New Power Party

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New Power Party

時代力量
LeaderChen Jiau-hua
SecretaryBai Ching-feng [zh]
Policy-making Committee
Founded25 January 2015
HeadquartersTaipei City, Taiwan
IdeologyProgressivism[1]
Youth politics[2]
Taiwanese nationalism[3]
Taiwanese independence[3]
Political positionCentre-left[4] to left-wing[5]
Colours    Yellow, black
Legislative Yuan
3 / 113
Municipal mayors
0 / 6
Magistrates/mayors
0 / 22
Councillors
12 / 912
Township/city mayors
0 / 204
Website
www.newpowerparty.tw
New Power Party
Chinese時代力量
Hanyu PinyinShídài Lìliàng
Literal meaningEra of Power

The New Power Party (NPP) is a political party in Taiwan formed in early 2015. The party emerged from the Sunflower Student Movement in 2014, and advocates for universal human rights, civil and political liberties, as well as Taiwan independence/nationalism.[3][6][7] The party is a part of the political phenomenon known as the "Third Force" (第三勢力), in which new political parties, unaligned with traditional Pan-Green or Pan-Blue Coalitions, sought to provide an alternative in Taiwanese politics.[8] Nevertheless, the NPP's policies are very much aligned and closely matches the Pan-Green camp; thus the NPP cooperated with the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) against the Kuomintang (KMT) in the 2016 elections, going as far as not to run in traditional KMT strongholds to avoid competition with the DPP.[9] The party works in tandem with a perceived generational shift towards Taiwan-centrism as the new socio-cultural norm.[10]

The party was started by Freddy Lim, lead vocalist of Taiwanese heavy metal band Chthonic,[11] veteran activist Michael Lin, human rights lawyers Lin Feng-cheng [zh], Chiu Hsien-chih, and other prominent figures of the Sunflower Student Movement. Lim headed the party-building process, which saw the inclusion of Hung Tzu-yung, sister of the late Hung Chung-chiu, environmental lawyer Ko Shao-chen [zh], and author-activist Neil Peng into the party. On 12 September 2015, the NPP was officially formed with the election of Huang Kuo-chang as executive leader, heading a leadership team of six deputy leaders.

The NPP won five legislative seats in the 2016 Taiwanese legislative election, three from constituency and two from party-list votes, beating out long-time third party People First Party. However, two of its legislators left the party in 2019. In the 2020 Taiwanese legislative election, NPP won three party-list seats.

Platform[edit]

The NPP aims to rewrite the Constitution of the Republic of China. The constitution operates under the assumption that the Republic governs all of China (including mainland China, which the ROC has not governed since 1949), to just refer to Taiwan.[11]

The NPP supports the legalization of same-sex marriage and is generally in favor of abolition of capital punishment.[citation needed] The NPP also takes a more leftist stance than the DPP in labor and welfare issues.[1]

History[edit]

The party was established on 25 January 2015.[12] In the 2016 Taiwan legislative election, the first contested by the party, the NPP won five seats in the Legislative Yuan, making it the third largest party in the Ninth Legislative Yuan. Three of the candidates gained constituency seats and two were elected through the party list. Freddy Lim and Hung Tzu-yung left the NPP in August 2019, though both remained independent members of the Ninth Legislative Yuan and chose to align with the DPP. That same month, NPP legislator Kawlo Iyun Pacidal was suspended from the party. Kawlo, a party-list legislator, was replaced by Jang Show-ling in September 2019.

In the 2020 Taiwan legislative election, the New Power Party won three party list seats, which elected Chen Jiau-hua, Chiu Hsien-chih, and Claire Wang as legislators of the Tenth Legislative Yuan.

Leadership[edit]

Order Term Executive Leader Deputy Team Leader Leadership Team Assumed office Left office
1 1 林昶佐.jpg Freddy Lim Lin Feng-cheng [zh] Freddy Lim
Neil Peng
Hsu Yung-ming
Lin Feng-cheng [zh]
Michael Lin [zh]
Huang Hsiu-chen (黃秀禎)
25 January 2015 2 July 2015
2 黃國昌.JPG Huang Kuo-chang 2 July 2015 25 March 2016
2 Freddy Lim
Ko I-chen [zh]
Kawlo Iyun Pacidal
Lin Feng-cheng [zh]
Michael Lin [zh]
25 March 2016 January 2019
3 3 Ciu Sian-jhih (cropped).jpg Chiu Hsien-chih Ko I-chen [zh] Chiu Hsien-chih

Freddy Lim
Hung Tzu-yung
Ko I-chen [zh]
Lin Yu-kai [zh]
Kawlo Iyun Pacidal
Chen Hui-min

Lee Bo-yi (李柏毅)
Chen Wei-chung [zh]
[[Sabrina Lim []]] [zh]
Chen Chih-ming [zh]
Tseng Wen-hsueh (曾玟學)[13]
Hsu Yung-ming[14]
Lin Yi-ying
Hsiao Hsin-cheng [zh]
Tseng Wei-kai [zh]

1 March 2019 Freddy Lim left the party on 1 August 2019.

Chiu resigned as party chief on 12 August 2019.

Hung left the party on 13 August 2019.

Kawlo's party membership was revoked on 2 September 2019.

4 徐永明肖像.jpg Hsu Yung-ming 21 August 2019 Sabrina Lim (林亮君) left the party on 11 November 2019.

Hsu was suspended on 1 August 2020,[15] with Chiu Hsien-chih taking over as acting party chief.

5 Ciu Sian-jhih (cropped).jpg Chiu Hsien-chih 1 August 2020 (acting) [15] Hsu resigned from the party [14] on 5 August 2020. Chiu Hsien-chih later announced the whole committee has resigned for new election.

Tseng Wen-hsueh resigned from the party [13] on 23 August 2020.

6 高鈺婷.jpg Kao Yu-ting Claire Wang

Kao Yu-ting
Chiu Hsien-chih
Chen Jiau-hua
Lin Yu-kai [zh]
Lin Chia-wei [zh]
Chang Wei-hang [zh]
Chien Chih-hsiang
Wu Wei-ta [zh]
Bai Ching-feng [zh]
Sung Kuo-ting
Peng Sheng-shao [zh]
Li Chao-li [zh]
Lin Yi-ying
Lin Yen-fu [zh]
Liu yuh-sien [zh]
Tseng Wei-kai [zh]

29 August 2020 Kao resigned as party chief and executive council on 17 November 2020.[16]
7 立法委員陳椒華.jpg Chen Jiau-hua 17 November 2020

Election results[edit]

Legislative elections[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes (party-list) Vote share (party-list) Change Election leader Status President
2016
5 / 113
744,315 6.11% Increase 5 seats Huang Kuo-chang 3rd Party Tsai Ing-wen
2020
3 / 113
1,098,100 7.75% Decrease 2 seats Hsu Yung-ming 4th Party Tsai Ing-wen
Name Constituency Term
Freddy Lim 林昶佐 Taipei 5 2016–2020
Huang Kuo-chang 黃國昌 New Taipei 12 2016–2020
Hung Tzu-yung 洪慈庸 Taichung 3 2016–2020
Kawlo Iyun Pacidal 高潞·以用·巴魕剌 Proportional Representation 2016–2020
Hsu Yung-ming 徐永明 Proportional Representation 2016–2020
Jang Show-ling 鄭秀玲 Proportional Representation 2016–2020
Chen Jiau-hua 陳椒華 Proportional Representation 2020–2024
Chiu Hsien-chih 邱顯智 Proportional Representation 2020–2024
Claire Wang 王婉諭 Proportional Representation 2020–2024

Local elections[edit]

Election Mayors &
Magistrates
Councils Third-level
Municipal heads
Third-level
Municipal councils
Fourth-level
Village heads
Election Leader
2018
unified
0 / 22
16 / 912
0 / 204
0 / 2,148
1 / 7,744
Huang Kuo-chang

The New Power Party fielded 40 candidates for city and county councils across Taiwan in the local elections of November 2018. Sixteen NPP candidates for local office won.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "대만 청년정당 '시대역량'을 만나다. (Meet Taiwan's youth party, the 'New Power Party'.)" (in Korean). OhmyNews. 2 January 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2020. 시대역량이 민진당에 끊임없이 진보적인 목소리를 불어넣으려고 노력하는 이유이다. 특히 시대역량은 노동·복지·경제 문제에 집중하고 있다. (The NPP is trying to infuse a constantly progressive voice into the DPP. In particular, the NPP is focusing on labor, welfare and economic issues.)
  2. ^ "청년정치 도전 '시대역량' 대만선거서 돌풍 (The New Power Party, which challenges youth politics, is creating a sensation in Taiwan's elections.)" (in Korean). 주간경향(Weekly Kyunghyang). 2 February 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c New Power Party Platform(Chinese)
  4. ^ Lansford, Tom (ed.). Political Handbook of the World. 1 (2018–2019 ed.). CQ Press. p. 321. ISBN 978-1-5443-2713-6. ISSN 0193-175X.
  5. ^ Wei-chin Lee (2018). Taiwan's Political Re-Alignment and Diplomatic Challenges. Routledge. p. 107
  6. ^ "New Power Party announces leadership structure - Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
  7. ^ Taiwan's newest politicians include a rock star and an aboriginal activist
  8. ^ "Civic groups voice support for 'third force' - Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  9. ^ 沒有符合條件的頁面. Retrieved 2016-04-06.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Read, Graeme (April 11, 2019). "Sharp Power, Youth Power, and the New Politics in Taiwan". The China Story Yearbook: Power. ANU Press. pp. 179–182. doi:10.22459/CSY.2019. ISBN 978-1-760-46280-2.
  11. ^ a b Laskai, Lorand (2015-11-19). "Taiwan's Newest Political Party Was Co-Founded by a Tattooed Rockstar". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
  12. ^ "'New Power Party' established, hoping to recruit 100,000 supporters". focustaiwan.tw. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
  13. ^ a b News, Taiwan. "NPP legislator in west Taiwan county quits party over differences with former chairman". Taiwan News. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  14. ^ a b "Hsu Yung-ming quits NPP over corruption scandal - Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  15. ^ a b "NPP suspends chairman over probe - Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. 2020-08-03. Retrieved 2020-08-28.
  16. ^ Shan, Shelley (5 November 2020). "NPP's Kao Yu-ting outlines reasons for her resignation". Taipei Times. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  17. ^ Cheng, Chi-feng; Liu, Chien-pang; Shih, Hsiu-chuan (25 November 2018). "Smaller parties make ground in city, county councils". Central News Agency. Retrieved 25 November 2018.

External links[edit]