New Mill, Tadworth

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Tadworth Windmill
Tadworth Mills.jpg
The mill c.1910, with the roundhouse of the other mill in the foreground
Origin
Mill name New Mill
Grid reference TQ 236 555
Coordinates 51°17′06″N 0°13′44″W / 51.285°N 0.229°W / 51.285; -0.229Coordinates: 51°17′06″N 0°13′44″W / 51.285°N 0.229°W / 51.285; -0.229
Operator(s) Private
Year built c1762
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Post mill
Roundhouse storeys Two storeys
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Spring Patent sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Tailpole
No. of pairs of millstones Two pairs
Other information Tallest surviving post mill in Surrey
The mill in 2005

New Mill is a grade II listed[1] post mill at Tadworth, Surrey, England which is on the Buildings at Risk Register.

History[edit]

The date that New Mill was built is not known, but is thought to have been in the mid eighteenth century. A windmill was recorded at Walton-on-the-Hill in 1295, The earliest in Surrey. A windmill at Tadworth was sold in 1600 and a windmill on Banstead Common was mentioned in a survey of the Manor of Banstead for Sir Nicholas Carew in 1680. An Act of Parliament in 1755 mentions the windmill, which was marked on Rocque's map of 1762. The mill lost two sails in 1893, and worked by wind until 1902, latterly assisted by a steam engine. Another post mill[2] stood close by until 1890.[3]

The second pair of sails fell off in a drought in 1921. The mill was damaged by a bomb in 1941 and again by a flying bomb in 1944. Repairs were carried out in 1950.[3] Recently, concerns have been raised about the condition of the mill, and basic repairs are planned.[4] In January 2009, Reigate and Banstead Council agreed to spend £37,000 on urgent repairs to the mill, which had been placed on the Buildings at Risk Register. An urgent works notice was served on the owner, giving the council the authority to carry out the work itself and claim back the cost from the owner of the mill.[5]

Description[edit]

New Mill is a post mill on a two storey roundhouse, the only such roundhouse in Surrey. The mill had four Spring Patent sails carried on a cast iron windshaft. The cast iron Brake Wheel is 8 feet (2.44 m) diameter and has 120 teeth. It drove two pairs of millstones in the breast via spur gearing, the Spur Wheel is 3 feet 6 inches (1.07 m) diameter. Winding is by tailpole.[3]

Millers[edit]

  • John May 1780 - 1789
  • George May 1789 -
  • John Smith 1795 - 1831, 1834
  • Mrs E Smith 1845
  • J H Smith 1874 - 1878
  • E W Smith 1887 - 1903

References for above:-[3][6]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "POST MILL 50 YARDS SOUTH EAST OF MILLFIELD, DORKING ROAD, BANSTEAD, REIGATE AND BANSTEAD, SURREY". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  2. ^ Presumably called the Old Mill
  3. ^ a b c d Farries, Kenneth G & Mason, Martin T (1966). The Windmills of Surrey and Inner London. London: Charles Skilton. pp. 208–210. 
  4. ^ "HELP SAVE OUR WINDMILL!". Save Tadworth Action Group. Archived from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  5. ^ Thais Portillo-Shrimpton (29 January 2009). "Taxpayers foot bill for Tadworth Windmill repairs". Surrey Comet. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2009. 
  6. ^ "Other Surrey Post Mills". Ockley Windmill. Retrieved 2008-05-17.