NJ Transit Rail Operations

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NJ Transit Rail Operations
NJT railmap infobox.svg
New Jersey Transit rail operations sampler.jpg
NJ Transit provides rail service throughout northern New Jersey, between Philadelphia and Atlantic City in southern New Jersey, and in the lower Hudson Valley west of the Hudson River.
Headquarters1 Penn Plaza East
Newark, NJ 07105
Reporting markNJTR
LocaleNorth and Central Jersey, White Horse Pike corridor, Hudson Valley
Dates of operation1983–present
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification12.5 kV 25 Hz AC Catenary
25 kV 60 Hz AC Catenary

NJ Transit Rail Operations (reporting mark NJTRO) is the rail division of NJ Transit. It operates commuter rail service in New Jersey, with most service centered on transportation to and from New York City, Hoboken, and Newark. NJ Transit also operates rail service in Orange and Rockland counties in New York under contract to Metro-North Railroad. The commuter rail lines had an average weekday ridership of 306,892 from June 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016.[1] This does not include NJ Transit's light rail operations.

Network and infrastructure[edit]

The lines operated by NJ Transit were formerly operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey and New York and Long Branch Railroad and Erie Lackawanna Railroad, most of which date from the mid-19th century. From the 1960s onward, the New Jersey Department of Transportation began subsidizing the commuter lines. By 1976, the lines were all operated by Conrail under contract to NJDOT. The system took its current form in 1983, when NJ Transit took over all commuter service in New Jersey. The two networks were not integrated until the opening of Secaucus Junction in 2003 enabled passengers to transfer between lines bound for New York and Hoboken.

NJTransit Rail Lines


As of 2012, NJ Transit's commuter rail network consists of 11 lines and 164 stations,[2] primarily concentrated in northern New Jersey, with one line running between Atlantic City and Philadelphia.

Current lines[edit]

Operations are in two divisions:

Newark Division
Lines Terminals
Northeast Corridor Line New York – Penn Station Trenton
Princeton Branch Princeton Junction Princeton
North Jersey Coast Line
Raritan Valley Line
Atlantic City Line Philadelphia – 30th Street Station Atlantic City Rail Terminal
Hoboken Division
Lines Terminals
Main Line
Hoboken Terminal Suffern
Bergen County Line
Pascack Valley Line Spring Valley
Port Jervis Line Port Jervis
Meadowlands Rail Line Meadowlands
Montclair-Boonton Line
Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch Gladstone

Freight usage[edit]

Although NJ Transit itself does not carry freight, NJTR allows freight service to be operated over its lines via trackage rights agreements with several railroads. Conrail (CSAO), CSX, Norfolk Southern (NS) and several short lines (Cape May Seashore Lines (CMSL), Dover and Delaware River Railroad (DD), Morristown & Erie Railway (M&E), and Southern Railroad of New Jersey (SRNJ)) currently have trackage rights contracts to operate freight service on NJ Transit lines. The Morristown & Erie Railway can only use NJT trackage to get between its owned trackage; it cannot serve customers on NJ Transit trackage. A similar situation exists for Conrail on the Atlantic City Line.

Below is a list of NJ Transit lines and freight lines that operate on them:

  • Morristown Line: DD, M&E
  • Montclair-Boonton Line: DD, M&E
  • Main Line: NS, M&E
  • Bergen County Line: NS, M&E
  • Pascack Valley Line: NS
  • Raritan Valley Line: CSAO
  • North Jersey Coast Line: CSAO
  • Atlantic City Line: CSAO, SRNJ

Non-passenger lines[edit]

NJTR also owns several lines not used for regular passenger service. These lines were purchased by the New Jersey Department of Transportation in the late 1970s for railbanking purposes, with ownership transferring to NJ Transit upon its creation in 1979. These lines are either leased for freight/tourist service, interim rail trail use, or remain derelict:


NJT owns most of its tracks, infrastructure, bridges, tunnels and signals. The exceptions are:

Yards and maintenance[edit]

NJ Transit's main storage and maintenance facility is the Meadows Maintenance Complex in Kearny, New Jersey. Other major yard facilities are located at Hoboken Terminal. Amtrak's Sunnyside Yard in Queens, New York serves as a layover facility for trains to New York Penn Station. Additional yards are located at outlying points along the lines. These include:[3]

  • Main and Bergen County Lines:
  • Montclair-Boonton Line:
  • Morris and Essex Lines:
  • North Jersey Coast Line:
    • Long Branch Yard
    • Bay Head Yard
  • Northeast Corridor:
  • Pascack Valley Line:
    • Woodbine Yard, Spring Valley, NY
  • Port Jervis Line:
    • Port Jervis Yard, Port Jervis, NY
  • Raritan Valley Line:
    • Raritan Yard

NJT has a fleet of maintenance crews and vehicles that repair tracks, spread ballast, deliver supplies and inspect infrastructure. There are eight non-revenue work diesels used for these purposes.

Movable bridges[edit]

NJT utilizes numerous moveable bridges:

  • Dock Bridge, Newark (Passaic River) – Northeast Corridor Line (vertical lift) (owned and operated by Amtrak)
  • Portal Bridge, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Northeast Corridor Line (swing) (owned and operated by Amtrak)
  • Newark Draw, Newark (Passaic River) – Morristown Line (swing)
  • Lower Hack Lift, Jersey City (Hackensack River) – Morristown Line (vertical lift)
  • Upper Hack Lift, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Main Line (vertical lift)
  • HX Draw, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Bergen County Line and Pascack Valley Line (bascule)
  • Lyndhurst Draw, Lyndhurst (Passaic River) – Main Line (swing)
  • River Draw, South Amboy (Raritan River) – North Jersey Coast Line (swing)
  • Morgan Draw, Old Bridge (Cheesequake Creek) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Oceanport Draw, Oceanport (Oceanport Creek) – North Jersey Coast Line (swing)
  • Shark River Draw, Belmar (Shark River) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Brielle Draw, Brielle (Manasquan River) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Beach Bridge, Atlantic City (Beach Thorofare) – Atlantic City Line (swing)
  • Delair Bridge, Pennsauken (Delaware River) – Atlantic City Line (vertical lift) (owned and operated by Conrail)

Rolling stock[edit]

Reporting marks[edit]

All NJ Transit Rail Operations equipment in both revenue and non-revenue service carry AAR reporting marks of NJTR without exception. Equipment owned by Metro-North carries AAR reporting marks MNCW without exception.


Active revenue[edit]

These locomotives carry NJTR reporting marks for revenue service. Not included are the EMU cars, which are technically locomotives, but are listed in the Passenger Cars roster below.

Builder and model Photo Numbers Built Acquired Type Power Notes
EMD GP40PH-2 NJTR 4109 pushes Train 1628.jpg 4101, 4109 1968 1983
(inherited at inception)
Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Former Central Railroad of New Jersey GP40P 3671-3682; rebuilt by Conrail 1991–1993.
  • Last remaining units from a 13 engine order.
  • 4109 was painted in heritage Central Railroad of New Jersey scheme.
EMD GP40PH-2B NJ Transit GP40PH-2B 4216 waits to pull Train 4622.jpg 4200–4219 1965–1969 1993–1994 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
Bombardier ALP-46 New Jersey Transit 6662-1.JPG 4600–4628 2001–2002 Electric 7,100 hp (5,294 kW)
Alstom PL42AC New Jersey Transit PL42AC 4011 pulls Train 1651.jpg 4000–4032 2005–2006 Diesel 4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,680 hp (2,744 kW) available for traction
  • Some units to be replaced by the ALP-45A [5]
ALP-46A 4629 at Convent Station.JPG 4629–4664 2010–2011 Electric 7,500 hp (5,593 kW)
  • Delivery started in 2010; the first units entered service on June 2, 2010.[6] All units currently in service.
  • 4636 was wrapped in heritage Pennsylvania Railroad scheme
ALP-45DP 4504 On Head of Train 1009, at Hoboken Terminal 6-1-12.jpg 4500–4534 2011-2012 Dual-mode
(electric and diesel)
Electric mode
5,365 hp (4,001 kW)

Diesel mode
4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,000 hp (2,237 kW) available for traction
  • Capable of running using wire or under diesel mode.[7]
  • 35 purchased in original order; options for 17 more exercised in December 2017.[8] Upgraded to 25 in July 2020.[9]
  • 4519 was wrapped in heritage Erie Lackawanna Railroad scheme.
4535-4559 2020-

Retired revenue[edit]

Builder and model Photo Numbers Built Acquired Retired Type Power Notes
EMD GP40PH-2 NJTR 4109 pushes Train 1628.jpg 4102-4108, 4110-4112 1968 1983
(inherited at inception)
2012-present Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Former CNJ GP40P units; rebuilt by Conrail 1991–1993.
  • Several units entering an in-house rebuild program by NJ Transit for mechanical conversion to standard GP40-2s for non-revenue service (see here).
  • Some units were briefly used on the Pascack Valley Line, Montclair-Boonton Line, and the Main Line to supplement Comet V cab cars undergoing PTC installation.
EMD F40PH-2CAT New Jersey Transit train 1165.jpg 4113–4129 1981 1981 2014
2018 (see notes)
Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Originally ordered as F40PH-2, later rebuilt as F40PH-2CAT by Conrail between 1997 and 1998.
  • Replaced by ALP-45DP.
    • 4119 & 4120 remain in work service. Briefly reactivated for use on the Pascack Valley Line, Montclair-Boonton Line, and the Main Line to supplement Comet V cab cars undergoing PTC installation.
    • 4124 & 4128 sold to the Grand Canyon Railway.
GE U34CH NJ Transit GE U34CH.jpg 4151-4183 1970–1971 1976 1994 Diesel 3,600 hp (2,700 kW)
  • Ex-Conrail 3351-3382.
  • Replaced by GP40PH-2A and GP40PH-2B.
    • 4172 (renumbered back to 3372) is preserved.
EMD GP40FH-2 NJTR 4138 pushes Train 5440.jpg 4130–4144 1966–1967 1987 2012 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Rebuilt by Morrison-Knudsen with the frame of a standard GP40 and cowl of an F45.
  • 4130-4134 rebuilt into MP20B-3 switchers in 2005.
  • Remaining units replaced by ALP-45DP.
    • Sold to various operators.
EMD GP40PH-2A New Jersey Transit train 5427 enters Plainfield.jpg 4145–4150 1967–1971 1992–1993 2014 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Replacements for the GE U34CHs.
  • 4148 was wrecked in 1996 and was rebuilt as GP40PH-2B 4219 by Conrail 1997.
  • Replaced by ALP-45DP.
  • 4145 sold to MARC, rest in storage.
GE P40DC New Jersey Transit GE P40DC 4800.jpg 4800-4803 1993 2007 2015 Diesel 4,250 hp (3,170 kW)
ABB ALP-44O NJT ALP-44.jpg 4400–4414 1989 1990 2011 Electric 7000 hp (5.2 MW)
  • Replacements for the GE E60CHs.
  • Replaced by ALP-46 and ALP-46A.
  • All units currently in storage
ABB ALP-44E NJ Transit EWR.jpg 4415–4419 1995 1995 2012
ABB ALP-44M NJ Transit ABB ALP-44M 4430.jpg 4420–4431 1996 1996 2011
GE E60CH 958-973 1973 1984 1998 Electric 6,000 hp (4.5 MW)
  • Ex-Amtrak.
  • Replaced by ALP-44.
    • 958 is preserved.
GE/Altoona Works GG1 South Amboy Station 1981.jpg 4872-4884 1934-1943 N/A 1983 Electric 4,620 hp (3,450 kW)-8,500 hp (6,300 kW)
  • Ex-Pennsylvania Railroad.
  • Replaced by E60.
    • 4876, 4877, 4879, and 4882 are preserved.
EMD F7A 417-418, 420, 422-425 1949-1952 N/A 1984 Diesel 1,500 hp (1,100 kW)
EMD E8A Njsr1 (190602642).jpg 4246, 4248-4249, 4251, 4253, 4256-4258, 4267, 4272, 4285, 4305, 4320-4328, 4330-4334 1950-1953 N/A N/A Diesel 2,250 hp (1,678 kW)
  • 4328 and lower ex-Penn Central, 4330-4334 ex-Southern Railway.
EMD F40PHR 270, 274, 293, 302, 311, 400 1975-1992 2003 2005 Diesel 3,000–3,200 hp (2.2–2.4 MW)


All non-revenue locomotives are diesel-powered and legally carry the same "NJTR" AAR reporting marks as all other equipment without exception. As these locomotives lack HEP, they do not haul trains in passenger service unless performing a rescue.

Model Numbers Year(s) Notes
EMD GP40-2 4300–4303 1965–1968 Ex-Conrail and New York Central.
EMD GP40PH-2 4102-4104, 4106, 4108 1968 Modified starting in 2014. The HEP motor and strobe lights were removed, unlit number boards were drilled in, the rear ladder was replaced with steps, and LED markers were applied to the rear end replacing their original tri-color class lights. Units are now mechanically standard GP40-2s.
MotivePower MP20B-3 1001–1005 2008 Rebuilt from 1967 EMD GP40FH-2s 4130–4134.
EMD F40PH-2CAT 4119-4120 1979–1981 Relegated to work service since 2013.

Passenger cars[edit]

NJ Transit has a fleet of over 1,000 passenger cars. The fleet and examples are described below.

Except for the Comet II (which are all trailers), all examples shown are cab cars leading or on the tail end of trains.

Car groupings are, except for the Arrow III MUs, arranged in the following order: cab cars, trailers with lavatories, and trailers without lavatories, where applicable.

Single Arrow III MU's are GE Model MA-1J, married pairs are GE Model MA-1H. NJ Transit also leased 10 MARC coaches in 2018 to alleviate an equipment shortage.[10]

and model
Photo Numbers Total Built Rebuilt
Arrow III
NJ Transit Arrow III MU 1327.jpg 1304–1333
  • 30 single cars
    (no lavatory)
  • 200 paired cars
    (lavatory in odd cars)
1977 1992–1995
  • Self-propelled cars.
  • 160 cars are in revenue service.
    • Some units sold to USDOT for testing.
    • To be replaced by Bombardier Multilevel III units.
Comet II
NJTR Bombardier 5416.jpg 5300–5460
  • 161 trailers
    (no lavatories)
1982–1989 1999–2003
Comet IV
NJT 5018+WINSLOW.jpg 5011–5031, 5235–5264, 5535–5582
  • 21 cab cars
  • 30 trailers
  • 48 trailers
    (no lavatory)
  • No door at the engineer's position.
  • 5019 and 5025 are retired.
  • Cab cars are now used exclusively as trailers and will no longer be leading/ending the train since the cab controllers have been deactivated.
Comet V
NJ Transit Comet V 6044.jpg 6000–6083, 6200–6213, 6500–6601
  • 84 cab cars
  • 14 trailers
  • 102 trailers
    (no lavatory)
MultiLevel Coach
NJ Transit Multilevel 7014 on Train 6651.jpg 7000–7051, 7200–7298, 7500–7677
  • 52 cab cars
  • 99 trailers
  • 178 trailers
    (no lavatory)
Bombardier MultiLevel Coach II Raritan train at Newark Penn Station.jpg 7052–7061, 7678–7767
  • 10 cab cars
  • 90 trailers
    (no lavatory)
  • A 100 car base order was announced on July 14, 2010.[14] It was finalized and awarded to Bombardier on September 1, 2010.
  • The order includes an additional 79 car option.[15][16] 54 of these options exercised by MARC to obtain 54 cars with quick turnaround, leaving 25 unexercised options.
Bombardier MultiLevel Coach III ?
  • 58 powered trailers[17]
  • 33 unpowered cab cars[17]
  • 22 unpowered trailers (6 with lavatory)[17]
  • NJ Transit awarded Bombardier a $670 million contract for the construction of an initial 113-car order in December 2018, with deliveries expected to begin in late 2022 and entry into service scheduled for mid-2023.[17] The contract includes options for up to 636 more cars.[17]


NJ Transit provides passenger service on 12 lines at total of 165 stations, some operated conjunction with Amtrak and Metro North (MNCW).[18]


  1. ^ "NJ Transit Facts at a Glance" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  2. ^ "NJ Transit Facts at a Glance Fiscal Year 2012" (PDF). NJ Transit. March 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
  3. ^ Rouse, Karen (November 16, 2012). "NJ Transit's rail fleet hit hard by storm". The Record. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  4. ^ "NJ Transit to order more electro-diesels". International Rail Journal. December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  5. ^ https://www.njtransit.com/press-releases/nj-transit-purchase-eight-additional-dual-powered-locomotives?fbclid=IwAR05oL7C02VVhLYHv_tHakoDNvDcmWZkLnIP0nn8GVu8HqvXpu6O3DxVlas
  6. ^ Bombardier hands over first ALP-46A
  7. ^ Bombardier Press release
  8. ^ "NJ Transit to order more electro-diesels". International Rail Journal. December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  9. ^ https://www.njtransit.com/press-releases/nj-transit-purchase-eight-additional-dual-powered-locomotives?fbclid=IwAR05oL7C02VVhLYHv_tHakoDNvDcmWZkLnIP0nn8GVu8HqvXpu6O3DxVlas
  10. ^ "NJ Transit leasing cars from Maryland" (Press release). News 12 New Jersey. May 1, 2018.
  11. ^ "First Multilevel Train Debuts on Northeast Corridor" (Press release). NJ Transit. December 11, 2006. Retrieved January 13, 2007.
  12. ^ "NJ Transit Orders 45 Additional Multilevel Rail Cars" (Press release). NJ Transit. June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 13, 2007.
  13. ^ NJT Purchases 50 Additional Multilevel Rail Cars
  14. ^ Transit approves capital and operating budgets Asbury Park Press. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
  15. ^ News - Media Centre - Bombardier
  16. ^ "NJ Transit pays $267M to purchase 100 new rail cars". Associated Press. September 2, 2009. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  17. ^ a b c d e "NJ Transit orders double-deck EMUs from Bombardier". Railway Gazette International. December 13, 2018. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  18. ^ "New Jersey Transit At A Glance" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2015.

External links[edit]