New Line Cinema

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New Line Cinema Productions Inc.
Subsidiary
Industry Motion pictures
Founded 1967; 49 years ago (1967)
Founder Robert Shaye
Headquarters 4000 Warner Blvd
S Monroe Street, Los Angeles, California, United States
Key people
Toby Emmerich
(President, COO)
Products
Owner Time Warner
Parent Warner Bros.
Website www.newline.com

New Line Cinema is an American film studio that was founded in 1967 by Robert Shaye as a film distribution company, later becoming an independent film studio. It became a subsidiary of the Turner Broadcasting System in 1994 before Turner merged with Time Warner in 1996, and was later merged with its larger sister studio Warner Bros. Entertainment in 2008.[1] Currently, its films are distributed by Warner Bros.

History[edit]

New Line Cinema was established in 1967 by the then 27-year-old Robert Shaye as a film distribution company, supplying foreign and art films for college campuses in the United States. Shaye operated New Line's offices out of his apartment at 14th Street and Second Avenue in New York City. One of the company's early successes was its distribution of the 1936 anti-cannabis propaganda film Reefer Madness, which became a cult hit on American college campuses in the early 1970s. New Line also released many classic foreign-language films, like Stay As You Are, Immoral Tales and Get Out Your Handkerchiefs (which became the first New Line film to win an Oscar).[2] The studio has also released many of the films of John Waters.

In 1976, New Line secured funding to produce its first full-length feature, Stunts (1977), directed by Mark Lester. Although not considered a critical success, the film performed well commercially on the international market and on television.[3] New Line then produced or co-produced three more films in 1981 and 1983; Alone in the Dark, Xtro and Polyester, directed by John Waters. Polyester was one of the first films to introduce a novelty cinema experience named Odorama, where members of the audience were provided with a set of "scratch and sniff" cards to be scratched and sniffed at specific times during the film, which provided an additional sensory connection to the viewed image.[3]

A Nightmare on Elm Street was produced and released by New Line in 1984. The resulting franchise was New Line's first commercially successful series after a devastating financial slump, leading the company to be nicknamed "The House that Freddy Built". The film was made on a budget of $1.8 million and grossed over $25.5 million at the United States box office. It was the first film to feature the actor Johnny Depp. A year later, A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge was released, and grossed $3.3 million in its first three days of release and over $30 million at the domestic box office. A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors was released in 1987, and grossed more than any previously released independent film and went on to make almost $45 million at the US box office during its first weekend.[4]

In November 1990, New Line purchased a 52% stake in the television production company RHI Entertainment (now Sonar Entertainment), which would later be sold to Hallmark Cards. In May 1991, New Line purchased the home video and foreign rights to 600 films held by Sultan Entertainment Holdings (aka Nelson Entertainment Group). The deal also included an 11-film distribution deal with Turner subsidiary Castle Rock Entertainment. On November 27, 1991, New Line purchased Sultan outright.[5][6]

On January 28, 1994, New Line Cinema was acquired by the Turner Broadcasting System,[7] which then merged with Time Warner in 1996. New Line Cinema was kept as its own separate entity, while fellow Turner-owned studios Hanna-Barbera Productions and Castle Rock Entertainment eventually became units of Warner Bros. In 2007, New Line Cinema and Castle Rock Entertainment collaborated on the 2007 film Fracture, as their first joint venture since the mid 1990s before both companies were bought by Turner.

During its time as an entity separate from Warner Bros., New Line Cinema operated several divisions, including theatrical distribution, marketing and home video. It was also a partner in founding a new distribution company named Picturehouse in 2005. Specializing in independent film, Picturehouse was formed by Bob Berney, who left distributor Newmarket Films, New Line, who folded their Fine Line division into Picturehouse, and HBO Films, a division of HBO and a subsidiary of Time Warner, who was interested in getting into the theatrical film business. However, on May 8, 2008, it was announced that Picturehouse would shut down in the fall of said year.[8] Berney later bought the Picturehouse trademarks from Warner Bros. and relaunched the company in 2013.[9]

Accounting practices[edit]

South Canterbury Finance invested $30 million in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, only to have New Line produce accounts showing that the movies did not make a profit, but made "horrendous losses". According to SCF CEO Allan Hubbard: "We found it surprising because it was one of the biggest box office success of all time."[10] (The three films rank 7th, 25th, and 33rd on the list of highest-grossing films.) Fifteen actors sued New Line Cinema in June 2007, claiming that they never received their 5% of revenue from merchandise sold in relation to the film, which contained their likenesses.[11]

Peter Jackson's production company Wingnut Films questioned New Line Cinema's accounting methods, bringing in an outside auditor as allowed by the contract, and eventually sued New Line.[12] New Line executive Robert Shaye took great offense and declared that New Line would never work with Jackson again.[13] Saul Zaentz also had an ongoing dispute with New Line Cinema over profits from The Lord of the Rings films. In December 2007, Variety reported that Zaentz was also suing New Line, alleging that the studio refused to make records available so that he could confirm his profit-participation statements were accurate.[14]

Merger with Warner Bros.[edit]

On February 28, 2008, Time Warner's CEO at the time, Jeffrey Bewkes, announced that New Line would be shut down as a separately operated studio. Robert Shaye and Michael Lynne said that they would step down with a letter to their employees. They promised, however, along with Time Warner and Jeffery Bewkes, that the company would continue to operate its financing, producing, marketing and distributing operations of its own films, but would do so as a part of Warner Bros. and be a smaller studio, releasing a smaller number of films than in past years.[15] The box office disappointment of The Golden Compass was largely blamed for the decision, in which New Line spent $180 million on its development, yet it only grossed $70 million in the United States market.[16]

New Line moved from its long-time headquarters on Robertson Boulevard in Los Angeles in June 2014 to Warner Bros.' lot Building 76, formerly used by Legendary Entertainment, a former Warner Bros. film co-financier.[17] The last film released by New Line Cinema as a separate company was the Will Ferrell film Semi-Pro.

As for the company's future, Alan Horn, the Warner Bros. president at the time of the consolidation, stated, "There's no budget number required. They'll be doing about six per year, though the number may go from four to seven; it's not going to be 10." As to content, "New Line will not just be doing genre [...] There's no mandate to make a particular kind of movie."[18]

In the coming years, New Line will release several films based on properties originated at Warner Bros., including a remake of the 1958 musical film Damn Yankees,[19] a film with George Lopez playing the Looney Tunes character Speedy Gonzales,[20] and another film in the National Lampoon's Vacation series.[21]

Distribution[edit]

Theatrical[edit]

Canada[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Australia & New Zealand[edit]

Japan[edit]

France[edit]

Home video distribution[edit]

Films[edit]

Film series[edit]

Title Release date Notes
National Lampoon's Vacation 1983–present co-production with Warner Bros.
A Nightmare on Elm Street 1984–present
Critters 1986–1992
House Party 1990–2013
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 1990–1993 co-production with Golden Harvest
Friday the 13th 1980–present co-production with Paramount Pictures
The Mask 1994–2005 co-production with Dark Horse Entertainment
Dumb and Dumber 1994–2014 co-production with Universal Studios
Friday 1995–2002
Mortal Kombat 1995–present
Austin Powers 1997–2002
Blade 1998–2004 co-production with Marvel Entertainment
Rush Hour 1998–present
Final Destination 2000–present
The Lord of the Rings 2001–2003 co-production with WingNut Films and The Saul Zaentz Company
Harold & Kumar 2004–2011
Sex and the City 2008–2010 co-production with HBO Films
Horrible Bosses 2011–2014 co-production with Warner Bros.
The Hobbit 2012–2014 co-production with Warner Bros., Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and WingNut Films
The Conjuring 2013–present

Highest-grossing films[edit]

Highest-grossing films
Rank Title Year Domestic gross Notes
1 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King* 2003 $377,845,905
2 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers* 2002 $342,551,365
3 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring* 2001 $315,544,750
4 The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey 2012 $303,003,568 Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures
5 The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug 2013 $258,366,855 Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures
6 The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies 2014 $253,161,689 Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures
7 Rush Hour 2 2001 $226,164,286
8 Austin Powers in Goldmember 2002 $213,307,889
9 Wedding Crashers 2005 $209,255,921
10 Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me 1999 $206,040,086
11 Elf 2003 $173,398,518
12 Straight Outta Compton 2015 $161,197,785 Distributed by Universal Pictures; co-production with Legendary Pictures
13 San Andreas 2015 $155,190,832 Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with Village Roadshow Pictures and RatPac-Dune Entertainment
14 Sex and the City 2008 $152,647,258 Distributed by Warner Bros.; co-production with HBO Films
15 We're the Millers 2013 $150,394,119 Distributed by Warner Bros.
16 Rush Hour 1998 $141,186,864
17 Rush Hour 3 2007 $140,125,968
18 The Conjuring 2013 $137,400,141 Distributed by Warner Bros..
19 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 1990 $135,265,915
20 Central Intelligence 2016 $127,440,871 Distributed by Warner Bros..
21 Dumb and Dumber 1994 $127,175,374
22 Mr. Deeds 2002 $126,293,452 Distributed by Columbia Pictures.
23 The Mask 1994 $119,938,730
24 Hairspray 2007 $118,871,849
25 Horrible Bosses 2011 $117,538,559 Distributed by Warner Bros..

* Includes theatrical reissue(s).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of New Line Cinema, Inc. – FundingUniverse". Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 2016-01-17. 
  2. ^ Collins, Keith (August 22, 2004). "A brief history". Variety. 
  3. ^ a b "New Line Cinema : About Us". Newline.com. Archived from the original on 2012-01-03. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  4. ^ "New Line Cinema : About Us". Newline.com. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  5. ^ "Nightmares, Turtles And Profits". Businessweek.com. 1991-09-29. Retrieved 2016-01-17. 
  6. ^ "COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: TURNER BROADCASTING SYSTEM INC" (TXT). Sec.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-17. 
  7. ^ "New Line to Join Ted Turner Empire Today : Film: With more money, the company is likely to add a few big movies to its annual production schedule". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  8. ^ Hayes, Dade; McNary, Dave (May 8, 2008). "Picturehouse, WIP to close shop". Variety. 
  9. ^ Fleming, Mike (January 15, 2013). "The Berneys are Back with Picturehouse, and Now They've got Metallica". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2013-01-15. 
  10. ^ Scherer, Karyn (December 13, 2010). "The Hollywood Shell Game". The New Zealand Herald. 
  11. ^ "15 actors sue New Line Cinema over 'Lord of the Rings' profits". USA Today. June 6, 2007. 
  12. ^ "Director sues over Rings profits". BBC News. March 2, 2005. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  13. ^ "New Line boss hits out at Peter Jackson". The New Zealand Herald. AFP, NZPA. January 12, 2007. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  14. ^ Shprintz, Janet (December 13, 2007). "Zaentz, New Line in court". Variety. 
  15. ^ Billington, Alex (February 28, 2008). "It's Official – New Line Cinema is Dead!". FirstShowing.net. 
  16. ^ "Dial 'D' for disaster: The fall of New Line Cinema". The Independent. London. April 16, 2008. 
  17. ^ McNary, Dave (January 30, 2014). "New Line Leaving Longtime Los Angeles HQ, Moving to Burbank". Variety. Retrieved October 30, 2014. 
  18. ^ McNary, Dave (June 27, 2008). "New Line still has irons in fire". Variety. 
  19. ^ "Damn Yankees! (2010) Remake Coming". Playbill. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  20. ^ "New Line making Speedy Gonzales film; George Lopez to voice character". Heatvisionblog.com. Retrieved 2016-01-17. 
  21. ^ Siegel, Tatiana (February 10, 2010). "New Line ready for another 'Vacation'; Studio updating franchise family film saga". Variety. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 

External links[edit]