New Plymouth Power Station

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New Plymouth Power Station
NewPlymouthPowerStation200801.jpg
New Plymouth Power Station is located in New Zealand
New Plymouth Power Station
Location of New Plymouth Power Station
Country New Zealand
Location Port Taranaki, New Plymouth, Taranaki
Coordinates 39°03′28″S 174°01′38″E / 39.05778°S 174.02722°E / -39.05778; 174.02722Coordinates: 39°03′28″S 174°01′38″E / 39.05778°S 174.02722°E / -39.05778; 174.02722
Status Decommissioned
Commission date 1974 (1974)
Decommission date 2008 (2008)
Owner(s) Port Taranaki
Power generation
Primary fuel Natural gas
Secondary fuel Fuel oil
Units operational 5
Make and model C A Parsons
Nameplate capacity 600 MW
Cogeneration? No
Combined cycle? No

The New Plymouth Power Station (NPPS) was a 600 MW thermal power station at New Plymouth. Located at Port Taranaki, it was dual fuelled on natural gas and fuel oil. Constructed at a time of major hydro and HV transmission developments, it was New Zealand's first big thermal power station planned for continuous base load operation.[1]

The plant has been owned and operated (in turn) by NZED, NZE, ECNZ and Contact Energy. In 2013, the site was sold to Port Taranaki and Methanex.[2]

History[edit]

The power station project commenced in the 1960s, to meet rising electricity demand in New Zealand. Initially, fuel for this power station was to be coal, barged up from the West Coast, and the Port Taranaki site was chosen ahead of one at Wanganui. During early stages of the project, the Maui gas field was discovered off Taranaki. The plant design was changed to be dual fuel on either natural gas or heavy fuel oil.

The first unit was commissioned in February 1974,[1] with the fifth unit coming on line in 1976. For the first few years, the plant ran on raw Kapuni gas, converting to Maui gas in 1979.

The fuel oil capability was decommissioned in 1991, and reinstated in 2003.

Plant operation generally decreased from 1999, after the more efficient Otahuhu combined cycle power station was commissioned. However, the New Zealand power system derives over 60% of its electricity supply from hydro power stations and depends heavily on rainfall. NPPS has often played a vital role in dry years (such as 2001 and 2003), when hydro lake inflows were insufficient to meet demand.

Discovery of asbestos, not in an asbestos register, in thermal insulation during 2007 led to the decision by Contact Energy to close the power station.

In May 2008, one 100 MW unit (unit 3) was temporarily recommissioned. This was in response to a nation-wide electricity generation shortfall resulting from low hydro lake levels.[3] This unit was shut down for decommissioning in December 2008.

Plant[edit]

The power station comprised five identical units, each rated at 120 MW. The boilers were provided by ICL of Derby UK, and the steam turbines were by C A Parsons of Newcastle, UK.[1]

The boilers are balanced draught with tilting burners mounted in the corners of the furnace. Each boiler produces 376 tonnes/hour of steam at 120 bar and 538°C, with one stage of reheat to 538°C.

The steam turbines are 3000 rpm single-shaft, three-cylinder (HP, IP and LP) design, with six stages of feed heating. Condenser is a two-pass tubed design, using seawater as the coolant. The generators are two-poled, hydrogen cooled.

Condenser cooling is seawater, with a flow of 12,000 tonnes/hour for each unit.

The chimney is 198 m high, and contains five flues.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Power from New Plymouth". Taranaki Newspapers Limited. February 1974. 
  2. ^ Rilkoff, Matt (14 June 2013). "Land purchase powers port's big plans". Taranaki Daily News. 
  3. ^ "New Plymouth power station recommissioned". Dominion Post. 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2008-09-29. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Martin, John E, ed. (1991). People, Power and Power Stations: Electric Power Generation in New Zealand 1880 - 1990. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books Ltd and Electricity Corporation of New Zealand. pp. 316 pages. ISBN 0-908912-16-1. 

External links[edit]