New Jersey Volunteers (Skinner's Greens)
|New Jersey Volunteers (Skinner's Greens)|
|Branch||British Provincial unit|
|Type||dragoons (mounted infantry), (auxiliary troops)|
|Role||special operations, maneuver warfare, guerrilla warfare, light infantry, cavalry light infantry, cavalry|
|Size||six battalions 500 each, regiment (1,800)|
|Garrison/HQ||New York City, Province of New York|
|Nickname(s)||Jersey Volunteers, Skinner's Corps, Skinner's Greens, Skinners|
Battle of Long Island (1776)
The New Jersey Volunteers also, known as Jersey Volunteers, Skinner's Corps, Skinner's Greens, and "Skinners" were a Loyalist, British provincial, military unit, raised for service, by Loyalist, Cortlandt Skinner, during the American Revolutionary War.
Regiment formed in Province of New York
In 1776, American loyalist soldiers, formed the New Jersey Volunteers, which was raised in Province of New York, first, as three battalions and eventually as six, of 500 men each.
The New Jersey Volunteers saw there first combat, at the Battle of Long Island, during the British New York Campaign offensive and following the defeat and flight, of the Patriot forces, was assigned to the initial British garrison, of the occupation army, in New York City.
Brigadier General Cortlandt Skinner conducted regular operations, in the region, east of New York City, in Westchester County, New York, between Morrisania and the Croton Rivers, which was infamously known as, the "Neutral Ground", of eastern Long Island. Lawlessness and guerrilla warfare, occurred between Skinner's "Skinners", marauders and their rivals, the British loyalist raiders, De Lancey's "Cowboys" who, both, stole cattle, looted, and gathered military intelligence, in the New York, island, countryside.
One battalion, of "Skinner's Greens", another nickname, for the loyalist New Jersey Volunteers, because of their green, wool, uniform coats, was later sent to East Florida, assisting in the capture of Savannah, others served in the Battles of Eutaw Springs and King's Mountain, with a detachment, participating in the Siege of Yorktown.
On September 6, 1781, the 4th Battery, of the New Jersey Volunteers, took part in the raid, on New London, Connecticut, commanded by Brigadier General Benedict Arnold and fought at the Battle of Groton Heights.
Regiment disbanded and resettled in British Canada
- Diamant, Lincoln. "Skinners: Patriot "Friends" or Loyalist "Foes". The Hudson Valley Regional Review, September 1987, Volume 4, Number 2. [www.hudsonrivervalley.org/review/pdfs/hvrr_4pt2_diamant.pdf]
- Gue, Belle Willey and John D. Felter. The Neutral Ground. Boston: Stratford Company, 1922. 
- Kemble, Lieut. Col. Stephen. Journals of Lieut. Col. Stephen Kemble, 1773-1789: And British Army Orders: Gen. Sir William Howe, 1775-1778; Gen. Sir Henry Clinton, 1778; and Gen. Daniel Jones, 1778, American Revolutionary series: British accounts of the American Revolution, British accounts of the American Revolution, Volume 16 of Collections of the New-York Historical Society for the year ... New York: Ardent Media, 1972.
- Shenstone, Susan Burgess. So Obstinately Loyal: James Moody, 1744-1809. Montreal: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 2001.
- Stryker, William Scudder. "The New Jersey Volunteers" (loyalists) in the Revolutionary War. Trenton, NJ: Naar, Day & Naar, 1887.
- Ward, Harry M. Between the Lines: Banditti of the American Revolution. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2002.
- Index to New Jersey Volunteers History - The On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies
- 4th Battalion, New Jersey Volunteers, Captain Samuel Hayden's Company, recreated unit http://www.royalprovincial.com/reenactors/groups/4njv.shtml
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