a part of the Lafayette metropolitan area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.6 square miles (27.4 km2), all land. In 2000, the population density was 3,088.8 people per square mile (1,192.8/km2). There were 12,880 housing units at an average density of 1,219.5 per square mile (470.9/km2). New Iberia lies approximately 16 to 20 feet above sea level.[9][10]

Among the lakes near the city is Lake Peigneur, which was formerly a 10-foot (3.0 m) deep freshwater lake until a 1980 disaster involving oil drilling and a salt mine. The lake is now a 1,300-foot (400 m) deep salt water lake, having been refilled by the Gulf of Mexico via the Delcambre Canal. There is also Lake Tasse, better known as Spanish Lake. This region has many natural features of interest, such as Avery Island, famous for its Tabasco sauce factory, deposits of rock salt, and Jungle Gardens.

Climate[edit]

New Iberia enjoys a sub-tropical climate with above average rainfall. As of 2021, annual average high temperature is 79 °F (26 °C) and the annual low is 59 °F (15 °C).[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850306
18701,472
18802,70984.0%
18903,44727.2%
19006,81597.7%
19107,49910.0%
19206,278−16.3%
19308,00327.5%
194013,74771.8%
195016,46719.8%
196029,06276.5%
197030,1473.7%
198032,7668.7%
199031,828−2.9%
200032,6232.5%
201030,617−6.1%
2019 (est.)28,454[2]−7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

The 2019 American Community Survey estimated 29,456 people resided in the city limits.[13] At the 2010 U.S. census, the population of New Iberia was 30,617. At the census of 2000,[14] there were 32,623 people, 11,756 households, and 8,335 families residing in the city.

Of the population in 2019, New Iberians lived in 13,455 housing units; there were 11,030 households.[15] New Iberia's population had a sex ratio of 96.2 males per 100 females.[13] The city had a median age of 36.2 and 7,671 were under 18 years of age, 2,609 under 5 years, and 21,785 aged 18 and older. An estimated 4,268 households were married-couples living together, 784 cohabiting households, 2,273 male households with no female present, and 3,705 female households with no male present.[15] The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.24.

In 2000, there were 11,756 households, out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 20.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.24. In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.

The 2019 census estimates determined New Iberia a median income of $38,221 and mean income of $54,126.[16] At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $26,079, and the median income for a family was $30,828. Males had a median income of $30,289 versus $16,980 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,084. About 24.9% of families and 29.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.8% of those under age 18 and 20.8% of those age 65 or over.

Race and ethnicity[edit]

New Iberia had a racial and ethnic makeup of 51.6% non-Hispanic whites, 40.7% Blacks or African Americans, 0.1% American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1.4% Asian, 2.1% some other race, and 2.1% multiracial Americans. Hispanics or Latin Americans of any race made up 3.8% of the total population in 2019.[13] At the 2000 census, the racial makeup of the city was 56.99% White, 38.42% African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Religion[edit]

In common with most of Louisiana, the majority of New Iberians profess a religion.[17] New Iberia is dominated by Christianity, being part of the Bible Belt. The single largest Christian denomination in the city is the Catholic Church, owing in part to the Spanish and French heritage of its residents. Catholics in New Iberia and the surrounding area are served by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lafayette in Louisiana.[18] Of the religious population, 0.1% each practice Judaism or an eastern religion.

Economy[edit]

The city of New Iberia was the founding headquarters for Bruce Foods before their relocation to Lafayette; it was also the birthplace of Trappey's Hot Sauce. Currently, the economy is stimulated by small businesses, agriculture, New Iberia station, Louisiana Hot Sauce, and Acadiana Regional Airport.

Arts and culture[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Shadows-on-the-Teche historic former residence and plantation, now owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[19]
  • Avery Island, home of Tabasco sauce and claims to be the oldest salt mine in North America. In operation since 1862.[20]
  • Jungle Gardens, botanical garden and bird sanctuary located in Avery Island.[21]
  • Jefferson Island, a wooded "island" atop a large column of salt. Located on Jefferson Island is a former salt mine, botanical garden, rookery, nursery, as well as the historic Victorian Jefferson Mansion.[22]
  • Conrad Rice Mill is on the National Register of Historic Places, oldest rice mill in operation since 1912, sometimes offering public tours.[23]
  • The Iberia Community Band hosts four public concerts throughout the year and is open to amateur, student, and professional band instrumentalists of all ages and skill levels.
  • The Iberia Performing Arts League, also known as IPAL, is a community theater organization. It generally presents five major productions per year and a summer youth play or activity.
  • The city used to hold a statue of Roman emperor Hadrian. It was located on the corner of Weeks and St. Peter Streets.[24]

Festivals[edit]

New Iberia hosts the Louisiana Sugar Cane Festival in September.[25] The Sugar Cane Festival celebrates the commencement of the sugar cane harvest, locally referred to as grinding. Sugar cane is a principal crop grown by New Iberia farmers. The city also hosts El Festival Español de Nueva Iberia, in November.[26] Other notable festivals include the World Championship Gumbo Cook-Off, on the second full weekend in October;[27] the Cajun Hot Sauce Festival, in April, including hot sauce competition, jambalaya cook-off, and the Cajun hot sauce festival queen pageant; Great Gator Race; Acadiana Dragon Boat Races (previously The Acadiana Dragon Boat Festival), in March;[28] and Blitz Dance Competition.

Popular culture[edit]

New Iberia is home to fictional detective Dave Robicheaux and his creator, author James Lee Burke.[29] In the Electric Mist, a movie based on one of Burke's novels, was filmed in New Iberia in 2009 and starred Tommy Lee Jones.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Iberia Parish School System serves the city and parish area.

High schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

  • Anderson Middle School
  • Belle Place Middle School
  • Iberia Middle School

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Belle Place Elementary
  • Caneview Elementary
  • Center Street Elementary
  • Coteau Elementary
  • Daspit Elementary
  • Jefferson Island Road Elementary
  • John Hopkins Elementary
  • Magnolia Elementary
  • North Lewis Elementary
  • North Street Elementary
  • Park Elementary
  • Pesson Elementary
  • Sugarland Elementary

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Iberia Parish is in the service area of Fletcher Technical Community College and of South Louisiana Community College.[32]

Notable people[edit]

This is a list of notable people from New Iberia, Louisiana. It includes people who were born/raised in, lived in, or spent portions of their lives in New Iberia, or for whom New Iberia is a significant part of their identity, as well as music groups founded in New Iberia. This list is in alphabetical order.

Actors[edit]

Authors and journalists[edit]

Artists and designers[edit]

Business[edit]

Politics and civil service[edit]

Music[edit]

Sports[edit]

Science[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

City Division Country Notes
Alhaurín de la Torre  Andalusia  Spain [47]
Fuengirola  Andalusia  Spain
Saint-Jean-d'Angély  Nouvelle-Aquitaine  France [48]
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre  Brussels-Capital Region  Belgium

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ Kopersmith, Van, ed. (2016). "American Stampless Cover Catalog: Louisiana" (PDF). Indianapolis, Indiana: U.S. Philatelic Classics Society. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  5. ^ "East Main Street Historic District - New Iberia, LA - U.S. National Register of Historic Places". Waymarking. April 4, 2010. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  6. ^ John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963; ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 300
  7. ^ Winters, p. 237
  8. ^ "2008- Hurricane Ike". Hurricanes: Science and Society. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
  9. ^ "Map New Iberia - Louisiana Longitude, Altitude - Sunset". U.S. Climate Data. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  10. ^ "New Iberia, Iberia, United States on the Elevation Map. Topographic Map of New Iberia, Iberia, United States". Elevation Map. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  11. ^ "Climate Data for New Iberia, Louisiana". U.S. Climate Data. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ a b c d e "2019 American Community Survey Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. 2019. Retrieved 2021-06-04. Cite error: The named reference ":0" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ a b c d "2019 Selected Characteristic Estimates for New Iberia". U.S. Census Bureau. 2019. Retrieved 2021-06-04. Cite error: The named reference ":1" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  16. ^ "2019 Income Characteristics for New Iberia". U.S. Census Bureau. 2019. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  17. ^ "Religion in New Iberia, Louisiana". Sperling's BestPlaces. 2020. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  18. ^ "South Deanery". Roman Catholic Diocese of Lafayette, Louisiana. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  19. ^ "The Shadows". The Shadows. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  20. ^ "Avery Island". NESTA. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  21. ^ "Jungle Gardens". City of New Iberia, Louisiana. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  22. ^ "Jefferson Island". Iberia Parish Convention & Visitors Bureau. 25 September 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  23. ^ "Konriko Rice Mill and Company Store". City of New Iberia, Louisiana. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  24. ^ "Hadrian statue ready for sale" (article), Daily Iberian
  25. ^ "HiSugar | Louisiana Sugar Cane Festival". Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  26. ^ "Events". Iberia Travel. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  27. ^ "World Championship Gumbo Cookoff | Greater Iberia Chamber of Commerce". iberiachamber.org. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  28. ^ "Acadiana Dragon Boat Races". on-tap. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  29. ^ jamesleeburke.com "James Lee Burke - Official Website" Archived 2008-07-19 at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ "About". Acadiana Christian School. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  31. ^ "Home". Highland Baptist Christian School. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  32. ^ "Our Colleges". Louisiana's Technical and Community Colleges. Retrieved 2021-06-03.
  33. ^ "Yvonne Levy Kushner Obituary". Washington Post. 1990-02-09. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-10-16.
  34. ^ "Living Legends: Glen Conrad". The Acadian Museum. Retrieved 2019-02-11.
  35. ^ Kelly, John (2017-07-05). "Perspective, Remembering when politicians didn't seem to hate journalists quite so much". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  36. ^ "The World Today". The Pittsburgh Courier. May 19, 1962. p. 1. Retrieved 2017-10-16.
  37. ^ "The Press: Color Bar". Time Magazine. 1955-01-31. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  38. ^ "Legends of Fine Art | Alyce Frank - Southwest Art Magazine". Southwest Art Magazine. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  39. ^ "William Weeks Hall Has A Final Resting Place At The Shadows". Newspapers.com. The Daily Advertiser. 27 June 1961. p. 9. Retrieved 2021-05-22.
  40. ^ "Owen J. Southwell Papers". Edith Garland Dupré Library. University of Louisiana at Lafayette. 2014-10-13. Retrieved 2019-01-25.
  41. ^ "2016 Louisiana Legends Honorees". Louisiana Public Broadcasting. 2016. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  42. ^ Farkas, David; Ramos, Bethany. "Conceptual Thinking: P.F. Chang's Founder Forges Ahead in Restaurant Innovation". BuyerZone. BuyerZone.com, LLC. A Purch Brand. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  43. ^ "Bunk Johnson". Know Louisiana. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities at Turners' Hall. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  44. ^ "Eulis 'Soko' Richardson Obituary". The Daily Iberian. 2004-02-06. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  45. ^ "Diontae Spencer". Ottawa Redblacks. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  46. ^ "Norman Carnahan". Acadian Museum. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  47. ^ Celine (2015-10-19). "New Iberia's Spanish Twinning: A Spaniard's Perspective". Iberia Travel. Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  48. ^ "Saint-Jean-d'Angély : pas d'hibernation pour les jumelages". SudOuest.fr (in French). Retrieved 2021-05-27.

External links[edit]