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Link Space Aerospace Technology Inc.
FounderHu Zhenyu, Yan Chengyi, and Wu Xiaofei

LinkSpace[1] (Chinese: 翎客航天[2][3]; pinyin: Líng-kè Hángtiān; literally: 'LINK Aerospace') or Link Space Aerospace Technology Inc.[4] is a Chinese private space launch company based in Beijing. It is led by CEO Hu Zhenyu,[5] and founded as the first private rocket firm in China.[6] The company was founded in 2014, by Hu Zhenyu, a graduate of South China University of Technology; Yan Chengyi, a graduate of Tsinghua University; and Wu Xiaofei, a manufacturing expert. The company is registered in Shenzhen.[7]


Test rockets[edit]

In 2013, before the official registration of the company, Hu's team was testing the KC-SA-TOP suborbital rocket with 50 kg (110 lb) payloads in Horqin Left Rear Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.[6][7]

VTVL prototypes[edit]

LinkSpace has built flying vertical-takeoff/vertical-landing (VTVL) prototype test rockets, to develop its reusable rocket technology. By July 2016, it achieved hover flight with a single-engine thrust-vectored rocket. By September 2017, it had built three hovering rockets, tested in Shandong Province.[5]

On 19 April 2019, the VTVL prototype test rocket RLV-T5 flew to a height of 40 m (131 ft) and landed safely after thirty seconds of flight.[8] RLV-T5, also known as NewLine Baby, is 8.1 m (27 ft) in length, weighs 1.5 t (1,100 lbs) and has five liquid engines.[9]

On 10 August 2019 the company reported a test flight reaching a height of 300 meters.[10]

New Line 1[edit]

The New Line 1 (Xin Gan Xian 1; Chinese: 新干线一号; pinyin: xīn gàn xiàn 1) is a two-stage rocket under development to launch microsats and nanosats, with a reusable first stage. It is to be a liquid-fuelled rocket, with a diameter of 1.8 m (5.9 ft), height of 20 m (66 ft). It would have a lift-off mass of 33 t (32 long tons; 36 short tons) and take-off thrust of 400 kN (90,000 lbf), allowing a payload of 200 kg (440 lb) to be lifted into a Sun synchronous orbit (SSO) of 249–550 km (155–342 mi) high.[11]

The first stage would have four liquid engines, fueled by kerolox (liquid oxygen and kerosene), each producing 100 kN (22,000 lbf) of thrust.[12] It is projected to have an initial launch cost of $4.5 million, dropping to $2.25 million using a reused first stage.[11] As of the end of 2017, the main rocket engine has been tested over 200 times, and first launch is planned for 2020.[13]

Future New Line rockets[edit]

Future development of a reusable second stage, in addition to the reusable first stage, is anticipated for in a future vehicle, such as New Line 3.[5]


LinkSpace is planning to also be a transport and rocket services company, providing rocket parts, and transportation. As part of the transportation, it will not just send payloads into orbit, or on suborbital jaunts; it also plans to send packages from one point on Earth to another point. This is similar to SpaceX's plan for suborbital rocket passenger transport anywhere around the world with Starship.[14]


LinkSpace is in competition with several other Chinese rocket startups, being LandSpace, OneSpace, ExPace.[15] With rocket reusability and point-to-point transport, it is similar to SpaceX.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "重磅!中国成功测试可回收火箭[视频]" (in Chinese). DWNews. 9 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Linkspace".
  3. ^ Henri Kenhamn (2017). "LandSpace : le futur SpaceX chinois" (in French). East Pendulum.
  4. ^ China Central Television (28 December 2016). "Chinese private rocket firm takes flight". CCTV.
  5. ^ a b c "In the Footsteps of SpaceX: Chinese Company Eyes Development of a Reusable Launch Vehicle". 17 September 2017.
  6. ^ a b "21-yr-old man sets up China's first private rocket firm". ANSA. People's Daily Online. 31 July 2014.
  7. ^ a b "China's first private rocket firm aims for market". Space Daily. XNA. 19 August 2014.
  8. ^ "China's LinkSpace successfully launches reusable rocket to a new height". Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  9. ^ "LinkSpace successfully launches reusable rocket prototype". Room, The Space Journal. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  10. ^ LinkSpace on Twitter: On August 10, LinkSpace’s third rocket free flight test was successful in Mangai, Qinghai province. The flight time is 50 seconds, the height of flight is 300.4 meters.
  11. ^ a b "China's Link Space Unveiled Design for a Reusable Rocket". Futurism. 2017.
  12. ^ "Breaking SpaceX: China's LinkSpace Reveals Rockets That Are Reusable". Wall Street Pit. 26 September 2017.
  13. ^ Jeffrey Lin; P.W. Singer (18 December 2017). "China could become a major space power by 2050". Popular Science. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  14. ^ a b Rich Smith (8 October 2017). "Is This Chinese Company the Next SpaceX?". Motley Fool.
  15. ^ Doug Messier (20 December 2017). "EXPACE Raises $182 Million for Small Satellite Launchers". Parabolic Arc.

External links[edit]