New Market, Iowa

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New Market, Iowa
New Market, IA.jpg
Location of New Market, Iowa
Location of New Market, Iowa
Coordinates: 40°43′49″N 94°54′5″W / 40.73028°N 94.90139°W / 40.73028; -94.90139Coordinates: 40°43′49″N 94°54′5″W / 40.73028°N 94.90139°W / 40.73028; -94.90139
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyTaylor
Area
 • Total0.44 sq mi (1.14 km2)
 • Land0.44 sq mi (1.14 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
1,234 ft (376 m)
Population
 • Total415
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
406
 • Density943/sq mi (364.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
51646
Area code(s)712
FIPS code19-56370
GNIS feature ID0459481

New Market is a city in Taylor County, Iowa, United States. The population was 415 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

New Market had its start in the year 1881 by the building of the Humeston and Shenandoah Railroad through that territory.[4]

Geography[edit]

New Market is located at 40°43′49″N 94°54′5″W / 40.73028°N 94.90139°W / 40.73028; -94.90139 (40.730414, -94.901423).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.44 square miles (1.14 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1890320—    
1900600+87.5%
1910673+12.2%
1920745+10.7%
1930630−15.4%
1940681+8.1%
1950573−15.9%
1960506−11.7%
1970501−1.0%
1980554+10.6%
1990454−18.1%
2000456+0.4%
2010415−9.0%
2016406−2.2%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 415 people, 190 households, and 117 families residing in the city. The population density was 943.2 inhabitants per square mile (364.2/km2). There were 212 housing units at an average density of 481.8 per square mile (186.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.1% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 190 households of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.68.

The median age in the city was 41.8 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 18.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 456 people, 205 households, and 128 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,038.7 people per square mile (400.1/km²). There were 224 housing units at an average density of 510.2 per square mile (196.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.34% White, 0.22% Native American and 0.44% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.

There were 205 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,771, and the median income for a family was $34,896. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $25,227 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,381. About 15.7% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

A portion of New Market is within the Bedford Community School District,[8] while another portion is in the Clarinda Community School District.[9]

It was a part of the New Market Community School District until July 1, 2008, when the district was dissolved and absorbed by four other school districts, including Bedford and Clarinda.[10]

Notable person[edit]

  • Ora Smith, Illinois politician and farmer, was born in New Market.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Crosson, Frank E. (1910). History of Taylor County, Iowa: From the Earliest Historic Times to 1910. Walsworth Publishing Company. p. 189.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Bedford." Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved on June 20, 2018.
  9. ^ "Clarinda." Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved on July 20, 2018.
  10. ^ "REORGANIZATION & DISSOLUTION ACTIONS SINCE 1965-66." Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved on July 20, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hartman, Chester. Poverty and Race in America. Lanham: Lexington, 2006.