Orleans Parish School Board
|Orleans Parish School Board|
|2401 Westbend Parkway|
New Orleans, LA 70114
|Motto||Our job is building for the future|
|Grades||PK - 12|
|President||John A. Brown Sr.|
|Asst. superintendent(s)||Mary K. Garton|
|NCES District ID||2201170|
|Students and staff|
|Students||approximately 15,500 (excludes RSD- & BESE-chartered public schools)|
New Orleans Public Schools (NOPS) is the public school system that serves all of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. Schools within the system are governed by a multitude of entities, including the Orleans Parish School Board (OPSB), which directly administers 6 schools and has granted charters to another 18, and the Recovery School District of Louisiana (RSD), which no longer directly administers any schools within Orleans Parish. Instead, all schools operating under the RSD umbrella within Orleans Parish are, as of the fall of 2014, publicly funded and privately operated charter schools. Though the Orleans Parish School Board has retained ownership of all the assets of the New Orleans Public Schools system, including all school buildings, approximately 93% of students attending publicly-funded schools in Orleans Parish now attend charter schools – the highest percentage in the nation. The headquarters of the OPSB is in the West Bank neighborhood of Algiers, while the RSD's New Orleans office is on Poydras Street in the CBD.
Previously the public school system had separate schools for black and white students. In 1960 the schools began to be racially integrated. Katy Reckdahl of The Times Picayune wrote that at the time, "outside observers expressed shock that desegregation provoked such strife in heterogeneous, easy-going New Orleans."
Reorganization of school system following Hurricane Katrina
NOPS was wholly controlled by the OPSB before Hurricane Katrina and was the New Orleans area's largest school district before Katrina devastated the city on August 29, 2005, damaging or destroying more than 100 of the district's 128 school buildings. NOPS served approximately 65,000 students pre-Katrina. For decades prior to Hurricane Katrina's landfall, the OPSB-administered system was widely recognized as the lowest performing school district in Louisiana. According to researchers Carl L. Bankston and Stephen J. Caldas, only 12 of the 103 public schools then in operation within the city limits of New Orleans showed reasonably good performance at the beginning of the 21st century.
In Katrina's immediate aftermath, an overwhelmed Orleans Parish School Board asserted that the school system would remain closed indefinitely. The Louisiana Legislature took advantage of this abdication of local leadership and acted swiftly. As a result of legislation passed by the state in November 2005, 102 of the city's worst-performing public schools were transferred to the Recovery School District (RSD), which is operated by the Louisiana Department of Education and was headed for a key period (2008-2011) by noted education leader Paul Vallas. The Recovery School District had been created in 2003 to allow the state to take over failing schools, those that fell into a certain "worst-performing" metric. Five public schools in New Orleans had been transferred to RSD control prior to Katrina.
The NOPS system was trying to decentralize power away from the pre-Katrina school board central bureaucracy to individual school principals and charter school boards, and allow for school choice, allowing them to enroll their children in almost any school in the district. Charter school accountability is realized by the granting of renewable operating contracts of varying lengths permitting the closure of those not succeeding. In October 2009, the release of annual school performance scores demonstrated continued growth in the academic performance of New Orleans' public schools. By aggregating the scores of all public schools in New Orleans (OPSB-chartered, RSD-chartered, RSD-administered, etc.) to permit a comparison with pre-Katrina outcomes, a district performance score of 70.6 was derived. This score represented a 6% increase over the equivalent 2008 metric, and a 24% improvement when measured against the equivalent pre-Katrina (2004) metric, when a district score of 56.9 was posted. Notably, the score of 70.6 approached the score (78.4) posted in 2009 by the adjacent, suburban Jefferson Parish public school system, though that system's performance score was itself below the state average of 91.
The current[when?] RSD superintendent is Patrick Dobard, while the diminished, OPSB portion of NOPS has been led since 2015 by Henderson Lewis.
The conversion of the majority of New Orleans' public schools to charter schools following Hurricane Katrina has been cited by author Naomi Klein in her book The Shock Doctrine as an application of economics shock therapy, and of the tactic of taking advantage of public disorientation following a disaster to effect radical change in public policy.
According to Senate Bill 432, passed by the Louisiana State Legislature on May 10, 2016 and signed into law by Governor of Louisiana John Bel Edwards on May 12, 2016, all public schools in New Orleans will return to supervision by OPSB by July 1, 2018.
Surveys of public opinion
A 2009 survey conducted by Tulane University's Cowen Institute for Public Education Initiatives, which is listed as a "Key Partner" of New Schools for New Orleans, a charter school advocacy group, indicated that the state's takeover of the majority of NOPS and the subsequent spread of charters was viewed with strong approval, by both parents of students and by citizens in general. Specifically, a poll of 347 randomly selected Orleans Parish voters and 300 randomly selected parents of children in the NOPS system indicated that 85% of parents surveyed reported they were able to enroll their children at the school they preferred, and 84% said the enrollment process was easy - findings that surprised the researchers. Furthermore, 82% of parents with children enrolled at charter schools gave their children's schools an "A" or "B", though only 48% of parents of children enrolled in non-chartered public schools assigned A's or B's to the schools their children attended. According to the survey, clear majorities of parents and of voters overall did not want the Orleans Parish School Board to regain full administrative control of the NOPS system.
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In the mid-1800s the German American community of New Orleans attempted to have the German language supplant French as a subject in school. The German Society made efforts to have German introduced into the school system. In 1910 the German language was added to the NOPS curriculum, making it a regular subject in high schools and, at the elementary school, an afternoon elective. At the time, 10% of high school students selected German. In 1918, because of World War I propaganda, German was discontinued. German was re-introduced in 1931. The Deutsches Haus, the successor to the German society, made efforts to reintroduce German. German was discontinued in 1938 as World War II began.
Push for desegregation
In the late 1950s, Dorothy Mae Taylor, the president of two chapters of the Parent Teacher Association who in 1971 became the first African-American woman to serve in the Louisiana House of Representatives, organized a march to the school board to demand equal resources for black children in public schools. The board eventually acquiesced, and the parish increased funding to historically black schools to a level comparable to their white counterparts. Then came the national push for desegregation, particularly through the federal courts and later in the U.S. Congress with the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Racial barriers were dropped, and a new generation of African American leaders won most of the public offices in Orleans Parish.
Fifty-three public schools opened in New Orleans for the 2006–2007 school year. This number included schools directly administered by the OPSB or the RSD, or schools chartered by the OPSB or the RSD. By November 2006, the system was approaching half of its pre-Katrina enrollment, with 36% of the students enrolled in independent charter schools, 18% in the Algiers Charter School Association charter network, 35% in schools directly administered by the RSD, and 11% in the few remaining schools directly administered by the OPSB. Within fourteen months of Katrina, the majority of students in the NOPS system were, therefore, attending charter schools, a condition that has persisted to the present and is cited with approval by national advocates of charter schools.
For the 2013–2014 school year, the Orleans Parish School Board directly administered 4 schools and oversaw the 16 it chartered. The RSD directly administered 15 schools and supervised the 60 it chartered. Additionally, two schools were chartered directly by the Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education (BESE).
For the 2014–2015 school year, all public schools operating under the RSD umbrella within Orleans Parish are independent charter schools.
- Audubon Charter School (French Immersion & Montessori)
- Benjamin Franklin High School
- Edward Hynes Charter School
- Encore Academy
- Einstein Charter School
- Harte Elementary
- Edna Karr High School
- Lake Forest Elementary Charter
- Lusher Charter School (Grades K-12)
- New Orleans Charter Science and Mathematics High School
- Warren Easton Fundamental High School
- Robert Moton Elementary
- Benjamin Franklin Elementary Mathematics and Science School
- Eleanor McMain Secondary Magnet School
- Mary Bethune Elementary
- McDonogh 35 High School
- Mahalia Jackson Elementary
(Outdated: For the 2014–2015 school year, the RSD directly administers no schools within Orleans Parish.)
- A.P. Tureaud Elementary (Marie Couvent)
- Benjamin Banneker Elementary School
- George Washington Carver High School (Grades 9-12)
- James Johnson Elementary
- John McDonogh High School
- Landry-Walker College and Career Preparatory High School (Grades 9-12, after phasing-out of grades 7 and 8)
- Marion Abramson Science and Technology (Grades K-11)
- Mary Coghill Elementary
- Murray Henderson Elementary
- Paul Habans Elementary
- Reed High School
- Schaumburg Elementary
- Walter L. Cohen High School
- Akili Academy of New Orleans (Grades K-4)
- Andrew Wilson Charter School
- Arise Academy (Charles Drew Elementary campus - Grades PreK-2)
- Arthur Ashe Charter School (Agnes Bauduit Elementary campus - Grades K-8)
- Benjamin E. Mays Preparatory School (G.W. Carver Elementary campus)
- Crescent Leadership Academy
- Dr. King Charter School
- Edward P. Harney Elementary
- Eisenhower Elementary (Operated by the Algiers Charter School Association)
- Esperanza Charter School (Operated by the Capital One - New Beginnings Charter School Network)
- Excel Academy (Grades 9-12)
- Fischer Elementary (Operated by the Algiers Charter School Association)
- Gentilly Terrace Elementary (Operated by the Capital One - New Beginnings Charter School Network)
- Greater Gentilly High School (Grades 9-10)
- Harriet Tubman Elementary (Operated by the Algiers Charter School Association)
- Intercultural Charter School (Mary Queen of Vietnam campus)
- James M. Singleton Charter School (Dryades YMCA)
- KIPP Believe College Prep (Grades 5-8) - Ronald McNair campus
- KIPP Central City Academy
- KIPP Central City Primary
- McDonogh 15 Creative Arts Magnet School (Grades PreK-8)
- Lafayette Academy
- Langston Hughes Academy Charter (Operated by NOLA180)
- Martin Berhman Charter Academy (Operated by the Algiers Charter School Association)
- McDonogh 32 Elementary (Operated by the Algiers Charter School Association)
- McDonogh 42 Charter School (Grades PreK-8)
- McDonogh City Park Academy (McDonogh #28) (Grades K-8)
- Medard H. Nelson Charter School (Operated by the Capital One - New Beginnings Charter School Network)
- Miller-McCoy Academy for Math & Business (Edward Livingston campus)
- Morris Jeff Community School (Grade PreK-2nd)
- New Orleans Science & Math Academy (Edward Livingston campus)
- New Orleans College Prep
- Pierre A. Capdau Charter Elementary School (Operated by the Capital One - New Beginnings Charter School Network)
- Pride College Preparatory Academy (F.W. Gregory campus)
- ReNEW Accelerated High School
- ReNEW Cultural Arts Academy
- ReNEW Dolores T. Aaron Academy
- ReNEW SciTech Academy
- S.J. Green Charter School
- Sophie B. Wright Charter Elementary School
- Success Preparatory Academy (Wicker Elementary campus)
- Thurgood Marshall Early College High (Operated by the Capital One - New Beginnings Charter School Network)
- International School of Louisiana (Foreign language immersion)
- International High School of New Orleans( Formerly R.E. Rabouin Vocational School for Women "Founded in 1936 and Donated to the New Orleans Public School Board by Louise Jouet Rabuion" Later on a became New Orleans Public High School for all "L.E. Rabouin High School")
- Milestone SABIS Academy of New Orleans
- New Orleans Military and Maritime Academy
- Lycee Francais de la Nouvelle Orleans (French Immersion)
Algiers Charter Schools Association
The Algiers Charter Schools Association is a system of six charter schools, all RSD affiliates.
- Eisenhower Elementary Academy of Global Studies
- Fischer Elementary
- Martin Behrman Charter Academy for Creative Arts and Sciences (Grades PreK-8)
- McDonogh #32 Literacy Charter School
- L.B. Landry-O.P Walker College Preparatory High School
- Algiers Technology Academy
Schools that may or may not be open in 2015
- Ray Abrams School
- Avery Alexander Elementary (McDonogh #39)
- Henry W. Allen Elementary (now New Orleans Charter Science and Mathematics High School)
- Alternative High
- Louis Armstrong School (McDonogh #19)
- Israel Augustine Middle (S. J. Peters)
- Agnes Bauduit Elementary (now Arthur Ashe Charter Elementary)
- Andrew J. Bell Jr. High
- Bienville Elementary School
- Stuart R. Bradley School
- Florence J. Chester School
- Charles Colton Middle School
- A.D. Crossman Elementary (now Esperanza Charter School)
- Edward Livingston Middle - as of the 2014–15 school year, is now Edward Livingston High School.
- KIPP Renaissance High School, formerly Francis T. Nicholls High School
- Alcee Fortier High School
- Jean Gordon Elementary
- Oretha Castle Haley School (Gayarre)
- John W. Hoffman School
- Andrew Jackson School (now the International School of Louisiana)
- Morris F.X. Jeff Elementary (McDonogh #31)
- Valena C. Jones Elementary
- Barbara C. Jordan School (McDonogh #40)
- John F. Kennedy High
- Thomy Lafon School
- Lake Area Middle (H.C. Schaumburg Elementary)
- Alfred Lawless High
- Little Woods School
- Johnson C. Lockett School
- McDonogh 7 (housing Andrew Wilson charter through early 2010)
- George O. Mondy Elementary
- George O. Mondy School (William O. Rogers)
- Ernest N. Morial Elementary
- New Orleans East Educational Center
- NOPS Technology Center
- Mildred Osborne Elementary
- Parkview Fundamental Magnet (Claiborne)
- Edward H. Phillips Jr. High
- Julius Rosenwald Accelerated Elementary (now Algiers Technology Academy)
- John A. Shaw School
- Sherwood Forest School
- Mary Church Terrell Magnet
- Urban League Street Academy
- Village De L'est Elementary School (now Einstein Charter School)
- Booker T. Washington High School (scheduled to become a vocational trade school, pre-Katrina)
- O. Perry Walker College and Career Preparatory High School and Community Center—Effective with the 2013–14 school year, the school merged into the Landry-Walker College and Career Preparatory High School, on the new Landry campus.
- Vorice Jackson Waters Elementary
- Phillis Wheatley Elementary School
- Sylvanie Williams School
- Carter G. Woodson Middle
- German High School, in the early 1850s the German American community of New Orleans made plans to establish the school in the Third District of New Orleans. It was nonsectarian and had no religious instruction. The school closed during a yellow fever epidemic in 1853.
- "Our Schools". Orleans Parish School Board. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- "Search for Public School Districts – District Detail for Orleans Parish". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
- New Orleans District Moves To An All-Charter System. https://www.npr.org/blogs/ed/2014/05/30/317374739/new-orleans-district-moves-to-an-all-charter-system
- "Recovery School District-All Schools 2013-2014" (PDF). Recovery School District. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- RSD looks at making charters pay rent, The Times-Picayune, December 18, 2009.
- "Central Office Staff Archived 2009-06-09 at the Wayback Machine." New Orleans Public Schools. Retrieved on December 15, 2009.
- Reckdahl, Katy (2020-11-13). "Fifty years later, students recall integrating New Orleans public schools". The Times Picayune. Retrieved 2020-05-30.
- "RSD Frequently Asked Questions". Archived from the original on 2009-08-30. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- Vallas wants no return to old ways, The Times-Picayune, July 25, 2009.
- Orleans Parish school performance scores continue to improve, The Times-Picayune, October 14, 2009.
- Jefferson Parish schools make progress, but still have long way to go: an editorial, The Times-Picayune, October 15, 2009.
- Naomi Klein, 2007. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. ISBN 0-8050-7983-1
- "NOLA Schools Unification." Orleans Parish School Board. Retrieved on December 8, 2016.
- Changes in N.O. schools cheered, The Times-Picayune, December 16, 2009.
- Merrill, p. 235.
- Merrill, p. 236.
- Michael Radcliff (June 14, 2011). "Remembering Dorothy Mae Taylor: The First Lady of 1300 Perdido St". The Louisiana Weekly. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Recovery School District Frequently Asked Questions. http://www.rsdla.net/Resources/FAQs.aspx
- N.O.P.S. Superintendent's report of February 2013 page 13, accessed 06 April 2015.
- Merrill, Ellen C. Germans Of Louisiana. Pelican Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1455604844, 9781455604845
- NOLA Public Schools
- Old Orleans Parish School Board site
- EducateNow! website
- Louisiana Recovery School District
- The Future of Public Education in New Orleans - January 2006 publication of the Urban Institute
- Historical Orleans Parish School Board Minute Books in the Louisiana Digital Library
- New Orleans School Integration, Civil Rights Digital Library.