NJ Transit Rail Operations

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NJ Transit Rail Operations
NJT railmap infobox.svg
New Jersey Transit rail operations sampler.jpg
NJ Transit provides rail service throughout northern New Jersey, between Philadelphia and Atlantic City in southern New Jersey, and in the lower Hudson Valley west of the Hudson River.
Headquarters1 Penn Plaza East
Newark, New Jersey
Reporting markNJTR
LocaleNorth Jersey, Central Jersey, White Horse Pike corridor, Hudson Valley
Dates of operation1983–present
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification12.5 kV 25 Hz AC Catenary
25 kV 60 Hz AC Catenary

NJ Transit Rail Operations (reporting mark NJTR) is the rail division of NJ Transit. It operates commuter rail service in New Jersey, with most service centered on transportation to and from New York City, Hoboken, and Newark. NJ Transit also operates rail service in Orange and Rockland counties in New York under contract to Metro-North Railroad. The commuter rail lines saw 29,843,100[1] riders in 2021, making it the second-busiest commuter railroad in North America as well as the longest by route length. This does not include NJ Transit's light rail operations.

Network and infrastructure[edit]

The lines operated by NJ Transit were formerly operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey, New York and Long Branch Railroad and Erie Lackawanna Railroad, most of which date from the mid-19th century. From the 1960s onward, the New Jersey Department of Transportation began subsidizing the commuter lines. By 1976, the lines were all operated by Conrail under contract to NJDOT. The system took its current form in 1983, when NJ Transit took over all commuter service in New Jersey. The two networks were not integrated until the opening of Secaucus Junction in 2003, which enabled passengers to transfer between lines bound for New York and Hoboken.

NJTransit Rail Lines


As of 2012, NJ Transit's commuter rail network consists of 11 lines and 164 stations,[2] primarily concentrated in northern New Jersey, with one line running between Atlantic City and Philadelphia.

Current lines[edit]

Operations are in two divisions:

Newark Division
Lines Terminals
Northeast Corridor Line New York Penn Station Trenton
Princeton Branch Princeton Junction Princeton
North Jersey Coast Line

New York Penn Station (most trains)

Long Branch (electric service)
Bay Head (diesel service)

Raritan Valley Line

Newark Penn Station (most trains)
New York Penn Station (limited weekday trains)
Hoboken Terminal (1 inbound weekday train)

High Bridge (limited weekday trains)
Raritan (all other trains)

Atlantic City Line Philadelphia 30th Street Station Atlantic City Rail Terminal
Hoboken Division
Lines Terminals
Main Line Hoboken Terminal Suffern
Bergen County Line
Pascack Valley Line Spring Valley
Port Jervis Line Port Jervis
Meadowlands Rail Line Meadowlands
Montclair-Boonton Line

Hoboken Terminal (diesel and other electric service)
New York Penn Station (Midtown Direct service)

Montclair State University (electric service)
Hackettstown (weekday diesel service)

Morristown Line

Dover (electric service)
Hackettstown (weekday diesel service)

Gladstone Branch Gladstone

Freight usage[edit]

Although NJ Transit itself does not carry freight, NJTR allows freight service to be operated over its lines via trackage rights agreements with several railroads. Conrail (CSAO), CSX, Norfolk Southern (NS) and several short lines (Cape May Seashore Lines (CMSL), Dover and Delaware River Railroad (DD), Morristown & Erie Railway (M&E), and Southern Railroad of New Jersey (SRNJ) currently have trackage rights contracts to operate freight service on NJ Transit lines. The Morristown & Erie Railway can only use NJT trackage to get between its owned trackage; it cannot serve customers on NJ Transit trackage. A similar situation exists for Conrail on the Atlantic City Line.

Below is a list of NJ Transit lines and freight lines that operate on them:

  • Morristown Line: DD, M&E
  • Montclair-Boonton Line: DD, M&E
  • Main Line: NS, M&E
  • Bergen County Line: NS, M&E
  • Pascack Valley Line: NS
  • Raritan Valley Line: CSAO
  • North Jersey Coast Line: CSAO
  • Atlantic City Line: CSAO, SRNJ

Non-passenger lines[edit]

NJTR also owns several lines not used for regular passenger service. These lines were purchased by the New Jersey Department of Transportation in the late 1970s for railbanking purposes, with ownership transferring to NJ Transit upon its creation in 1979. These lines are either leased for freight/tourist service, interim rail trail use, or remain derelict:


NJT owns most of its tracks, infrastructure, bridges, tunnels and signals. The exceptions are:

Yards and maintenance[edit]

NJ Transit's main storage and maintenance facility is the Meadows Maintenance Complex in Kearny, New Jersey. Other major yard facilities are located at Hoboken Terminal. Amtrak's Sunnyside Yard in Queens, New York serves as a layover facility for trains to New York Penn Station. Additional yards are located at outlying points along the lines. These include:[3]

  • Main and Bergen County Lines:
  • Montclair-Boonton Line:
  • Morris and Essex Lines:
  • North Jersey Coast Line:
    • Long Branch Yard
    • Bay Head Yard
  • Northeast Corridor:
  • Pascack Valley Line:
    • Woodbine Yard, Spring Valley, NY
  • Port Jervis Line:
    • Port Jervis Yard, Port Jervis, NY
  • Raritan Valley Line:
    • Raritan Yard
    • Hudson Yard, Harrison (Shared with Northeast Corridor)

NJT has a fleet of maintenance crews and vehicles that repair tracks, spread ballast, deliver supplies and inspect infrastructure. There are eight non-revenue work diesels used for these purposes.

Movable bridges[edit]

NJT utilizes numerous moveable bridges:

  • Dock Bridge, Newark (Passaic River) – Northeast Corridor Line (vertical lift) (owned and operated by Amtrak)
  • Portal Bridge, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Northeast Corridor Line (swing) (owned and operated by Amtrak)
  • Newark Draw, Newark (Passaic River) – Morristown Line (swing)
  • Lower Hack Lift, Jersey City (Hackensack River) – Morristown Line (vertical lift)
  • Upper Hack Lift, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Main Line (vertical lift)
  • HX Draw, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Bergen County Line and Pascack Valley Line (bascule)
  • Lyndhurst Draw, Lyndhurst (Passaic River) – Main Line (swing)
  • River Draw, South Amboy (Raritan River) – North Jersey Coast Line (swing)
  • Morgan Draw, Old Bridge (Cheesequake Creek) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Oceanport Draw, Oceanport (Oceanport Creek) – North Jersey Coast Line (swing)
  • Shark River Draw, Belmar (Shark River) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Brielle Draw, Brielle (Manasquan River) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Beach Bridge, Atlantic City (Beach Thorofare) – Atlantic City Line (swing)
  • Delair Bridge, Pennsauken (Delaware River) – Atlantic City Line (vertical lift) (owned and operated by Conrail)

Rolling stock[edit]


Active revenue[edit]

These locomotives carry NJTR reporting marks for revenue service. Not included are the EMU cars, which are technically locomotives, but are listed in the passenger cars roster below.

Builder and model Photo Numbers Built Acquired Type Number active Power Notes
EMD GP40PH-2 NJ Transit 4101.jpg 4100, 4101, 4109 1968 1983
(inherited at inception)
Diesel 3 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Former Central Railroad of New Jersey GP40P 3671–3682; rebuilt by Conrail 1991–1993.
  • Last remaining units from a 13 engine order.
  • 4101 painted in heritage NJDOT scheme.
  • 4109 painted in heritage Central Railroad of New Jersey scheme.
EMD GP40PH-2B GP40PH-2B Rutherford.jpg 4200–4219 1965–1969 1993–1994 19
EMD F40PH-2CAT NJ Transit F-40 Eng 4120.JPG 4119, 4120 1981 2
  • Last remaining units from a 17 engine order.
  • Was only used in work service from 2013 until 2020.
Alstom PL42AC PL42AC Rutherford.jpg 4000–4032 2005–2006 29 4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,680 hp (2,744 kW) available for traction
  • Some units to be replaced by the ALP-45A.[5]
  • Remaining units to be given light overhauls.[6]
Bombardier ALP-46 ALP-46 4615 Maplewood.jpg 4600–4628 2001–2002 Electric 29 7,100 hp (5,294 kW)
Bombardier ALP-46A ALP-46A 4645 Princeton Junction.jpg 4629–4664 2010–2011 36 7,500 hp (5,593 kW)
  • Delivery started in 2010; the first units entered service on June 2, 2010.[7]
  • 4636 wrapped in heritage Pennsylvania Railroad scheme
Bombardier ALP-45DP ALP-45DP Convent Station.jpg 4500–4534 2011–2012 Dual-mode
(electric and diesel)[8]
35 Electric mode
5,365 hp (4,001 kW)

Diesel mode
4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,000 hp (2,237 kW) available for traction
  • Option for 17 additional locomotives (4535+) exercised in December 2017;[4] upgraded to 25 in July 2020.[5]
  • 4519 wrapped in heritage Erie Lackawanna Railroad scheme.
Bombardier/Alstom ALP-45A ALP-45A 4535 Test Train Rahway.jpg 4535-4559 2021-present

Retired revenue[edit]

Builder and model Photo Numbers Built Acquired Retired Type Power Notes
EMD F40PH-2CAT New Jersey Transit train 1165.jpg 4113–4118, 4121-4129 1981 2014 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Replaced by ALP-45DP.
GE U34CH NJ Transit GE U34CH.jpg 4151-4183 1970–1971 1976 1994 3,600 hp (2,700 kW)
  • Replaced by GP40PH-2A and GP40PH-2B.
EMD GP40FH-2 NJTR 4138 pushes Train 5440.jpg 4130–4144 1966–1967 1987 2012 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Rebuilt by Morrison-Knudsen with the frame of a standard GP40 and cowl of an F45.
  • Replaced by ALP-45DP.
EMD GP40PH-2A New Jersey Transit train 5427 enters Plainfield.jpg 4145–4150 1967–1971 1992–1993 2014
  • 4148 was wrecked in 1996 and was rebuilt as GP40PH-2B 4219.
  • Replaced by ALP-45DP.
GE P40DC New Jersey Transit GE P40DC 4800.jpg 4800-4803 1993 2007 2015 4,250 hp (3,170 kW)
ABB ALP-44 NJT ALP-44.jpg 4400–4414 1989 1990 2011 Electric 7000 hp (5.2 MW)
  • Replacements for the GE E60CHs.
ABB ALP-44E NJ Transit EWR.jpg 4415–4419 1995 2012
ABB ALP-44M NJ Transit ABB ALP-44M 4430.jpg 4420–4431 1996 2011
GE E60CH 958-973 1973 1984 1998 6,000 hp (4.5 MW)
  • Replaced by ALP-44.
GE/Altoona Works GG1 South Amboy Station 1981.jpg 4872-4884 1934–1943 N/A 1983 4,620 hp (3,450 kW)-8,500 hp (6,300 kW)
  • Ex-Pennsylvania Railroad.
  • Replaced by E60.
EMD F7A 417-418, 420, 422-425 1949–1952 1984 Diesel 1,500 hp (1,100 kW)
EMD E8A Njsr1 (190602642).jpg 4246, 4248–4249, 4251, 4253, 4256–4258, 4267, 4272, 4285, 4305, 4320–4328, 4330-4334 1950–1953 1987 2,250 hp (1,678 kW)
EMD F40PHR 270, 274, 293, 302, 311, 400 1975–1992 2003 2005 3,000–3,200 hp (2.2–2.4 MW)
  • Ex-Amtrak.


All non-revenue locomotives are diesel-powered and legally carry the same "NJTR" AAR reporting marks as all other equipment without exception. As these locomotives lack HEP, they do not haul trains in passenger service unless performing a rescue.

Model Numbers Year(s) Notes
EMD GP40-2 4300–4303 1965–1968 Ex-Conrail and New York Central.
EMD GP40PH-2 4102-4108, 4110-4112 1968
  • Units are now mechanically standard GP40-2s.
  • 4105, 4110, and 4112 remain unmodified.
MotivePower MP20B-3 1001–1005 2008 Rebuilt from 1967 EMD GP40FH-2s 4130–4134.

Passenger cars[edit]

NJ Transit has a fleet of over 1,000 passenger cars. The fleet and examples are described below.

Except for the Comet II (which are all trailers), all examples shown are cab cars leading or on the tail end of trains.

Car groupings are, except for the Arrow III MUs, arranged in the following order: cab cars, trailers with lavatories, and trailers without lavatories, where applicable.

Single Arrow III MU's are GE Model MA-1J, married pairs are GE Model MA-1H. NJ Transit also leased 10 MARC coaches in 2018 to alleviate an equipment shortage.[9]

and model
Photo Numbers Total Built Rebuilt
Arrow III
Arrow III Maplewood.png 1304–1333
  • 30 single cars
    (no lavatory)
  • 200 paired cars
    (lavatory in odd cars)
1977 1992–1995
  • Self-propelled cars.
  • 160 cars are in revenue service.
Comet II
NJTR Bombardier 5416.jpg 5300–5460
  • 161 trailers
    (no lavatories)
1982–1989 1999–2003
Comet IV
NJT 5018+WINSLOW.jpg 5011–5031, 5235–5264, 5535–5582
  • 21 cab cars
  • 30 trailers
  • 48 trailers
    (no lavatory)
  • No door at the engineer's position.
  • 5019 and 5025 are retired.
  • Cab cars are now used exclusively as trailers
Comet V
New Jersey Transit's Comets.jpg 6000–6083, 6200–6213, 6500–6601
  • 84 cab cars
  • 14 trailers
  • 102 trailers
    (no lavatory)
MultiLevel Coach
Multilevel Cab Car Maplewood.jpg 7000–7051, 7200–7298, 7500–7677
  • 52 cab cars
  • 99 trailers
  • 178 trailers
    (no lavatory)
Bombardier MultiLevel Coach II Raritan train at Newark Penn Station.jpg 7052–7061, 7678–7767
  • 10 cab cars
  • 90 trailers
    (no lavatory)
  • A 100 car base order was announced on July 14, 2010.[13] It was finalized and awarded to Bombardier on September 1, 2010.
  • The order includes an additional 79 car option.[14][15] 54 of these options exercised by MARC to obtain 54 cars with quick turnaround, leaving 25 unexercised options.
Bombardier MultiLevel Coach III ?
  • 58 powered multiple units[16]
  • 33 unpowered cab cars[16]
  • 22 unpowered trailers (6 with lavatory)[16]
  • NJ Transit awarded Bombardier a $670 million contract for the construction of an initial 113-car order in December 2018, with deliveries expected to begin in late 2022 and entry into service scheduled for mid-2023.[16] The contract includes options for up to 636 more cars.[16]


NJ Transit provides passenger service on 12 lines at total of 165 stations, some of which are operated in conjunction with Amtrak and Metro-North (MNCW).[17]


  1. ^ "Transit Ridership Report Fourth Quarter 2021" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. March 10, 2022. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
  2. ^ "NJ Transit Facts at a Glance Fiscal Year 2012" (PDF). NJ Transit. March 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
  3. ^ Rouse, Karen (November 16, 2012). "NJ Transit's rail fleet hit hard by storm". The Record. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "NJ Transit to order more electro-diesels". International Railway Journal. December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Nj Transit".
  6. ^ NJ.com, Larry Higgs | NJ Advance Media for (July 16, 2020). "NJ Transit buying $70M worth of new locomotives, approves $264M infusion from state". nj. Retrieved January 19, 2023.
  7. ^ Bombardier hands over first ALP-46A
  8. ^ Bombardier Press release
  9. ^ "NJ Transit leasing cars from Maryland" (Press release). News 12 New Jersey. May 1, 2018.
  10. ^ "First Multilevel Train Debuts on Northeast Corridor" (Press release). NJ Transit. December 11, 2006. Retrieved January 13, 2007.
  11. ^ "NJ Transit Orders 45 Additional Multilevel Rail Cars" (Press release). NJ Transit. June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 13, 2007.
  12. ^ NJT Purchases 50 Additional Multilevel Rail Cars
  13. ^ Transit approves capital and operating budgets Asbury Park Press. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
  14. ^ News – Media Centre – Bombardier
  15. ^ "NJ Transit pays $267M to purchase 100 new rail cars". Associated Press. September 2, 2009. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  16. ^ a b c d e "NJ Transit orders double-deck EMUs from Bombardier". Railway Gazette International. December 13, 2018. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  17. ^ "New Jersey Transit At A Glance" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2015.

External links[edit]